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Porifera source details

Vacelet, J.; Vasseur, P. (1977). Sponge distribution in coral reefs and related areas in the vicinity of Tulear (Madagascar). Proceedings of the Third International Coral Reef Symposium. 1977, 113-117.
Vacelet, J.; Vasseur, P.
Sponge distribution in coral reefs and related areas in the vicinity of Tulear (Madagascar).
Proceedings of the Third International Coral Reef Symposium
1977, 113-117
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
During an analysis of the distribution of 280 species of sponges in the coral reefs of Tulear, several species groups were obvious. 1) A characteristic fauna of numerous large, erect sponges occurs on flat surfaces of the lower sloping platform of the outer slope between 20 and 55 m. 2) Some species grow in full light conditions on the rocky or sandy areas of the inner reef flat. These species are few in number, but often constitute conspicuous populations. 3) A large number of shade-loving species are distributed widely in cryptic habitats of the reef outer slope, the reef front, the outer and inner reef flat and the inner slope. 4) In the cryptic habitats of each of these zones, there are also more localized shade-loving species. The darker areas of the galleries in the reef front have a distinctive fauna of very hard sponges (Pharetronids, Lithistids and Sclerosponges) of special interest. 5) Some free-living species occur in sandy regions, where they are buried by the sediment. Light and water movements are the principal factors influencing this sponge distribution.
Indian Ocean, Western
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2017-02-11 16:33:39Z

