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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphelia limacina (Rathke, 1843) 
AphiaID: 130494

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolecida (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOpheliidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOpheliinae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphelia (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphelia limacina (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphelia Savigny, 1822
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmotrypane limacina Rathke, 1843 (superseded original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphelia eruciformis Johnston, 1865 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphelia taurica Bobretzky, 1881 (subjective synonym)
Sources  original description Rathke, H. (1843). Beiträge zur Fauna Norwegens. Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Naturae Curiosorum, Breslau & Bonn. 20: 1-264c, pls. 1-12., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.11613 [details]

source of synonymy Tebble, Norman 1952. On three species of the genus Ophelia (Polychaeta) from British and adjacent waters. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 5: 553-571. [details]

source of synonymy Fauvel, P. 1907. Première note préliminaire sur les Polychètes provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice ou déposées dans le Musée Océanographique de Monaco. Bulletin de l'Institute océanographique, 107: 1-34. [details]

redescription Jirkov, I.A. 2001. [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Moskva, Yanus-K, 1-632 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorophélie  [details]
Direct child
taxa (2)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Variety Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOphelia limacina var. roscoffensis Augener, 1910

Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphelia limacina roscoffensis Augener, 1910 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphelia roscoffensis Augener, 1910
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux (doubtful[details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorManicouagan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth East Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone (doubtful[details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanadian Exclusive Economic Zone [Arctic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]

Feedingtype  deposit feeder [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (4 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (78 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (372 nucleotides; 4 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Macrozoobenthos communities of Svalbard 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Females with ripe eggs have been observed in spring and summer. The planktonic larvae occur in waters with a salinity down to 13%.

O. limacina is a typical non-selective deposit feeder. The lack of food specialisation of adults contrasts sharply with the selectivity of juveniles for certain types of substrate. The species is food for demersal fish (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Curtis, 1977; Kirkegaard, 1978; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Bristle worm with a short, thick fusiform body up to 55 mm long. The anterior end is cylindrical; the
posterior end is characterised by a ventral groove. The head is a simple smooth cone without
appendages, but does have groups of little bristles. The parapodia are in general reduced and bear finger-like gills on the hind part of the body. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution O. limacina is found in the Southern Bight, its distribution extending into the marine and central part of the Westerschelde. The polychaete also occurs north of the Wadden islands, at the Cleaver Bank and more offshore at the Dogger Bank, but is absent from the Oyster Ground. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Ophelia limacina is found on almost the entire Belgian part of the North Sea with a high frequency of occurrence. The distribution of the species is only (very) limited in the coastal zone (1976-1986 period) or in the eastern coastal zone (1994-2001 period). The maximum density of O. limacina is > 600 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period whereas this amount fell to a maximum of about 150 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Saguenay Fjord, northern Gaspe waters, southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: Eastern Bradelle Valley), downstream part of middle St. Lawrence estuary, lower St. Lawrence estuary, Prince Edward Island (from the northern tip of Miscou Island, N.B. to Cape Breton Island south of Cheticamp, including the Northumberland Strait and Georges Bay to the Canso Strait causeway); Lower North Shore  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat The species prefers medium to coarse sands mixed with gravel or shell fragments. Muddy sediments seem to be avoided. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Ophelia limacina has a clear preference for coarse sediments: a high relative occurrence (> 40%) is reached in sediments with a median grain size of 300 to 550 μm. However, the species is absent in very coarse sediments (> 600 μm). Ophelia limacina tends to prefer sediments with low mud contents (optimum: 0 to 10%). The species does not occur in sediments with a mud content exceeding 20%. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Body short, thick and spindle-shaped. Body maximally 50 mm in length and divided into 40 segments. The front part is cylindrical, while the hind part of the body has a ventral groove. The head is pointed, without appendages. Parapodia are inconspicuous and bear finger-like gills on the posterior part of the body. O. limacina is pink to flesh-coloured (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971). [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130494
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
  
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  Citation: Polychaeta (2014). Ophelia limacina (Rathke, 1843). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130494 on 2014-11-21