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Polychaeta source details

Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188.
38
Fauchald, K
1977
The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series
28:1-188
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
A review of the classification of the Class Polychaeta (Annelida) with comments on the characters used to identify the different included taxa has led to the recognition of seventeen orders. All taxa down to the generic level are defined and a phylogenetic sequence suggested. Keys are presented to the families and genera of the Polychaetes.
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Acesta Strelzov, 1973 accepted as Aricidea (Acmira) Hartley, 1981 (basis of record)
Acholoe Claparède, 1870 (additional source)
Acholoe squamosa (Delle Chiaje, 1827) (additional source)
Admetella McIntosh, 1885 (additional source)
Admetella longipedata (McIntosh, 1885) (basis of record)
Aglaophamus Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Aglaophamus lyratus Kinberg, 1866 (additional source)
Alciopa Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833 (additional source)
Alciopa reynaudi [auct. lapsus] accepted as Alciopa reynaudii Audouin & H Milne Edwards, 1833 (basis of record)
Alciopidae Ehlers, 1864 (additional source)
Alciopina Claparède & Panceri, 1867 (additional source)
Alentia Malmgren, 1865 (additional source)
Alentiana Hartman, 1942 (taxonomy source)
Alkmaria Horst, 1919 (additional source)
Alkmaria romijni Horst, 1919 (additional source)
Allia Strelzov, 1973 accepted as Aricidea (Strelzovia) Aguirrezabalaga, 2012 (basis of record)
Allmaniella McIntosh, 1885 (additional source)
Amaeana Hartman, 1959 (additional source)
Amage Malmgren, 1866 (additional source)
Amage auricula Malmgren, 1866 (additional source)
Amblyosyllis Grube, 1857 (additional source)
Amblyosyllis rhombeata Grube, 1857 (basis of record)
Ammotrypane Rathke, 1843 accepted as Ophelina Örsted, 1843 (basis of record)
Ammotrypane Rathke, 1843 accepted as Ophelina Örsted, 1843 (status source)
Ampharete Malmgren, 1866 (additional source)
Ampharete gracilis Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Anobothrus gracilis (Malmgren, 1866) (basis of record)
Ampharetidae Malmgren, 1866 (additional source)
Amphicora Ehrenberg, 1836 accepted as Fabricia Blainville, 1828 (basis of record)
Amphicora Ehrenberg, 1836 accepted as Fabricia Blainville, 1828 (source of synonymy)
Amphicora mediterranea Leydig, 1851 accepted as Amphiglena mediterranea (Leydig, 1851) (basis of record)
Amphicora mediterranea Leydig, 1851 accepted as Amphiglena mediterranea (Leydig, 1851) (source of synonymy)
Amphicora sabella Ehrenberg, 1836 accepted as Fabricia stellaris (Müller, 1774) (basis of record)
Amphicora sabella Ehrenberg, 1836 accepted as Fabricia stellaris (Müller, 1774) (source of synonymy)
Amphicteis Grube, 1850 (additional source)
Amphicteis acutifrons Grube, 1860 accepted as Ampharete acutifrons (Grube, 1860) (basis of record)
Amphicteis acutifrons Grube, 1860 accepted as Ampharete acutifrons (Grube, 1860) (source of synonymy)
Amphicteis fragilis Wollebaek, 1912 accepted as Lysippe fragilis (Wollebaek, 1912) (basis of record)
Amphicteis fragilis Wollebaek, 1912 accepted as Lysippe fragilis (Wollebaek, 1912) (source of synonymy)
Amphicteis invalida Grube, 1860 accepted as Hypania invalida (Grube, 1860) (basis of record)
Amphicteis invalida Grube, 1860 accepted as Hypania invalida (Grube, 1860) (source of synonymy)
Amphiglena Claparède, 1864 (additional source)
Amphinome Bruguière, 1789 (additional source)
Amphinome incarunculata Peters, 1854 accepted as Linopherus incarunculata (Peters, 1854) (basis of record)
Amphinome incarunculata Peters, 1854 accepted as Linopherus incarunculata (Peters, 1854) (source of synonymy)
Amphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Amphinomida (basis of record)
Amphinomidae Lamarck, 1818 (additional source)
Amphitrite Müller, 1771 (additional source)
Amphitrite affinis Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Neoamphitrite affinis (Malmgren, 1866) (additional source)
Amphitrite auricoma Müller, 1776 accepted as Amphictene auricoma (O.F. Müller, 1776) (basis of record)
Amphitrite bombyx Dalyell, 1853 accepted as Branchiomma bombyx (Dalyell, 1853) (additional source)
