WoRMS source details

Richmond, M. (Ed.) (1997). A guide to the seashores of Eastern Africa and the Western Indian Ocean islands. Sida/Department for Research Cooperation, SAREC: Stockholm, Sweden. ISBN 91-630-4594-X. 448 pp.
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthopleura gemmata (Blainville, 1825) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthopleura haddoni Winckworth, 1927 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthopleura vaillantii Rochebrune, 1882 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthopleura haddoni Winckworth, 1927 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthopleura vaillantii Rochebrune, 1882 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthopleura spinosa (Bruguière, 1792) (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAcmaea saccharina (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatelloida saccharina (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAcromitus flagellatus (Haeckel) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophenia cupressina Lamouroux, 1816 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlatina alata (Reynaud, 1830) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmaea acuminata (Sowerby II, 1844) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrilla acuminata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Amphiura) dejectoides H.L. Clark, 1939 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArchitectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteronotus cespitosus (van Hasselt, 1824) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAurelia aurita (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinella carteri (Dendy, 1889) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylissa carteri (Dendy, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna fistulosa (Topsent, 1897) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna fortis (Topsent, 1897) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBursa rubeta (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTutufa (Tutufella) rubeta (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTutufa rubeta (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBursatella leachi [sic] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBursatella leachii Blainville, 1817 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCantharus fumosus (Dillwyn, 1817) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPollia fumosa (Dillwyn, 1817) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCantharus undosus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPollia undosa (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCassiopea andromeda (Forsskål, 1775) (additional source)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCassiopea depressa Haeckel, 1880 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCassis glauca (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhalium glaucum (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatostylus mosaicus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatostylus perezi Ranson, 1945 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatostylus viridiscens (Chun) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCellana capensis (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCellana radiata capensis (Gmelin, 1791) (additional source)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCephea Péron & Lesueur, 1810 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCephea cephea (Forskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCheilea papyracea (Reeve, 1858) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCheilea equestris (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChelidonura amoena Bergh, 1905 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChelidonura electra Rudman, 1970 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiropsalmus quadrumanus (F. Muller, 1859) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChrysaora quinquecirrha (Desor, 1848) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella voeltzkowii (Lendenfeld, 1897) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella arabica (Carter, 1869) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria frondifera (Bowerbank, 1875) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeomorus bifasciata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1855) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeomorus morus (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeomorus bifasciata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorConus litoglyphus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792 (additional source)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCrambionella orsini (Vanhöffen) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCronia konkanensis (Melvill, 1893) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSemiricinula konkanensis (Melvill, 1893) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyanea nozaki accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyanea nozakii Kishinouye, 1891 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCymatium tuberosum (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGutturnium muricinum (Röding, 1798) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDendropoma corallinaceum (Tomlin, 1939) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDentalium bisexangulatum G. B. Sowerby II, 1860 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiala lauta (Adams, 1862) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiala suturalis (A. Adams, 1853) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiplulmaris antarctica Maas, 1908 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiscodoris fragilis (Alder & Hancock, 1864) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSebadoris fragilis (Alder & Hancock, 1864) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDrupa fusconigra (Dunker, 1871) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSemiricinula squamosa (Pease, 1868) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorElysia ornata (Swainson, 1840) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEngina mendicaria (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuryspongia lactea Row, 1911 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEutritonium tuberosum (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGutturnium muricinum (Röding, 1798) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFicus gracilis (G. B. Sowerby I, 1825) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFicus subintermedius [sic] † accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFicus subintermedia (d'Orbigny, 1852) † (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFryeria marindica (Yonow & Hayward, 1991) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllidia marindica (Yonow & Hayward, 1991) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodia crustosa Bösraug, 1913 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGibbula capensis (Gmelin, 1791) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGibbula townsendi G. B. Sowerby III, 1895 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgagus agagus Jousseaume, 1894 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlossodoris atromarginata (Cuvier, 1804) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoriprismatica atromarginata (Cuvier, 1804) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlossodoris plumbea (Pagenstecher, 1877) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDoriprismatica plumbea (Pagenstecher, 1877) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGutturnium muricinum (Röding, 1798) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) debilis Pulitzer-Finali, 1993 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona bawiana (Lendenfeld, 1897) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexabranchus marginatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexabranchus sanguineus (Rüppell & Leuckart, 1830) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyrtios erecta (Keller, 1889) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyrtios erectus (Keller, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIdiellana pristis (Lamouroux, 1816) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKerasemna humilis (Thiele, 1903) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna humilis Thiele, 1903 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinuche