WoRMS name details

Fungia scutaria Lamarck, 1801

207341  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207341)

 unaccepted > superseded combination (basionym)
Species
Variety Fungia scutaria var. danai Verrill, 1864 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia scutaria var. dentigera Leuckart, 1841 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia scutaria var. placunaria Klunzinger, 1879 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia scutaria var. typica Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   
Note "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description The species is oval and is distinguished by the existence of lobes scattered on the surface outside the central part of the...  
Description The species is oval and is distinguished by the existence of lobes scattered on the surface outside the central part of the calice. Each marks the start of a new septum which runs towards the periphery. This is a common species, found mostly on hard reef substrate and coral rubble, preferring clear water. Fungia seychellensis, recently described, may be the correct name for several existing records of F scutaria. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Corals oval, thick and heavy, up to 170 mm long. Primary septa are inserted with a tall tentacular lobe and these are distributed at regular intervals from the mouth to the perimeter. Colour: usually brown or yellow, often with bright-green tentacular lobes. Abundance: very common and distinctive. Found with other Fungia species and also on upper reef slopes exposed to strong wave action. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Probably the most common fungiid. Solitary, oval, thick and heavy, attaining a diameter of 18 cm. Septa with fine teeth and thickened tentacular lobes. Colour: Polyps very from yellow to brown and green, but tentacles are usually bright green. Habitat: varied, often on upper reef slopes. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Fungia scutaria Lamarck, 1801. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207341 on 2022-08-14
Date
action
by
1996-10-25 16:53:40Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-01-24 17:30:43Z
changed
2014-06-02 17:13:55Z
changed
2022-06-13 16:24:44Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   

basis of record Hoeksema BW. (1989). Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae. <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden.</em> 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source Nemenzo, F. (1955). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: I. Suborder Fungiida. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 15: 3-84.
page(s): 5, 58, 61, Plate XI, fig. 5a [details]   

additional source van der Horst, C.J. (1921). The Madreporaria of the Siboga expedition: 2. Madreporaria Fungida. Siboga-Expeditie: uitkomsten op zoölogisch, botanisch, oceanographisch en geologisch gebied verzameld in Nederlandsch Oost-Indië 1899-1900 aan boord H.M. Siboga onder commando van Luitenant ter Zee 1e kl. G.F. Tydeman, XVIb. E.J. Brill: Leiden. 53-98, plates I-VI pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 3, 9-10, 44 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Döderlein, L. 1901. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Zoologischer Anzeiger 24: 351–360.
page(s): 356 [details]   

additional source Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV.
page(s): 91-97, 161, Plate 8 [details]   

additional source Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T. (1941). Recent reef-building corals from Japan and the South Sea Islands under the Japanese mandate. II. <em>The Science reports of the Tôhoku, Imperial University, Sendai, 2nd Series (Geologie).</em> Special Volume 2: 67-91, pls. 60-104.
page(s): 78 [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1940). Madreporaria from the Togian Reefs (Gulf of Tomini, North-Celebes. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 265-310.
page(s): 271, 291-292, 310, Pl. XXIX [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1939). Madreporaria from the Bay of Batavia. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 1-64.
page(s): 9, 18, 20, 43 [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1907). Recent Madreporaria of the Hawaiian Islands and Laysan. <em>US National Museum Bulletin.</em> 59 (9): 1-427.
page(s): 6, 15, 24, 28, 29, 31, 33, 107, 109, 110, 112, 120, 121, 123, 124, 126, 131-132, 134, 420, 426 Plate XXVIII, figs. 3, 3a, 3b [details]   

additional source Studer, T. (1880). Beitrag zur Fauna der Steinkorallen von Singapore. <em>Mittheilungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Bern.</em> 979: 15-53., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12090774
page(s): 45 [details]   

additional source Crossland C (1952) Madreporaria, Hydrocorallinae, Heliopora and Tubipora. Scientific Report Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29 VI(3): 85-257.
page(s): 91 [details]   

additional source Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Bassett-Smith, P.W. (1890). Report on the corals from Tizard and Macclesfield Banks, China Sea. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History,.</em> 6(35): 353-374, 443-458, pls. 12-14., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939008694050
page(s): 359, 444 [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Stolarski J, Cairns SD, Benzoni F, Stake JL, Miller DJ. (2012). The first modern solitary Agariciidae (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) revealed by molecular and microstructural analysis. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 26 (3): 303-315., available online at https://doi.org/10.1071/is11053
page(s): 307 [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Cairns SD, Miller DJ. (2010). Monophyletic origin of Caryophyllia (Scleractinia, Caryophylliidae), with descriptions of six new species. <em>Systematics and Biodiversity.</em> 8(1): 91-118., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000903571088
page(s): 115 [details]   

