WoRMS taxon details

Heterodontidae Gray, 1851

148802  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:148802)

accepted
Family
Not documented
Distribution Distribution: South Africa to Japan and Australia and New Zealand; Eastern Pacific from California to Galapagos Islands and...  
Distribution Distribution: South Africa to Japan and Australia and New Zealand; Eastern Pacific from California to Galapagos Islands and Peru. Two dorsal fins, each with a spine. Only sharks with dorsal spines and anal fin present. Five pairs of gill slits; eyes without nictitating fold; small spiracles present; nostrils connected with mouth by deep groove. Small species (max 165 cm) with small mouth; anterior teeth small and cuspidate, posterior enlarged and molariform; snout very short and bluntly rounded. Sluggish nocturnal bottom sharks, mainly in shallow waters. Benthos feeder. Oviparous, producing eggs in unique, large, spiral-flanged egg cases. heter- (gr.) = different, odont- (gr.) = tooth  [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Heterodontidae Gray, 1851. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=148802 on 2018-09-24
Date
action
by
2005-03-29 13:34:27Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

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taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. Zootaxa. 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

additional source Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Distribution Distribution: South Africa to Japan and Australia and New Zealand; Eastern Pacific from California to Galapagos Islands and Peru. Two dorsal fins, each with a spine. Only sharks with dorsal spines and anal fin present. Five pairs of gill slits; eyes without nictitating fold; small spiracles present; nostrils connected with mouth by deep groove. Small species (max 165 cm) with small mouth; anterior teeth small and cuspidate, posterior enlarged and molariform; snout very short and bluntly rounded. Sluggish nocturnal bottom sharks, mainly in shallow waters. Benthos feeder. Oviparous, producing eggs in unique, large, spiral-flanged egg cases. heter- (gr.) = different, odont- (gr.) = tooth  [details]

Habitat These are warm-temperate and tropical bottom sharks of water above 21°C, mostly confined to the continental and insular shelves and uppermost slopes. They occur from the intertidal to 275 m depth, but most are found in water shallower than 100 m. [details]
 



LanguageName 
Afrikaans husha k’obulkophaaie  [details]
English Port Jackson sharksPort Jackson bull-head sharkshorn sharksbullhead sharks  [details]
French requins dormeursrequin de Port Jackson  [details]
Japanese ネコザメnekozame-ka  [details]
Portuguese tubarões dorminhocos  [details]
Russian rogatye akulybych’i akuliakula rogataia  [details]
Spanish dormilones  [details]