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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome Bruguière, 1789

129183 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129183)
accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphrodita rostrata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766) (type by subsequent designation)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome (Pleione) Lamarck, 1818 (subjective synonym, here an alternate representation as subgenus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColonianella Kinberg, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPleione Lamarck, 1818 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome alba Baird in McIntosh, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome anatifera Krishnamoorthi & Daniel, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome bruguieresi Quatrefages, 1866
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome carnea Grube, 1856
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome coccinea Renier, 1804
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome djiboutensis Gravier, 1902
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome djiboutiensis Gravier, 1901
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome eolides (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome jukesi Baird, 1868
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome latissima Schmarda, 1861
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome maldivensis Potts, 1909
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome microcarunculata Treadwell, 1901
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome nigrobranchiata Horst, 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome praelonga Haswell, 1878
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome savignyi Brulle, 1832
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome stylifera Grube, 1860
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome umbo Grube, 1870
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome vagans (Savigny, 1822)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome abhortoni Quatrefages, 1866 (taxon inquirendum, incertae sedis)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome denudata Quatrefages, 1866 (taxon inquirendum, incertae sedis)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome longosetosa Horst, 1886 (taxon inquirendum, incertae sedis, perhaps A. rostrata)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome pallida Quatrefages, 1866 (taxon inquirendum, incertae sedis)

Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome (Linopherus) Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinopherus Quatrefages, 1866 (superseded subsequent rank change)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome (Linopherus) brevis Grube, 1878 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinopherus brevis (Grube, 1878) (superseded original combination)
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome (Pleione) Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome Bruguière, 1789 (subjective synonym, here an alternate representation as subgenus)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome (Pleione) tetraedra (Bruguière, 1789) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766) (superseded subsequent combination of objective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome capillata Bruguière, 1789 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChloeia flava (Pallas, 1766) (superfluous replacement name for Aphrodita flava)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome carunculata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermodice carunculata (Pallas, 1766) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome complanata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe complanata (Pallas, 1766) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome didymobranchiata Baird, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermodice carunculata (Pallas, 1766) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome encopochaeta Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe encopochaeta (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome incarunculata Peters, 1854 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinopherus incarunculata (Peters, 1854) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome indica Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe indica (Schmarda, 1861) (Junior homonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome jamaicensis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe complanata (Pallas, 1766) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome lepadis Verrill, 1885 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome longicirra Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe longicirra (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome luzoniae Kinberg, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome macrotricha Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe complanata (Pallas, 1766) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome natans Kinberg, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome nitida Haswell, 1878 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome jukesi Baird, 1868
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome pallasii Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome paupera Grube, 1856 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurythoe paupera (Grube, 1856) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome philippensis (Grube, 1878) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLenora philippinensis Grube, 1878 (basionym is incertae sedis, not in Amphinome)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome pulchra Horst, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome jukesi Baird, 1868 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome quatrefagesi Kinberg, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rosea Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome carnea Grube, 1856 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome sanguinea Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermodice sanguinea (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome sericata Fischli, 1903 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPherecardia lobata Horst, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPherecardia striata (Kinberg, 1857)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome smaragdina Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermodice smaragdina (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome tetraedra Bruguière, 1789 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766) (objective synonym as a superfluous replacement name for Aphrodita rostrata)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Bruguière, Léon G. (1789). [POLYCHAETA CONTEXT] Encyclopedie methodique. Histoire naturelle des Vers. Volume 1. 1-344 . Panckouche & Plomteux. A. Bul. Paris & Liege., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33702884
page(s): 44 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote In WoRMS the type species of Amphinome has...  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species In WoRMS the type species of Amphinome has always been recorded as Aphrodita rostrata Pallas, 1766. There is no obvious issue in nomenclature that would replace Pallas's Aphrodita rostrata name as type species of Amphinome. The presentation of Kinberg as apparent author of the valid species, Amphinome rostrata, as adopted in Borda et al 2012:312 for the type species of Amphinome, is incorrect (see the Amphinome rostrata record for further information) The species name comes only from Pallas, one hundred years earlier. [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Named after a Nereid of Tethys to indicate the...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Named after a Nereid of Tethys to indicate the genus is analogous to but differing from nereids. Bruguière 1789 wrote: "Ce nom, suivant les mythologistes, est celui d'une néréide de la suite de Téthys : nous l'avons adopté de préférence à tout autre, afin de mieux indiquer la grande analogie que ces vers nous paroissent avoir avec ceux du genre des néréides, dont ils different cependant à bien des égards" [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Borda et al (2012: 315) suggest that Amphinome...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Borda et al (2012: 315) suggest that Amphinome rostrata may be the only valid species of the genus, although indicating more re-examination of available types is needed. Borda et al (2012: 314) proposed "the removal of the following species from Amphinome sensu stricto, as emended earlier, and declare them incertae sedis" These species are Amphinome abhortoni Quatrefages 1866, Amphinome alba Baird in McIntosh 1895, Amphinome anatifera Krishnamoorthi & Daniel 1950, Amphinome coccinea Renier 1804, Amphinome denudata Quatrefages 1866, Amphinome djiboutiensis Gravier 1902, Amphinome eolides Lamarck 1818, Amphinome latissima Schmarda 1861, Amphinome maldivensis Potts 1909, Amphinome microcarunculata Treadwell 1901, Amphinome nigrobranchiata Horst 1912, Amphinome pallida Quatrefages 1865, Amphinome philippensis Grube 1878, Amphinome stylifera Grube 1860, Amphinome umbo Grube 1870. These species can be placed as incertae sedis, however, those that are original combinations in Amphinome obviously cannot be removed from Amphinome, regardless that their original descriptions might not fit the concept defined by the type species Amphinome rostrata.

