WoRMS taxon details

Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)

206953  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206953)

accepted
Species
Acropora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Madrepora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Millepora damicornis Linnaeus, 1758 · unaccepted > superseded combination (basionym)
Pocillopora caespitosa laysanensis Vaughan, 1907 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pocillopora caespitosa stylophoroides Vaughan, 1907 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pocillopora caespitosa tumida Vaughan, 1907 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pocillopora cespitosa Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pocillopora cespitosa f. laysanensis Vaughan, 1907 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pocillopora cespitosa f. stylophoroides Vaughan, 1907 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pocillopora cespitosa f. tumida Vaughan, 1907 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pocillopora damicornis caespitosa Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pocillopora damicornis var. caespitosa Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pocillopora damicornis var. cespitosa Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pocillopora diomedeae Vaughan, 1906 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pocillopora favosa Ehrenberg, 1834 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pocillopora lacera Verrill, 1869 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Subspecies Pocillopora damicornis bulbosa Ehrenburg, 1834 accepted as Pocillopora acuta Lamarck, 1816 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Subspecies Pocillopora damicornis caespitosa Dana, 1846 accepted as Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Pocillopora damicornis var. caespitosa Dana, 1846 accepted as Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Pocillopora damicornis var. cespitosa Dana, 1846 accepted as Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of Millepora damicornis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Description Colonies are branched, usually less than 30 cm tall. The species is distinguished from other species by having thinner...  
Description Colonies are branched, usually less than 30 cm tall. The species is distinguished from other species by having thinner branches and less regular verrucae. While small, regular verrucae exist, most of the protuberances are irregular and, are often not true verrucae at all but are more like incipient branches. As a result, Pocillopora damicornis exhibits greater branching than does P. verrucosa. Pocillopora damicornis occurs at all depths between the surface and 40 m deep or more, and is particularly abundant between 5 to 20 m. It is equally abundant in lagoonal areas and clear water reef slopes. Commonly forms monospecific, densely packed stands many tens of metres across in water 5 -10 m deep. The main habitat where it is not common is where exposure is high. By virtue of its wide depth range and its geographic distribution from this region to the Pacific coast of central America, it is a candidate for the most abundant coral species (Sheppard, 1998).
Verrucae and branches intergrade. Branches may be fine and widely separated (in calm environments) to very compact (on upper reef slopes). Colour: Pale brown, greenish or pink. Abundance: Very common. Occurs in all shallow-water habitats from wharf piles and mangrove swamps to exposed reef fronts (Veron, 1986).
A finer species than P. verrucosa, in which the verrucae often are as big as the branches and the corallites 0.8-1 mm across. Colour: varies from pink to green, brown or pale straw. Habitat: reef flats and shallow water substrates (Richmond, 1997). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=206953 on 2022-08-09
Date
action
by
1996-10-25 12:24:58Z
created
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-28 10:52:19Z
changed
2022-05-10 10:52:12Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Pocillopora favosa Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862 [details]   

original description  (of Pocillopora damicornis caespitosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Pocillopora cespitosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Millepora damicornis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Pocillopora lacera Verrill, 1869) Verrill AE. (1869). Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. <em>Communications of the Essex Institute, Salem.</em> 6 (1): 51-104, pls. 1-2., available online at https://doi.org/10.1086/270634 [details]   

original description  (of Pocillopora damicornis var. caespitosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Pocillopora diomedeae Vaughan, 1906) Vaughan TW (1906) Report on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific. VI Madreporaria. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 50: 59-72, pls. 1-10. [details]   

original description  (of Pocillopora cespitosa f. tumida Vaughan, 1907) Vaughan TW. (1907). Recent Madreporaria of the Hawaiian Islands and Laysan. <em>US National Museum Bulletin.</em> 59 (9): 1-427. [details]   

original description  (of Pocillopora cespitosa f. laysanensis Vaughan, 1907) Vaughan TW. (1907). Recent Madreporaria of the Hawaiian Islands and Laysan. <em>US National Museum Bulletin.</em> 59 (9): 1-427. [details]   

original description  (of Pocillopora cespitosa f. stylophoroides Vaughan, 1907) Vaughan TW. (1907). Recent Madreporaria of the Hawaiian Islands and Laysan. <em>US National Museum Bulletin.</em> 59 (9): 1-427. [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Sheppard CRC. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 307: 1-32., available online at http:// https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.307.1 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M. (1976). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia. Part I. Families Thamnasteriidae, Astroceoniidae, Pocilloporidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 1: 1-86. [details]   

