WoRMS taxon details

Cypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815

23022  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:23022)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Cypraeinae Rafinesque, 1815
  » Tribe Cypraeini Rafinesque, 1815
    » Genus Cypraea Linnaeus, 1758
    » Genus Muracypraea Woodring, 1957
    » Genus Pantherinaria Sacco, 1894 accepted as Cypraea Linnaeus, 1758
    » Genus Vulgusella Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Cypraea Linnaeus, 1758
  » Tribe Mauritiini Steadman & Cotton, 1946
    » Genus Leporicypraea Iredale, 1930
    » Genus Macrocypraea Schilder, 1930
    » Genus Mauritia Troschel, 1863
    » Genus Etronsa Jousseaume, 1886 accepted as Mauritia Troschel, 1863 (junior objective synonym of Mauritia)
    » Genus Maurina Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Mauritia Troschel, 1863 (junior objective synonym of Mauritia)
    » Genus Mauxiena Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Mauritia Troschel, 1863 (junior objective synonym of Mauritia)
Subfamily Cypraeovulinae Schilder, 1927
Subfamily Erosariinae Schilder, 1924
  » Genus Cryptocypraea Meyer, 2003
  » Genus Ipsa Jousseaume, 1884
  » Genus Monetaria Troschel, 1863
  » Genus Naria Gray, 1837
  » Genus Nesiocypraea Azuma & Kurohara, 1967
  » Genus Nucleolaria Oyama, 1959
  » Genus Perisserosa Iredale, 1930
  » Genus Propustularia Schilder, 1927
  » Genus Staphylaea Jousseaume, 1884
  » Genus Albacypraea Steadman & Cotton, 1946 accepted as Naria Gray, 1837
  » Genus Aricia Gray, 1837 accepted as Monetaria Troschel, 1863 (invalid: junior homonym of Aricia Savigny, 1822 [Polychaeta])
  » Genus Brugnonia Jeffreys, 1883 accepted as Naria Gray, 1837
  » Genus Cupinota Iredale, 1939 accepted as Purpuradusta Schilder, 1939 (nomen nudum)
  » Genus Erosaria Troschel, 1863 accepted as Naria Gray, 1837
  » Genus Eustaphylaea Steadman & Cotton, 1946 accepted as Staphylaea Jousseaume, 1884
  » Genus Kurodadusta Shikama, 1971 accepted as Nesiocypraea Azuma & Kurohara, 1967
  » Genus Ornamentaria Schilder & Schilder, 1936 accepted as Monetaria Troschel, 1863
  » Genus Paulonaria Iredale, 1930 accepted as Naria Gray, 1837
  » Genus Purperosa Iredale, 1935 accepted as Staphylaea Jousseaume, 1884
  » Genus Ravitrona Iredale, 1930 accepted as Monetaria Troschel, 1863
Subfamily Erroneinae Schilder, 1927
  » Tribe Bistolidini Meyer, 2003
    » Genus Bistolida Cossmann, 1920
    » Genus Cribrarula Strand, 1929
    » Genus Ovatipsa Iredale, 1931
    » Genus Palmadusta Iredale, 1930
    » Genus Talostolida Schilder, 1939
    » Genus Cribraria Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Cribrarula Strand, 1929 (Invalid: junior homonym of Cribraria Persoon, 1794 [Mycetozoa]; Cribrarula is a replacement name)
    » Genus Derstolida Iredale, 1935 accepted as Bistolida Cossmann, 1920
    » Genus Nivigena Iredale, 1930 accepted as Cribrarula Strand, 1929
    » Genus Stolida Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Bistolida Cossmann, 1920 (invalid: junior homonym of Stolida Lesson, 1832 [Aves]; Bistolida is a replacement name)
  » Tribe Erroneini Schilder, 1927
    » Genus Austrasiatica Lorenz, 1989
    » Genus Blasicrura Iredale, 1930
    » Genus Contradusta Meyer, 2003
    » Genus Eclogavena Iredale, 1930
    » Genus Erronea Troschel, 1863
    » Genus Ficadusta Habe & Kosuge, 1966
    » Genus Hiraseadusta Shikama, 1971
    » Genus Melicerona Iredale, 1930
    » Genus Palmulacypraea Meyer, 2003
    » Genus Paradusta Lorenz, 2017
    » Genus Purpuradusta Schilder, 1939
    » Genus Ransoniella Dolin & Lozouet, 2005
    » Genus Adusta Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Erronea Troschel, 1863
    » Genus Gratiadusta Iredale, 1930 accepted as Erronea Troschel, 1863
    » Genus Ipserronea Iredale, 1935 accepted as Erronea Troschel, 1863
    » Genus Opponaria Iredale, 1939 accepted as Purpuradusta Schilder, 1939 (nomen nudum)
    » Genus Palangerosa Iredale, 1930 accepted as Erronea Troschel, 1863
    » Genus Ransonia Dolin & Lozouet, 2004 accepted as Ransoniella Dolin & Lozouet, 2005 (Invalid: junior homonym of Ransonia Blandin, 1979 [Arachnida]; Ransoniella is a replacement name)
    » Genus Solvadusta Iredale, 1935 accepted as Erronea Troschel, 1863
Subfamily Luriinae Schilder, 1932
  » Tribe Austrocypraeini Iredale, 1935
    » Genus Annepona Iredale, 1935
    » Genus Arestorides Iredale, 1930
    » Genus Austrocypraea Cossmann, 1903
    » Genus Callistocypraea Schilder, 1927
    » Genus Chelycypraea Schilder, 1927
    » Genus Lyncina Troschel, 1863
    » Genus Raybaudia Lorenz, 2017
    » Genus Trona Jousseaume, 1884
    » Genus Mystaponda Iredale, 1930 accepted as Lyncina Troschel, 1863
    » Genus Ponda Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Lyncina Troschel, 1863
  » Tribe Luriini Schilder, 1932
    » Genus Luria Jousseaume, 1884
    » Genus Talparia Troschel, 1863
    » Genus Basilitrona Iredale, 1930 accepted as Luria Jousseaume, 1884
    » Genus Tessellata Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Luria Jousseaume, 1884
Subfamily Pustulariinae Gill, 1871
Subfamily Umbiliinae Schilder, 1932
Subfamily Zoilinae Iredale, 1935
Subfamily Zonariinae F. A. Schilder, 1932
  » Tribe Pseudozonariini López-Soriano, 2006
  » Tribe Zonariini Schilder, 1932
    » Genus Schilderina Dolin & Aguerre, 2020
    » Genus Zonaria Jousseaume, 1884
    » Genus Schilderia Tomlin, 1930 (uncertain > nomen dubium)

