WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella arabica (Carter, 1869)

380117  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:380117)

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyra voeltzkowi Lendenfeld, 1897 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella voeltzkowii (Lendenfeld, 1897) (junior synonym (and spelling variation))
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Carter, H.J. 1869c. A descriptive account of four subspherous sponges, Arabian and British, with general observations. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 4: 1-28, pls I-II. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetilla arabica (Carter, 1869)) Carter, H.J. 1869a. Description of a Siliceous Sand-Sponge found on the South-east Coast of Arabia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History(4) 3(13): 15-17. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTethya arabica Carter, 1869) Carter, H.J. 1869a. Description of a Siliceous Sand-Sponge found on the South-east Coast of Arabia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History(4) 3(13): 15-17. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype  BMNH unnumbered, locality Oman  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype [from synonym] BMNH unnumbered, locality Oman [view taxon]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Western Arabian Sea  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Western Arabian Sea [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Description.— Globular sponges of max. 4-5...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Description.— Globular sponges of max. 4-5 cm, with upper surface heavily covered by dark sediment and algae. Scattered porocalices and a few oscules on the upper surface, 5 mm diameter. Spicules not protruding far beyond the surface, so the surface appears ‘short-shaven’. Stalked buds present.
Colour.— Orange, buds are yellow.
Skeleton.— Spirally radiate (as usual for the genus).
Spicules.— Oxeas, protriaenes, anatriaenes, sigmaspires. The megascleres are often broken in the preparations, so lengths are tentative. Oxeas sharply pointed, large size range, but not divisible in size categories, range from 1.9 up to 3.5 mm in length and up to 40 µm in diameter. Protriaenes and more often prodiaenes, range 1.2-2 mm in length and 7-9 µm in diameter, cladomes 40-50 µm, cladi 35-102 × 3-6 µm. Anatriaenes similar in length to protriaenes, up to 2 mm × 8-9 µm, cladomes 35-75 µm, cladi 20-40 × 6-7 µm. A considerable proportion shows very short stunted cladi. Sigmaspires 7-12 µm.
Habitat.— On large stones between the tide marks.
Remarks.— Microscopic slides of Carter’s type from Oman (BMNH unnumbered labelled Tethya arabica) and a fragment of Lendenfeld’s type of Cinachyra voeltzkowi confirmed that both species are synonymous and match the newly collected ZMA material. [details]
van Soest, R. (2009). Cinachyrella arabica (Carter, 1869). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=380117 on 2017-12-14

Date
action
by
2009-01-09 08:33:43Z
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original description Carter, H.J. 1869c. A descriptive account of four subspherous sponges, Arabian and British, with general observations. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 4: 1-28, pls I-II. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella voeltzkowi (Lendenfeld, 1897)) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1897c). Spongien von Sansibar. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft. 21: 93-133, pls 9-10. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetilla arabica (Carter, 1869)) Carter, H.J. 1869a. Description of a Siliceous Sand-Sponge found on the South-east Coast of Arabia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History(4) 3(13): 15-17. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyra voeltzkowi Lendenfeld, 1897) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1897c). Spongien von Sansibar. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft. 21: 93-133, pls 9-10. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTethya arabica Carter, 1869) Carter, H.J. 1869a. Description of a Siliceous Sand-Sponge found on the South-east Coast of Arabia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History(4) 3(13): 15-17. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Van Soest, R.W.M.; Beglinger, E.J. 2008. Tetractinellid and hadromerid sponges from the Sultanate of Oman. Zoölogische Mededelingen Leiden 82 (53): 749-790. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyra voeltzkowi var. typica Bösraug, 1913) Bösraug, E. 1913. Die Tetractinelliden. pp. 231-251. In Voeltzkow, A., Reise in Östafrika in den Jahren 1903-1905 mit Mitteln der Herman und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgefuhrt von Alfred Voeltzkow. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.64840 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTethya arabica Carter, 1869) Van Soest, R.W.M.; Beglinger, E.J. 2008. Tetractinellid and hadromerid sponges from the Sultanate of Oman. Zoölogische Mededelingen Leiden 82 (53): 749-790. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella voeltzkowii (Lendenfeld, 1897)) Richmond, M. (Ed.) (1997). A guide to the seashores of Eastern Africa and the Western Indian Ocean islands. Sida/Department for Research Cooperation, SAREC: Stockholm, Sweden. ISBN 91-630-4594-X. 448 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetilla arabica (Carter, 1869)) Van Soest, R.W.M.; Rützler, K. 2002. Family Tetillidae Sollas, 1888. Pp. 85-98. In: Hooper JNA, Van Soest RWM (eds) Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. Kluwer, Plenum, New York, pp. i-xlviii, 1-1704. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella voeltzkowi (Lendenfeld, 1897)) Barnes D.K.A.; Bell, J.J. (2002). Coastal sponge communities of the West Indian Ocean: taxonomic affinities, richness and diversity. Afr. J. Ecol. 40: 337-349. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyrella voeltzkowi (Lendenfeld, 1897)) Van Soest, R.W.M.; Beglinger, E.J. 2008. Tetractinellid and hadromerid sponges from the Sultanate of Oman. Zoölogische Mededelingen Leiden 82 (53): 749-790. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype [from synonym] BMNH unnumbered, locality Oman [view taxon]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCotype [from synonym] BMNH 1908.9.24.77a, locality Zanzibar [view taxon]
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Description.— Globular sponges of max. 4-5 cm, with upper surface heavily covered by dark sediment and algae. Scattered porocalices and a few oscules on the upper surface, 5 mm diameter. Spicules not protruding far beyond the surface, so the surface appears ‘short-shaven’. Stalked buds present.
Colour.— Orange, buds are yellow.
Skeleton.— Spirally radiate (as usual for the genus).
Spicules.— Oxeas, protriaenes, anatriaenes, sigmaspires. The megascleres are often broken in the preparations, so lengths are tentative. Oxeas sharply pointed, large size range, but not divisible in size categories, range from 1.9 up to 3.5 mm in length and up to 40 µm in diameter. Protriaenes and more often prodiaenes, range 1.2-2 mm in length and 7-9 µm in diameter, cladomes 40-50 µm, cladi 35-102 × 3-6 µm. Anatriaenes similar in length to protriaenes, up to 2 mm × 8-9 µm, cladomes 35-75 µm, cladi 20-40 × 6-7 µm. A considerable proportion shows very short stunted cladi. Sigmaspires 7-12 µm.
Habitat.— On large stones between the tide marks.
Remarks.— Microscopic slides of Carter’s type from Oman (BMNH unnumbered labelled Tethya arabica) and a fragment of Lendenfeld’s type of Cinachyra voeltzkowi confirmed that both species are synonymous and match the newly collected ZMA material. [details]
 

LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortennis-ball sponge [from synonym]  [details]