additional source Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698
page(s): 274-275 [details]   

additional source Dunn, D.F., 1970. Some observations on marine life at Pulau Aur, Johore. Malay. Nat. J. 23 : 158-167.
page(s): 162 [details]   

additional source Jensen, A. & R. Frederiksen, 1992. The fauna associated with the bank-forming deepwater coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) on the Faroe shelf. Sarsia 77 1: 53-69.
page(s): 60 [details]   

additional source Reed, S.A., 1971. Some common Coelenterates in Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. In: H.M. Lenhoff, L. Muscatine & L.V. Davis, eds, Experimental Coelenterate Biology : 37-51.
page(s): 42, 43, 45, 49 [details]   

additional source Dawson, E.W., 1992. The Coelenterata of the New Zealand region: a handlist for curators, students and ecologists. Occ. Pap. Hutton Found., New Zealand 1 : 1-68.
page(s): 47 [details]   

additional source Hoffmeister, J.E. (1925). Some corals from America Samoa and the Fiji Islands. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 22: 1-90, pls. 1-23.
page(s): 8, 12, 15-16 [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm
page(s): 17, 27, 28, 66, 201 [details]   

additional source Verrill AE. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6587563
page(s): 60 [details]   

additional source Dana, J.D,. (1846-1847). On zoophytes. <em>The American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series.</em> 2(4):64-69; 2(5):187-202; 3(7):1-24; 3(8)160-163; 3(9)337-347.
page(s): 524, 526, 527-528 [details]   

additional source Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862
page(s): 351 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 37 [details]   

additional source Randall, R.H., 2003. An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. Micronesica 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 127 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Wells JW. (1955). Recent and subfossil corals of Moreton Bay, Queensland. <em>Queensland. University of Queensland Papers, Department of Geology.</em> 4 (10): 1-18, pls. 1-3.
page(s): 5, 9 [details]   

additional source Scheer, G. & Pillai, C.S.G. 1974. Report on Scleractinia from the Nicobar Islands. Zoologica, Stuttgart 42 (122): 1-75, pls. 1-33.
page(s): 7, 13-14, 16, 75 [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1940). Madreporaria from the Togian Reefs (Gulf of Tomini, North-Celebes. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 265-310.
page(s): 270, 273 [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1939). Madreporaria from the Bay of Batavia. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 1-64.
page(s): 9, 14, 17, 21-22 [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1907). Recent Madreporaria of the Hawaiian Islands and Laysan. <em>US National Museum Bulletin.</em> 59 (9): 1-427.
page(s): 96, 100, 417, 424 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T, Eguchi M. (1936). Recent reef-building corals from Japan and the South Sea Islands under the Japanese mandate. I. <em>The Science reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University, Sendai, 2nd Series (Geologie).</em> Special Volume 1: 1-66, pls. 1-59.
page(s): 12, 13 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T. (1935). Revised list of the reef-corals from the Japanese seas and of the fossil reef corals of the raised reefs and the Ryukyu limestone of Japan. <em>Journal of the Geological Society of Japan.</em> 42: 379-403.
page(s): 381, 392 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pillai CSG, Scheer G (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart 43 (126): 1-83, pls. 1-32. [details]   

additional source Studer, T. (1880). Beitrag zur Fauna der Steinkorallen von Singapore. <em>Mittheilungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Bern.</em> 979: 15-53., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12090774
page(s): 27 [details]   

additional source Crossland C (1952) Madreporaria, Hydrocorallinae, Heliopora and Tubipora. Scientific Report Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29 VI(3): 85-257.
page(s): 90, 96 [details]   

additional source Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 303-304, 539 [details]   

additional source Ortmann, A. (1888). Studien über Systematik und geographische Verbreitung der Steinkorallen. <em>Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abtheilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 3: 143-188, pl. 6.
page(s): 165 [details]   

additional source Schmidt-Roach S, Miller KJ, Lundgren P, Andreakis N (2014) With eyes wide open: a revision of species within and closely related to the Pocillopora damicornis species complex (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) using morphology and genetics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 1-33. [details]   