Amphitrite cincinnata Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Thelepus cincinnatus (Fabricius, 1780) (basis of record)
Amphitrite cincinnata Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Thelepus cincinnatus (Fabricius, 1780) (source of synonymy)
Amphitrite cristata Müller, 1776 accepted as Pista cristata (Müller, 1776) (basis of record)
Amphitrite gunneri Sars, 1835 accepted as Amphicteis gunneri (M. Sars, 1835) (basis of record)
Amphitrite gunneri Sars, 1835 accepted as Amphicteis gunneri (M. Sars, 1835) (source of synonymy)
Amphitrite nesidensis Delle Chiaje, 1828 accepted as Eupolymnia nesidensis (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (basis of record)
Amphitrite nesidensis Delle Chiaje, 1828 accepted as Eupolymnia nesidensis (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (source of synonymy)
Amphitrite plumosa Müller, 1776 accepted as Pherusa plumosa (Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Amphitrite plumosa Müller, 1776 accepted as Pherusa plumosa (Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Amphitrite vesiculosa Montagu, 1813 accepted as Acromegalomma vesiculosum (Montagu, 1813) (additional source)
Amphitrite volutacornis Montagu, 1804 accepted as Bispira volutacornis (Montagu, 1804) (source of synonymy)
Amphitrite volutacornis Montagu, 1804 accepted as Bispira volutacornis (Montagu, 1804) (basis of record)
Amphitritides Augener, 1922 (additional source)
Amphitritinae Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Terebellinae Johnston, 1846 (basis of record)
Amythasides Eliason, 1955 (additional source)
Amythasides macroglossus Eliason, 1955 (additional source)
Anaitides Czerniavsky, 1882 accepted as Phyllodoce Lamarck, 1818 (basis of record)
Ancistrosyllis McIntosh, 1878 (additional source)
Ancistrosyllis groenlandica McIntosh, 1878 (additional source)
Anobothrus Levinsen, 1884 (additional source)
Anomalorbis Vine, 1972 (basis of record)
Anoplosyllis Claparède, 1868 (additional source)
Antinoe sarsi Kinberg in Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Bylgides sarsi (Kinberg in Malmgren, 1866) (basis of record)
Antinoella sarsi (Kinberg in Malmgren, 1866) accepted as Bylgides sarsi (Kinberg in Malmgren, 1866) (additional source)
Antonbruunidae Fauchald, 1977 (original description)
Aonides Claparède, 1864 (additional source)
Aonides fulgens Levinsen, 1884 accepted as Paraonis fulgens (Levinsen, 1884) (basis of record)
Aonides oxycephala (Sars, 1862) (additional source)
Aparaonis Hartman, 1965 (basis of record)
Aphrodita Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Aphrodita carunculata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Hermodice carunculata (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Aphrodita carunculata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Hermodice carunculata (Pallas, 1766) (source of synonymy)
Aphrodita cirrhosa Pallas, 1766 accepted as Gattyana cirrhosa (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Aphrodita cirrhosa Pallas, 1766 accepted as Gattyana cirrhosa (Pallas, 1766) (source of synonymy)
Aphrodita clava Montagu, 1808 accepted as Lepidonotus clava (Montagu, 1808) (basis of record)
Aphrodita clava Montagu, 1808 accepted as Lepidonotus clava (Montagu, 1808) (source of synonymy)
Aphrodita minuta Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Pholoe minuta (Fabricius, 1780) (basis of record)
Aphrodita minuta Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Pholoe minuta (Fabricius, 1780) (source of synonymy)
Aphroditidae Malmgren, 1867 (additional source)
Aphroditiformia (basis of record)
Apistobranchidae Mesnil & Caullery, 1898 (additional source)
Apistobranchus Levinsen, 1883 (additional source)
Apneumea Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (source of synonymy)
Apomatus Philippi, 1844 (additional source)
Apomatus ampulliferus Philippi, 1844 (additional source)
Arabella Grube, 1850 (additional source)
Arabella iricolor (Montagu, 1804) (additional source)
Arabellidae Hartman, 1944 accepted as Oenonidae Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Archiannelida (additional source)
Europe for Nereidae [auctt.] 
European waters (ERMS scope) for Scalibregmatidae Malmgren, 1867 
Italian Exclusive Economic Zone for Ichthyotomus sanguinarius Eisig, 1906 
 Authority

