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Polychaeta taxon details

Orbinia Quatrefages, 1866

129420  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129420)

accepted
Genus
Aricia Savigny, 1822 (replaced junior homonym)
Orbinia (Orbinia) Quatrefages, 1866 (superseded as nominal subgenus)
Species Orbinia americana Day, 1973
Species Orbinia angrapequensis (Augener, 1918)
Species Orbinia armandi (McIntosh, 1910)
Species Orbinia bioreti (Fauvel, 1919)
Species Orbinia camposiensis Leão & Santos, 2016
Species Orbinia cornidei (Rioja, 1934)
Species Orbinia dicrochaeta Wu, 1962
Species Orbinia edwardsi (McIntosh, 1910)
Species Orbinia exarmata (Fauvel, 1932)
Species Orbinia glebushki Averincev, 1990
Species Orbinia johnsoni (Moore, 1909)
Species Orbinia latreillii (Audouin & H Milne Edwards, 1833)
Species Orbinia monroi Day, 1955
Species Orbinia oligopapillata López, Cladera & San Martín, 2006
Species Orbinia orensanzi Blake, 2017
Species Orbinia papillosa (Ehlers, 1897)
Species Orbinia riseri (Pettibone, 1957)
Species Orbinia sagitta Leão & Santos, 2016
Species Orbinia sertulata (Savigny, 1822)
Species Orbinia swani Pettibone, 1957
Species Orbinia vietnamensis Gallardo, 1968
Species Orbinia wui Sun & Li, 2018

Subgenus Orbinia (Orbinia) Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Orbinia Quatrefages, 1866 (superseded as nominal subgenus)
Subgenus Orbinia (Phylo) Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Phylo Kinberg, 1866
  » Species Orbinia (Phylo) felix Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Phylo felix Kinberg, 1866
  » Species Orbinia (Phylo) grubei McIntosh, 1910 accepted as Phylo grubei (McIntosh, 1910) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Orbinia (Phylo) kupfferi (Ehlers, 1874) accepted as Phylo kupfferi (Ehlers, 1874) (superseded recombination)
  » Species Orbinia (Phylo) minima Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1990 accepted as Phylo felix Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
  » Species Orbinia (Phylo) norvegica (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) accepted as Phylo norvegicus (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Orbinia cuvierii (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) accepted as Orbinia sertulata (Savigny, 1822) (subjective synonym)
Species Orbinia dubia Day, 1955 accepted as Scolaricia dubia (Day, 1955) (superseded original combination)
Species Orbinia foetida (Claparède, 1868) accepted as Phylo foetida (Claparède, 1868) (superseded recombination)
Species Orbinia grubei (McIntosh, 1910) accepted as Phylo grubei (McIntosh, 1910) (superseded recombination)
Species Orbinia kupfferi (Ehlers, 1875) accepted as Phylo kupfferi (Ehlers, 1874) (superseded recombination)
Species Orbinia latreilli [Auctt.] accepted as Orbinia latreillii (Audouin & H Milne Edwards, 1833) (misspelling)
Species Orbinia ornata (Verrill, 1873) accepted as Phylo ornatus (Verrill, 1873) (incorrect former recombination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
 Quatrefages, A. (1866). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. <b>Volume 2.</b>. Première partie. 1-336. Deuxième Partie. 337-794. Explication des planches p.1-24. planches 1-20. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=M_xNAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 288 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Hartman (1957: 256) states O. cuvieri as...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Hartman (1957: 256) states O. cuvieri as Aricia sertulata was the first species attributed to Aricia Savigny, and that thus "the genotype of Orbinia can be only O. cuvieri". This is not correct. Aricia sertulata is for all time the type species of Orbinia by monotypy (Quatrefages placed only Aricia sertulata in his new genus Orbinia), regardless if a later worker synonymises it (here A. sertulata is in any case the senior name). Synonymy is subjective and can change, type species are permanently decided by circumstances.
It appears Quatrefages did not know Aricia was a junior homonym as he (quite wrongly) continued Aricia for other species. Pettibone (1957: 159) comments on the confusion and correctly states Quatrefages by present day practice should have done the opposite - place the other names under Orbinia and left A sertulata, which Savigny (wrongly) stated had small antennae, in Aricia. [details]
Etymology Not stated in the original description. Orbinia is a female personal name from ancient Rome. For example a book on the...  
Etymology Not stated in the original description. Orbinia is a female personal name from ancient Rome. For example a book on the Vestal Virgin priestesses states that "one of the vestal virgins who looked after the eternal fire, Orbinia by name, had lost her virginity ..." Her punishment when this was discovered was to be beaten and buried alive. [from R.L. Wildfang (2006) "Rome's vestal virgins"] . The name cannot be also related to the near contemporary French naturalist Alcide d'Orbigny, owing to the distinct spelling difference. However d'Orbigny coincidentally had collected Savigny's museum specimen of Aricia sertulata, the type species of Orbinia. [details]

description ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium and first pair of branchiae on setiger 5-9. Posterior thoracic parapodia with several...  
description ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium and first pair of branchiae on setiger 5-9. Posterior thoracic parapodia with several accessory papillae and numerous ventral papillae; with a combined total of at least five papillae on each segment. Thoracic neurosetae include hooks (or subuluncini) and crenulated capillaries. Furcate and capillary setae present in abdominal notopodia. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Orbinia Quatrefages, 1866. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129420 on 2018-10-15
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-04-08 14:15:32Z
changed
2006-07-17 10:41:03Z
changed
2008-03-04 10:31:00Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-10-08 02:31:58Z
changed
2018-09-11 02:25:53Z
changed

original description  Quatrefages, A. (1866). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. <b>Volume 2.</b>. Première partie. 1-336. Deuxième Partie. 337-794. Explication des planches p.1-24. planches 1-20. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=M_xNAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 288 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofAricia Savigny, 1822) Savigny, Jules-César. (1822). Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces. <em>Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris.</em> 1(3):1–128., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41329897
page(s): 35; note: For new species Aricia sertulata, from la Rochelle [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source  Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

identification resource  Sun, Yue; Li, Xinzheng. (2018). Orbinia wui, a new species from China, with redescription of O. dicrochaeta Wu, 1962 (Annelida, Orbiniidae). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4403(2): 351-364., available online at https://biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4403.2.7
note: Key and table of species characters for Orbinia [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Quatrefages (1866: 288): "Tête portant 5 très-petites antennes et des yeux peu distincts. Le reste comme dans le genre précédent [i.e. Scoloplos]. Caput antennulis minimus 5 et oculis parum distinctis instructum. Caetera uti apud Aricias." [details]

Etymology Not stated in the original description. Orbinia is a female personal name from ancient Rome. For example a book on the Vestal Virgin priestesses states that "one of the vestal virgins who looked after the eternal fire, Orbinia by name, had lost her virginity ..." Her punishment when this was discovered was to be beaten and buried alive. [from R.L. Wildfang (2006) "Rome's vestal virgins"] . The name cannot be also related to the near contemporary French naturalist Alcide d'Orbigny, owing to the distinct spelling difference. However d'Orbigny coincidentally had collected Savigny's museum specimen of Aricia sertulata, the type species of Orbinia. [details]

Grammatical gender Feminine. Orbinia is a female personal name from ancient Rome. Where adjectival species epithets have been used in Orbinia authors have used feminine endings, starting with Quatrefages and Orbinia sertulata. [details]

Type species Hartman (1957: 256) states O. cuvieri as Aricia sertulata was the first species attributed to Aricia Savigny, and that thus "the genotype of Orbinia can be only O. cuvieri". This is not correct. Aricia sertulata is for all time the type species of Orbinia by monotypy (Quatrefages placed only Aricia sertulata in his new genus Orbinia), regardless if a later worker synonymises it (here A. sertulata is in any case the senior name). Synonymy is subjective and can change, type species are permanently decided by circumstances.
It appears Quatrefages did not know Aricia was a junior homonym as he (quite wrongly) continued Aricia for other species. Pettibone (1957: 159) comments on the confusion and correctly states Quatrefages by present day practice should have done the opposite - place the other names under Orbinia and left A sertulata, which Savigny (wrongly) stated had small antennae, in Aricia. [details]

From other sources
description ORBINIINAE with pointed prostomium and first pair of branchiae on setiger 5-9. Posterior thoracic parapodia with several accessory papillae and numerous ventral papillae; with a combined total of at least five papillae on each segment. Thoracic neurosetae include hooks (or subuluncini) and crenulated capillaries. Furcate and capillary setae present in abdominal notopodia. [details]