WoRMS taxon details

Gorgonocephalidae Ljungman, 1867

123203  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:123203)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Astrocloninae Okanishi & Fujita, 2018
  » Genus Astroclon Lyman, 1879
Subfamily Astrothamninae Okanishi & Fujita, 2013
Subfamily Astrotominae Matsumoto, 1915
Subfamily Gorgonocephalinae Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Asteroporpa Örsted & Lütken in Lütken, 1856
  » Genus Astroboa Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Astrocaneum Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Astrochalcis Koehler, 1905
  » Genus Astrochele Verrill, 1878
  » Genus Astrochlamys Koehler, 1912
  » Genus Astrocladus Verrill, 1899
  » Genus Astrocnida Lyman, 1872
  » Genus Astrocyclus Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Astrodendrum Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Astrodictyum Döderlein, 1927
  » Genus Astroglymma Döderlein, 1927
  » Genus Astrogomphus Lyman, 1869
  » Genus Astrogordius Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Astroniwa McKnight, 2000
  » Genus Astrophyton Fleming, 1828
  » Genus Astroplegma Döderlein, 1927
  » Genus Astrosierra Baker, 1980
  » Genus Astrospartus Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Astrothorax Döderlein, 1911
  » Genus Astrozona Döderlein, 1930
  » Genus Conocladus H.L. Clark, 1909
  » Genus Gorgonocephalus Leach, 1815
  » Genus Ophiocrene Bell, 1894
  » Genus Ophiozeta Koehler, 1930
  » Genus Schizostella A.H. Clark, 1952

Genus Bertingius Domantay & Domantay, 1966 (taxon inquirendum)

Genus Astroconus Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Conocladus H.L. Clark, 1909 (synonymized by Baker (1980))
Genus Astrocynodus A.H. Clark, 1919 accepted as Astrocaneum Döderlein, 1911 (synonym)
Genus Astrodactylus Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Astroglymma Döderlein, 1927 (homonym of an amphibian)
Genus Astroglymna Döderlein, 1927 accepted as Astroglymma Döderlein, 1927 (misspelling by Liao (2004))
Genus Astrohelix Döderlein, 1930 accepted as Asteroporpa (Astrohelix) Döderlein, 1930 (lowered to subgenus)
Genus Astroporpa Lyman, 1875 accepted as Asteroporpa Örsted & Lütken in Lütken, 1856 (misspelling)
Genus Astroraphis Döderlein, 1911 accepted as Astroboa Döderlein, 1911 (synonym)
Genus Astrostephanus Döderlein, 1930 accepted as Astrothrombus H.L. Clark, 1909 (synonymized by Baker (1980))
Genus Ophiohelix Koehler, 1895 accepted as Gymnolophus Brock, 1888 (synonymized by A.M. Clark (1967))
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Ljungman, A. (1867). Ophiuroidea viventia huc usque cognita enumerat. Öfversigt af Kgl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 1866. 23(9): 303-336. [details]   
Description Ophiurids in which the five arms are very branched. They have rings of little hook-like spines forming bands around the...  
Description Ophiurids in which the five arms are very branched. They have rings of little hook-like spines forming bands around the branches of each arm. Most remain hidden during the day but come out at night, extending their arms into the water to trap food particles. Richmond 1997 <282>. [details]
Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2018). World Ophiuroidea database. Gorgonocephalidae Ljungman, 1867. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123203 on 2018-06-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-07-12 08:44:07Z
changed
2009-06-23 07:41:53Z
changed
2012-09-14 07:57:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Ljungman, A. (1867). Ophiuroidea viventia huc usque cognita enumerat. Öfversigt af Kgl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 1866. 23(9): 303-336. [details]   

original description  (ofAstrochelidae Verrill, 1899) Verrill, A. E. (1899). Report on the Ophiuroidea collected by the Bahama expedition in 1893. Bulletin from the Laboratories of Natural History of the State University of Iowa. 5(1), 1-86.
page(s): 79 [details]   

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

redescription O'Hara, T. D.; Stöhr, S.; Hugall, A. F.; Thuy, B.; Martynov, A. (2018). Morphological diagnoses of higher taxa in Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) in support of a new classification. European Journal of Taxonomy. (416)., available online at https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2018.416 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

status source O'Hara, T. D.; Hugall, A. F.; Thuy, B.; Stöhr, S.; Martynov, A. V. (2017). Restructuring higher taxonomy using broad-scale phylogenomics: The living Ophiuroidea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 107: 415-430., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.12.006
page(s): 426 [details]   

identification resource Turner, R. L.; Boucher, J. M. (2010). Loss of arm spines in the basketstar Astrophyton muricatum (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea: Gorgonocephalidae), with a key to West Indian basketstars. Proceedings Biological Society of Washington. 123(1): 17-26., available online at https://doi.org/10.2988/09-10.1 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Ophiurids in which the five arms are very branched. They have rings of little hook-like spines forming bands around the branches of each arm. Most remain hidden during the day but come out at night, extending their arms into the water to trap food particles. Richmond 1997 <282>. [details]
 



LanguageName 
English basketstarsbasket stars  [details]
German MedusenhäupterGorgonenhäupter  [details]
Japanese テヅルモヅル  [details]
Swedish medusahuvuden  [details]