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Polychaeta taxon details

Amphictene Savigny, 1822

152447  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:152447)

accepted
Genus
Pectinaria (Amphictene) (Savigny, 1822)· accepted, alternate representation (disused rank)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Savigny, Jules-César. (1822). Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces. <em>Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris.</em> 1(3):1–128., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41329897
page(s): 88 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Savigny (1822:89) includes a number of...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Savigny (1822:89) includes a number of pectinariids as synonyms of Amphictene auricoma, including Pectinaria belgica, which is type of Pectinaria (as Nereis cylindraria belgica). However, he also has two other Amphictene as valid. Amphictene auricoma is prominent as the first mentioned, and is type of the genus by a subsequent designation, probably by Hartman (1941:325), not Hartman (1959) as stated in Hutchings & Peart (2002), but Hartman could also have been copying an earlier author (as is often the case for her catalogue types of genera). [details]
Etymology Savigny (1822: 88) gives no clues as to the etymology of Amphictene. However, it is highly likely it is a compound word...  
Etymology Savigny (1822: 88) gives no clues as to the etymology of Amphictene. However, it is highly likely it is a compound word Latinised from Greek referring to the prominent comb-like anterior paleae, thus amphi- (both or double) and -ctene (comb). The gender it should be is uncertain, but early authors have followed Savigny and treated the genus as feminine, perhaps dubiously. Savigny did not modify the feminine species-name ending of Amphitrite auricoma Muller when he moved the species to his Amphictene, and he used a feminine ending for A. aegyptia Savigny, 1822 (not aegyptius). [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Amphictene Savigny, 1822. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=152447 on 2019-10-14
Date
action
by
2005-04-11 09:31:37Z
created
2008-03-05 09:00:37Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2014-12-15 22:02:44Z
changed
2014-12-16 20:46:06Z
changed
2017-04-19 02:47:26Z
changed
2019-05-27 23:43:42Z
changed

original description Savigny, Jules-César. (1822). Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces. <em>Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris.</em> 1(3):1–128., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41329897
page(s): 88 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Zhang, Jinghuai; Hutchings, Pat. (2019). A revision of Australian Pectinariidae (Polychaeta), with new species and new records. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4611(1): 1-70., available online at https://biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4611.1.1
page(s): 7 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Holtmann, S.E.; Groenewold, A.; Schrader, K.H.M.; Asjes, J.; Craeymeersch, J.A.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; van Bostelen, A.J.; van der Meer, J. (1996). Atlas of the zoobenthos of the Dutch continental shelf. Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management: Rijswijk, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-369-4301-9. 243 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
From editor or global species database
Authority There is unnecessary confusion in literature over the authorship of Amphictene and Pectinaria. This is one case where Lamarck and Savigny are independent. It is clear that Lamarck (1818) authored Pectinaria and Savigny (1822) authored Amphictene. The respective texts are not at all the same. Savigny creates a detailed taxonomic structure of the genus with two tribes (tribu) for three species. Lamarck does not mention Amphictene or Savigny, but Savigny mentions Pectinaria (as P. belgica), but he gives an incorrect literature reference to it. [details]

Diagnosis  Dorsal opercular rim cirrate. Cephalic veil completely free from operculum, with numerous cirri. 13 biramous chaetigers. From Zhang & Hutchings (2019) : "Cephalic veil completely free from operculum. Rim of cephalic veil with numerous long cirri. Dorsal and lateral margin of semicircular operculum with numerous triangular lappets or cirri. Ventral margin of operculum with numerous notopodial paleae on each side. Comb-like branchiae present on segments 3–4. Notopodia other than those of segment 1, which bear paleae, on segments 5–21, 17 pairs, with notochaetae. Neuropodia on segments 8–20, 13 pairs with transverse tori, which bear a row of uncini. Uncini with more than one longitudinal row of major teeth. Scaphe flattened dorsally, with anal flap and distinctly separate from posterior segments.  [details]

Etymology Savigny (1822: 88) gives no clues as to the etymology of Amphictene. However, it is highly likely it is a compound word Latinised from Greek referring to the prominent comb-like anterior paleae, thus amphi- (both or double) and -ctene (comb). The gender it should be is uncertain, but early authors have followed Savigny and treated the genus as feminine, perhaps dubiously. Savigny did not modify the feminine species-name ending of Amphitrite auricoma Muller when he moved the species to his Amphictene, and he used a feminine ending for A. aegyptia Savigny, 1822 (not aegyptius). [details]

Grammatical gender Not determined for certain by the editor (GBR), but treated as feminine by the genus author and most authors since. [details]

Type species Savigny (1822:89) includes a number of pectinariids as synonyms of Amphictene auricoma, including Pectinaria belgica, which is type of Pectinaria (as Nereis cylindraria belgica). However, he also has two other Amphictene as valid. Amphictene auricoma is prominent as the first mentioned, and is type of the genus by a subsequent designation, probably by Hartman (1941:325), not Hartman (1959) as stated in Hutchings & Peart (2002), but Hartman could also have been copying an earlier author (as is often the case for her catalogue types of genera). [details]