WoRMS source details

MASDEA (1997).
6175
Publication
'Fake' literature record to be used for all the decisions the MASDEA team has to take responsibility for
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Anisochromis Smith, 1954 (basis of record)
Anoplocapros Kaup, 1855 (basis of record)
Anoteropora Canu & Bassler, 1927 (basis of record)
Antropora Norman, 1903 (additional source)
Cosmocampus Dawson, 1979 (basis of record)
Crambionella Stiasny, 1921 (basis of record)
Croilia Smith, 1955 (basis of record)
Cromileptes Swainson, 1839 (basis of record)
Crossorhombus Regan, 1920 (basis of record)
Cruriraja Bigelow & Schroeder, 1948 (basis of record)
Cryptoblepharus Wiegmann, 1834 (basis of record)
Cryptocentrops Smith, 1958 accepted as Amblyeleotris Bleeker, 1874 (basis of record)
Cryptocentrus Valenciennes, 1837 (basis of record)
Cryptodendrum Klunzinger, 1877 (basis of record)
Ctenacis Compagno, 1973 (basis of record)
Ctenochaetus Gill, 1884 (basis of record)
Ctenogobiops Smith, 1959 (basis of record)
Ctenotrypauchen Steindachner, 1867 (basis of record)
Dactyloptena Jordan & Richardson, 1908 (basis of record)
Dactylopus Claus, 1863 accepted as Dactylopusia Norman, 1903 (basis of record)
Daldorfia Rathbun, 1904 (basis of record)
Damania Smith, 1959 accepted as Alticus Lacepède, 1800 (basis of record)
Dasson Jordan & Hubbs, 1925 accepted as Petroscirtes Rüppell, 1830 (basis of record)
Decodon Günther, 1861 (basis of record)
Dichistius Gill, 1888 (basis of record)
Dicotylichthys Kaup, 1855 (basis of record)
Dictyodoris Bergh, 1880 (basis of record)
Dies Barnard, 1951 accepted as Cassidinidea Hansen, 1905 (basis of record)
Dinoperca Boulenger, 1895 (basis of record)
Diploprion Cuvier, 1828 (basis of record)
Diplulmaris Maas, 1908 (basis of record)
Diproctacanthus Bleeker, 1862 (basis of record)
Dipterygonotus Bleeker, 1849 (basis of record)
Discordipinna Hoese & Fourmanoir, 1978 (basis of record)
Protosquilla Brooks, 1886 (additional source)
Salmo trutta trutta Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Saphirella Scott T., 1894 accepted as Clausidiidae Embleton, 1901 (additional source)
Saphirella tropica Wolfenden, 1906 (additional source)
Scytonemataceae (basis of record)
English abalones for Haliotidae Rafinesque, 1815
English aholeholes for Kuhliidae Jordan & Evermann, 1896
English albatrosses for Diomedeidae
English Alfonsinos for Berycidae Lowe, 1839
English anchovies for Engraulidae Gill, 1861
English angel sharks for Squatinidae de Blainville, 1816
English angelfishes for Pomacanthidae Jordan & Evermann, 1898
English anhingas for Anhingidae
English apalises for Sylviidae
English Argentines for Argentinidae Bonaparte, 1846
English ariommatids for Ariommatidae Haedrich, 1967
English aristeid shrimps for Aristeidae Wood-Mason in Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891
English armorheads for Pentacerotidae Bleeker, 1859
English Asiatic glassfishes for Ambassidae Klunzinger, 1870
English auks for Alcidae
English bamboo sharks for Hemiscylliidae Gill, 1862
English bandfishes for Cepolidae Rafinesque, 1815
English barbets & tinkerbirds for Capitonidae
English barracudas for Sphyraenidae Rafinesque, 1815
English barracudinas for Paralepididae Bonaparte, 1835
English basketstars for Euryalidae Gray, 1840
English basketstars for Gorgonocephalidae Ljungman, 1867
English batfishes for Ogcocephalidae Gill, 1893
English beaked whales for Ziphiidae Gray, 1850
English beardfishes for Polymixiidae Bleeker, 1859
English bee-eaters for Meropidae
English berycids for Berycidae Lowe, 1839