Subfamily Adustinae Cotton & Steadman, 1946 accepted as Erroneinae Schilder, 1927 (synonym)
Subfamily Mauritiinae Steadman & Cotton, 1946 accepted as Mauritiini Steadman & Cotton, 1946 (original rank)

Genus Sinusigera d'Orbigny, 1853 (uncertain > nomen dubium, name established for a larval shell)
marine
recent + fossil
Not documented
MolluscaBase eds. (2022). MolluscaBase. Cypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=23022 on 2022-05-27
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2009-03-28 21:19:53Z
changed
2012-11-24 01:20:16Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


basis of record Bouchet, P. & Rocroi, J.-P. (2005). Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. <em>Malacologia.</em> 47 (1-2): 1-397. [20 July]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25127200 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Lorenz F. (2002) New worldwide cowries. Descriptions of new taxa and revisions of selected groups of living Cypraeidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda). <i>Schriften zur Malakozoologie aus dem Haus der Natur-Cismar</i> 20: 1-292, pls 1-40. [details]   

additional source Lorenz F. & Hubert A. (2000) A guide to worldwide cowries. Edition 2. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 584 pp. [details]   

additional source Meyer C. 2003. Molecular systematics of cowries (Gastropoda: Cypraeidae) and diversification patterns in the tropics. <i>Biological Journal of the Linnean Society</i>, 79: 401-459. [details]   

additional source Schilder, M. & Schilder, F. A. (1971) A catalogue of living and fossil cowries. A taxonomy and bibliography of Triviacea and Cypraeacea (Gastropoda Prosobranchia). Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Mémoires, Deuxième Series, 85: 1-246 [details]   

additional source Burgess C.M. (1985). <i>Cowries of the world</i>. Cape Town: Gordon Verhoef, Seacomber Publications. xiv + 289 pp.  [details]   

additional source Moretzsohn, F. (2014). Cypraeidae: How well-inventoried is the best-known seashell family?. <em>American Malacological Bulletin.</em> 32(2): 278-289., available online at https://doi.org/10.4003/006.032.0219
page(s): 278-289 [details]   

additional source Lorenz, F. (2017). Cowries. A guide to the gastropod family Cypraeidae. <em>Volume 1, Biology and systematics. Harxheim: ConchBooks.</em> 644 pp. [details]   

additional source Burgess, C.M. (1970). The Living Cowries. AS Barnes and Co, Ltd. Cranbury, New Jersey. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Classification Alternative views on the classification of Cypraeidae range from uniting most of the species in the genus Cypraea (e.g. Ranson, 1967) to splitting in several subfamilies and dozens of genera (e.g. Schilder & Schilder, 1938 and subsequent papers) for less than 250 extant species). There is no doubt that the family has an old evolutionary history, dating back to the Jurassic, so that existing species are likely to show enough divergence so as to support some taxonomic splitting.
The classification of Lorenz (2002) largely coincides with that of Meyer (2003) based on molecular data, so that it was the basis for the classification in subfamilies in Bouchet & Rocroi (2005).
Subfamilies are here listed as alternate representation and the genera are direct child taxa of the family Cypraeidae.  [details]
LanguageName 
English cowries  [details]
German PorzellanschneckenKaurischnecken  [details]
Japanese タカラガイ科  [details]