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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEunereis longissima Johnston, 1840 
AphiaID: 130375

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrantia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereidiformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereididae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereidinae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEunereis (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEunereis Malmgren, 1865
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteronereis mitis Grube, 1870 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis edenticulata Quatrefages, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis longissima Johnston, 1840 (basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis regia Quatrefages, 1850 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullierinereis tenerifensis Núñez, Brito & Ballacado, 1984 (subjective synonym)
Sources 
redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. 2004. Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here][details]

redescription Jirkov, I.A. 2001. [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Moskva, Yanus-K, 1-632 [details]

redescription Bakken, Torkild and Wilson, Robin S. 2005. Phylogeny of nereidids (Polychaeta, Nereididae) with paragnaths. Zoologica Scripta, 34(5):507-547 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzager  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornéreis  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
English Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaie de la Seine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGolfe Normanno-Breton [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRoscoff [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWesterschelde (doubtful) [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlymouth [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]

Feedingtypes  deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (2 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (23 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Sexually ripe specimens have been observed in April and May. Most probably the larvae have a planktonic development. E. longissima lives in burrows. When conditions become unfavourable it will rapidly and repeatedly move and set up a new tube at other locations. E. longissima is mainly a non-selective deposit feeder, feeding on algae and dead animals. The species itself is eaten by flatfish (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The bristle worm Eunereis longissima can reach a length of up to 50 cm, although only smaller specimens with a maximum length of 20cm have been found on the Belgian part of the North Sea. The striking head structures with tentacles, palps, antennae and four eyes are characteristic. Living specimens have a red to iridescent dark brown colour. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution N. longissima occurs from the subtidal zone of the Wadden Sea and the Delta area down to a depth of 50 m in the Oyster Ground, where it is quite abundant. In the offshore part of the Southern Bight N. longissima is almost absent. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With only eight observations and a maximum density of 16 ind./m2 Eunereis longissima was a rare phenomenon in the entire near-coastal zone in the 1976-1986 period. In the 1994-2001 period the number of observations increased and densities up to 100 ind./m2 were noted. The species still mainly occurred near the coast, but clearly avoided the eastern coastal zone. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Its density distribution suggests a preference for substrates with an admixture of mud. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Eunereis longissima is typically found in sediments with a median grain size of 100 to 250 μm. The species has a broad mud content tolerance but tends to prefer (relative occurrence: > 50%) sediments with a mud content of 10-20%. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology A species with a long, rather flattened body of up to 150 mm in length, with over 200 segments. The head is conical, truncate, with two frontal antennae, two biarticulate palps and four relatively small eyes. The first segments bears four pairs of cirri. Like all nereids, the species has an eversible proboscis and two terminal jaws. The small number of teeth on the proboscis are characteristic for this species. The body segments are rather uniform, with prominent, powerful parapodia bearing distinct lamellae. lt is blue-grey, reddish or pinkish in colour (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130375
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
  
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  Citation: Polychaeta (2014). Eunereis longissima Johnston, 1840. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130375 on 2014-09-03