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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthuridae 
AphiaID: 125515

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPisces (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorActinopterygii (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerciformes (Order)
Status accepted
Rank Family
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerciformes
Sources  basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorunicornfishesUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortangsUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsurgeonfishes  [details]
Direct child
taxa (31)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subfamily Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthurinae
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthurus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenochaetus Gill, 1884
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHepatus Gronow, 1763
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParacanthurus Bleeker, 1863
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZebrasoma Swainson, 1839
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTeuthis Browne, 1789 (nomen dubium)
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcronurus Gronow in Gray, 1854 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthurus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcronurus Günther (ex Gronow), 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthurus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChoetodon accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetodon Linnaeus, 1758
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenodon accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthurus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarpurina accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthurus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarpurus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthurus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhombotides Bleeker (ex Klein), 1863 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthurus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhombotides Klein, 1775 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthurus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTeuthis Linnaeus, 1766 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthurus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZabrasoma accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZebrasoma Swainson, 1839
Subfamily Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNasinae
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaso Lacepède, 1801
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspisurus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthurus Forsskål, 1775
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonoceros Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaso Lacepède, 1801
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPriodon accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaso Lacepède, 1801
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionolepis accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaso Lacepède, 1801
Subfamily Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPrionurinae
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionurus
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaseus Commerson in Lacepède, 1801 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaso Lacepède, 1801
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXesurus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionurus

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinurus Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaso Lacepède, 1801
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallicanthus Swainson, 1839 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaso Lacepède, 1801
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyphomycter Fowler & Bean, 1929 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaso Lacepède, 1801
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhinodactylus Smith, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaso Lacepède, 1801
Environment marine
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Circumtropical, especially around coral reefs; five species in the Atlantic, the remaining in the Pacific and Indian oceans. All have a deep compressed body with the eye high on the head and a long preorbital bone. Single unnotched dorsal fin with 4-9 spines and 19-33 rays; anal fin with 2 (only Naso) or 3 spines and 18-28 rays; pelvic fins with 1 spine and 3 (Naso and Paracanthurus) or 5 rays. Very small ctenoid scales. A small terminal mouth with a single row of close-set teeth. Most surgeon fishes graze on benthic algae and have a long intestine; some feed mainly on zooplankton or detritus. Surgeon fishes are able to slash other fishes with their sharp caudal spines by a rapid side sweep of the tail. Many species have bright colors and are popular aquarium fishes. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125515
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
  
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  Citation: WoRMS (2014). Acanthuridae. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2014) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125515 on 2014-09-16
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