Some of the suggested incertae sedis do have types, including those of Quatrefages. The following are reported at MNHN by Solis-Weiss et al (2004:S2) : Amphinome abhortoni Quatrefages, 1866, Mauritius; Amphinome bruguieresi Quatrefages, 1866, Seychelles; Amphinome denudata Quatrefages, 1866, New Caledonia; Amphinome djiboutiensis Gravier, 1901, Djibouti; Amphinome pallasii Quatrefages, 1866, Antilles; Amphinome pallida Quatrefages, 1866, locality unknown; Amphinome savignyi Brullé, 1832, Sicily. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species In WoRMS the type species of Amphinome has...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species In WoRMS the type species of Amphinome has always been recorded as Aphrodita rostrata Pallas, 1766. There is no obvious issue in nomenclature that would replace Pallas's Aphrodita rostrata name as type species of Amphinome. The presentation of Kinberg as apparent author of the valid species, Amphinome rostrata, as adopted in Borda et al 2012:312 for the type species of Amphinome, is incorrect (see the Amphinome rostrata record for further information) The species name comes only from Pallas, one hundred years earlier. [details]
Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2015). Amphinome Bruguière, 1789. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129183 on 2017-11-21

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2015-11-16 21:49:47Z
changed


original description Bruguière, Léon G. (1789). [POLYCHAETA CONTEXT] Encyclopedie methodique. Histoire naturelle des Vers. Volume 1. 1-344 . Panckouche & Plomteux. A. Bul. Paris & Liege., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33702884
page(s): 44 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPleione Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck, Jean Baptiste de. (1818). [USE FOR POLYCHAETA = Vol. 5. Annelides of ...] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie]. Paris, Deterville, 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 329 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorColonianella Kinberg, 1867) Kinberg, J.G.H. (1867). Om Amphinomernas systematik. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 24(3): 83-91., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100696#page/93/mode/1up
page(s): 89; note: erected for Amphinome rostrata [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

redescription Borda, E.; Kudenov, J. D.; Bienhold, C.; Rouse, G. W. 2012. Towards a revised Amphinomidae (Annelida, Amphinomida): description and affinities of a new genus and species from the Nile Deep-sea Fan, Mediterranean Sea. Zoologica Scripta 41(3): 307-325
page(s): 314; note: restrict genus diagnosis to a heart-shaped caruncle, with unidentate neurohooks in adults, chaetiger 1 dorsally complete [details]   

