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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780) 
AphiaID: 130355

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrantia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida incertae sedis (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtyidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys Cuvier, 1817
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys caeca (Fabricius, 1780) (generic spelling variant)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys hirsuta Dalyell, 1853
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys ingens Stimpson, 1854
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys margaritacea Johnston, 1835
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys nudipes Ehlers, 1868 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys oerstedii Quatrefages, 1866
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys bononensis Quatrefages, 1850 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys caeca var. ciliata McIntosh, 1908 (life cycle phase )
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis (Nephtys) lineata Dalyell, 1853
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis caeca Fabricius, 1780
Sources  original description Fabricius, O.1780. Fauna Groenlandica: systematice sistens animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quod nomen specificium. Hafniae et Lipsiae: Copenhagen, Denmark. XVI, 452, [2] f. pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/48073#page/7/mode/1up [details] [full text]

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. 2004. Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here][details]

redescription Jirkov, I.A. 2001. [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Moskva, Yanus-K, 1-632 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBlindwurm  [details]
Direct child
taxa (1)

[show all]
 
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys caeca var. ciliata McIntosh, 1908 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
Bay of Fundy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCobscook Bay [details]
English Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaie de la Seine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGolfe Normanno-Breton [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRoscoff [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorManicouagan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlymouth [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]

Feedingtypes  carnivore [details]
predator [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (19 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (29 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (8 nucleotides; 5 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology The sexes are separate and individuals breed several times over a number of years in the periods April-May and August. The larvae are planktonic. N. caeca starts reproducing in its second year of life and lives for a period of about 7 years.


N. caeca is a predator moving through the top layer of the sediment in search for molluscs, crustaceans and other polychaetes. The species is eaten by juveniles of haddock and thornback (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Curtis, 1977; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Sips, 1988; Fish & Fish, 1989; Olive & Morgan, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution N. caeca occurs in small numbers in a broad region parallel to the coast. lt is even more scarce in the offshore part of the Dutch Continental Shelf, where it is only recorded from the Dogger Bank, the Cleaver Bank and the eastern part of the Oyster Ground. The species also occurs in the low intertidal zone of the Delta area and the Wadden Sea. Because of its size the biomass of N. caeca can be locally important. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Arctic to Gulf of St. Lawrence to off Rhode Island [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat The species occurs in a wide variety of sediments ranging from coarse to fine muddy sand. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat intertidal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology A member of the family Nephtyidae that can reach a considerable size, viz. maximally 200 mm long with up to 150 segments. The head is relatively small and rectangular, with short antennae on the frontal corners giving it a T-shape. Like all nephtyids it has a large eversible, muscular proboscis with internal jaws. The first segment is reduced and bears two pairs of finger-like cirri. The rest of the body is square in cross section with prominent, powerful bilobed parapodia with curved gilis in between the lobes. The body is whitish to greenish brown, with a lightly iridescent cuticle and red gills (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Sips, 1988; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990; Rainer, 1991). [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130355
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
  
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  Citation: Polychaeta (2014). Nephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130355 on 2014-10-25