WoRMS taxon details

Sphyrnidae Bonaparte, 1840

105694  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105694)

accepted
Family
Genus Eusphyra Gill, 1862
Genus Sphyrna Rafinesque, 1810

Genus Cestracion Ogilby, 1916 accepted as Sphyrna Rafinesque, 1810 (objective synonym)
Genus Eusphyrna accepted as Eusphyra Gill, 1862 (misspelling)
Genus Spyrna accepted as Sphyrna Rafinesque, 1810 (misspelling)
Genus Zygaena Cuvier, 1816 accepted as Sphyrna Rafinesque, 1810
marine, brackish
Not documented
Description Marine, coastal; occasionally in brackish water. Distribution: global (chiefly warm waters). Head laterally expanded, with...  
Description Marine, coastal; occasionally in brackish water. Distribution: global (chiefly warm waters). Head laterally expanded, with eyes and nasal openings much widely set than in other sharks. No spiracle. A maximum length of 4.5 m was reported for Sphyrna tudes. They feed on a wide variety of bony fish, elasmobranchs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and other prey. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Sphyrnidae Bonaparte, 1840. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105694 on 2018-09-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

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taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. Zootaxa. 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Marine, coastal; occasionally in brackish water. Distribution: global (chiefly warm waters). Head laterally expanded, with eyes and nasal openings much widely set than in other sharks. No spiracle. A maximum length of 4.5 m was reported for Sphyrna tudes. They feed on a wide variety of bony fish, elasmobranchs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and other prey. [details]
 



LanguageName 
English scoophead sharkhammerheadbonnethead  [details]
Japanese シュモクザメ  [details]