WoRMS taxon details

Acanthuridae Bonaparte, 1835

125515  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125515)

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  1. Subfamily Acanthurinae
    1. Genus Acronurus Gronow in Gray, 1854 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775 (synonym)
    2. Genus Ctenodon Bonaparte, 1831 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
    3. Genus Harpurina Fowler & Bean, 1929 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
    4. Genus Harpurus Forster, 1788 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
    5. Genus Hepatus Gronow, 1763 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775 (Not available, published in a rejected work on Official Index (Opinion 261). Perhaps made available by Jordan & Seale 1906.)
    6. Genus Rhombotides Bleeker (ex Klein), 1863 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
    7. Genus Teuthis Linnaeus, 1766 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
    8. Genus Teuthys accepted as Teuthis Linnaeus, 1766 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775 (misspelling)
  2. Genus Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
  3. Genus Ctenochaetus Gill, 1884
  4. Genus Naso Lacepède, 1801
  5. Genus Paracanthurus Bleeker, 1863
  6. Genus Prionurus Lacepède, 1804
  7. Genus Zebrasoma Swainson, 1839
  8. Subfamily Nasinae Fowler & Bean, 1929 accepted as Acanthuridae Bonaparte, 1835
    1. Genus Aspisurus Lacepède, 1802 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
    2. Genus Monoceros Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Naso Lacepède, 1801
    3. Genus Priodon Quoy & Gaimard, 1825 accepted as Naso Lacepède, 1801
    4. Genus Prionolepis Smith, 1931 accepted as Naso Lacepède, 1801
  9. Genus Zabrasoma accepted as Zebrasoma Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)
  10. Genus Hepatus Scopoli, 1777 (uncertain, Kottelat 2013 requests the Commission to rule that this name be suppressed for the purposes of priority.)
marine, brackish, terrestrial
Not documented
Description Circumtropical, especially around coral reefs; five species in the Atlantic, the remaining in the Pacific and Indian...  
Description Circumtropical, especially around coral reefs; five species in the Atlantic, the remaining in the Pacific and Indian oceans. All have a deep compressed body with the eye high on the head and a long preorbital bone. Single unnotched dorsal fin with 4-9 spines and 19-33 rays; anal fin with 2 (only Naso) or 3 spines and 18-28 rays; pelvic fins with 1 spine and 3 (Naso and Paracanthurus) or 5 rays. Very small ctenoid scales. A small terminal mouth with a single row of close-set teeth. Most surgeon fishes graze on benthic algae and have a long intestine; some feed mainly on zooplankton or detritus. Surgeon fishes are able to slash other fishes with their sharp caudal spines by a rapid side sweep of the tail. Many species have bright colors and are popular aquarium fishes. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2024). FishBase. Acanthuridae Bonaparte, 1835. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125515 on 2024-04-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed
2021-06-30 10:54:26Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (PeRMS) Chirichigno, N.; Cornejo, M. (2001). Catálogo comentado de los peces marinos del Perú. <em>2ª ed. Instituto del Mar de Perú. Publicación Especial. Callao.</em> 314 p. [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2024). ECoF. Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. <em>California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco.</em> Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2024., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Circumtropical, especially around coral reefs; five species in the Atlantic, the remaining in the Pacific and Indian oceans. All have a deep compressed body with the eye high on the head and a long preorbital bone. Single unnotched dorsal fin with 4-9 spines and 19-33 rays; anal fin with 2 (only Naso) or 3 spines and 18-28 rays; pelvic fins with 1 spine and 3 (Naso and Paracanthurus) or 5 rays. Very small ctenoid scales. A small terminal mouth with a single row of close-set teeth. Most surgeon fishes graze on benthic algae and have a long intestine; some feed mainly on zooplankton or detritus. Surgeon fishes are able to slash other fishes with their sharp caudal spines by a rapid side sweep of the tail. Many species have bright colors and are popular aquarium fishes. [details]
LanguageName 
English unicornfishestangssurgeonfishes  [details]
Japanese ニザダイ科  [details]