Acanthella carteri Dendy, 1889 accepted as Stylissa carteri (Dendy, 1889) (additional source)
Acanthostylotella cornuta (Topsent, 1897) (additional source)
Acanthotriaena crypta Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 (additional source)
Aciculites spinosa Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 (additional source)
Aciculites tulearensis Vacelet & Vasseur, 1965 (additional source)
Aplysilla sulfurea Schulze, 1878 (additional source)
Asteropus simplex (Carter, 1879) (additional source)
Astrosclera willeyana Lister, 1900 (additional source)
Axinella arborescens Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (additional source)
Axinella donnani (Bowerbank, 1873) (additional source)
Biemna fortis (Topsent, 1897) (additional source)
Bubaris conulosus Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 accepted as Bubaris conulosa Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 (additional source)
Cacospongia lamellosa (Esper, 1794) accepted as Phyllospongia foliascens (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Callipelta cavernicola (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1965) accepted as Sollasipelta cavernicola (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1965) accepted as Daedalopelta cavernicola (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1965) (additional source)
Callipelta mixta Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 accepted as Neopelta mixta (Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976) (additional source)
Callipelta ornata Sollas, 1888 accepted as Sollasipelta ornata (Sollas, 1888) (additional source)
Carmia cleistochela (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971) accepted as Mycale (Naviculina) cleistochela Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 (source of synonymy)
Chondrilla nucula Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Ciocalypta microstrongylata Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 (additional source)
Clathria dichela sensu Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 (additional source)
Clathria foliascens Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 represented as Clathria (Clathria) foliascens Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 (additional source)
Clathrina pulcherrima (Dendy, 1891) (additional source)
Clathriopsamma cercidochela Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 accepted as Clathria (Wilsonella) cercidochela (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971) (additional source)
Crambe acuata (Lévi, 1958) (additional source)
Didiscus clavigerus (Kirkpatrick, 1900) accepted as Didiscus aceratus (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Discodermia dubia Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 (additional source)
Discodermia japonica Döderlein, 1884 (additional source)
Discodermia panoplia Sollas, 1888 (additional source)
Echinodictyum conulosum Kieschnick, 1900 (additional source)
Echinodictyum jousseaumi Topsent, 1892 (additional source)
Erylus lendenfeldi Sollas, 1888 (additional source)
Gelliodes incrustans Dendy, 1905 (additional source)
Gelliodes sagittarius (Sollas, 1902) accepted as Oceanapia sagittaria (Sollas, 1902) (basis of record)
Gellius cymiformis accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) cymaeformis (Esper, 1806) (additional source)
Geodia peruncinata Dendy, 1905 (additional source)
Halisarca ectofibrosa Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 (additional source)
Hexadella racovitzai Topsent, 1896 (additional source)
Higginsia petrosioides Dendy, 1922 (additional source)
Homophymia lamellosa Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 (additional source)
Hymedesmia mertoni Hentschel, 1912 represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) mertoni Hentschel, 1912 (additional source)
Iotrochota purpurea (Bowerbank, 1875) (additional source)
Ircinia cylindracea Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 (additional source)
Kaliapsis incrustans (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971) (additional source)
Latrunculia globosa Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 accepted as Diacarnus globosus (Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976) (additional source)
Lelapiella incrustans Vacelet, 1977 (additional source)
Lepidoleucon inflatum Vacelet, 1967 (additional source)
Lissodendoryx arenaria Burton, 1936 represented as Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) arenaria Burton, 1936 (additional source)
Microciona toxifera (Hentschel, 1912) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) toxifera (Hentschel, 1912) (additional source)
Mycale crassissima (Dendy, 1905) represented as Mycale (Mycale) crassissima (Dendy, 1905) (additional source)
Mycale grandis Gray, 1867 represented as Mycale (Mycale) grandis Gray, 1867 (additional source)
Mycale sulevoidea (Sollas, 1902) represented as Mycale (Aegogropila) sulevoidea (Sollas, 1902) (additional source)
Myrmekioderma granulata (Esper, 1829) accepted as Myrmekioderma granulatum (Esper, 1829) (additional source)
Oceanapia toxophila Dendy, 1922 (additional source)
Paramurrayona corticata Vacelet, 1967 (additional source)
Paratetilla bacca (Selenka, 1867) (additional source)
Petrosia spheroida Tanita, 1967 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) spheroida Tanita, 1967 (additional source)
Petrosia testudinaria (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Xestospongia testudinaria (Lamarck, 1815) (additional source)
Phyllospongia dendyi Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Lendenfeldia plicata (Esper, 1806) (additional source)
Phyllospongia foliacens (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Phyllospongia foliascens (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Phyllospongia madagascariensis (Hyatt, 1877) accepted as Phyllospongia papyracea (Esper, 1806) (additional source)
Phyllospongia papyracea (Esper, 1806) (additional source)
Placospongia carinata (Bowerbank, 1858) (additional source)
Plectroninia hindei Kirkpatrick, 1900 (additional source)
Plectroninia minima Vacelet, 1967 (additional source)
Plectroninia pulchella Vacelet, 1967 (additional source)
Plectroninia radiata Vacelet, 1967 (additional source)
Plectroninia tecta Vacelet, 1967 (additional source)
Prostylissa foetida (Dendy, 1889) accepted as Amorphinopsis foetida (Dendy, 1889) (additional source)
Psammaplysilla purpurea (Carter, 1880) accepted as Pseudoceratina purpurea (Carter, 1880) (additional source)
Reniera polypoides Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 accepted as Haliclona polypoides (Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976) (additional source)
Reniera viridenigra Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 accepted as Xestospongia viridenigra (Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976) (additional source)
Rhabderemia toxigera Topsent, 1892 (additional source)
Rhabdosigma mammillata (Whitelegge, 1907) accepted as Rhabderemia mammillata (Whitelegge, 1907) (additional source)
Rhaphidophlus aculeatus (Ridley, 1884) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) abietina (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Rhaphidophlus typicus (Lendenfeld, 1888) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) cactiformis (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Rhizochalina fistulosa (Bowerbank, 1873) accepted as Oceanapia fistulosa (Bowerbank, 1873) (additional source)
Rhizochalina incrustata (Dendy, 1922) accepted as Oceanapia incrustata (Dendy, 1922) (additional source)
Scleritoderma nodosum Thiele, 1900 (additional source)
Scopalina lophyropoda Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Spirastrella excentrica Burton, 1931 accepted as Spheciospongia excentrica (Burton, 1931) (additional source)
Spirastrella inconstans (Dendy, 1887) accepted as Spheciospongia inconstans (Dendy, 1887) (additional source)
Spirastrella pachyspira Lévi, 1958 (additional source)
Spirastrella poterionides Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 accepted as Spheciospongia poterionides (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971) (additional source)
Spirorhabdia alata Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 (additional source)
Stoeba extensa Dendy, 1905 accepted as Dercitus (Stoeba) extensus (Dendy, 1905) (additional source)
Strongylamma arenosa (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971) (additional source)
Strongylophora durissima Dendy, 1905 accepted as Petrosia (Strongylophora) durissima (Dendy, 1905) (additional source)
Terpios granulosa Bergquist, 1967 accepted as Terpios granulosus Bergquist, 1967 (additional source)
Tethya seychellensis (Wright, 1881) (additional source)
Timea curvistellifera (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Spirastrella curvistellifera (Dendy, 1905) (additional source)
Timea unistellata (Topsent, 1892) (additional source)
Toxadocia violacea de Laubenfels, 1950 accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) laubenfelsi Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 (additional source)
Toxochalina robusta Ridley, 1884 accepted as Callyspongia (Toxochalina) robusta (Ridley, 1884) (additional source)
Tulearinia stylifera Vacelet, 1977 (additional source)
Ulosa rubra Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 accepted as Scopalina rubra (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971) (additional source)
Western and Northern Madagascar for Biemna fortis (Topsent, 1897) 
Western and Northern Madagascar for Carmia cleistochela (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971) 
Western and Northern Madagascar for Clathrina pulcherrima (Dendy, 1891) 
Western and Northern Madagascar for Gelliodes incrustans Dendy, 1905 
Western and Northern Madagascar for Gelliodes sagittarius (Sollas, 1902) 
Western and Northern Madagascar for Jaspis johnstonii (Schmidt, 1862)  (inaccurate)
Western and Northern Madagascar for Microciona toxifera (Hentschel, 1912) 
Western and Northern Madagascar for Phyllospongia madagascariensis (Hyatt, 1877) 
Western and Northern Madagascar for Rhabderemia toxigera Topsent, 1892  (inaccurate)
Western and Northern Madagascar for Rhabdosigma mammillata (Whitelegge, 1907) 

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