additional source Haeckel, E. (1876). Arabische Korallen. Ein Ausflug nach den Korallenbänken des Rothen Meeres und ein Blick in das Leben der Korallenthiere Reimer, Berlin. 48 pp. 6 pls. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10690732
page(s): Pl. II fig. 1 [details]   

additional source Faustino LA. (1927). Recent Madreporaria of the Philippine Islands. <em>Bureau of Science Manila Monograph.</em> 22: 1-310, pls. 1-100.
page(s): 15, 40, 175-176 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 29, 84 [details]   

additional source Dana, J. D. (1846). Zoophytes. <em>United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18989497
page(s): 289, 301-302 [details]   

additional source Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1851). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 6. Monographie des Fongides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 15: 73-144. [details]   

additional source Boshoff, P.H. (1981). An annotated checklist of Southern Africa Scleractinia. <em>Oceanographic Research Institute Investigational Report, Durban.</em> 49: 1-45.
page(s): 22 [details]   

additional source Fenner, D. P. (2005). Corals of Hawai'i. A Field Guide to the Hard, Black, and Soft Corals of Hawai'i and the Northwest Hawaiian Islands, Including Midway. <em>Mutual Publishing, Ltd., Honolulu.</em> 144 pp.
page(s): 24, 77 [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 280-281 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Siciliano, D.; Gulko, D.; VanRavenswaay, D.; Potts, D. C.; Aeby, G. (2004). Nihoa Island coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000, and Rapture 2000 and 2002 sites [Table 1]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Gulko, D.; Aeby, G.; Potts, D. C. (2004). Gardner Pinnacles 2000-3 coral data compiled from Rapture 2000 and 2002, and Sette 2003 sites [Table 2]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Schmerfeld, J. (2004). Coral survey from Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge, 1998-2004 [Table 3]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; VanRavenswaay, D.; Gulko, D. (2004). French Frigate Shoals coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Rapture 2000 and 2002, and 2003 Sette surveys [Table 1]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Siciliano, D.; VanRavenswaay, D.; Aeby, G.; Kenyon, J.; Gulko, D.; Potts, D. C. (2004). Maro reef coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000 and 2002, American Islander 2001, Rapture 2000 and 2002, and Sette 2003 surveys [Table 9]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Rose Atoll coral data compiled from US Fish and Wildlife Service 1994, Townsend Cromwell 2002, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 10]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Siciliano, D.; VanRavenswaay, D.; Gulko, D.; Aeby, G.; Kenyon, J.; Kenyon, J.; Potts, D. C. (2004). Pearl & Hermes Atoll coral data compiled from Rapture & Townsend Cromwell 2000 and 2002, American Islander 2001, and Sette 2003 surveys [Table 13]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Kenyon, J.; Dana, T.; Aeby, G.; Siciliano, D.; VanRavenswaay, D.; Gulko, D.; Potts, D. C. (2004). Midway Atoll coral data compiled from Rapture 2000 and 2002, Townsend Cromwell 2002, US Fish and Wildlife Service 2000, and Sette 2003 surveys [Table 14]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Potts, D. C.; Aeby, G.; Gulko, D.; Kenyon, J.; Siciliano, D.; VanRavenswaay, D. (2004). 2000-2002 rapid ecological assessment of coral (Anthozoa) on shallow reefs of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Part 1: Species and distribution. Pacific Science, 58(2): 211-230
page(s): 217, 220 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; VanRavenswaay, D.; Aeby, G.; Gulko, D.; Kenyon, J.; Siciliano, D.; Potts, D. C. (2004). Kure Atoll coral data compiled from Rapture and Townsend Cromwell 2000 and 2002, and Sette 2003 surveys [Table 15]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E. (2004). Baker Island coral data [Table unnumbered]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Daly, M.; Lipscomb, D. L.; Allard, M. W. (2002). A simple test: evaluating explanations for the relative simplicity of the Edwardsiidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Evolution, 56(3): 502-510
page(s): 503, 505, 506, fig. 1, fig. 2 [details]   

