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Polychaeta source details

Holtmann, S.E.; Groenewold, A.; Schrader, K.H.M.; Asjes, J.; Craeymeersch, J.A.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; van Bostelen, A.J.; van der Meer, J. (1996). Atlas of the zoobenthos of the Dutch continental shelf. Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management: Rijswijk, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-369-4301-9. 243 pp.
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Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Anaitides groenlandica (Örsted, 1842) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Anaitides mucosa (Örsted, 1843) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Aricidea minuta Southward, 1956 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Chaetopterus variopedatus (Renier, 1804) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Chaetozone setosa Malmgren, 1867 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Eteone longa (Fabricius, 1780) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Eumida sanguinea (Örsted, 1843) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Gattyana cirrhosa (Pallas, 1766) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Glycera rouxii Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Goniada maculata Örsted, 1843 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Harmothoe longisetis (Grube, 1863) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Harmothoe lunulata (Delle Chiaje, 1830) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Lumbrineris latreilli Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Magelona papillicornis McIntosh, 1878 non F. Müller, 1858 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Nephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Nephtys cirrosa Ehlers, 1868 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Nephtys hombergii Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Nephtys longosetosa Örsted, 1842 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Nereis longissima Johnston, 1840 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Notomastus latericeus Sars, 1851 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophelia borealis Quatrefages, 1866 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Scolelepis bonnieri (Mesnil, 1896) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Scoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Sigalion mathildae Audouin & Milne Edwards in Cuvier, 1830 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Spio filicornis (Müller, 1776) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Spiophanes bombyx (Claparède, 1870) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Sthenelais limicola (Ehlers, 1864) 
Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone for Travisia forbesii Johnston, 1840 
Dutch draadarmige slangster for Amphiura filiformis (O.F. Müller, 1776)
Dutch driehoekige parelmoerneut for Nucula nitidosa Winckworth, 1930
Dutch dwergmosseltje [from synonym] for Mysella bidentata (Montagu, 1803)
Dutch elliptische strandschelp for Spisula elliptica (T. Brown, 1827)
Dutch gekroesde zeerups for Gattyana cirrhosa (Pallas, 1766)
Dutch gemshoornworm [from synonym] for Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806)
Dutch glanzende parelmoerneut for Nucula nitidosa Winckworth, 1930
Dutch goudkammetje for Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866
Dutch groengele wadworm for Eteone longa (Fabricius, 1780)
Dutch halfgeknotte strandschelp for Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)
Dutch hartegel for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)
Dutch kamkielworm for Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866
Dutch kleine slangster for Ophiura albida Forbes, 1839
Dutch noordkromp for Arctica islandica (Linnaeus, 1767)
Dutch ovale strandschelp for Spisula elliptica (T. Brown, 1827)
Dutch ovale zeeklitschelp [from synonym] for Montacuta ferruginosa (Montagu, 1808)
Dutch perkamentworm for Chaetopterus variopedatus (Renier, 1804)
Dutch schelpkokerworm for Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766)
Dutch tere platschelp [from synonym] for Tellina tenuis da Costa, 1778
Dutch tweetandmosseltje [from synonym] for Mysella bidentata (Montagu, 1803)
Dutch tweetandschelp [from synonym] for Mysella bidentata (Montagu, 1803)
Dutch wapenworm for Scoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776)
Dutch zaagje for Donax vittatus (da Costa, 1778)
Dutch zeeklitmosseltje [from synonym] for Montacuta ferruginosa (Montagu, 1808)
English Baltic tellin [from synonym] for Macoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758)
English banded wedge-shell for Donax vittatus (da Costa, 1778)
English common necklace shell [from synonym] for Polinices (Lunatia) alderi (Forbes, 1838)
English cut trough shell for Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)
English elliptic trough shell for Spisula elliptica (T. Brown, 1827)
English green urchin for Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776)
English heart-urchin for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)
English sand mason for Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766)
English sea-potato for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)
English striped venus for Chamelea striatula (da Costa, 1778)
English thin tellin [from synonym] for Tellina tenuis da Costa, 1778
English trumpet worm for Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866
English white furrow shell for Abra alba (W. Wood, 1802)
German Baltische Tellmuschel [from synonym] for Macoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758)
German bewehrter Pfahlwurm for Scoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776)
German Blindwurm for Nephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780)
German Bohnen-Plattmuschel [from synonym] for Tellina fabula Gmelin, 1791
German dünne Plattmuschel [from synonym] for Tellina tenuis da Costa, 1778
German elliptische Trogmuschel for Spisula elliptica (T. Brown, 1827)
German gebänderte Dreiecksmuschel for Donax vittatus (da Costa, 1778)
German gebänderte Sägemuschel for Donax vittatus (da Costa, 1778)
German gedrungene Trogmuschel for Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)
German gerippte Tellmuschel [from synonym] for Tellina fabula Gmelin, 1791
German gestreifte Venusmuschel for Chamelea striatula (da Costa, 1778)
German glänzende Nabelschnekke [from synonym] for Polinices (Lunatia) alderi (Forbes, 1838)
German glänzende Nußmuschel for Nucula nitidosa Winckworth, 1930
German kleine Linsenmuschel [from synonym] for Mysella bidentata (Montagu, 1803)
German kleine Pfeffermuschel for Abra alba (W. Wood, 1802)
German kleiner Herzigel for Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)
German Köcherwurm for Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866
German Muschelsammlerin for Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766)
German Pergamentwurm for Chaetopterus variopedatus (Renier, 1804)
German platte Tellmuschel [from synonym] for Tellina tenuis da Costa, 1778
German Plattmuschel [from synonym] for Macoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758)
German rostrote Mondmuschel [from synonym] for Montacuta ferruginosa (Montagu, 1808)
German rote Bohne [from synonym] for Macoma balthica (Linnaeus, 1758)
German spindelförmige Owenie for Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844
German weiße Pfeffermuschel for Abra alba (W. Wood, 1802)
German Zwergseeigel for Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776)
 Biology