Clymene Savigny, 1818; also indeterminable and therefore invalid genus [details]

 Authority

Malmgren, 1865 [details]

 Authority

Örsted, 1845, in Fauchald (1977). [details]

 Authority

(Blainville, 1828) [details]

 Authority

M. Sars, 1850 [details]

 Authority

Kinberg, 1855 [details]

 Authority

de Quatrefages, 1866 [details]

 Authority

(Langerhans, 1880) [details]

 Authority

Claparède, 1870a [details]

 Authority

Örsted, 1845 [details]

 Authority

(Grube, 1860) [details]

 Classification

Placed under Spionida [details]

 Classification

The Archiannelida are not a proper taxonomic group, and the five families included are not particularly closely ... [details]

 Classification

Placed under Spionida [details]

 Classification

Wesenberg-Lund (1950:15) was uncertain if Hesiosyllis belonged in Syllidae, presumably hence the name. Fauchald ... [details]

 Classification

Placed in family Cirratulidae by Fauchald (1977) [details]

 description

Median antenna present. Modified setae neuropodial; each strongly curved distally, or bifid with several aristae or ... [details]

 description

Median antenna present. All setae slender capillaries; those in the neuropodial fascicles often shorter than the ... [details]

 description

Median antenna present. Modified setae slightly thicker than the non-modified capillary setae; somewhat more abruptly ... [details]

 description

Setae present in the first segment; three pairs of branchiae on segments 2-4. All setae simple capillaries. [details]

 description

Median antenna present; modified setae either pseudocomposite or recurved with a subterminal arista arising from ... [details]

 description

ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium, abdominal branchiae and all thoracic setae crenulated capillaries. Twelve ... [details]

 description
 for 

ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium, branchiae not present before segment 8; posterior thoracic neuropodia with two ... [details]

 description

Median antenna present or absent; modified setae present in the postbranchial notopodial fascicles. [details]

 description

Prostomium without appendages; palps absent. At least one asetigerous anterior segment present. Proboscis a ventral ... [details]

 description

Body with maximally 15 segments; one achaetous segment present. Setae thick, marginally coarsely dentate or smooth. [details]

 description

ORBINIINAE with conical prostomium; branchiae and accessory papillae absent. Separation between thorax and abdomen ... [details]

 description

ORBINIINAE with rounded or truncate prostomium, branchiae first present from any segment from 2-23. Maximally two ... [details]

 description

Questids with serrated capillary setae, bidentate hooks and trifurcate spines with the middle tine shorter and ... [details]

 description

ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium and first pair of branchiae on setiger 5-9. Posterior thoracic parapodia with ... [details]

 description

PROTOARICIINAE with rounded or pointed prostomium and without branchiae. Thoracic setae all camerated or crenulated ... [details]

 description
 for Orbiniida

Prostomium without appendages; maximally two asetigerous anterior segments present; no additional cephalized ... [details]

 description

Orbiniida with lateral parapodia in a thoracic region and, usually, dorsal parapodia in an abdominal region. ... [details]