unguiculata (Schwartz, 1788) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLiosina paradoxa Thiele, 1899 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) monticularis Baer, 1906 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrorhynchia philippina Kirchenpauer, 1872 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalea pommum (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalea pomum (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMargaretta tenuis Harmer, 1957 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMastigias ocellatus (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMastigias papua (Lesson) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMegalactis hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1834 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMelibe pilosa Pease, 1860 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerica melanostoma (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMitra (Strigatella) scutulata (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStrigatella scutulata (Gmelin, 1791) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMitra brunnea (Pease, 1868) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMitra fastigium Reeve, 1845 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStrigatella fastigium (Reeve, 1845) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMitra nitilina (Spry, 1961) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMitra fastigium Reeve, 1845 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStrigatella fastigium (Reeve, 1845) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMitra oleacea Reeve, 1844 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVexillum oleacea (Reeve, 1844) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMorula margariticola (Broderip in Broderip & Sowerby, 1833) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDrupella margariticola (Broderip, 1833) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNassarius echinatus (A. Adams, 1852) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNerita plexa Dillwyn, 1817 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNerita textilis Gmelin, 1791 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNerita textilis Gmelin, 1791 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastix bispinosa H.L. Clark, 1917 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastix variabilis Koehler, 1905 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastix notabilis H.L. Clark, 1938 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiomastix variabilis Koehler, 1905 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopeza dubiosa (de Loriol, 1893) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopeza spinosa (Ljungman, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopezella dubiosa de Loriol, 1893 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopeza spinosa (Ljungman, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOxystele tabularis (Krauss, 1848) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParadexamine rewa Myers, 1985 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParatetilla Dendy, 1905 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPectinura fallax (Peters, 1851) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiopeza fallax fallax Peters, 1851 (source of synonymy)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPelagia panopyra Péron & Lesueur (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPelamis platura Linnaeus, 1766 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhakellia cavernosa (Dendy, 1922) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthella cavernosa Dendy, 1922 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhenacolepas galathea (Lamarck, 1819) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllidia arabica Ehrenberg, 1831 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllidia varicosa Lamarck, 1801 (basis of record)
Central Atlantic Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathophyllum americanum Guérin-Méneville, 1855 [in Guérin-Méneville, 1855-1856] 
Central Pacific Basin for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSesarma rousseauxi 
Chagos for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChromodoris tennentana (Kelaart, 1859) 
Circumtropical for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxiopsis serratifrons (A. Milne-Edwards, 1873) 
Circumtropical for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeander tenuicornis (Say, 1818) 
Circumtropical for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStenopus hispidus (Olivier, 1811) 
East Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChiromantes eulimene (de Man in Weber, 1897) 
East African Coral Coast for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodia crustosa Bösraug, 1913 
East African Coral Coast for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLiosina paradoxa Thiele, 1899 
East African Coral Coast for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSigmadocia amboinensis (Lévi, 1961) 
India for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNematopalaemon tenuipes (Henderson, 1893) 
Indian Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes soror Nobili, 1904 
Indian Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCharybdis (Charybdis) natator (Herbst, 1794) 
Indian Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorElamena sindensis Alcock, 1900 
Indian Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSelatium elongatum (A. Milne-Edwards, 1869) 
Indian Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUca (Cranuca) inversa (Hoffmann, 1874) 
Indian Ocean for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUca (Tubuca) urvillei (H. Milne Edwards, 1852) 
Indian Ocean for Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUca vocans excisa (Nobili, 1906) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActaeodes hirsutissimus (Rüppell, 1830) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActaeodes tomentosus (H. Milne Edwards, 1834) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllogalathea elegans (Adams & White, 1848) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlpheus Fabricius, 1798 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlpheus deuteropus Hilgendorf, 1879 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlpheus frontalis H. Milne Edwards, 1837 [in H. Milne Edwards, 1834-1840] 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlpheus lottini Guérin-Méneville, 1838 [in Guérin-Méneville, 1829-1838] 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlpheus microstylus (Spence Bate, 1888) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchistus custos (Forskål, 1775) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtergatis floridus (Linnaeus, 1767) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAthanas dorsalis 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalappa hepatica (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalcinus latens (Randall, 1840) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardisoma carnifex (Herbst, 1796) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiliopagurus strigatus (Herbst, 1804) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClibanarius longitarsus (De Haan, 1849) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorConchodytes meleagrinae Peters, 1852 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoralliocaris superba (Dana, 1852) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDardanus lagopodes (Forskål, 1775) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpixanthus frontalis (H. Milne Edwards, 1834) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtisus laevimanus Randall, 1840 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalathea Fabricius, 1793 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalathea elegans Adams & White, 1848 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathophyllum americanum Guérin-Méneville, 1855 [in Guérin-Méneville, 1855-1856] 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrapsus tenuicrustatus (Herbst, 1783) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarpiliopsis depressa (Stimpson, 1860) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippolyte ventricosa H. Milne Edwards, 1837 [in H. Milne Edwards, 1834-1840] 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenocera picta Dana, 1852 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIschnopontonia lophos (Barnard, 1962) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorJocaste lucina (Nobili, 1901) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLatreutes mucronatus (Stimpson, 1860) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissocarcinus orbicularis Dana, 1852 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLydia annulipes (H. Milne-Edwards, 1834) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLysmata amboinensis (de Man, 1888) 