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPleione Lamarck, 1818) Grube, A.E. 1850. Die Familien der Anneliden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin, 16(1): 249-364., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31180#page/257/mode/1up
page(s): 288; note: places all Lamarck's Pleione members in Amphinome, although at least two appear to belong elsewhere [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphinome (Pleione) Lamarck, 1818) Cuvier G. 1836-1849. Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux, et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. Edition [3] accompagnée de planches gravées... par une réunion de disciples de Cuvier, MM: Audouin, Blanchard, Deshayes, Alcide d’Orbigny, Doyère, Dugès, Duvernoy, Laurillard, Milne-Edwards, Roulin & Valenciennes. Text, 11 vol.; Atlas, 11 vol. Paris. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/39612
page(s): plate 8; note: In this 'disciples' edition of Cuvier, Pleione is a subgenus of Amphinome in the plate 8 caption [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPleione Lamarck, 1818) Savigny, Jules-César. (1822). Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces. Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 1(3):1-128., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41329897
page(s): 59 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorColonianella Kinberg, 1867) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628.
page(s): 132; note: reports as synonym of Amphinome [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEditor's comment Amphinome genus type species There seems to be some confused interpretation in recent literature of the nomenclatural history of Amphinome. Here is a clarification. Aphrodita rostrata Pallas is the type species of Amphinome. Bruguière included four Aphrodita species of Pallas in his new genus Amphinome, but superfluously gave two of them replacement names, A. capillata for Aphrodita flava, and A. tetraedra for Aphrodita rostrata. These replacement names are effectively unjustified emendations of Pallas's epithets (species names simply cannot be renamed ad lib) and become invalid objective synonyms of the original names (but would be available names for nomenclature if required). It is important to understand that they are not representing new taxa that enter subjective synonymy. Two other Aphrodita, A. complanata, and A. carunculata were legitimately recombined in Amphinome by Bruguière, although today they belong elsewhere as type species of Eurythoe and Hermodice respectively, and the third original Amphinome, Aphrodita flava, became type species of Chloeia.
Bruguière did not designate an Amphinome type species, but the only possible Amphinome type species is thus the only originally included species remaining, which is Aphrodita rostrata Pallas 1766. This is as given in the Hartman catalogue (1959:128) and the Fauchald genera guide (1977:102), and earlier designated, or at least made obvious, by Kinberg (1867). The inclusion in Borda et al (2012:312, 315) of Kinberg as apparent author of the valid type species, Aphrodita rostrata (now Amphinome rostrata), is a simple mistake. The statement of Borda et al (2012:312) that "Bruguière first listed Amphinome (Aphrodita) flava Pallas 1766 as a nominal type of Amphinome" is puzzling as all included species are potential types, and listing order is unimportant. [comments of G. Read, February 2016] [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Named after a Nereid of Tethys to indicate the genus is analogous to but differing from nereids. Bruguière 1789 wrote: "Ce nom, suivant les mythologistes, est celui d'une néréide de la suite de Téthys : nous l'avons adopté de préférence à tout autre, afin de mieux indiquer la grande analogie que ces vers nous paroissent avoir avec ceux du genre des néréides, dont ils different cependant à bien des égards" [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Borda et al (2012: 315) suggest that Amphinome rostrata may be the only valid species of the genus, although indicating more re-examination of available types is needed. Borda et al (2012: 314) proposed "the removal of the following species from Amphinome sensu stricto, as emended earlier, and declare them incertae sedis" These species are Amphinome abhortoni Quatrefages 1866, Amphinome alba Baird in McIntosh 1895, Amphinome anatifera Krishnamoorthi & Daniel 1950, Amphinome coccinea Renier 1804, Amphinome denudata Quatrefages 1866, Amphinome djiboutiensis Gravier 1902, Amphinome eolides Lamarck 1818, Amphinome latissima Schmarda 1861, Amphinome maldivensis Potts 1909, Amphinome microcarunculata Treadwell 1901, Amphinome nigrobranchiata Horst 1912, Amphinome pallida Quatrefages 1865, Amphinome philippensis Grube 1878, Amphinome stylifera Grube 1860, Amphinome umbo Grube 1870. These species can be placed as incertae sedis, however, those that are original combinations in Amphinome obviously cannot be removed from Amphinome, regardless that their original descriptions might not fit the concept defined by the type species Amphinome rostrata.

Some of the suggested incertae sedis do have types, including those of Quatrefages. The following are reported at MNHN by Solis-Weiss et al (2004:S2) : Amphinome abhortoni Quatrefages, 1866, Mauritius; Amphinome bruguieresi Quatrefages, 1866, Seychelles; Amphinome denudata Quatrefages, 1866, New Caledonia; Amphinome djiboutiensis Gravier, 1901, Djibouti; Amphinome pallasii Quatrefages, 1866, Antilles; Amphinome pallida Quatrefages, 1866, locality unknown; Amphinome savignyi Brullé, 1832, Sicily. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species In WoRMS the type species of Amphinome has always been recorded as Aphrodita rostrata Pallas, 1766. There is no obvious issue in nomenclature that would replace Pallas's Aphrodita rostrata name as type species of Amphinome. The presentation of Kinberg as apparent author of the valid species, Amphinome rostrata, as adopted in Borda et al 2012:312 for the type species of Amphinome, is incorrect (see the Amphinome rostrata record for further information) The species name comes only from Pallas, one hundred years earlier. [details]
 



Feeding Type
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]