WoRMS banner

WoRMS RSS feed RSS
Add search provider Add provider
Twitter: Latest updates @WRMarineSpecies

WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella arabica (Carter, 1869) 
AphiaID: 380117

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirophorida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetillidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella Wilson, 1925
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyra voeltzkowi Lendenfeld, 1897 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyra voeltzkowi var. typica Bösraug, 1913 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella voeltzkowi (Lendenfeld, 1897) (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella voeltzkowii (Lendenfeld, 1897) (junior synonym (and spelling variation))
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTethya arabica Carter, 1869 (genus transfer)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetilla arabica (Carter, 1869) (genus transfer)
Sources  original description Carter, H.J. 1869c. A descriptive account of four subspherous sponges, Arabian and British, with general observations. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 4: 1-28, pls I-II. [details] [full text]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortennis-ball sponge [from synonym]  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution  Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Oman [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Western Arabian Sea [details]
From editor or global species database
Indian Ocean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZanzibar [details]
Oman
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOman [details]
(no group)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEast African Coral Coast [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From regional or thematic species database
Indian Ocean
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBawi [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorKokotoni [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorZanzibar [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChumbe Island [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMalindi [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Mozambique Channel
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorQuirimba Archipelago [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Tanzania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzania [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Specimens 

[show all]
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Description.— Globular sponges of max. 4-5 cm, with upper surface heavily covered by dark sediment and algae. Scattered porocalices and a few oscules on the upper surface, 5 mm diameter. Spicules not protruding far beyond the surface, so the surface appears ‘short-shaven’. Stalked buds present.
Colour.— Orange, buds are yellow.
Skeleton.— Spirally radiate (as usual for the genus).
Spicules.— Oxeas, protriaenes, anatriaenes, sigmaspires. The megascleres are often broken in the preparations, so lengths are tentative. Oxeas sharply pointed, large size range, but not divisible in size categories, range from 1.9 up to 3.5 mm in length and up to 40 µm in diameter. Protriaenes and more often prodiaenes, range 1.2-2 mm in length and 7-9 µm in diameter, cladomes 40-50 µm, cladi 35-102 × 3-6 µm. Anatriaenes similar in length to protriaenes, up to 2 mm × 8-9 µm, cladomes 35-75 µm, cladi 20-40 × 6-7 µm. A considerable proportion shows very short stunted cladi. Sigmaspires 7-12 µm.
Habitat.— On large stones between the tide marks.
Remarks.— Microscopic slides of Carter’s type from Oman (BMNH unnumbered labelled Tethya arabica) and a fragment of Lendenfeld’s type of Cinachyra voeltzkowi confirmed that both species are synonymous and match the newly collected ZMA material. [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Cinachyrella arabica
Cinachyrella arabica
Cinachyrella arabica
Cinachyrella arabica
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:380117
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2009-01-09 08:33:43Z  created  van Soest, Rob
  
[Taxonomic tree] [Occurrence map] [Google] [Google scholar] [Google images]
  Citation: van Soest, R. (2014). Cinachyrella arabica (Carter, 1869). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=380117 on 2014-08-20
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License