Indo-Pacific for Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMatuta lunaris (Forskål, 1775) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMenaethius monoceros (Latreille, 1825) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMetopograpsus thukuhar (Owen, 1839) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopetrolisthes maculatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1837) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcypode ceratophthalmus (Pallas, 1772) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcypode cordimana Latreille, 1818 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachygrapsus plicatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1837) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaemon pacificus (Stimpson, 1860) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaemonella rotumana (Borradaile, 1898) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalinurellus wieneckii (de Man, 1881) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalinurus ornatus Fabricius, 1798 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPanulirus penicillatus (Olivier, 1791) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPercnon planissimum (Herbst, 1804) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes brevicarpalis (Schenkel, 1902) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes elegans (Paul'son, 1875) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes holthuisi Bruce, 1969 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes imperator Bruce, 1967 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes lutescens 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPericlimenes tenuipes Borradaile, 1898 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrolisthes lamarckii (Leach, 1820) 
Indo-Pacific for Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPhymodius monticulosus (Dana, 1852) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPilumnus vespertilio (Fabricius, 1793) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPinnotheres Bosc, 1801 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlanes cyaneus Dana, 1851 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlatypodia granulosa (Rüppell, 1830) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPodophthalmus vigil (Fabricius, 1798) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPortunus (Achelous) orbitosinus Rathbun, 1911 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPortunus (Portunus) pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPortunus (Portunus) sanguinolentus (Herbst, 1783) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRacilius compressus Paul'son, 1875 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarmatium crassum Dana, 1851 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSaron marmoratus (Olivier, 1811) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchizophrys aspera (H. Milne Edwards, 1834) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScylla serrata (Forskål, 1775) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSynalpheus charon (Heller, 1861) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetralia glaberrima (Herbst, 1790) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThalamita crenata Rüppell, 1830 
Indo-Pacific for Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorThalamita poissoni (Audouin & Savigny, 1817) 
Indo-Pacific for Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorThalamitoides tridens A. Milne Edwards, 1869 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThaumastocaris streptopus Kemp, 1922 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrapezia cymodoce (Herbst, 1801) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrapezia rufopunctata (Herbst, 1799) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUca (Gelasimus) tetragonon (Herbst, 1790) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUca (Gelasimus) vocans (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUca (Paraleptuca) chlorophthalmus chlorophthalmus (H. Milne Edwards, 1837) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUca (Paraleptuca) lactea annulipes (H. Milne Edwards, 1837) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUca (Tubuca) dussumieri (H. Milne Edwards, 1852) 
Indo-Pacific for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXantho hydrophilus (Herbst, 1790) 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbarrel sponge for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXestospongia testudinaria (Lamarck, 1815)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbath sponge for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia (Spongia) ceylonensis (Dendy, 1905)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbeaded triton [from synonym] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSepta gemmata (Reeve, 1844)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblack bush sponge for Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblack sack sponge for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapocillon minor Pulitzer-Finali, 1993
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorby-the-wind-sailor for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVelella velella (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChili pepper sponge [from synonym] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfalse limpet [from synonym] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiphonaria tenuicostulata E. A. Smith, 1903
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfire sponge [from synonym] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgolfball sponge for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTethya robusta (Bowerbank, 1873)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlion's mane jellyfish [from synonym] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyanea nozaki
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormango sponge [from synonym] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylotella aurantium Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1988
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormangrove whelk for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebralia palustris (Linnaeus, 1767)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormoon jellyfish for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAurelia aurita (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese man-of-war for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalia physalis (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpurple-staining sponge for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIotrochota baculifera Ridley, 1884
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspiky tube sponge for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallyspongia confoederata (sensu Ridley, 1884)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspindle tibia for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTibia fusus (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstinging tube sponge for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna fistulosa (Topsent, 1897)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsundial for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArchitectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortennis-ball sponge [from synonym] for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella voeltzkowii (Lendenfeld, 1897)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorthimble jellyfish for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinuche unguiculata (Schwartz, 1788)
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorupside down jellyfish for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCassiopea andromeda (Forsskål, 1775)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Authority Chemnitz, 1781 in Dautzenberg, 1929 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

