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Ophiuroidea name details

Ophiothrix purpurea von Martens, 1867

212427  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:212427)

alternate representation
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Martens von, E. (1867). Über vier neue Schlangensterne (Ophiuren) des Kgl. zoologischen Museums. Monatsberichte der deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1867, 345-348. [details]   
Description Colour in life: disc patterned in red, arms dark red median outlined in white, arm spines red, ventrally lighter red with a...  
Description Colour in life: disc patterned in red, arms dark red median outlined in white, arm spines red, ventrally lighter red with a dark median line along the arms. (Sloan et al., 1979). Arm length to 12 cm, disc diameter to 1.2 cm. Delicate. Arms with very fine banding and red and white with dark red line along dorsal surface and very long, needle-like spines. Disc scales covered with long and thorny spines, central disc nake in the smallest specimen. Radial shields naked, large, widest at the middle or near the proximal end. Aboral arm plates longer than broad, distal side convex, a dark median longitudinal line bordered by red lines separated by pale lines on either side. Oral arm plates longer than broad, distal edge convex in basal segments, becoming concave later, dark media longitudinal spots forming an almost continuous line with pale lateral areas. Oral shields wider than long, a small pointed tip in the proximal side. Adoral shields longer than broad. Five long needle-like arm spines, thorny and pointed, about 6-7 times the arm bredth in legth, uppermost the longest. Habitat: shallow reef areas.
General distribution: W Indian Ocean, Red Sea to W Pacific (Richmond, 1998); East coast of Africa to South Pacific Islands (Sastry, 1991); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean, depth range 5-508 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, Ceylon, East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995), Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991), Andaman Is. (Sastry, 1997).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2018). World Ophiuroidea database. Ophiothrix purpurea von Martens, 1867. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/ophiuroidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=212427 on 2018-05-24
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z
created
2000-09-22 07:17:05Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2007-08-27 13:50:37Z
checked

original description Martens von, E. (1867). Über vier neue Schlangensterne (Ophiuren) des Kgl. zoologischen Museums. Monatsberichte der deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1867, 345-348. [details]   

basis of record Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Description Colour in life: disc patterned in red, arms dark red median outlined in white, arm spines red, ventrally lighter red with a dark median line along the arms. (Sloan et al., 1979). Arm length to 12 cm, disc diameter to 1.2 cm. Delicate. Arms with very fine banding and red and white with dark red line along dorsal surface and very long, needle-like spines. Disc scales covered with long and thorny spines, central disc nake in the smallest specimen. Radial shields naked, large, widest at the middle or near the proximal end. Aboral arm plates longer than broad, distal side convex, a dark median longitudinal line bordered by red lines separated by pale lines on either side. Oral arm plates longer than broad, distal edge convex in basal segments, becoming concave later, dark media longitudinal spots forming an almost continuous line with pale lateral areas. Oral shields wider than long, a small pointed tip in the proximal side. Adoral shields longer than broad. Five long needle-like arm spines, thorny and pointed, about 6-7 times the arm bredth in legth, uppermost the longest. Habitat: shallow reef areas.
General distribution: W Indian Ocean, Red Sea to W Pacific (Richmond, 1998); East coast of Africa to South Pacific Islands (Sastry, 1991); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean, depth range 5-508 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Maldive area, Ceylon, East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995), Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991), Andaman Is. (Sastry, 1997).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Remark In Subgenus Acanthophiotrix A.M. Clark, 1967 A.M. Clark, 1984.
Type locality: Amboina, Indonesia. Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
 

LanguageName 
Japanese アカトゲクモヒトデ  [details]

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