WoRMS taxon details

Aurelia aurita (Linnaeus, 1758)

135306  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135306)

accepted
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Description Width 15-30 cm. Bell flat to domed, firm, translucent, with four (or 5-7) bluish-pink gonad rings, four mouth-arms and...  
Description Width 15-30 cm. Bell flat to domed, firm, translucent, with four (or 5-7) bluish-pink gonad rings, four mouth-arms and hundreds of fine marginal tentacles. Swarms. Habitat: coastal. Distribution: all seas (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Distribution Cosmopolitan species.  
Distribution Cosmopolitan species. [details]
Collins, A. G.; Jarms, G.; Morandini, A. C. (2018). World List of Scyphozoa. Aurelia aurita (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135306 on 2018-05-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record Cornelius, P.F.S. (2001). Cubozoa, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 111 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Larson, R.J. 1976. Marine flora and fauna of the northeastern United States. Cnidaria: Scyphozoa. NOAA Techical Report NMFS Circular 397. 18 p. [details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source Meinkoth, N.A. 1981. Field guide to North American seashore creatures. The Audubon Society. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 799 p. [details]   

additional source Thomas, M.L.H. (ed.). 1983. Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64. 306 p. [details]   

additional source Richmond, M. (Ed.) (1997). A guide to the seashores of Eastern Africa and the Western Indian Ocean islands. Sida/Department for Research Cooperation, SAREC: Stockholm, Sweden. ISBN 91-630-4594-X. 448 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Shih, C.T., 1977. A guide to the Jellyfish of Canadian Atlantic waters. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Natural History Series 5 : 1-190. [details]   

additional source Vanderperren, J.-P. (1991). Report Natural History Archive 1990 [Verslag Natuurhistorisch Archief 1990]. De Strandvlo 11(3): 65-75 (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 67 [details]   

additional source Segura-Puertas, L., L. Celis, and L. Chiaverano. 2009. Medusozoans (Cnidaria: Cubozoa, Scyphozoa, and Hydrozoa) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 369–379 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Pre [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 59-101., available online at http://si-pddr.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Morton B. & Morton JE. (1983). The sea shore ecology of Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Dankwa, H. R. (1993). Utilization of estuarine salt marshes by postlarval brown shrimp Crangon crangon. MSc Thesis. RUG: Gent. 49 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Description Width 15-30 cm. Bell flat to domed, firm, translucent, with four (or 5-7) bluish-pink gonad rings, four mouth-arms and hundreds of fine marginal tentacles. Swarms. Habitat: coastal. Distribution: all seas (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Distribution Cosmopolitan species. [details]

Habitat upper epipelagic [details]

Habitat coastal [details]

Remark In Belgium, the media always correlates Aurelia-invasions to excellent weather conditions in summer. Instead, the occurrence or absence of Aurelia is correlated to winter conditions. Seawater temperatures are within the limits for strobulation (4° to 10°C) from December to April. Since 1987 till 2003 there were no records of medusa of Aurelia aurita in Belgium in the years 1994, 1995, 2000 and 2002. In these years seawater temperatures were higher than 6C in February. Polyps strobulate and the ephyra grow during the following three months till adolescent proportions. These medusa are beached in late spring and early summer, when tourists are common on our beaches.

Abnormalities in the number of gonads are as frequent as in the beginning of the last century (Russell, 1970). Out of 1988 specimens, 39 specimen or 1.96% had five, six or seven gonads instead of four. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Albanian meduza hënë  [details]
Catalan borm  [details]
Danish vandmand  [details]
Dutch oorkwalgeoorde zeekwal  [details]
English moon jellyfishmoon jellycommon jellyfish  [details]
Finnish korvameduusa  [details]
French méduse luneméduse communeméduse bleueaurélie  [details]
German Ohrenqualle  [details]
Italian pota marinamedusa quadrifoglio  [details]
Japanese ミズクラゲ  [details]
Norwegian glasmanet  [details]
Polish chełbia modra  [details]
Portuguese medusa-da-lua  [details]
Spanish medusa sombrillamedusa platillomedusa lunamedusa común  [details]
Swedish öronmanet  [details]
Turkish ay denizanas  [details]