additional source Nemenzo, F. (1964). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: V. Suborder Astrocoeniida (Part. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 18: 193-223.
page(s): 194, 212, Plate 8 Fig 2 [details]   

additional source Gardiner JS (1897) On some collections of corals of the family Pocilloporidae from the S.W. Pacific-Ocean. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1897: 941-953, pls. 56-57.
page(s): 944 [details]   

additional source Glynn PW (1999) Pocillopora inflata, a new species of scleractinian coral (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) from the tropical eastern Pacific. Pacific Science 53: 168-180.
page(s): 174, 175, 177, 178 [details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 27 [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Stolarski J, Cairns SD, Benzoni F, Stake JL, Miller DJ. (2012). The first modern solitary Agariciidae (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) revealed by molecular and microstructural analysis. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 26 (3): 303-315., available online at https://doi.org/10.1071/is11053
page(s): 305, 307 [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Cairns SD, Miller DJ. (2010). Monophyletic origin of Caryophyllia (Scleractinia, Caryophylliidae), with descriptions of six new species. <em>Systematics and Biodiversity.</em> 8(1): 91-118., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000903571088
page(s): 115 [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

additional source Verrill AE. (1901). Variations and nomenclature of Bermudian, West Indian and Brazilian reef corals, with notes on various Indo-Pacific corals. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 11: 63-168.
page(s): 164 [details]   

additional source Faustino LA. (1927). Recent Madreporaria of the Philippine Islands. <em>Bureau of Science Manila Monograph.</em> 22: 1-310, pls. 1-100.
page(s): 31, 39, 102-103, 105 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 34, 35 [details]   

additional source Durham JW. (1962). Corals from the Galapagos and Cocos Islands. <em>Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series.</em> 32 (2): 41-56.
page(s): 42, 45, 46, 47, 48 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1972). Stony corals of the seas around India. <em>Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs, 1969. Marine Biological Association of India Symposium.</em> 5: 191-216.
page(s): 195, 198 [details]   

additional source Dana, J. D. (1846). Zoophytes. <em>United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18989497
page(s): 524, 526, 527-528 [details]   

additional source Utinomi, H. (1965). A revised catalogue of scleractinian corals from the southwest coast of Shikoku in the collections of the Ehime University and the Ehime Prefectural Museum, Matsuyama. <em>Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory.</em> 13(3): 243-261., available online at https://doi.org/10.5134/175404
page(s): 245 [details]   

additional source Boshoff, P.H. (1981). An annotated checklist of Southern Africa Scleractinia. <em>Oceanographic Research Institute Investigational Report, Durban.</em> 49: 1-45.
page(s): 15 [details]   

additional source Fenner, D. P. (2005). Corals of Hawai'i. A Field Guide to the Hard, Black, and Soft Corals of Hawai'i and the Northwest Hawaiian Islands, Including Midway. <em>Mutual Publishing, Ltd., Honolulu.</em> 144 pp.
page(s): 21, 44, 117 [details]   

additional source Randall RH, Myers RF. (1983). The corals. Guide to the Coastal Resources of Guam: Vol. 2. <em>University of Guam Press, Guam, pp. 128.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 26-27 [details]   

additional source Edmands, S. (1995). Mating systems in the sea anemone genus Epiactis. Marine Biology, 123, 723-733
page(s): 724 [details]   

additional source Ryland, J. S. (1981). Reefs of southwest Viti Levu and their tourism potential. Proceedings of the Fourth International Coral Reef Symposium, 1, 293-298
page(s): 296-297 [details]   