Spawning occurs between October and January. Mature females usually have less than 100 ova, which suggests a non- ... [details]

 Biology

The time of spawning varies greatly in different areas. Females with ripe eggs have been observed from May until ... [details]

 Biology

Breeding occurs from March to May. The eggs are deposited in a cocoon. In the Delta area the pelagic larvae are ... [details]

 Biology

E. sanguinea breeds in early summer and has planktonic larvae. In the estuarine Delta area juvenile benthic stages ... [details]

 Biology

Sexually ripe specimens have been observed in April and May. Most probably the larvae have a planktonic ... [details]

 Biology

Breeding probably takes place in spring (March-June) and the larvae develop in the water column. The species spawns ... [details]

 Biology

Polynoids, Harmothoe species included, are considered carnivores, feeding on a variety of small infaunal and ... [details]

 Biology

The sexes are separate and breeding occurs in spring and summer. The larvae have a long planktonic life, lasting ... [details]

 Biology

L. latreilli probably has a non-pelagic development. Because of its jaws L. latreilli is recorded as a predator ... [details]

 Biology

The larvae of [Either M. mirabilis or M. johnstoni]occur in the plankton of the North Sea from April-May to August ... [details]

 Biology

The sexes are separate and individuals breed several times over a number of years in the periods April-May and ... [details]

 Biology

Breeding occurs in March and August. The species presumably has planktonic larvae.

Analyses of its gut contents ...

 [details]

 Biology

The sexes are separate and individuals breed several times over a number of years. Generally, the females breed ... [details]

 Biology

N. longosetosa breeds from January to early spring and seems to have planktonic larvae. The species is a ... [details]

 Biology

Pelagic larvae have been found in December, February and April, whereas settling has been observed in ... [details]

 Biology

Females with ripe eggs have been observed in spring and summer. The planktonic larvae occur in waters with a ... [details]

 Biology

Main spawning period is short, viz. from June to July. The larvae remain in the plankton for at least four weeks. ... [details]

 Biology

The sexes are separate and breeding occurs in the period between spring and summer. The species has pelagic larvae. ... [details]

 Biology

Reproduction takes place in spring and summer. The species has planktonic larvae. P. minuta is considered to be an ... [details]

 Biology

Reproduction and larval development take place in spring and early summer. The species has a long pelagic stage. ... [details]

 Biology

The species deposits its eggs in green gelatinous cocoons at the surface of mud flats and probably also on the ... [details]

 Biology

In spite of its common occurrence there is little information available on its life history or behaviour. S. ... [details]

 Biology

The larvae of this species have been recorded from March to July, with highest numbers in May-July. Fertilization ... [details]

 Biology

The sexes are separate. No breeding is observed below water temperatures of 5 °C. Breeding occurs in early spring ... [details]

 Biology

No information on this species' reproduction is availabie. S. mathildae lives 15 to 20 cm beneath the surface of ... [details]

 Biology

S. filicornis probably spawns in autumn or winter, releasing large eggs. Planktonic larvae are found from February ... [details]

 Biology

The planktonic larvae of S. bombyx have been observed in the period April-December, with maximal nurnbers in ... [details]