 description

Nuchal organs on the peristomium; median antenna absent. Modified setae absent. [details]

 description

Body long and slender with lateral parapodia. Prostomium with a single antenna or antennae absent. Branchiae ... [details]

 description

Nuchal organs prostomial; median antenna absent. Modified setae neuropodial. [details]

 description

ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium and branchiae first present from setiger 5-7. Posterior thoracic parapodia with ... [details]

 description

PROTOARICIINAE with rounded prostomium and branchiae limited to abdominal segments. Thoracic neurosetae include ... [details]

 description

PROTOARICIINAE with pointed prostomium and branchiae present on all but a few anterior segments ( from setiger 3 in ... [details]

 description
 for 

PROTOARICIINAE with rounded prostomium and stout branchiae present from setiger 8. Transition from thorax to ... [details]

 description

Nuchal organs peristomial; median antenna absent. Modified setae neuropodial. Prostomial terminal sense organs ... [details]

 description

PROTOARCIINAE with strongly pointed prostomium and branchiae present on the abdomen. Notosetae include crenulated ... [details]

 Description

PROTOARICIINAE with pointed prostomium and branchiae present on the abdomen. All setae crenulated capillaries.  [details]

 description

ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium and branchiae first present from setiger 5 or later. Accessory papillae never ... [details]

 description

Species with first branchiae on setiger 5-6; with heavy emerging notacicula in posterior setigers. [details]

 description

Species with first branchiae on setigers 8-10 or later; without emerging notacicula in posterior setigers [details]

 description

Nuchal organs peristomial; median antenna absent. Modified setae neuropodial. Prostomial terminal sense organs ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Thorax with 18 or 19 segments; one anterior asetigerous segment present; first setiger with notopodia only. Up to ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Orbiniinae with pointed prostomium, abdominal branchiae and all thoracic setae crenulated capillaries. Twelve ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Orbiniinae with pointed prostomium, abdominal branchiae and all thoracic setae crenulated capillaries. Twelve ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Fauchald (1977: 102): "Body ovate, caruncle high, loosely plaited and rugose. Branchiae ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Pre later synonymy, the diagnosis in Fauchald (1977:16) was: ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium, branchiae not ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Diagnosis by Fauchald (1977): Three antennae and two pairs of tentacular cirri. Prostomium with paired posteriorly ... [details]

 Diagnosis

"Body elongated; prostomium T-shaped; eyes present. One asetigerous segment present. Branchiae present. Dorsal cirri ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Diagnosis by Fauchald (1977: 132), in subfamily Thelepinae (Terebellidae): "Two pairs of sessile branchial ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Body elongated; prostomium quadrangular with cirriform long lobes and nuchal organs. Dorsal and ventral cirri absent; ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Diagnosis from Fauchald (1977): Body elongated, prostomium T-shaped. One asetigerous segment present. Branchiae ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Body elongated; prostomium T-shaped, one asetigerous segment present. Eyes present. Branchiae present. Acicular ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Body elongated, prostomium T-shaped; one asetigerous segment present. Branchiae absent; ventral cirri present on ... [details]

 Distribution

Peru, Pacific cost of South America. [details]

 Etymology

Not stated in the original description. It seems to be composed by the name of the genus Chloeia Lamarck, 1818, ... [details]

 Etymology

Not stated. The specific epithet branchiatus is a Latin adjective meaning 'having branchiae' or 'having gills', and ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet peruanus refers to the type locality of the species, Peru.  [details]

 Nomenclature

As noted by Fauchald nearly 40 years ago (guide to genera, 1977:85), the experimental and ecological literature ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Fauchald (1977:66) created the new name Pholoididae to replace Peisidicidae because of the synonymy of Peisidice. ... [details]

 Nomenclature

A possible source of confusion with Pholoe is the sigalionid genus Pholoides, and superseded family name  [details]