additional source Uchida, H.; Soyama, I. (2001). Sea Anemones in Japanese Waters. TBS. Japan., pp. 157.
page(s): 134, 151, 152 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; VanRavenswaay, D.; Gulko, D. (2004). French Frigate Shoals coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Rapture 2000 and 2002, and 2003 Sette surveys [Table 1]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Siciliano, D.; VanRavenswaay, D.; Aeby, G.; Kenyon, J.; Gulko, D.; Potts, D. C. (2004). Maro reef coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000 and 2002, American Islander 2001, Rapture 2000 and 2002, and Sette 2003 surveys [Table 9]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Rose Atoll coral data compiled from US Fish and Wildlife Service 1994, Townsend Cromwell 2002, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 10]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Siciliano, D.; VanRavenswaay, D.; Gulko, D.; Aeby, G.; Kenyon, J.; Kenyon, J.; Potts, D. C. (2004). Pearl & Hermes Atoll coral data compiled from Rapture & Townsend Cromwell 2000 and 2002, American Islander 2001, and Sette 2003 surveys [Table 13]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Kenyon, J.; Dana, T.; Aeby, G.; Siciliano, D.; VanRavenswaay, D.; Gulko, D.; Potts, D. C. (2004). Midway Atoll coral data compiled from Rapture 2000 and 2002, Townsend Cromwell 2002, US Fish and Wildlife Service 2000, and Sette 2003 surveys [Table 14]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Potts, D. C.; Aeby, G.; Gulko, D.; Kenyon, J.; Siciliano, D.; VanRavenswaay, D. (2004). 2000-2002 rapid ecological assessment of coral (Anthozoa) on shallow reefs of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Part 1: Species and distribution. Pacific Science, 58(2): 211-230
page(s): 217, 219, 220 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; VanRavenswaay, D.; Aeby, G.; Gulko, D.; Kenyon, J.; Siciliano, D.; Potts, D. C. (2004). Kure Atoll coral data compiled from Rapture and Townsend Cromwell 2000 and 2002, and Sette 2003 surveys [Table 15]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Palardy, J. E.; Grottoli, A. G.; Matthews, K. A. (2005). Effects of upwelling, depth, morphology and polyp size on feeding in three species of Panamanian corals. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 300, 79-89
page(s): 79, 80, 81, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87 [details]   

additional source DeFelice, R.; Minton, D.; Godwin, L. S. (2002). Records of Shallow-Water Marine Invertebrates from French Frigate Shoals, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, with a Note on Noningenous Species: Report to U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Bishop Museum. Honolulu, Hawaii., pp. 78.
page(s): 11, 26, 51 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E. (1977). Order Scleractinia, Stony Corals. Dennis M. Devaney and Lucius G. Eldredge (eds.). Bishop Museum Press. Honolulu, Hawaii, pp. 84
page(s): 162-163, 177-178, 212-215, 217 [details]   

additional source Goffredo, S.; Radetić, J.; Airi, V.; Zaccanti, F. (2005). Sexual reproduction of the solitary sunset cup coral Leptopsammia pruvoti (Scleractinia: Dendrophylliidae) in the Mediterranean. 1. Morphological aspects of the gametogenesis and ontogenesis. Marine Biology, 147, 485-495
page(s): 491, 492 [details]   

additional source Wells, J. W. (1954). Recent corals of the Marshall Islands: Bikini and nearby atolls, part 2, oceanography (biologic). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 260(I): 385-486
page(s): 390, 412, plate 99 [details]   

additional source Pillai, C. S. G. (1983). Structure and generic diversity of recent Scleractinia of India. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 25, 1-2, 78-90
page(s): 83 [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C. R. C. (1985). Fringing reefs in the southern region, Jeddah to Jizan. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 7, 37-58
page(s): 45 [details]   

additional source Reimer, J. D.; Takishita, K.; Maruyama, T. (2006). Molecular identification of symbiotic dinoflagellates (Symbiodinium spp.) from Palythoa spp. (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia) in Japan. Coral Reefs, 25, 521-527
page(s): 524 [details]   

additional source Ulstrup, K. E.; Ralph, P. J.; Larkum, A. W. D.; Kühl, M. (2006). Intra-colonial variability in light acclimation of zooxanthellae in coral tissues of Pocillopora damicornis. Marine Biology, 149, 1325-1335
page(s): 1325, 1326, 1327, 1329, 1330, 1331, 1332, 1333 [details]   

additional source Kuguru, B. L.; Winters, G.; Beers, S.; Santos, S. R.; Chadwick, N. E. (2007). Adaptation strategies of the corallimorpharian Rhodactis rhodostoma to irradiance and temperature. Marine Biology, 151, 1287-1298
page(s): 1294 [details]   

additional source Lasker, H. R. (1983). Vegetative reproduction in the octocoral Briareum asbestinum (Pallas). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 72, 157-169
page(s): 157 [details]   

additional source Reimer, J. D.; Ono, S.; Furushima, Y.; Tsukahara, J. (2007). Seasonal changes in morphological condition of symbiotic dinoflagellates (Symbiodinium spp.) in Zoanthus sansibaricus (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia) in southern Japan. South Pacific Sudies, 27(2): 1-23
page(s): 2 [details]   