A broad, plump sea slug, up to 7cm, varying in colour from tan to brown or orange. Body is covered in simple and/or ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

A distinctive, truly pelagic silvery blue mollusc, up to 6 cm long, with three pairs of arms. Floats upside-down ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

A heavy, solid shell with high spire, up to 5 cm. Body whorl smooth, upper whorls ribbed. Inner margin of lip ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description
 for Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor

A large, solid shell, up to 20 cm, with long spire, small body whorl, and an outer lip with 5-7 blunt teeth. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Amorphous and flimsy sponge forming clumps 5-15 cm across and 1-3 cm high, appearing as a thin stretched skin ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Body is broad, truncate, and rather flattened, up to 4 cm long. Ground colour is usually pale green, beige, or ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Body is lumpy, fleshy and oval, up to 6 cm long. The mantle is dull, reddish-pink with irregular white patches, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description
 for Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor

Circular polypoid disc of chitinous material, to 3 cm. Numerous tentacle-like dactylozoids beneath and around disc; ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Club-shaped lobe growing erect from substrate, up to 10 cm wide and high, with rounded apex. Surface covered in ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Delicate tubular mass, 2-5 cm wide. Tubes 0.5 mm diameter with membraneous raised oscules. Crisp, compressible, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Description of Western Indian Ocean specimens: Irregular branches, fingers or blades arising from a spreading base. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Description: as T. virgatus, but paler brown with darker bands and spots. Distribution: occurs in the southern part ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Description: as T. oryza, but lacking dorsal groove. (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Description: Irregularly encrusting, 10-12 cm long and wide. Surface smooth to faintly domed and undulating. ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Description: Patches 4-5 cm wide, 5-10 mm thick with punctured surface and slightly raised oscules, 2-3 mm ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Description: Thinly encrusting sponge, 5-10 cm wide, 5 mm thick. Surface composed of rough armoured polygonal ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Diameter up to 3mm, length variable. Similar to Vermetus sp. But much smaller. Flat, brown-red operculum with ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Distinctive, think shell, up to 4 cm, with numerous spiralled, brown cords on lighter background. Aperture toothed ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Domed clump of folded, single blades 1 mm thick, frequently in tight groups, up to 18 cm high and wide. Oscular ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Elongasted, translucent, striped body, up to 8 cm long. Often prickly appearance, and with luminicent blue to ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Encrusting patch. Surface with wrinkles 2-3 mm wide; fleshy, smooth and velvety. Colour fawn. Habitat: shaded ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Encrusting sponge, 6-7 cm wide, 1 cm thick. Surface undulating, furrowed, detachable and punctured with holes 0.5 ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Encrusting sponge, irregularly lobate, 5-10 cm long, 5 cm thick. Surface raised into faintly conulose irregular ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Encrusting, 2-5 cm wide, 4-7 mm thick. Surface undulating translucent "skin" over meandering subdermal canals. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Encrusting, up to 3 cm thick with turrets 3-4 cm high. Surface with long shallow pits; oscules apical and ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Erect expanded leaves up to 10 mm thick, 40 cm high. Short woody stalk with fleshy, blade-like lobes. Surface ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description
 for Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor

Erect mass, 5 cm high and wide. Highly conulose surface with visible, protruding, tiny black, twig-like fibres up ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Evenly sub-circular shell, up to 2 cm, with undulating surface and a distinctive internal cup-shaped projection. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Flattened shell, up to 3cm, with fine, radiating, pale ridges on a darker background. Circular outline with a ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Habitat: Mangrove Forests. Thick, strong, elongate shells up to 3 cm, with five whorls and about 20 axial ribs. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Habitat: mangrove forest Thick, heavy, conical shell with long pointed spire, up to 12cm. Whorls with strong axial ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Habitat: muddy shore (Ruwa, 1984 <109>). Pure white shells, rather elongated in shape, up to 4 cm; chestnut-brown, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Habitat: open seas, but East African records are usually based on stranded individuals, often after storms. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Habitat: rocky shores. Tropical Indo-Pacific, also in Australia in Kalk (1958). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Height to 22 cm, width to 13 cm. As C. alata but surface with low, clear warts separated by a translucent lace-work ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Height to 25 cm, width 1/3 to 1/2 of height. Bell thick, translucent, with smooth surface and four long tentacles ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Larger, up to 7 cm, dark reddish-brown with white speckles, a broad, yellow band at mantle edge becoming ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

mouth-arms with 6-8 short, spreading main branches; clubs minute, to 0.8 mm; no peripheral spots (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Multi thin-walled, fragile tubes, 1-2 cm across and 1-3 cm high, appearing as a thin stretched skin embedded with ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Multilobed, erect club-shaped sponge, up to 30 cm high and 20 cm wide, often narrower around the base than at ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Multiple stubby fan-like branches, 3-4 cm wide, 5-10 cm long, loosely attached to substrate. Surface tuberculate, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Narrow, tubular shells, up to 6 cm, tapering at both ends. Habitat: usually on Gorgonians in deep water. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Often a darker red than G. townsendi (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Oval and very flattened, up to 15 cm long. Well camouflaged by colouration of mottled creams, beiges, browns, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Potato-shaped, 2-10 cm long and wide, free-living or attached basally to rubble; irregularity lumpy, oscules on low ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

probably conspecific <282>. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Pure white with bright yellow margins and edging, up to 11 cm long. Habitat: shallow sandy areas, possibly ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