 Remark

Placed in family Spirorbidae in Vine , subfamily Spirorbinae in <198>. Type species A. manuatus Vine 1972 in Fauchald, 1977<246>. [details]

 Remark

Type species C. websteri Banedict 1887 in Fauchald, 1977<246>. [details]

 Remark

Placed in family Spirorbidae in Vine , subfamily Spirorbinae in <198>. Type species Spirorbis (Laeospira) orientalis ... [details]

 Remark

Type species Syllis spongicola Grube 1855 in Fauchald, 1977<246>. [details]

 Remark

Type species Aphrodita carunculata Pallas 1766 in Fauchald, 1977 <246>. [details]

 Remark

Type species H. commensalis Willey 1905 in Fauchald, 1977 <246>. [details]

 Remark

Type species Spio mecznikowianus Claparede 1870 in Fauchald, 1977<246>. [details]

 Remark

Type species P. indica Monro 1937 in Fauchald, 1977<246>. [details]

 Remark

Type species P. terricola Quatrefages 1865 in Fauchald, 1977. Petaloproctus terricola is the original spelling ... [details]

 Remark

Placed in the Family Spirorbidae in Fauchald, 1977<246>, and Vine, 1988 , but in the Family Serpulidae in NODC<209> and ... [details]

 Remark

Type species S. grubii in Fauchald, 1977<246>. [details]

 Remark

Type species S. simplex in Fauchald, 1977<246>. [details]

 Remark

Type species Syllis krohnii Ehlers 1864 in Fauchald, 1977<246>. [details]

 Spelling

The single 'i' spelling appears in Dales & George (1972) and in Fauchald (1977). They are unlikely to be the ... [details]

 Spelling

Lopadorhynchus is a very common misspelling and was used in the Fauchald (1977) guide to genera [details]

 Spelling

Misspelled 'Nainereis' in the index of Fauchald (1977), but correct 'Naineris' in the identification key (p. 15) ... [details]

 Spelling

Misspelling in Fauchald (1977 pink book: 65) for Norepea Baird, 1865. Placed as invalid synonym of Iphione [details]

 Spelling

The spelling pauliana, instead of pauliani, seems to have been introduced by Hartman (1965: 49). It is repeated in ... [details]

 Synonymy

Fauchald (1977) treated Capitomastus as valid, as did Hartman (1947:400; 1959:153). Warren (1991:281) sunk it into ... [details]

 Synonymy

Nothria is often considered a synoym of Onuphis. This is probably correct; species of both genera resemble each ... [details]

 Synonymy

Fauchald (1977) listed Pentacirrus as a synonym of Timarete. The basis of this assignment is unclear. The genus was ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymised with Ophiodromus Sars, 1862 [details]

 Synonymy

Listed as a synonym of Lumbrineris. But Fauchald notes that the genus Lumbrineris, as treated by him, contains a ... [details]

 Taxonomy

In creating Chloenopsis Fauchald, 1977 (and the content of the first version of this WoRMS record as created by ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Chloenopsis Fauchald, 1977 may be valid simply as a new genus for Chloenea sensu McIntosh and C. atlantica ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Created for Chloenea atlantica which (fide Fauchald, 1977) is not a Chloeia.  [details]

 Taxonomy

Fauchald, K. (1977) refers to Euphrosine as first described by Savigny, 1818 instead of Lamarck, 1818. [details]

 Taxonomy

The generic subdivision given in Fauchald (1977) differs markedly from the more traditional pattern summarized by ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Fauchald (1977: 85) considered the genus Platysyllis, based on its type species P. semperiana, as indeterminable.  [details]

 Taxonomy

Fauchald (1977: 85) considered the genus Platysyllis, with its single species P. semperiana, as indeterminable.  [details]

 Type designation

Type species Dentalium subulatum Deshayes, 1825 = Dentalium arietinum O. F. Müller, 1776 designated by Bush, 1905 [details]

 Type designation

Jouin (1966) did not designate a type from between P. chaetifer and P. symbioticus. Fauchald (1977:155) appears to ... [details]