additional source Reimer, J. D.; Ono, S.; Iwama, A.; Tsukahara, J.; Maruyama, T. (2006). High levels of morphological variation despite close genetic relatedness between Zoanthus aff. vietnamensis and Zoanthus kuroshio (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia). Zoological Science, 23, 755-761
page(s): 760 [details]   

additional source Smith, P. J.; McVeagh, S. M.; Mingoia, J. T.; France, S. C. (2004). Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation in deep-sea bamboo coral (Keratoisidinae) species in the southwest and northwest Pacific Ocean. Marine Biology, 144, 253-261
page(s): 257 [details]   

additional source Cornish, A. S.; DiDonato, E. M. (2004). Resurvey of a reef flat in American Samoa after 85 years reveals devastation to a soft coral (Alcyonacea) community. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48, 768-777
page(s): 773 [details]   

additional source Peterson, C. H.; Black, R. (1986). Abundance patterns of infaunal sea anemones and their potential benthic prey in and outside seagrass patches on a western Australian sand shelf. Bulletin of Marine Science, 38(3): 498-511
page(s): 506 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G. B.; Schuhmacher, H. (1996). Significance of different traits of soft-coral assemblages (Octocorallia, Alcyoniina) in benthic reef communities of the Red Sea. Göttinger Arbeiten zur Geologie Paläontologie, Sb2, 77-84
page(s): 80 [details]   

additional source Ben-David-Zaslow, R.; Henning, G.; Hofmann, D. K.; Benayahu, Y. (1999). Reproduction in the Red Sea soft coral Heteroxenia fuscescens: seasonality and long-term record (1991 to 1997). Marine Biology, 133, 553-559
page(s): 556 [details]   

additional source Grigg, R. W. (1981). Acropora in Hawaii. Part 2. Zoogeography. Pacific Science, 35(1): 15-24
page(s): 19 [details]   

additional source Benayahu, Y.; Achituv, Y.; Berner, T. (1988). Embryogenesis and acquisition of algal symbionts by planulae of Xenia umbellata (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea). Marine Biology, 100, 93-101
page(s): 100 [details]   

additional source Hellberg, M. E.; Taylor, M. S. (2002). Genetic analysis of sexual reproduction in the dendrophylliid coral Balanophyllia elegans. Marine Biology, 141, 629-637
page(s): 634 [details]   

additional source Verde, E. A.; McCloskey, L. R. (2007). A comparative analysis of the photobiology of zooxanthellae and zoochlorellae symbiotic with the temperate clonal anemone Anthopleura elegantissima (Brandt). III. Seasonal effects of natural light and temperature on photosynthesis and respiration. Marine Biology, 152, 775-792
page(s): 787 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 61, 65, 111 [details]   

additional source Benayahu, Y.; Schleyer, M. H. (1998). Reproduction in Anthelia glauca (Octocorallia: Xeniidae). II. Transmission of algal symbionts during planular brooding. Marine Biology, 131, 433-442
page(s): 437 [details]   

additional source Sherman, C. D. H.; Peucker, A. J.; Ayre, D. J. (2007). Do reproductive tactics vary with habitat heterogeneity in the intertidal sea anemone Actinia tenebrosa?. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 340, 259-267
page(s): 260 [details]   

additional source Wallace, C. C.; Fellegara, I.; Muir, P. R.; Harrison, P. L. (2009). The scleractinian corals of Moreton Bay, eastern Australia: high latitude, marginal assemblages with increasing species richness. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 54, 2
page(s): 2, 7, 13, 14, 19, 24, 25 [details]   

additional source Dana, J. D. (1849). Atlas. Zoophytes. C. Sherman. Philadelphia., pp. 12-01
page(s): 10, 527 [details]   

additional source Yacobovitch, T.; Weis, V. M.; Benayahu, Y. (2003). Development and survivorship of zooxanthellate and azooxanthellate primary polyps of the soft coral Heteroxenia fuscescens: laboratory and field comparisons. Marine Biology, 142, 1055-1063
page(s): 1061 [details]   