reddish-brown, to 15 cm width, with fine, polygonal warts on surface. In adults, pale patches on edge to bell with ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Resembles Porpita but with triangular sail on upper surface, to 4 cm. Colour blue. Habitat: floating on sea ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Shell up to 5 cm diameter. Colour white to yellowish-brown, lighter at the edges and beneath. Operculum horny and ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Short tubes arising from a thick irregular branching base, 0.5 cm wide, 1 cm high, whole sponge 10 cm diameter. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Similar to A. brevispinosa but with shorter spicules and a brown girdle with lighter bands. Habitat: upper littoral ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Similar to Cinachyrella voeltzkowii, but larger, bright orange-yellow, subtidal (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Single or multiple clumps of tubes up to 50 cm high and 4-5 cm wide. Walls 3-4 mm thick, sometimes ribbed, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Small rounded bush up to 10 cm high, 8 cm wide. Oblong in outline, or with several lobes, attached to substrate by ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Small single or double tubes or mounds, 0.5-3 cm high, 1 cm wide, scattered in groups on substrate. Oscules apical ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Small, smooth, rounded shells, up to 3 cm long, with a wide aperture. Characteristic axial zigzag markings on a ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Small, solid shell, up to 4 cm, with 1-2 varices and 10-15 prominent knobbly, spiral chords on each whorl. Outer ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Soft oval body, up to 7cm long, which has a trapezoidal flap at the front and is translucent orange or yellow. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Solid shell, up to 3 cm, with strong, low-spined varices. Colour variable, often brown or mottled, with pale ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Solid, rubbery, tuberculate body, up to 10 cm long. Ground colour black, white tubercles with bright orange tips ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Spanish Dancer Up to 40 cm long (larger in South Africa). A relatively common and distinctive species with a white, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Species up to 4 cm long, with central region orange brown, mottled with lighter and darker patches and dark purple ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Spherical sack-like masses, loosely attached to the substrate. Oscules raised, 1-2 cm diameter; surface smooth, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Spherical, 2-5 cm diameter. Surface is hairy, silty, and with sunken pits; stiff velvet to touch. Interior orange ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Spherical, up to 2 cm diameter. Surface divided into raised polygonal areas separated by inhalant channels. Tough ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Sprawling, branching sponge with fingers 10-15 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, although highly variable in size. Arises from ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Spreading cushion with lobes, up to 20 cm long, 10 cm wide, 5 cm high. Surface conulose, but looks smooth and shiny ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Steep-sided cone, up to 20 cm wide, 12 cm high and surrounded by shorter, rounded projections, or small cones, 1-4 ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Thick shell, up to 4 cm, with tall spire and large body whorl, upper whorls separated by deep sutures, and the ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Thick shell, up to 8 cm, with spire of varying height (mostly short), and with spiral ridges on the lower half of ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Tiny, to 2 cm. Bell straight-sided, flat-topped, with 16 vertical ridges and eight minute tentacles. Colour ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Unmistakable large, elongated, solid and heavy shell, up to 20 cm. Shoulders of body and upper whorls with thick, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 10 cm long. Animals may vary in colour from brown or red to orange. Dorsal pattern of dark and light polygons ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 12 cm long. Variable shades of brown with brown and white blotches, squared cerata, and covered in papillae, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 2 cm long, mottled in shades of green with a few flecks of white and brown. Almost invisible, but probably ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 2 cm, description as family. Colour dark brown to black, with white or yellow spots or zigzag lines. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 3 cm long. Distinguished from the two genera (Phyllidia arabica and Phyllidiella zeylanica) by a ventral anus ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 3 cm, similar to N. albescens gemmuliferus, but with more widely spaced, spiny nodules arranged in spiral ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 3 cm, with very fine axial ribs. Colour tan. Habitat: eulittoral and deeper. Distribution: W Indian Ocean to ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 30 cm long. Distinctive, with ridges of large tubercles running down centre of body, and a series of ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 4 cm long. A very common species distinguished by a squared pattern at the head end. Bands of low pink ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 4 cm. Description as for family though shells are more globular, with rounded shoulders, deep sutures and a ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 4cm long. Occurs in a bewildering variety of colours, from light brown with creamy yellow or orange markings ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 5 cm long. Western Indian Ocean specimens tend to be olive-green, although geographical colour variations ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 5 mm, smooth, thin and glossy. Pale cream with bands of brown dashes. Habitat: among seaweed in shallow ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 7 cm . One of the most common aeolids found, this species has many clusters of cerata on each side. Body ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 7 cm long. Black, sometimes with cream or white spots, the rhinophores with an elongated white knob at the ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 7 cm long. Similar to Onchidium sp. but distinguished by its smaller size and the presence of gills on the ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Up to 8 cm long. This frequently encountered species is very cryptic. The body is flat, mottled white and brown, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Very variable shell, up to 3 cm, commonly with three granulated, spiral rows on each whorl (less pronounced towards ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

White, curved, tapering tube with 12 ridges along entire length, up to 5 cm long. Habitat: shallow and deep sand. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Whorled or curved plate-like sponge, 15-20 cm wide and high, which can form a cup with internal spirals at ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Width 15-30 cm. Bell flat to domed, firm, translucent, with four (or 5-7) bluish-pink gonad rings, four mouth-arms ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Width to 10 cm. Conspicuous. Eight thick mouth-arms with long terminal clubs, which may detach. Bell transparent ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Width to 12 cm. Disc flat, with eight short mouth-arms each with four (or six) side-branches supporting many ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Width to 14 cm, 10 cm high. Bell surface covered with stinging warts. Up to nine tentacles on each corner, on ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Width to 20 cm. Bell hemispherical, slightly pointed with smooth to finely granulated surface. Mouth-arms with ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Width to 20 cm. Bell slightly pointed, robust and smooth, edged with a skirt furrowed between the fused lappets. ... [details]