WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungiidae Dana, 1846

196100 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:196100)
accepted
Family
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia Lamarck, 1801 (type by original designation)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCantharellus Hoeksema & Best, 1984
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenactis Verrill, 1864
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCycloseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDanafungia Wells, 1966
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia Lamarck, 1801
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalomitra Dana, 1846
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeliofungia Wells, 1966
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLithophyllon Rehberg, 1892
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLobactis Verrill, 1864
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPleuractis Verrill, 1864
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPodabacia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyphyllia Blainville, 1830
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSandalolitha Quelch, 1884
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSinuorota Oku, Naruse & Fukami, 2017
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZoopilus Dana, 1846

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiafungia Duncan, 1884 (nomen dubium)

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptabacia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyphyllia Blainville, 1830 (junior synonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiaseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCycloseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (synonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoederleinia Gardiner, 1909 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSandalolitha Quelch, 1884 (junior synonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliglossa Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825 (junior synonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetoglossa Wells, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenactis Verrill, 1864
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolitha Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825 (junior synonym, changed spelling)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolithas Leuckart, 1841 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825 (junior synonym, changed spelling)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolithus Leuckart, 1841 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825 (junior synonym, changed spelling)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLithactinia Lesson, 1831 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyphyllia Blainville, 1830 (junior synonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParahalomitra Wells, 1937 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSandalolitha Quelch, 1884 (junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Most reef fungiids are free-living . The...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Most reef fungiids are free-living . The polyps are among the largest of all corals. These solitary forms have a long fossil history extending back to the early origins of the Scleractinia. It is therefore likely that the colonial genera have evolved from the solitary ones, rather than the reverse. This theory is supported by the fact that the structure of the septa of each colonial genus has an equivalent in one of the subgenera of Fungia.
As a general rule, corals with one mouth are called solitary and those with many mouths are called colonial, but clearly this distinction is not always well defined, nor is it basic to the structural organisation of several species. Little is known about many very important aspects of the biology of free-living fungiids, especially their population dynamics, food sources and growth rates. One distinct aspect of the daily existence of all but the heaviest fungiids is that they are at least partially mobile. The genera are solitary or colonial, free-living or attached, mostly hermatypic and extant. Colonial genera are derived from solitary genera and each has septo-costal structures corresponding to those of a solitary genus. These septo-costae radiate from the mouth on the upper surface (as septa) and from the centre of the undersurface (as costae). No similar families. (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]
Hoeksema, B. (2013). Fungiidae Dana, 1846. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=196100 on 2017-11-23

Date
action
by
2005-12-27 19:49:34Z
created
2013-01-22 10:22:55Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

basis of record Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source Gittenberger, A., Reijnen, B.T. & Hoeksema, B.W. 2011. A molecularly based phylogeny reconstruction of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) with taxonomic consequences and evolutionary implications for life history traits. Contributions to Zoology 80: 107-132. , available online at http://dpc.uba.uva.nl/cgi/t/text/get-pdf?c=ctz;idno=8002a02 [details]   

additional source Wells, J.W. 1966. Evolutionary development in the scleractinian family Fungiidae. In: Rees WJ (ed.) The Cnidaria and their evolution. Symposium of the Zoological Society of London 16: 223–246, pl. 1. Academic Press, London. [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Most reef fungiids are free-living . The polyps are among the largest of all corals. These solitary forms have a long fossil history extending back to the early origins of the Scleractinia. It is therefore likely that the colonial genera have evolved from the solitary ones, rather than the reverse. This theory is supported by the fact that the structure of the septa of each colonial genus has an equivalent in one of the subgenera of Fungia.
As a general rule, corals with one mouth are called solitary and those with many mouths are called colonial, but clearly this distinction is not always well defined, nor is it basic to the structural organisation of several species. Little is known about many very important aspects of the biology of free-living fungiids, especially their population dynamics, food sources and growth rates. One distinct aspect of the daily existence of all but the heaviest fungiids is that they are at least partially mobile. The genera are solitary or colonial, free-living or attached, mostly hermatypic and extant. Colonial genera are derived from solitary genera and each has septo-costal structures corresponding to those of a solitary genus. These septo-costae radiate from the mouth on the upper surface (as septa) and from the centre of the undersurface (as costae). No similar families. (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorクサビライシ  [details]