additional source Fan, T. Y.; Lin, K. H.; Kuo, F. W.; Soong, K.; Liu, L. L.; Fang, L. S. (2006). Diel patterns of larval release by five brooding scleractinian corals. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 321, 133-142
page(s): 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Cotype (of Pocillopora cespitosa f. laysanensis Vaughan, 1907) USNM 20871, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Cotype (of Pocillopora cespitosa f. stylophoroides Vaughan, 1907) USNM 20852, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Pocillopora damicornis var. caespitosa Dana, 1846) MSI C-348 [details]
Nontype (of Pocillopora damicornis var. caespitosa Dana, 1846) MSI C-433, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Pocillopora damicornis caespitosa Dana, 1846) AHF 3.1 [details]
Nontype (of Pocillopora damicornis caespitosa Dana, 1846) AHF 3.2, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Pocillopora damicornis caespitosa Dana, 1846) AHF 3.3, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Pocillopora lacera Verrill, 1869) AHF 4.1, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Pocillopora lacera Verrill, 1869) AHF 4.2, geounit Panamanian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype HLD X2: 127-1, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype HLD X2: 127-13, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype HLD X2: 127-19, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype HLD X2: 127-23, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype HLD X2: 136-24, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40187, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40190, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40200, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40235, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MSI C-1013 [details]
Nontype MSI C-489 [details]
Nontype MSI C-622 [details]
Nontype MSI C-692 [details]
Nontype NMSR 8541, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8865, geounit Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8866, geounit Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR I/350/E3 [details]
Nontype NMSR I/388/E3 [details]
Nontype NMSR I/425/E3 [details]
Nontype NMSR I/461/E3 [details]
Nontype NMSR I/494/E3 [details]
Nontype NMSR I/517/E3 [details]
Nontype NMSR I/559/E3 [details]
Nontype NMSR I/560/E3 [details]
Nontype NMSR K 1 [details]
Nontype WAM 100-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 101-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 114-58, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 115-58, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 116-58 [details]
Nontype WAM 122-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 127-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 132-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 133-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 167-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 169-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 170-77 [details]
Nontype WAM 170-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 171-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 1-72, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 181-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 18-59, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 199-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 200-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 201-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 202-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 21-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 22-88, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 240-74, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 28-59, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 357-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 36-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 394-80, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 428-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 510-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 520-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 521-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 522-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 523-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 524-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 526-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 527-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 528-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 529-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 530-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 531-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 554-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 557-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 57-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 58-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 59-72, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 64-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 696-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 700-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 78-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 84-74, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 91-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 92-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 94-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 95-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Syntype (of Pocillopora diomedeae Vaughan, 1906) MCZ, geounit Chilean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Pocillopora cespitosa Dana, 1846) MCZ, geounit French Polynesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type MTQ G56546, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type WAM 503-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type WAM 525-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are branched, usually less than 30 cm tall. The species is distinguished from other species by having thinner branches and less regular verrucae. While small, regular verrucae exist, most of the protuberances are irregular and, are often not true verrucae at all but are more like incipient branches. As a result, Pocillopora damicornis exhibits greater branching than does P. verrucosa. Pocillopora damicornis occurs at all depths between the surface and 40 m deep or more, and is particularly abundant between 5 to 20 m. It is equally abundant in lagoonal areas and clear water reef slopes. Commonly forms monospecific, densely packed stands many tens of metres across in water 5 -10 m deep. The main habitat where it is not common is where exposure is high. By virtue of its wide depth range and its geographic distribution from this region to the Pacific coast of central America, it is a candidate for the most abundant coral species (Sheppard, 1998).
Verrucae and branches intergrade. Branches may be fine and widely separated (in calm environments) to very compact (on upper reef slopes). Colour: Pale brown, greenish or pink. Abundance: Very common. Occurs in all shallow-water habitats from wharf piles and mangrove swamps to exposed reef fronts (Veron, 1986).
A finer species than P. verrucosa, in which the verrucae often are as big as the branches and the corallites 0.8-1 mm across. Colour: varies from pink to green, brown or pale straw. Habitat: reef flats and shallow water substrates (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Remark Original combination in Sheppard (1998). Type locality: "Oceanus Asiatico" (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English raspberry coralcauliflower coral  [details]
German KeulenkoralleHimbeerkoralle  [details]
Japanese ハナヤサイサンゴ  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE2186wholecolony)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE2186wholeupper)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]