English bigeyes for Priacanthidae Günther, 1859
English billfishes for Istiophoridae Rafinesque, 1815
English bishops for Ploceidae
English bluefishes for Pomatomidae Gill, 1863
English boarfishes for Caproidae Bonaparte, 1835
English bonefishes for Albulidae Bleeker, 1849
English bonitos for Scombridae Rafinesque, 1815
English bonnethead for Sphyrnidae Bonaparte, 1840
English boxfishes for Ostraciidae Rafinesque, 1810
English bramble sharks for Echinorhinidae Gill, 1862
English bulbuls for Pycnonotidae
English bullhead sharks for Heterodontidae Gray, 1851
English butterflyfishes for Chaetodontidae Rafinesque, 1815
English calthrop crabs for Parthenopidae MacLeay, 1838
English cardinalfishes for Apogonidae Günther, 1859
English carrier shells for Xenophoridae Troschel, 1852 (1840)
English cat sharks for Scyliorhinidae Gill, 1862
English catalufas for Priacanthidae Günther, 1859
English cavebasses for Dinopercidae Heemstra & Hecht, 1986
English cichlids for Cichlidae Bonaparte, 1835
English cisticolas for Sylviidae
English citharids for Citharidae de Buen, 1935
English clingfishes and singleslits for Gobiesocidae Bleeker, 1859
English clinids for Clinidae Swainson, 1839
English cobia for Rachycentridae Gill, 1896
English cock shrimps for Hippolytidae Spence Bate, 1888
English codlets for Bregmacerotidae Gill, 1872
English combtooth blennies for Blenniidae Rafinesque, 1810
English conger eels for Congridae Kaup, 1856
English cormorants for Phalacrocoracidae
English cornetfishes for Fistulariidae Stark, 1828
English coucals for Cuculidae
English cow sharks for Hexanchidae Gray, 1851
English crab plover for Dromadidae
English crestfishes for Lophotidae Bonaparte, 1845
English crows & ravens for Corvidae
English cuckoos for Cuculidae
English cusk-eels for Ophidiidae Rafinesque, 1810
English cutlassfishes for Trichiuridae Rafinesque, 1810
English damselfishes for Pomacentridae Bonaparte, 1831
English darters for Anhingidae
English deepwater cardinalfishes for Epigonidae Poey, 1861
English deepwater flatheads for Bembridae Kaup, 1873
English deepwater stingray for Plesiobatidae Nishida, 1990
English divers for Gaviidae
English dogfish sharks for Squalidae de Blainville, 1816
English dolphinfishes for Coryphaenidae Rafinesque, 1815
English dories for Zeidae Rafinesque, 1815
English dottybacks for Pseudochromidae Müller & Troschel, 1849
English dragonets for Callionymidae Bonaparte, 1831
English driftfishes for Nomeidae Günther, 1860
English drums or croakers for Sciaenidae Cuvier, 1829
English duckbill eels for Nettastomatidae Kaup, 1859
English duckbills for Percophidae Swainson, 1839
English dugong for Dugongidae Gray, 1821
English eagle rays for Myliobatidae Bonaparte, 1835
English eeltail catfishes for Plotosidae Bleeker, 1858
English electric rays for Torpedinidae Henle, 1834
English emperors for Lethrinidae Bonaparte, 1831
English falcons for Falconidae
English false catsharks for Pseudotriakidae Gill, 1893
English false limpets for Siphonariidae Gray, 1827
English false trevallies for Lactariidae Boulenger, 1904
English filefishes for Monacanthidae Nardo, 1843
English finback catsharks for Proscylliidae Fowler, 1941
English finfoots for Heliornithidae
English fingerfishes for Monodactylidae Jordan & Evermann, 1898
English flamingos for Phoenicopteridae
English flatheads for Platycephalidae Swainson, 1839
English flycatchers & batises for Muscicapidae
English flying gurnards for Dactylopteridae Gill, 1861
English flyingfishes for Exocoetidae Risso, 1827
English freshwater eels for Anguillidae Rafinesque, 1810
 Classification

