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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome Bruguière, 1789 
AphiaID: 129183

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrantia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinomida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinomidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinominae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphrodita rostrata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766) (type by subsequent designation)
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinomidae Lamarck, 1818
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinominae Lamarck, 1818
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinominae Lamarck, 1818
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome (Pleione) Lamarck, 1818 (subjective synonym, here an alternate representation as subgenus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColonianella Kinberg, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPleione Lamarck, 1818 (subjective synonym)
Sources  original description Bruguière, Léon G. (1789). [POLYCHAETA CONTEXT] Encyclopedie methodique. Histoire naturelle des Vers. Volume 1. 1-344 . Panckouche & Plomteux. A. Bul. Paris & Liege., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33702884
page(s): 44 [details]

redescription Borda, E.; Kudenov, J. D.; Bienhold, C.; Rouse, G. W. 2012. Towards a revised Amphinomidae (Annelida, Amphinomida): description and affinities of a new genus and species from the Nile Deep-sea Fan, Mediterranean Sea. Zoologica Scripta 41(3): 307-325, available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00529.x
page(s): 314; note: restrict genus diagnosis to a heart-shaped caruncle, with unidentate neurohooks in adults, chaetiger 1 dorsally complete [details]

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taxa (51)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome alba Baird in McIntosh, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome anatifera Krishnamoorthi & Daniel, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome bruguieresi Quatrefages, 1866
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome carnea Grube, 1856
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome coccinea Renier, 1804
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome djiboutensis Gravier, 1902
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome djiboutiensis Gravier, 1901
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome eolides (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome jukesi Baird, 1868
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome latissima Schmarda, 1861
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome maldivensis Potts, 1909
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome microcarunculata Treadwell, 1901
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome nigrobranchiata Horst, 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome praelonga Haswell, 1878
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome savignyi Brulle, 1832
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome stylifera Grube, 1860
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome umbo Grube, 1870
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome vagans (Savigny, 1822)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome abhortoni Quatrefages, 1866 (taxon inquirendum, incertae sedis)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome denudata Quatrefages, 1866 (taxon inquirendum, incertae sedis)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome longosetosa Horst, 1886 (taxon inquirendum, incertae sedis, perhaps A. rostrata)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome pallida Quatrefages, 1866 (taxon inquirendum, incertae sedis)

Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome (Linopherus) Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinopherus Quatrefages, 1866
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome (Linopherus) brevis Grube, 1878 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinopherus brevis (Grube, 1878)
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome (Pleione) Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome Bruguière, 1789
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome (Pleione) tetraedra (Bruguière, 1789) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome capillata Bruguière, 1789 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChloeia flava (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome carunculata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermodice carunculata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome complanata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe complanata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome didymobranchiata Baird, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermodice carunculata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome encopochaeta Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe encopochaeta (Schmarda, 1861)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome incarunculata Peters, 1854 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinopherus incarunculata (Peters, 1854)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome indica Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe indica (Schmarda, 1861)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome jamaicensis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe complanata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome lepadis Verrill, 1885 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome longicirra Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe longicirra (Schmarda, 1861)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome luzoniae Kinberg, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome macrotricha Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe complanata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome natans Kinberg, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome nitida Haswell, 1878 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome jukesi Baird, 1868
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome pallasii Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome paupera Grube, 1856 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe paupera (Grube, 1856)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome philippensis (Grube, 1878) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLenora philippinensis Grube, 1878
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome pulchra Horst, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome jukesi Baird, 1868
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome quatrefagesi Kinberg, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rosea Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome carnea Grube, 1856
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome sanguinea Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermodice sanguinea (Schmarda, 1861)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome sericata Fischli, 1903 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPherecardia lobata Horst, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPherecardia striata (Kinberg, 1857)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome smaragdina Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermodice smaragdina (Schmarda, 1861)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome tetraedra Bruguière, 1789 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Feedingtypes  omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEditor's comment Amphinome genus type species There seems to be some confused interpretation in recent literature of the nomenclatural history of Amphinome. Here is a clarification. Aphrodita rostrata Pallas is the type species of Amphinome. Bruguière included four Aphrodita species of Pallas in his new genus Amphinome, but superfluously gave two of them replacement names, A. capillata for Aphrodita flava, and A. tetraedra for Aphrodita rostrata. These replacement names are effectively unjustified emendations of Pallas's epithets (species names simply cannot be renamed ad lib) and become invalid objective synonyms of the original names (but would be available names for nomenclature if required). It is important to understand that they are not representing new taxa that enter subjective synonymy. Two other Aphrodita, A. complanata, and A. carunculata were legitimately recombined in Amphinome by Bruguière, although today they belong elsewhere as type species of Eurythoe and Hermodice respectively, and the third original Amphinome, Aphrodita flava, became type species of Chloeia.
Bruguière did not designate an Amphinome type species, but the only possible Amphinome type species is thus the only originally included species remaining, which is Aphrodita rostrata Pallas 1766. This is as given in the Hartman catalogue (1959:128) and the Fauchald genera guide (1977:102), and earlier designated, or at least made obvious, by Kinberg (1867). The inclusion in Borda et al (2012:312, 315) of Kinberg as apparent author of the valid type species, Aphrodita rostrata (now Amphinome rostrata), is a simple mistake. The statement of Borda et al (2012:312) that "Bruguière first listed Amphinome (Aphrodita) flava Pallas 1766 as a nominal type of Amphinome" is puzzling as all included species are potential types, and listing order is unimportant. [comments of G. Read, February 2016] [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Named after a Nereid of Tethys to indicate the genus is analogous to but differing from nereids. Bruguière 1789 wrote: "Ce nom, suivant les mythologistes, est celui d'une néréide de la suite de Téthys : nous l'avons adopté de préférence à tout autre, afin de mieux indiquer la grande analogie que ces vers nous paroissent avoir avec ceux du genre des néréides, dont ils different cependant à bien des égards" [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Borda et al (2012: 315) suggest that Amphinome rostrata may be the only valid species of the genus, although indicating more re-examination of available types is needed. Borda et al (2012: 314) proposed "the removal of the following species from Amphinome sensu stricto, as emended earlier, and declare them incertae sedis" These species are Amphinome abhortoni Quatrefages 1866, Amphinome alba Baird in McIntosh 1895, Amphinome anatifera Krishnamoorthi & Daniel 1950, Amphinome coccinea Renier 1804, Amphinome denudata Quatrefages 1866, Amphinome djiboutiensis Gravier 1902, Amphinome eolides Lamarck 1818, Amphinome latissima Schmarda 1861, Amphinome maldivensis Potts 1909, Amphinome microcarunculata Treadwell 1901, Amphinome nigrobranchiata Horst 1912, Amphinome pallida Quatrefages 1865, Amphinome philippensis Grube 1878, Amphinome stylifera Grube 1860, Amphinome umbo Grube 1870. These species can be placed as incertae sedis, however, those that are original combinations in Amphinome obviously cannot be removed from Amphinome, regardless that their original descriptions might not fit the concept defined by the type species Amphinome rostrata.

Some of the suggested incertae sedis do have types, including those of Quatrefages. The following are reported at MNHN by Solis-Weiss et al (2004:S2) : Amphinome abhortoni Quatrefages, 1866, Mauritius; Amphinome bruguieresi Quatrefages, 1866, Seychelles; Amphinome denudata Quatrefages, 1866, New Caledonia; Amphinome djiboutiensis Gravier, 1901, Djibouti; Amphinome pallasii Quatrefages, 1866, Antilles; Amphinome pallida Quatrefages, 1866, locality unknown; Amphinome savignyi Brullé, 1832, Sicily. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species In WoRMS the type species of Amphinome has always been recorded as Aphrodita rostrata Pallas, 1766. There is no obvious issue in nomenclature that would replace Pallas's Aphrodita rostrata name as type species of Amphinome. The presentation of Kinberg as apparent author of the valid species, Amphinome rostrata, as adopted in Borda et al 2012:312 for the type species of Amphinome, is incorrect (see the Amphinome rostrata record for further information) The species name comes only from Pallas, one hundred years earlier. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129183
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2015-11-16 21:49:47Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2015). Amphinome Bruguière, 1789. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2016). World Polychaeta database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129183 on 2016-12-05