WoRMS taxon details

Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775

125908  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125908)

accepted
Genus
Acronurus Gronow in Gray, 1854 · unaccepted (synonym)
Acronurus Günther (ex Gronow), 1861 · unaccepted (synonym)
Hepatus Gronow, 1763 · unaccepted (Not available, published in a...)  
Not available, published in a rejected work on Official Index (Opinion 261). Perhaps made available by Jordan & Seale 1906.
Rhombotides Klein, 1775 · unaccepted (synonym)
Teuthys · unaccepted (misspelling)

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  1. Species Acanthurus achilles Shaw, 1803
  2. Species Acanthurus albimento Carpenter, Williams & Santos, 2017
  3. Species Acanthurus albipectoralis Allen & Ayling, 1987
  4. Species Acanthurus auranticavus Randall, 1956
  5. Species Acanthurus bahianus Castelnau, 1855
  6. Species Acanthurus bariene Lesson, 1831
  7. Species Acanthurus blochii Valenciennes, 1835
  8. Species Acanthurus chirurgus (Bloch, 1787)
  9. Species Acanthurus chronixis Randall, 1960
  10. Species Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  11. Species Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835
  12. Species Acanthurus fowleri de Beaufort, 1951
  13. Species Acanthurus gahhm (Forsskål, 1775)
  14. Species Acanthurus grammoptilus Richardson, 1843
  15. Species Acanthurus guttatus Forster, 1801
  16. Species Acanthurus japonicus (Schmidt, 1931)
  17. Species Acanthurus leucocheilus Herre, 1927
  18. Species Acanthurus leucopareius (Jenkins, 1903)
  19. Species Acanthurus leucosternon Bennett, 1833
  20. Species Acanthurus lineatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  21. Species Acanthurus maculiceps (Ahl, 1923)
  22. Species Acanthurus mata (Cuvier, 1829)
  23. Species Acanthurus mindorensis Herre, 1927
  24. Species Acanthurus monroviae Steindachner, 1876
  25. Species Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758)
  26. Species Acanthurus nigricauda Duncker & Mohr, 1929
  27. Species Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)
  28. Species Acanthurus nigroris Valenciennes, 1835
  29. Species Acanthurus nubilus (Fowler & Bean, 1929)
  30. Species Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  31. Species Acanthurus polyzona (Bleeker, 1868)
  32. Species Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz, 1834
  33. Species Acanthurus randalli Briggs & Caldwell, 1957
  34. Species Acanthurus reversus Randall & Earle, 1999
  35. Species Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775)
  36. Species Acanthurus tennentii Günther, 1861
  37. Species Acanthurus thompsoni (Fowler, 1923)
  38. Species Acanthurus tractus Poey, 1860
  39. Species Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  40. Species Acanthurus tristis Randall, 1993
  41. Species Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1835
  42. Species Acanthurus achillas Shaw, 1803 accepted as Acanthurus achilles Shaw, 1803 (misspelling)
  43. Species Acanthurus aliala Lesson, 1831 accepted as Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758)
  44. Species Acanthurus altivelis Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Zebrasoma scopas (Cuvier, 1829)
  45. Species Acanthurus argenteus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825 accepted as Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  46. Species Acanthurus armiger Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz, 1834 (synonym)
  47. Species Acanthurus aterrimus Günther, 1872 accepted as Acanthurus achilles Shaw, 1803
  48. Species Acanthurus atramentatus (Jordan & Evermann, 1905) accepted as Acanthurus nigroris Valenciennes, 1835
  49. Species Acanthurus barine Lesson, 1831 accepted as Acanthurus bariene Lesson, 1831 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
  50. Species Acanthurus bicommatus Smith, 1956 accepted as Acanthurus tennentii Günther, 1861 (synonym)
  51. Species Acanthurus bipunctatus Günther, 1861 accepted as Acanthurus nigroris Valenciennes, 1835
  52. Species Acanthurus bleekeri Günther, 1861 accepted as Acanthurus mata (Cuvier, 1829)
  53. Species Acanthurus brevis Poey, 1860 accepted as Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  54. Species Acanthurus broussonnetii Desmarest, 1823 accepted as Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  55. Species Acanthurus caeruleus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) accepted as Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (misspelling)
  56. Species Acanthurus carinatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775)
  57. Species Acanthurus celebicus Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz, 1834
  58. Species Acanthurus chirurgicus (Bloch, 1787) accepted as Acanthurus chirurgus (Bloch, 1787) (misspelling)