Listed under Pelecypoda, together with Ostrea in Dautzenberg, 1923. [details]

 Classification

Included in separate family Stiliferidae in several sources [details]

 Description

Suborder Acanthochitonina [details]

 Description

Circumtropical, especially around coral reefs; five species in the Atlantic, the remaining in the Pacific and ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Two dorsal fins, the first with 7-10 spines; the second with or without soine ... [details]

 Description

Colonial, hermatypic, mostly extant. Colonies have all growth forms known for hermatypic corals. Corallites ... [details]

 Description

Agariciidae have very fine tentacles which are seldom extended during the day (except for Pavona ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: all oceans. Upper lobe of caudal fin greatly elongate, caudal fin almost one-half of total length; ... [details]

 Description

Tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans. Body translucent, without coloration. Pelvic fins jugular. No pharyngeal sacs. ... [details]

 Description

Asia and Oceania, Indo-west Pacific Oceans. Dorsal fin usually with 7-8 spines and 7-11 soft rays; anal fin with ... [details]

 Description

Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Minute cycloid scales. Usually without pelvic fins, present in Embolichthys. ... [details]

 Description

Small and fragile brittlestars. Jaws always with a pair of apical papillae at the tip, and one or more papillae on ... [details]

 Description

A terminal filament of varying length arising from a small, bluntly rounded protuberance at the tip of the snout. ... [details]

 Description

Usually catadromous fishes in tropical and temperate waters, except eastern Pacific and south Atlantic. Eellike ... [details]

 Description

Centrodorsal cavity moderate to large; rosette not sunken below aboral surface of radial pentagon, its interradial ... [details]

 Description

Solitary, free-living, button-like and ahermatypic; septa have well-developed teeth, other skeletal elements reduced ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Scaleless. No swim bladder. Dorsal fin continuous with anal ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine. Some in brackish water; in streams (tropical Pacific Islands). Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and ... [details]

 Description

The family includes the largest of all cephalopods. Specimens occasionally are found moribund at the surface of the ... [details]

 Description

The argonauts or paper nautiluses (a misnamer, use of which must be discouraged) are very abundant in tropical to ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine; occasionally freshwater. Distribution: tropical and subtropical waters. Forked caudal fin. Adipose ... [details]

 Description

Only one living genus, Stylocoeniella, is included in this otherwise fossil family of colonial, hermatypic corals. ... [details]

 Description

All the members of this family inhabit fresh water, and are found all over the world except inpolar regions, but ... [details]

 Description
 for Balaenidae

The right and bowhead whales are large and chunky, with heads that comprise up to one-third of their body length. ... [details]

 Description

This family contains the larges animals ever to live; all balaenopteroids have adult body lengths of over 7 m, but ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Usually compressed body. Pelvic fins fused to one spine. First ... [details]

 Description

Tropical and temperate fishes of the surface layer ranging from open ocean to freshwater. Small scales. Without ... [details]

 Description

Indo-Pacifc from South Africa to Gulf of Aden, Japan, Hawaii and the Nasca Ridge off Peru. Body elongated and ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly tropical and subtropical marine; rare in fresh- and brackish water. Distribution: Indian, Atlantic and ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: tropical and temperate Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans. Both eyes on left side in most species. ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Usually with scales. Swim bladder present. Opercle usually with ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Dorsal fin having 10-15 slender spines; soft rays 8-22. Three spines in anal fin; ... [details]

 Description

Tropical, benthic. Distribution: Mainly Indo-West Pacific. Small gill opening on upper side of head. A strong ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Indian and Pacific Oceans. Oval and strongly compressed body; papilose. Small mouth; terminal. Dorsal ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine; rarely brackish. Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Body generally compressed, although body shape ... [details]

 Description

This large family is usually divided into six sub-families, only one of which is hermatypic. The latter have ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Anterior five or six vertebrae elongate. Pelvic fins with one spine and four ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: All tropical and temperate seas, excepting most of mid-Indian and mid-Pacific. Adults with pelvic ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Northeast Atlantic, Mediterranean, Indo-West Pacific down to New Zealand. Dorsal fin continuous with ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic (tropical to temperate), Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Highly compressed body. Larvae with the head region ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Indo-Pacific. Large pelvic fins before pectorals. Small pectoral fins with an oblique base. Short ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine and brackish; occasionally freshwater. Distribution: Indian and tropical Pacific Oceans. Body ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Southern Hemisphere (parts of Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans) and Northern Hemisphere (off ... [details]

 Description

Shell, head and flippers covered with horny lamellae (scutes); horny beak never W-shaped when viewed from the ... [details]

 Description

Suborder Ischnochitonina [details]

 Description

Distribution: Central and South America, Texas (1 species), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: tropical western and eastern Atlantic, Indian and Pacific (mainly Indo-Pacific). Dorsal fin with 10 ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Mediterranean, Indian Ocean and Japan to Australia. Eyes on either side of the head. A single spine ... [details]

 Description

Sponges with anastomosing tubular construction <282>. [details]

 Description

Mainly temperate (about 4 species in tropical Indo-Pacific). Distribution: Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans. ... [details]

 Description

Massive domed or encrusting sponges. Microscleres spiral-shaped. Can burrow into dead coral <282>. [details]

 Description

Same characters as superfamily Comasteroidea. [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean. Slender fishes with compressed head and body. The single dorsal ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Indo-West Pacific from South Africa to Hawaii. Lower jaw fringed with a row of cirri. A knob ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: tropical and subtropical areas. Both eyes on left side of head; eyes very small with little interorbital ... [details]

 Description

Marine; benthic. Distribution: tropical Indo-Pacific and Atlantic. Head large and blunt, with the bones forming a ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine; also in brackish and freshwater. Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Side of head continuous with ... [details]

 Description

The family Delphinidae has been called a 'taxonomic trash basket', because many small to medium-sized odontocetes ... [details]