 Biology

T. forbesii spawns from November to February. Eggs and larvae are non-pelagic. It is generaily considered to be a ... [details]

 Distribution

On the Dutch Continental Shelf, A. minuta is most frequent in the sandy sediments of the Southern Bight. lt ... [details]

 Distribution

The distribution ofEteone longa ranges from the intertidal zone down to a depth of 30 m. The highest densities are ... [details]

 Distribution

E. sanguinea has a patchy distribution in the sandy sediments of the Dutch Continental Shelf. lt is furthermore ... [details]

 Distribution

N. longissima occurs from the subtidal zone of the Wadden Sea and the Delta area down to a depth of 50 m in the ... [details]

 Distribution

This species is very abundant at the Oyster Ground, where it forms a substantial part of the infaunal biomass. G. ... [details]

 Distribution

L. conchilega is widely distributed in the area, i.e. from the tidal estuaries to the Dogger Bank in the north. ... [details]

 Distribution

L. latreilli is very numerous in the Frisian Front area. The species also occurs in the south-western part of the ... [details]

 Distribution

[Either M. mirabilis or M. johnstoni, long wrongly represented as]M. papillicornis occurs in almost the entire ... [details]

 Distribution

N. caeca occurs in small numbers in a broad region parallel to the coast. lt is even more scarce in the offshore ... [details]

 Distribution

N. cirrosa is a dominant species in the Southern Bight with high densities at the Brown Bank and near the coast. lt ... [details]

 Distribution

The species is common near the coast, in the Wadden Sea and almost the entire Delta area, with high densities in ... [details]

 Distribution

The species occurs in the subtidal zone of the western Wadden Sea, in the shallow waters along the coast and in the ... [details]

 Distribution

This species is quite common at the Oyster Ground. N. latericeus also occurs at a few locations in the ... [details]

 Distribution

O. limacina is found in the Southern Bight, its distribution extending into the marine and central part of the ... [details]

 Distribution

O. fusiformis mainly occurs north of the 30 m isobath up to the Dogger Bank, with the highest densities in the ... [details]

 Distribution

The species shows clear patches with high densities in the South-eastern part of the Oyster Ground, north of the ... [details]

 Distribution

The distribution of P. minuta in the area comprises the brackish waters of the Delta area and the Wadden Sea, the ... [details]

 Distribution

Highest densities are found north of the Wadden islands. lt is found in lower numbers on the Brown Bank, at the ... [details]

 Distribution

A. mucosa occurs near the Dutch coast, from the Voordelta in the south to the Dutch Wadden islands in the north, ... [details]

 Distribution

A widespread species occurring in the subtidal zone of the western Wadden Sea, the Southern Bight, part of the ... [details]

 Distribution

S. squamata is mainly found in the off shore part of the Southern Bight and north of the Wadden islands, and ... [details]

 Distribution

S. armiger occurs in almost the entire area, except for the central part of the Oyster Ground. The polychaete is ... [details]

 Distribution

S. mathildae is most abundant at the Dogger Bank and in a broad zone south of the Frisian Front. The species is ... [details]

 Distribution

S. bombyx is found at almost 50% of all stations sampled. Locally, i.e. to the west and north of the Wadden islands ... [details]

 Distribution

The distribution of T. forbesii comprises the subtidal zone in the western Wadden Sea, the Southern Bight and sorne ... [details]

 Habitat

A. minuta lives in fine and muddy sands mixed with shell fragrnents (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973). [details]

 Habitat

E. longa occurs in all types of sediments, but prefers fine and muddy sand. it is also found in empty tubes and on ... [details]

 Habitat

E. sanguinea has been reported from muddy sand, among algae and also under stones, in kelp holdfasts and among old ... [details]

 Habitat

Its density distribution suggests a preference for substrates with an admixture of mud. [details]

 Habitat

G. cirrhosa shows a preference for the muddier types of sediment as found in the Oyster Ground. [details]

 Habitat

H. glabra lives in fine-medium sand. The species has also been found under stones (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; ... [details]

 Habitat

L. conchilega mainly lives in mixed sand bottoms and rarely in muddy bottoms. [details]

 Habitat

The species shows a preference for muddy fine sand, but is also recorded from coarse sand, gravel, among sea grass ... [details]

 Habitat

The species prefers fine sands, but also occurs in medium sand mixed with mud (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973). [details]

 Habitat

The species occurs in a wide variety of sediments ranging from coarse to fine muddy sand. [details]

