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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844 
AphiaID: 130544

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSabellida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOweniidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia Delle Chiaje, 1844
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia Delle Chiaje, 1844
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares aedificator Andrews, 1891 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares assimilis Sars, 1851 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares brasiliensis Hansen, 1882 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares occidentale Johnson, 1901 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares orientalis Grube, 1878 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares ottonis Grube, 1846 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares sundevalli Kinberg, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares tegula Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmochares tenuis Haswell, 1883 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOps digitata Carrington, 1865 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia brachycera Marion, 1876 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia filiformis Claparède, 1870 (subjective synonym)
Sources  original description Delle Chiaje, Stefano 1841 & 1844. [POLYCHAETA context] Descrizione e Notomia degli Animali Invertebrati della Sicilia Citeriore osservati vivi negli anni 1822-1830. [Tome 1, 98 pp.; Tome 2, 146 pp; Tome 3, 142 pp [Molluschi Acefali, Bracciopedi, Cirropedi, Crostacei, Anellosi]; Tome 4, 142 pp.; Tome 5, 165 pp. [1841, incl. Annelosi Afroditici]; Tome 6-7, pl. 1-173 [1841], pl. 174-181 [1844]; Tome 8 (Appendici, osservazioni critiche, indice generale), 48 pp. [1844] Napoli, Stabilimento Tipografico di C. Batelli e Co., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10031
page(s): v.8:31, plate 175 (1844) [details]

redescription Jirkov, I.A. 2001. [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Moskva, Yanus-K, 1-632 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortubeworm  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspindelförmige Owenie  [details]
Direct child
taxa (1)

[show all]
 
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia fusiformis collaris Hartman, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOwenia collaris Hartman, 1955
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
Adriatic Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Adriatic [details]
Bay of Fundy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCobscook Bay [details]
Caribbean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCaribbean Sea [details]
English Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaie de la Seine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGolfe Normanno-Breton [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRoscoff [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorManicouagan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
Panama
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPanama [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlymouth [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanadian Exclusive Economic Zone [Arctic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]

Feedingtypes  deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
detritus feeder [details]
filter feeder [details]
suspension feeder [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlanktonNet Image 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (308 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (95 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (315 nucleotides; 303 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Delle Chiaje, 1844. [Tome 8 and plates 174-181 were published in 1844 according to Sherborn] [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPublication date 1844. [Tome 8 and plates 174-181 were published in 1844 according to Sherborn] [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Main spawning period is short, viz. from June to July. The larvae remain in the plankton for at least four weeks. This species seems able to adapt its reproductive strategy to different environmental conditions. In more temperate waters O. fusiformis produces a distinctive type of planktotrophic larva and breeding occurs in autumn.


O. fusiformis lives in tubes that are partly buried in the sediment and partly extended from the sediment. It is able to live in low oxygen concentrations for a short time.


O. fusiformis selectively ingests suspended and deposited particles. It feeds by means of the lobed tentacular crown, either in an upright position or bent over to the sediment surface, thereby exposing its anterior part. The species is often found in stomachs of flatfish, haddock and cod (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Curtis, 1977; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Fish & Fish, 1989; Gentil et al., 1990). [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Tube-living bristle worm with a cylindrical body up to 100 mm long. The head features a crown of six
short, branched and membraneous gills. The segments number 30 and differ in length. The flexible
tube of cemented sand grains and shell fragments is longer than the worm itself. The worm is able to
withdraw from the end protruding from the sediment surface, which subsequently bends down. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Bay of Fundy to Cape Cod [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Owenia fusiformis has a limited distribution on the Belgian part of the North Sea: in both periods the species was only observed in the near-coastal zone with the exception of eastern coastal zone. Whereas O. fusiformis was only found in low densities in the 1976-1986 period (maximum 15 ind./m2), densities up to 500 ind./m2 were recorded in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution O. fusiformis mainly occurs north of the 30 m isobath up to the Dogger Bank, with the highest densities in the northern part of the Oyster Ground. The species is also found in the southern part of the study area, viz. near the coast and in the easternmost part of the Oosterschelde. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat In the study area O. fusiformis is predominantly found in substrates composed of fine sand with a high mud content, such as occur in the Oyster Ground. The distribution of this species is thought to be determined by temperature (Wolff, 1973). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Although Owenia fusiformis can be found in fine to coarse sediments (150 to 500 μm) the species only reaches a high relative occurrence in the finer sediments. Sediment has to contain mud to be suitable for O. fusiformis. The highest relative occurrence is reached in sediments with a mud content of 10 to 40%. Owenia fusiformis does not occur in sediments with a mud content exceeding 40%. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology A species with a long, cylindrical body lacking parapodia. The frontal end of the body consists of a circle of short, fringed tentacles. The maximum length amounts to 50 mm with 30 segments. The body is greenish or yellowish, with paler transverse bands. The tube is characteristic, tapering towards one end and composed of overlapping shell fragments or sand grains (Fager, 1964; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130544
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
  
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  Citation: Polychaeta (2014). Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130544 on 2014-09-21