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Ophiuroidea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix purpurea von Martens, 1867 
AphiaID: 212427

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiuroidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiurida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiurina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathophiurina (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiotrichidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix (Genus)
Status alternate representation
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix (Acanthophiothrix) purpurea von Martens, 1867
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiothrix Müller & Troschel, 1840
Sources  original description Martens von, E. 1867. Über vier neue Schlangensterne (Ophiuren) des Kgl. zoologischen Museums. Monatsberichte der deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin, 1867, 345-348. [details]

[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMascarene Basin [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Indian Ocean [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
Tanzania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzania [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEastern Africa & Madagascar [details]

Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTelestacicola xenophiothricis Doignon, Deheyn & Fiers, 2004 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (3 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (19 publications) 
Attribute Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group benthos » Stage adult (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiuroidea) [details]
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: disc patterned in red, arms dark red median outlined in white, arm spines red, ventrally lighter red with a dark median line along the arms. (Sloan et al., 1979). Arm length to 12 cm, disc diameter to 1.2 cm. Delicate. Arms with very fine banding and red and white with dark red line along dorsal surface and very long, needle-like spines. Disc scales covered with long and thorny spines, central disc nake in the smallest specimen. Radial shields naked, large, widest at the middle or near the proximal end. Aboral arm plates longer than broad, distal side convex, a dark median longitudinal line bordered by red lines separated by pale lines on either side. Oral arm plates longer than broad, distal edge convex in basal segments, becoming concave later, dark media longitudinal spots forming an almost continuous line with pale lateral areas. Oral shields wider than long, a small pointed tip in the proximal side. Adoral shields longer than broad. Five long needle-like arm spines, thorny and pointed, about 6-7 times the arm bredth in legth, uppermost the longest. Habitat: shallow reef areas.
General distribution: W Indian Ocean, Red Sea to W Pacific (Richmond, 1998); East coast of Africa to South Pacific Islands (Sastry, 1991); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean, depth range 5-508 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, Ceylon, East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995), Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991), Andaman Is. (Sastry, 1997).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark In Subgenus Acanthophiotrix A.M. Clark, 1967 A.M. Clark, 1984.
Type locality: Amboina, Indonesia. Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:212427
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-09-22 07:17:05Z  changed  Garcia, Maria
2007-08-27 13:50:37Z  checked  Stöhr, Sabine
  
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  Citation: Stöhr, S. (2014). Ophiothrix purpurea von Martens, 1867. In: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2014) World Ophiuroidea database. Accessed through: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2014) World Ophiuroidea database at http://www.marinespecies.org/ophiuroidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=212427 on 2014-09-19
  
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