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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766) 
AphiaID: 131495

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellomorpha (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellinae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLanice (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLanice Malmgren, 1866
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite flexuosa Delle Chiaje, 1828 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite tondi Delle Chiaje, 1828 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis conchilega Pallas, 1766 (basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella artifex Sars, 1863 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella littoralis seu arenaria Dalyell, 1853 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella pectoralis Quatrefages, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebella prudens Quatrefages, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWartelia gonotheca Giard, 1878 (subjective synonym)
Sources 
source of synonymy Hartman, Olga 1959. Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Occasional Papers of the Allan Hancock Foundation, 23: 628 pp. [details]

redescription Hilbig, Brigitte 2000. Family Terebellidae Grube, 1851. pages 231-294. IN: Blake, James A.; Hilbig, Brigitte; and Scott, Paul Valentich. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. 7 - The Annelida Part 4. Polychaeta: Fabelligeridae to Sternaspidae. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Santa Barbara [details]

redescription Jirkov, I.A. 2001. [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Moskva, Yanus-K, 1-632 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzandkokerwormUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorschelpkokerworm  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsand mason  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormacaroniUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlanice  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSandröhrenwurmUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMuschelsammlerinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBäumchenröhrenwurm  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostduinkerke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWenduine [details]
English Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaie de la Seine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGolfe Normanno-Breton [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRoscoff [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth East Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBirkenfels (shipwreck) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOosterschelde [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorVoordelta [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWesterschelde [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlymouth [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]

Feedingtypes  deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
interface grazer [details]
suspension feeder [details]
suspension feeder: facultative [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlanktonNet Image 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (146 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (1974 nucleotides; 3 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorAdditional information The L. conchilega reefs can be visualised using advanced remote sensing techniques, see Degraer et al (2008). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorAdditional information The impact of bottom fisheries on the Lanice-reefs has been quantified in Rabaut et al. (2008). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBiology The sexes are separate and breeding occurs in spring and summer. The larvae have a long planktonic life, lasting about two months, and have been found in the period between April and August.


This polychacte lives in its straight tube that protrudes several centimetres from the sediment. The long tentacles are extended from the top for collecting particles. During collecting they are supported by fringe-like extensions of the tube. In case of danger L. conchilega quickly retracts in the tube. When damaged or covered by sediment, the animal rebuilds or extends its tube. This enables L. conchilega to survive in unstable deposits or areas with strong sedimentation. L. conchilega is a selective deposit feeder, ingesting foraminiferans, ciliates, copepods, algae and faeces of echinoderms and molluscs. Laboratory experiments revealed that filter feeding also plays a very important role in its nutrition.


High population densities of L. conchilega are attributed to the combination of periodically high concentrations of suspended matter and the ability to utilize different food sources.


L. conchilega is sensitive to low temperatures and therefore shows low densities in the area of the Wadden Sea after cold winters. [details]


Trusted: edited by a thematic editorEcology The importance of L. conchilega for juvenile flatfishes was described in Vanaverbeke et al (2009). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorEcology In intertidal areas, the tube patches are known to have consequences for the distribution and abundance of infaunal species by influencing the habitat structure, see Callaway ( 2006), Carey (1987), Feral (1989), Zuhlke (2001), Zuhlke et al. (1998). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorEcology The influence on faunal abundance, species richness and species composition has been proved based on a long-term dataset, see Rabaut et al (2007), Van Hoey et al (2008). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorEcology Recently, scientific evidence showed that L. conchilega qualifies as reef builder under the definition of the Habitats Directive. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorEcology For more information on hydrodynamic influences of L. lanice, see Dittmann (1999), Eckman (1983), Heuers et al (1983). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorImportance The species can be used as a proxy in the management of marine resources and the conservation of marine biodiversity, see Rabaut et al (in press), Rabaut et al (2009) and Rabaut et al (2008). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorMorphology For more information on the physiology and tube structure see Jones and Jago (1993) and Ziegelmeier (1952). [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A tube-living bristle worm whose body consists of two parts: a swollen anterior end with a reduced
head and specially formed segments and a narrowed posterior end. The head has numerous active
feeding tentacles. Three pairs of bright-red gills are present on the first three segments behind the
head. Measures up to 300 mm long. The tube consists of medium-sized to large sand grains with a
characteristic fan shape at the top. Several tubes together can form so-called ‘sand reefs’. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Lanice conchilega is widely distributed on the Belgian part of the North Sea. However, the frequency of occurrence was the highest in the near-coastal zone in both periods. Whereas the species occurred along the entire coast in the 1976-1986 period, Lanice conchilega appeared to be practically absent in the eastern coastal zone in the 1994-2001 period. In both periods densities up to 1,000s ind./m2 were observed with a maximum density of about 10,000 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution L. conchilega is widely distributed in the area, i.e. from the tidal estuaries to the Dogger Bank in the north. Locally it is found with extremely large numbers (over 3000 ind./m²). The highest densities are found north of the Wadden islands, from Terschelling to the eastern boundary of the Dutch sector of the North Sea. When living in dense patches, the species can form an important part of the total biomass of an area. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Lanice conchilega is found in various sediments but displays a preference for fine to medium-grained sediments (100 to 500 μm) with a relatively high mud content (10 to 40%). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat L. conchilega mainly lives in mixed sand bottoms and rarely in muddy bottoms. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology L. conchilega has an elongated body, consisting of two regions. The swollen front region has hair-like as well as hooked chaetae; the long, slender tail region only hooked ones. The species can reach a length of up to 150 mm with up to 300 segments. The head bears a dense tuft of long, thin tentacles. The first segment projects forwards, forming two lobes at both sides of the head. The next three segments carry branched gills. The worm is yellowish, pink or brown coloured with blood-red gills and white tentacles. L. conchilega builds a characteristic tube, consisting of cemented sand grains and shell fragments and with a typical fringe at the top end (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Holthe, 1986; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131495
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2012-02-07 02:10:40Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G. (2014). Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131495 on 2014-07-11