additional source DeFelice, R.; Minton, D.; Godwin, L. S. (2002). Records of Shallow-Water Marine Invertebrates from French Frigate Shoals, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, with a Note on Noningenous Species: Report to U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Bishop Museum. Honolulu, Hawaii., pp. 78.
page(s): 26, 51 [details]   

additional source Goffredo, S.; Radetić, J.; Airi, V.; Zaccanti, F. (2005). Sexual reproduction of the solitary sunset cup coral Leptopsammia pruvoti (Scleractinia: Dendrophylliidae) in the Mediterranean. 1. Morphological aspects of the gametogenesis and ontogenesis. Marine Biology, 147, 485-495
page(s): 493 [details]   

additional source Wells, J. W. (1954). Recent corals of the Marshall Islands: Bikini and nearby atolls, part 2, oceanography (biologic). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 260(I): 385-486
page(s): 393, 397, 398, 400, 403, 447, pl. 95 [details]   

additional source Pillai, C. S. G. (1983). Structure and generic diversity of recent Scleractinia of India. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 25, 1-2, 78-90
page(s): 86 [details]   

additional source Boschma, H. (1929). The Fungidæ (Anthozoa) collected by Mr. Cyril Crossland at Tahiti and neighbouring islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 43-47
page(s): 44, 45 [details]   

additional source Baker, A. C.; Romanski, A. M. (2007). Multiple symbiotic partnerships are common in scleractinian corals, but not in octocorals: comment on Goulet (2006). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 335, 237-242
page(s): 240 [details]   

additional source Riggs, L. L. (1989). Feeding behavior in Aiptasia tagetes (Duchassaing and Michelotti) planulae: a plausible mechanism for zooxanthellae infection of aposymbiotic planktotrophic planulae. Caribbean Journal of Science, 24(3-4): 201-206
page(s): 201 [details]   

additional source Hellberg, M. E.; Taylor, M. S. (2002). Genetic analysis of sexual reproduction in the dendrophylliid coral Balanophyllia elegans. Marine Biology, 141, 629-637
page(s): 634 [details]   

additional source Dana, J. D. (1849). Atlas. Zoophytes. C. Sherman. Philadelphia., pp. 12-01
page(s): 6, 301 [details]   

additional source Robertson R. (1970). Review of the predators and parasites of stony Corals, with special reference to symbiotic Prosobranch Gastropods. <i>Pacific Science 24 (1)</i>: 43-54
page(s): 45, 46 [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698
page(s): 236-237 [details]   

additional source Reed, S.A., 1971. Some common Coelenterates in Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. In: H.M. Lenhoff, L. Muscatine & L.V. Davis, eds, Experimental Coelenterate Biology : 37-51.
page(s): 38, 39, 49 [details]   

additional source Hoffmeister, J.E. (1925). Some corals from America Samoa and the Fiji Islands. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 22: 1-90, pls. 1-23.
page(s): 35 [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm
page(s): 18, 31, 32, 137, 197 [details]   

additional source Dana, J.D,. (1846-1847). On zoophytes. <em>The American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series.</em> 2(4):64-69; 2(5):187-202; 3(7):1-24; 3(8)160-163; 3(9)337-347.
page(s): 289, 301-302 [details]   

additional source Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862
page(s): 274 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 33 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype BMNH, geounit Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNB, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MSI C-32, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MSI C-549 [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 173-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 188-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 223-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 224-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 225-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 30-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 386-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 430-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 531-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 541-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 550-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 552-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 631-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 77-72, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description The species is oval and is distinguished by the existence of lobes scattered on the surface outside the central part of the calice. Each marks the start of a new septum which runs towards the periphery. This is a common species, found mostly on hard reef substrate and coral rubble, preferring clear water. Fungia seychellensis, recently described, may be the correct name for several existing records of F scutaria. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Corals oval, thick and heavy, up to 170 mm long. Primary septa are inserted with a tall tentacular lobe and these are distributed at regular intervals from the mouth to the perimeter. Colour: usually brown or yellow, often with bright-green tentacular lobes. Abundance: very common and distinctive. Found with other Fungia species and also on upper reef slopes exposed to strong wave action. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Probably the most common fungiid. Solitary, oval, thick and heavy, attaining a diameter of 18 cm. Septa with fine teeth and thickened tentacular lobes. Colour: Polyps very from yellow to brown and green, but tentacles are usually bright green. Habitat: varied, often on upper reef slopes. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Type locality "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English mushroom coral  [details]
Japanese クサビライシ  [details]