WoRMS taxon details

Acanthuridae Bonaparte, 1835

125515  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125515)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Acanthurinae
  » Genus Hepatus Gronow, 1763
  » Genus Teuthis Browne, 1789 (nomen dubium)
  » Genus Acronurus Gronow in Gray, 1854 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775 (synonym)
  » Genus Acronurus Günther (ex Gronow), 1861 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775 (synonym)
  » Genus Ctenodon Bonaparte, 1831 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
  » Genus Harpurina Fowler & Bean, 1929 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
  » Genus Harpurus Forster, 1788 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
  » Genus Rhombotides Bleeker (ex Klein), 1863 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
  » Genus Rhombotides Klein, 1775 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775 (synonym)
  » Genus Teuthis Linnaeus, 1766 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
  » Genus Teuthys accepted as Teuthis Linnaeus, 1766 accepted as Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775 (misspelling)
Genus Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775
Genus Ctenochaetus Gill, 1884
Genus Naso Lacepède, 1801
Genus Paracanthurus Bleeker, 1863
Genus Prionurus Lacepède, 1804
Genus Zebrasoma Swainson, 1839

Genus Axinurus Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Naso Lacepède, 1801 (synonym)
Genus Callicanthus Swainson, 1839 accepted as Naso Lacepède, 1801 (synonym)
Genus Cyphomycter Fowler & Bean, 1929 accepted as Naso Lacepède, 1801 (synonym)
Subfamily Nasinae Fowler & Bean, 1929 accepted as Acanthuridae Bonaparte, 1835
Subfamily Prionurinae Smith, 1966 accepted as Acanthuridae Bonaparte, 1835
Genus Rhinodactylus Smith, 1957 accepted as Naso Lacepède, 1801 (synonym)
Genus Zabrasoma accepted as Zebrasoma Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)
marine
Not documented
Description Circumtropical, especially around coral reefs; five species in the Atlantic, the remaining in the Pacific and Indian...  
Description Circumtropical, especially around coral reefs; five species in the Atlantic, the remaining in the Pacific and Indian oceans. All have a deep compressed body with the eye high on the head and a long preorbital bone. Single unnotched dorsal fin with 4-9 spines and 19-33 rays; anal fin with 2 (only Naso) or 3 spines and 18-28 rays; pelvic fins with 1 spine and 3 (Naso and Paracanthurus) or 5 rays. Very small ctenoid scales. A small terminal mouth with a single row of close-set teeth. Most surgeon fishes graze on benthic algae and have a long intestine; some feed mainly on zooplankton or detritus. Surgeon fishes are able to slash other fishes with their sharp caudal spines by a rapid side sweep of the tail. Many species have bright colors and are popular aquarium fishes. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Acanthuridae Bonaparte, 1835. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125515 on 2018-11-14
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Circumtropical, especially around coral reefs; five species in the Atlantic, the remaining in the Pacific and Indian oceans. All have a deep compressed body with the eye high on the head and a long preorbital bone. Single unnotched dorsal fin with 4-9 spines and 19-33 rays; anal fin with 2 (only Naso) or 3 spines and 18-28 rays; pelvic fins with 1 spine and 3 (Naso and Paracanthurus) or 5 rays. Very small ctenoid scales. A small terminal mouth with a single row of close-set teeth. Most surgeon fishes graze on benthic algae and have a long intestine; some feed mainly on zooplankton or detritus. Surgeon fishes are able to slash other fishes with their sharp caudal spines by a rapid side sweep of the tail. Many species have bright colors and are popular aquarium fishes. [details]
 



LanguageName 
English unicornfishestangssurgeonfishes  [details]
Japanese ニザダイ  [details]