  59. Species Acanthurus chrysosoma Bleeker, 1857 accepted as Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  60. Species Acanthurus coerulus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (misspelling)
  61. Species Acanthurus crestonis (Jordan & Starks, 1895) accepted as Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1835
  62. Species Acanthurus ctenodon Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  63. Species Acanthurus delisiani Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus leucosternon Bennett, 1833
  64. Species Acanthurus delisianus Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus leucosternon Bennett, 1833
  65. Species Acanthurus desjardinii Bennett, 1836 accepted as Zebrasoma desjardinii (Bennett, 1836)
  66. Species Acanthurus dussumiere Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835 (misspelling)
  67. Species Acanthurus dussumierri Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835 (misspelling)
  68. Species Acanthurus eparai Lesson, 1831 accepted as Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (junior synonym)
  69. Species Acanthurus eparei Lesson, 1831 accepted as Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  70. Species Acanthurus erythromelas Swainson, 1839 accepted as Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  71. Species Acanthurus flavescens Bennett, 1828 accepted as Zebrasoma flavescens (Bennett, 1828)
  72. Species Acanthurus flavoguttatus Kittlitz, 1834 accepted as Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  73. Species Acanthurus fuliginosus Lesson, 1831 accepted as Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)
  74. Species Acanthurus fuscus Steindachner, 1861 accepted as Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz, 1834
  75. Species Acanthurus gahm (Forsskål, 1775) accepted as Acanthurus gahhm (Forsskål, 1775) (misspelling)
  76. Species Acanthurus gemmatus Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Zebrasoma gemmatum (Valenciennes, 1835)
  77. Species Acanthurus glaucoparecius Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
  78. Species Acanthurus glaucopareius Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758)
  79. Species Acanthurus heliodes (Barbour, 1905) accepted as Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (misspelling)
  80. Species Acanthurus hepatus (Linnaeus, 1766) accepted as Paracanthurus hepatus (Linnaeus, 1766)
  81. Species Acanthurus hirudo Bennett, 1829 accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  82. Species Acanthurus hirundo Bennett, 1829 accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
  83. Species Acanthurus humeralis Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  84. Species Acanthurus japonica (Schmidt, 1931) accepted as Acanthurus japonicus (Schmidt, 1931) (misspelling)
  85. Species Acanthurus japonicas (Schmidt, 1931) accepted as Acanthurus japonicus (Schmidt, 1931) (misspelling)
  86. Species Acanthurus ketlitzii Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  87. Species Acanthurus kettlitzii Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (misspelling)
  88. Species Acanthurus kingii Bennett, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus bariene Lesson, 1831
  89. Species Acanthurus lamarrii Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835
  90. Species Acanthurus leucochilus Herre, 1927 accepted as Acanthurus leucocheilus Herre, 1927 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
  91. Species Acanthurus leucosternum Day, 1889 accepted as Acanthurus leucosternon Bennett, 1833 (misspelling)
  92. Species Acanthurus leuocheilus Herre, 1927 accepted as Acanthurus leucocheilus Herre, 1927 (misspelling)
  93. Species Acanthurus leuococheilus Herre, 1927 accepted as Acanthurus leucocheilus Herre, 1927 (misspelling)
  94. Species Acanthurus lineolatus Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)
  95. Species Acanthurus lituratus Forster, 1801 accepted as Naso lituratus (Forster, 1801)
  96. Species Acanthurus marginatus Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Ctenochaetus marginatus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  97. Species Acanthurus matoides Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)
  98. Species Acanthurus monrovie Steindachner, 1876 accepted as Acanthurus monroviae Steindachner, 1876 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
  99. Species Acanthurus nigricauada Duncker & Mohr, 1929 accepted as Acanthurus nigricauda Duncker & Mohr, 1929 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
  100. Species Acanthurus nigricaudus Duncker & Mohr, 1929 accepted as Acanthurus nigricauda Duncker & Mohr, 1929 (misspelling)
  101. Species Acanthurus nigros Günther, 1861 accepted as Acanthurus nigroris Valenciennes, 1835
