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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungiidae Dana, 1846 
AphiaID: 196100

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungiidae (Family)
Status accepted
Rank Family
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia Lamarck, 1801 (type by original designation)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia
Sources  original description Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]

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taxa (25)

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 Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCantharellus Hoeksema & Best, 1984
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenactis Verrill, 1864
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCycloseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDanafungia Wells, 1966
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia Lamarck, 1801
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalomitra Dana, 1846
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeliofungia Wells, 1966
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLithophyllon Rehberg, 1892
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLobactis Verrill, 1864
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPleuractis Verrill, 1864
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPodabacia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyphyllia Blainville, 1830
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSandalolitha Quelch, 1884
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZoopilus Dana, 1846

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptabacia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyphyllia Blainville, 1830
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiaseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCycloseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoederleinia Gardiner, 1909 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSandalolitha Quelch, 1884
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliglossa Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetoglossa Wells, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenactis Verrill, 1864
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolitha Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolithas Leuckart, 1841 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolithus Leuckart, 1841 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLithactinia Lesson, 1831 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyphyllia Blainville, 1830
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParahalomitra Wells, 1937 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSandalolitha Quelch, 1884
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Most reef fungiids are free-living . The polyps are among the largest of all corals. These solitary forms have a long fossil history extending back to the early origins of the Scleractinia. It is therefore likely that the colonial genera have evolved from the solitary ones, rather than the reverse. This theory is supported by the fact that the structure of the septa of each colonial genus has an equivalent in one of the subgenera of Fungia.
As a general rule, corals with one mouth are called solitary and those with many mouths are called colonial, but clearly this distinction is not always well defined, nor is it basic to the structural organisation of several species. Little is known about many very important aspects of the biology of free-living fungiids, especially their population dynamics, food sources and growth rates. One distinct aspect of the daily existence of all but the heaviest fungiids is that they are at least partially mobile. The genera are solitary or colonial, free-living or attached, mostly hermatypic and extant. Colonial genera are derived from solitary genera and each has septo-costal structures corresponding to those of a solitary genus. These septo-costae radiate from the mouth on the upper surface (as septa) and from the centre of the undersurface (as costae). No similar families. (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:196100
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-12-27 19:49:34Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2013-01-22 10:22:55Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Fungiidae. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=196100 on 2014-12-29
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License