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Polychaeta taxon details

Eteone longa (Fabricius, 1780)

130616  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130616)

accepted
Species
Eteone arctica Malmgren, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Eteone islandica Malmgren, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Eteone leuckarti Malmgren, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Eteone robusta Verrill, 1873 (subjective synonym)
Eteone villosa Levinsen, 1882 (subjective synonym)
Nereis longa Fabricius, 1780 (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae. [details]   

(ofNereis longa Fabricius, 1780) Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae. [details]   
Type locality contained in Greenlandic part of the Arctic Ocean  
type locality contained in Greenlandic part of the Arctic Ocean [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Description Long, thin and very active worm with approximately 200 identical segments (up to several cms long).
The head bears four...  
Description Long, thin and very active worm with approximately 200 identical segments (up to several cms long).
The head bears four little antennae. The dorsal half of the parapodia bears a large leaf-like lamella. Its colour ranges from white to light grey with brown patches or brownish-green broad transverse bands. This species is carnivorous and secretes slime upon contact. [details]

Distribution The distribution ofEteone longa ranges from the intertidal zone down to a depth of 30 m. The highest densities are found...  
Distribution The distribution ofEteone longa ranges from the intertidal zone down to a depth of 30 m. The highest densities are found near the coast and north of the Wadden islands. [details]

Distribution In the 1976-1986 period Eteone longa was distributed across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea but was only observed...  
Distribution In the 1976-1986 period Eteone longa was distributed across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea but was only observed in relatively low densities (maximum 140 ind./m2). In the 1994-2001 period a different distribution pattern was noted: the distribution of E. longa was mainly limited to the nearcoastal zone, with the exception of the eastern coastal zone. In this zone the species was found in densities of maximum 550 ind./m2. [details]

Distribution Arctic; Hudson Bay to off North Carolina; Bering Sea to Mexico; n. Japan Sea; Iceland, Norway to English Channel  
Distribution Arctic; Hudson Bay to off North Carolina; Bering Sea to Mexico; n. Japan Sea; Iceland, Norway to English Channel [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Eteone longa (Fabricius, 1780). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130616 on 2018-05-26
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

original description Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae. [details]   

original description  (ofNereis longa Fabricius, 1780) Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae. [details]   

original description  (ofEteone arctica Malmgren, 1867) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

original description  (ofEteone islandica Malmgren, 1867) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

original description  (ofEteone leuckarti Malmgren, 1867) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

original description  (ofEteone lilljeborgi Malmgren, 1867) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

original description  (ofEteone robusta Verrill, 1873) Verrill, A.E. (1873). XVIII. Report upon the invertebrate animals of Vineyard Sound and the adjacent waters, with an account of the physical characters of the region. Report on the condition of the sea fisheries of the south coast of New England [later becomes Reports of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries]. 1: 295-778 pls. 1-38., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12087501 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofEteone villosa Levinsen, 1882) Levinsen, G. M. R. 1883. Systematisk-geografisk Oversigt over de nordiske Annulata, Gephyrea, Chaetognathi og Balanoglossi. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk naturhistorisk Forening i Köbenhavn, 1882: 160-251., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34979059 [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pettibone, M.H. 1952 MS. Checklist of Polychaeta of New England region. 32 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

source of synonymy Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region. I. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 227(1): 1-356., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33229#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. (2004). Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here]. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofNereis longa Fabricius, 1780) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEteone islandica Malmgren, 1867) Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofEteone arctica Malmgren, 1867) Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEteone arctica Malmgren, 1867) Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofEteone villosa Levinsen, 1882) Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofEteone robusta Verrill, 1873) Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region. I. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 227(1): 1-356., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33229#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEteone lilljeborgi Malmgren, 1867) Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofEteone leuckarti Malmgren, 1867) Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Van Ryckegem, G.; Van Braeckel, A.; Elsen, R.; Speybroeck, J.; Vandevoorde, B.; Mertens, W.; Breine, J.; Van den Bergh, E. (2014). MONEOS – Geïntegreerd datarapport: INBO: toestand Zeeschelde 2013 Monitoringsoverzicht en 1ste lijnsrapportage Geomorfologie, diversiteit Habitats en diversiteit Soorten. Rapporten van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek, INBO.R.2014.2646963. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek (INBO): Brussel. 137 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Biology Breeding occurs from March to May. The eggs are deposited in a cocoon. In the Delta area the pelagic larvae are found in February-June and August-October. Before spawning it sometimes swims close to the water surface.


In the western Wadden Sea E. longa appears to be relatively tolerant to low winter temperatures. The species crawls on the surface or in the upper centimetres of the sediment. Many phyllodocids are predatory carnivores, catching their prey with their muscular pharynx. E. longa feeds on spionids, e.g. Spio filicornis and Scolelepis squamata, and on a variety of small metazoans. Cannibalism is widespread (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Beukema, 1979; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979). [details]


Description Long, thin and very active worm with approximately 200 identical segments (up to several cms long).
The head bears four little antennae. The dorsal half of the parapodia bears a large leaf-like lamella. Its colour ranges from white to light grey with brown patches or brownish-green broad transverse bands. This species is carnivorous and secretes slime upon contact. [details]

Distribution The distribution ofEteone longa ranges from the intertidal zone down to a depth of 30 m. The highest densities are found near the coast and north of the Wadden islands. [details]

Distribution In the 1976-1986 period Eteone longa was distributed across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea but was only observed in relatively low densities (maximum 140 ind./m2). In the 1994-2001 period a different distribution pattern was noted: the distribution of E. longa was mainly limited to the nearcoastal zone, with the exception of the eastern coastal zone. In this zone the species was found in densities of maximum 550 ind./m2. [details]

Distribution Arctic; Hudson Bay to off North Carolina; Bering Sea to Mexico; n. Japan Sea; Iceland, Norway to English Channel [details]

Habitat E. longa occurs in all types of sediments, but prefers fine and muddy sand. it is also found in empty tubes and on oyster banks. Well-sorted types of sediments are favoured (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973). [details]

Habitat Eteone longa is found in sediments with a wide range of median grain sizes: the species is only absent in very fine (< 100 μm) and very coarse sediments (> 500 μm). An optimum (relative occurrence > 20%) is reached with a median grain size of 150 to 250 μm. Eteone longa displays a preference (relative occurrence: > 40%) for relatively high mud contents (30 to 50%), but is found in sediments with other mud contents as well. [details]

Habitat intertidal, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Morphology E. longa has a flattened, slender and elongated body with a length of a few centimetres and up to 200 segments. The numerous identical segments have prominent parapodia with a dorsal lamella. The head bears four short frontal antennae. lt is whitish or pale grey in colour, with brown blotches or broad transverse bands of brownish green (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

LanguageName 
Dutch groengele wadworm  [details]
English paddleworm  [details]
French étéone  [details]