  102. Species Acanthurus nummifer Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus bariene Lesson, 1831
  103. Species Acanthurus olicaceous Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
  104. Species Acanthurus pentazona Bleeker, 1850 accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  105. Species Acanthurus philippinus Herre, 1927 accepted as Acanthurus thompsoni (Fowler, 1923)
  106. Species Acanthurus phlebotomus Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus chirurgus (Bloch, 1787)
  107. Species Acanthurus plagiatus Peters, 1876 accepted as Acanthurus tennentii Günther, 1861
  108. Species Acanthurus rasi Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1835
  109. Species Acanthurus reticulatus Shen & Lim, 1973 accepted as Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1835
  110. Species Acanthurus rostratus Günther, 1875 accepted as Zebrasoma rostratum (Günther, 1875)
  111. Species Acanthurus rubropunctatus Rüppell, 1829 accepted as Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)
  112. Species Acanthurus ruppelii Bennett, 1836 accepted as Zebrasoma scopas (Cuvier, 1829) (synonym)
  113. Species Acanthurus scopas Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Zebrasoma scopas (Cuvier, 1829)
  114. Species Acanthurus striatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825 accepted as Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  115. Species Acanthurus strigosus Bennett, 1828 accepted as Ctenochaetus strigosus (Bennett, 1828)
  116. Species Acanthurus subarmatus Bennett, 1840 accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  117. Species Acanthurus suillus Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Zebrasoma scopas (Cuvier, 1829)
  118. Species Acanthurus tennenti Günther, 1861 accepted as Acanthurus tennentii Günther, 1861 (misspelling)
  119. Species Acanthurus theuthis Lacepède, 1802 accepted as Paracanthurus hepatus (Linnaeus, 1766)
  120. Species Acanthurus triastegus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
  121. Species Acanthurus triostegust (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
  122. Species Acanthurus undulatus Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835
  123. Species Acanthurus unicornis (Forsskål, 1775) accepted as Naso unicornis (Forsskål, 1775)
  124. Species Acanthurus velifer Bloch, 1795 accepted as Zebrasoma velifer (Bloch, 1795)
  125. Species Acanthurus violaceus Castelnau, 1855 accepted as Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  126. Species Acanthurus vittatus Bennett, 1828 accepted as Acanthurus lineatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  127. Species Acanthurus weberi Ahl, 1923 accepted as Acanthurus mata (Cuvier, 1829)
  128. Species Acanthurus xanthurus Blyth, 1852 accepted as Zebrasoma xanthurum (Blyth, 1852)
  129. Species Acanthurus zebra Lacepède, 1802 accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  130. Species Acanthurus sandvicensis Streets, 1877 represented as Acanthurus triostegus sandvicensis Streets, 1877 accepted as Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  131. Species Acanthurus elongatus (Lacepède, 1802) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2024). FishBase. Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125908 on 2024-05-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-04-24 06:44:15Z
changed
2013-01-04 15:09:25Z
changed
2014-11-21 13:09:37Z
changed
2014-12-02 12:48:54Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Hepatus Gronow, 1763) Gronow, L. T. (1763). Zoophylacii Gronoviani fasciculus primus exhibens animalia quadrupeda, amphibia atque pisces, quae in museo suo adservat, rite examinavit, systematice disposuit, descripsit atque iconibus illustravit Laur. Theod. Gronovius, J.U.D. <em>Lugduni Batavorum.</em> 1-136, Pls. 1-13, 8a. [See Wheeler 1958 [ref. 13434]. Author's name spelled Laurentius Theodorus Gronovius. Text dated 1763; plates dated 1781, published in Gronow 1781. [details]   

original description  (of Teuthis Linnaeus, 1766) Linnaeus, C. (1767). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Ed. 12. 1., Regnum Animale. 1 & 2. <em>Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii.</em> pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2024). ECoF. Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. <em>California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco.</em> Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2024., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2023). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (02/2023)., available online at https://www.fishbase.org [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
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Japanese クロハギ属  [details]