 Description

The genera in this family are solitary or colonial, mostly ahermatypic. Corallite walls are porous, usually ... [details]

 Description

Horny skin smooth, scuteless; carapace black with seven narrow longitudinal ridges, white dotted plastron with five ... [details]

 Description

Habitat: demersal, on rocky reefs from a few meters to beyond 20 m depth Distribution: Angola (Centrarchops), south ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Well-developed sharp spines covering body. Jaws with 2 fused ... [details]

 Description

Indo-west Pacific and West Africa. Body deep and laterally compressed. Mouth markedly protractile. Spinal portion ... [details]

 Description

There is only 1 living species in the family Dugongidae. The other recent member, Steller's sea cow (Hydrodamalis ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific. Elongate body, with the head flattened and bearing a sucking disc ... [details]

 Description

Large (3-4 m), wide-ranging, deepwater sharks in cold-temperate to tropical seas. Circumglobal distribution on ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly tropical and subtropical. Distribution: Atlantic coast of the United States to Stewart Island, New Zealand. ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine; enter estuaries and freshwater, especially as juveniles. Distribution: tropical and subtropical ... [details]

 Description

Marine. Chiefly tropical to warm temperate in the Indo-Pacific, southern Pacific, eastern Atlantic, and Carribean ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Schooling fishes, mostly of shallow coastal waters and estuaries ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific; Anal fin with 3 spines. Compressed laterally and deep-bodied. Mouth small; vomer or ... [details]

 Description

Atlantic (incl. Mediterranean) and Pacific Oceans. Differ from apogonids in having usually 25 vertebrae, more than ... [details]

 Description

Similar to Gorgonocephalidae, but lacking bands of hook-like spines on arms. [details]

 Description

It is the biggest family in terms of number of genera, and ranks next to the Acroporidae in number of species. All ... [details]

 Description

Ahermatypic, solitary, free-living corals with non-exsert septa, no paliform lobes and thin walls primarily ... [details]

 Description

Most reef fungiids are free-living . The polyps are among the largest of all corals. These solitary forms have a ... [details]

 Description

Usually found in very deep waters. Distribution: tropical and subtropical seas. Body elongate; compressed. Exposed ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine. In brackish water occasionally; rare in freshwater. Distribution: most tropical seas. Very ... [details]

 Description

Marine, all oceans. Small to large sharks with nasoral grooves, short to long barbels, small spiracles behind eyes. ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean. Pelvic fins usually present and modified into a sucking disc. ... [details]

 Description

Chiefly marine and brackish, some species are catadromous. Distribution: mostly tropical and subtropical areas. ... [details]

 Description

Ophiurids in which the five arms are very branched. They have rings of little hook-like spines forming bands around ... [details]

 Description

Solitary, free-living or attached, and tubular. Walls are composed of epitheca with pores between septa. Septa are ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. Dorsal fin with 9-14 spines; soft rays 11-26. Three spines in ... [details]

 Description

Common coastal tropical sharks from shallow water down to 100 m, limited to the eastern Atlantic and continental ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. The lower jaw much longer than upper jaw. Short pectoral and ... [details]

 Description

Tropical western Pacific from Madagascar in the west to Japan, the Philippines and the Australian region in the ... [details]

 Description

A family of Comatulida with cirri bearing spines or other prominences on their more distal segments in the median ... [details]

 Description

This monogeneric family is easily distinguished by large, anteriorly directed photophores over the surface of the ... [details]

 Description

Tropical. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. A single spine in pelvic fin; soft rays 5-8 (mode ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: most tropical and subtropical waters. Premaxilla and nasal bones produced, forming a spear-like bill ... [details]

 Description

The pygmy and dwarf sperm whales are much smaller than the sperm whale, and share only a slight resemblance to the ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Indo-Pacific, as far as Hawaii. Body elongate and usually scaleless. Tip of tongue with 2 lobes. ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean. Usually found near shore. Some primarily algal feeders; others ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Protrusible mouth. Snout elongated in the genus Gomphosus. Most ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Indo-Pacific. Dorsal fins 2. Soft-rayed parts dorsal and anal fins covered with deciduous scales. ... [details]

 Description

Mainly marine; some species enter freshwater. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific; one species in the Mediterranean. ... [details]

 Description

Distribution: Tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific (only Lethrinus atlanticus occurs in the Atlantic, off West ... [details]

 Description

Marine, fresh- and brackish water. Distribution: most tropical seas. No teeth on vomer and palatine. Rounded ... [details]

 Description

Shape variable from short and stout to long and slender. Fins terminal or marginal, but always united posteriorly; ... [details]