 Habitat

The distribution of N. cirrosa appears to be strongly related to the grain size of the sediment, i.e. it prefers ... [details]

 Habitat

It is not found in the clean sandy substrates in the Southern Bight, in contrast to N. cirrosa and N. longosetosa. ... [details]

 Habitat

This species is reported from a wide variety of sediments, e.g. gravel to coarse sand, on oyster banks and among ... [details]

 Habitat

In the study area N. latericeus shows a clear preference for fine muddy sand. In the southernmost part of the ... [details]

 Habitat

The species prefers medium to coarse sands mixed with gravel or shell fragments. Muddy sediments seem to be avoided. [details]

 Habitat

In the study area O. fusiformis is predominantly found in substrates composed of fine sand with a high mud content, ... [details]

 Habitat

L. koreni lives in many types of sediment, ranging from silt to coarse sand. It is most abundant in mixed bottoms ... [details]

 Habitat

P. minuta prefers to live in very fine sand with more than 10% mud. It is also recorded from under stones, among ... [details]

 Habitat

A. groenlandica lives in fine to coarse sediment with a low content of mud. lt is sometimes found in empty tubes of ... [details]

 Habitat

A. mucosa is abundant in the fine sand areas of the Dutch Continental Shelf. It is also reported from rnuddy ... [details]

 Habitat

S. bonnieri lives in a wide range of sediment types but seems to avoid substrates with a high mud content. [details]

 Habitat

The species lives in fine to medium sand and sometimes in slightly muddy sand. lt shows a very strong preference ... [details]

 Habitat

The species inhabits a wide range of sediment types, ranging from coarse to fine sand. In the study area it prefers ... [details]

 Habitat

The species is most frequently found in fine to very fine sand with little or no mud. [details]

 Habitat

The density distribution of this species suggests a preference for the sandy types of sediment with little mud, ... [details]

 Habitat

Although the species has been found in a variety of sediment types, its density distribution suggests a distinct ... [details]

 Habitat

The species has been mainly found in medium to coarse sand with a very low silt content. T. forbesii is reported as ... [details]

 Morphology

Body minute, up to 15 mm long and made up of around 45 segments. The head is bluntly conical with one small median ... [details]

 Morphology

E. longa has a flattened, slender and elongated body with a length of a few centimetres and up to 200 segments. The ... [details]

 Morphology

A species with a stout, dorsally convex body, up to 30 mm in length and made up of 60-140 segments. The uniform ... [details]

 Morphology

A species with a long, rather flattened body of up to 150 mm in length, with over 200 segments. The head is ... [details]

 Morphology

This species has a flattened body that is oval in outline. lt is composed of up to 38 segrnents and reaches 40 mm ... [details]

 Morphology

The species bears some resemblance to Gattyana cirrosa, i.e. a flattened body, oval in outline and dorsally covered ... [details]

 Morphology

L. conchilega has an elongated body, consisting of two regions. The swollen front region has hair-like as well as ... [details]

 Morphology

This species has a slender, cylindrical body made up of many identical segments with simple, bilobed parapodia. ...

 [details]

 Morphology

A long, threadlike species that is usually a few centimetres long and composed of up to 150 segments. Two body ... [details]

 Morphology

A member of the family Nephtyidae that can reach a considerable size, viz. maximally 200 mm long with up to 150 ... [details]

 Morphology

A relatively slender nephtyid polychaete of a few centimetres long and about 95 segrnents. Apart from its ... [details]

 Morphology

A robust nephtyid that is markedly rectangular in cross section. Differences with other the Nephtys species are the ... [details]

 Morphology

A slender nephtyid, resembling N. cirrosa macroscopically, but differing from it by the presence of dorsal cirri ... [details]

 Morphology

Like most members of the Capitellidae this is a species with a simple, smooth body, lacking any appendages other ... [details]

 Morphology

Body short, thick and spindle-shaped. Body maximally 50 mm in length and divided into 40 segments. The front part ... [details]

 Morphology

A species with a long, cylindrical body lacking parapodia. The frontal end of the body consists of a circle of ... [details]

 Morphology

This species has a short, conical body, tapering towards the tail. The truncated head bears a characteristic row of ... [details]

 Morphology

A small species, usually not more than 1 cm long. The body is flat, oblong and on the dorsal side covered with soft ... [details]

 Morphology

A relatively large worm with an elongated, flattened body, slightly tapering towards both ends. The head is well ... [details]

 Morphology

This species resembles A. groenlandica, but differs by the shape of the lamellae on the parapodia and its smaller ... [details]