WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766)

165853 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:165853)
accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium manusdiaboli sensu Esper, 1794 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium medullare Lamarck, 1815 (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmorphina appendiculata Schmidt, 1875 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmorphina grisea Fristedt, 1887 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmorphina paciscens Schmidt, 1875 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Microciona) seriata (Grant, 1826) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Microciona) tumulosa (Bowerbank, 1882) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria seriata (Grant, 1826) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumastia appendiculata (Schmidt, 1875) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria ambigua Bowerbank, 1874· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria brettii (Bowerbank, 1866)· accepted, alternate representation (subgenus assignment)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria caduca Bowerbank, 1866· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria coccinea Bowerbank, 1861· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria coralloides Bowerbank, 1882· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria edusa Bowerbank, 1874· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria firmus (Bowerbank, 1874)· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria glabra Bowerbank, 1866· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria grisea (Fristedt, 1887)· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria incerta Bowerbank, 1866· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria lactea (Bowerbank, 1866)· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria membrana (Bowerbank, 1866)· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria paciscens (Schmidt, 1875)· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)· accepted, alternate representation (subgenus assignment)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria pannosus Verrill, 1874· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria papillaris (Linnaeus, 1791)· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria reticulata Lieberkühn, 1859· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria sevosa Johnston, 1842· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria topsenti de Laubenfels, 1936· accepted, alternate representation (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondriella corticata Burton, 1931 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalina papillaris (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalispongia papillaris (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon brettii Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon coccinea (Bowerbank, 1861) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon fallaciosus Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon fragilis Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon lactea Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon membrana Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon parfitti Parfitt, 1868 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon reticulatus Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon solida Bowerbank, 1874 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon tegeticula Bowerbank, 1874 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon thomasii Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya crassa Bowerbank, 1882 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya perplexa Bowerbank, 1882 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMenanetia minchini Topsent, 1896 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrociona tumulosa Bowerbank, 1882 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPellina bibula Schmidt, 1870 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSeriatula seriata (Grant, 1826) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia albescens Rafinesque, 1818 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia compacta Sowerby, 1806 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia seriata Grant, 1826 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia tomentosa Linnaeus, 1767 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia tubulosa Ellis & Solander, 1786 (homonym, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia urens Ellis & Solander, 1786 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpuma borealis var. convoluta Miklucho-Maclay, 1870 (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpuma borealis var. tuberosa Miklucho-Maclay, 1870 (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachyopsilla glaberrima Burton, 1931 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia panicea Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 
van Soest, R. (2017). Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=165853 on 2017-11-24

Date
action
by
2005-07-10 18:05:41Z
created
db_admin
2005-09-09 16:45:37Z
changed
2010-03-18 11:52:40Z
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Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria paciscens (Schmidt, 1875)) Schmidt, O. 1875. Spongien. Pp. 115-120, pl. I. In: Die Expedition zur physikalisch-chemischen und biologischen Untersuchung der Nordsee im Sommer 1872. Jahresbericht der Commission zur Wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der Deutschen Meere in Kiel, Volume 2-3. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia panicea Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmorphina grisea Fristedt, 1887) Fristedt, K. 1887a. Sponges from the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans and the Behring Sea. Vega-Expeditionens Vetenskap. Iakttagelser (Nordenskiöld) 4: 401-471, pls 22-31.
page(s): 425 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmorphina paciscens Schmidt, 1875) Schmidt, O. 1875. Spongien. Pp. 115-120, pl. I. In: Die Expedition zur physikalisch-chemischen und biologischen Untersuchung der Nordsee im Sommer 1872. Jahresbericht der Commission zur Wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der Deutschen Meere in Kiel, Volume 2-3.
page(s): 115 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria coralloides Bowerbank, 1882) Bowerbank, J.S.; Norman, A.M. (1882). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 4 (Supplement). (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-250, pls I-XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria glabra Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria grisea (Fristedt, 1887)) Fristedt, K. 1887a. Sponges from the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans and the Behring Sea. Vega-Expeditionens Vetenskap. Iakttagelser (Nordenskiöld) 4: 401-471, pls 22-31. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria topsenti de Laubenfels, 1936) Laubenfels, M.W. De. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication. 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 133 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon lactea Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon membrana Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium manusdiaboli sensu Esper, 1794) Esper, E.C.J. (1794). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet, nebst Beschreibungen. Zweyter Theil. (Raspe: Nürnberg): 1-303., available online at http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/esper1791ga?sid=2d5b0169727df890642a3a5e6a1c914e&ui_lang=eng [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium medullare Lamarck, 1815) Lamarck, J.B.P. De Monet, Comte De. (1815 [1814]). Suite des polypiers empâtés. Mémoires du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. 1: 69-80, 162-168, 331-340. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmorphina appendiculata Schmidt, 1875) Schmidt, O. 1875. Spongien. Pp. 115-120, pl. I. In: Die Expedition zur physikalisch-chemischen und biologischen Untersuchung der Nordsee im Sommer 1872. Jahresbericht der Commission zur Wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der Deutschen Meere in Kiel, Volume 2-3.
page(s): 115 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria sevosa Johnston, 1842) Johnston, G. 1842. A History of British Sponges and Lithophytes.(W.H. Lizars: Edinburgh): i-xii, 1-264, pls I-XXV. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria albescens (Rafinesque, 1818)) Rafinesque, C.S. 1818c. Descriptions of species of sponges observed on the shores of Long Island. American Journal of Science and Arts 1: 149-151. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria ambigua Bowerbank, 1874) Bowerbank, J.S. (1874). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 3. (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-367, pls I-XCII. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria caduca Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria coccinea Bowerbank, 1861) Bowerbank, J.S. 1861 (1860). List of British sponges. Pp. 235-236 In: McAndrew, R. (Ed.), List of the British marine invertebratefauna. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 30. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria edusa Bowerbank, 1874) Bowerbank, J.S. (1874). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 3. (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-367, pls I-XCII. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria incerta Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria pannosus Verrill, 1874) Verrill, A.E. (1873). XVIII. Report upon the invertebrate animals of Vineyard Sound and the adjacent waters, with an account of the physical characters of the region. Report on the condition of the sea fisheries of the south coast of New England [later becomes Reports of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries]. 1: 295-778 pls. 1-38., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12087501 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria reticulata Lieberkühn, 1859) Lieberkühn, N. (1859). Neue Beiträge zur Anatomie der Spongien. Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie. 30(3): 353-382, 515-529, pls IX-XI. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondriella corticata Burton, 1931) Burton, M. 1931b. Studies on Norwegian Sponges I. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Forhandlinger 4 (38): 136-139. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondriella corticata Burton, 1931) Erpenbeck, D.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Halichondriidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 787-816. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon fallaciosus Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon firmus Bowerbank, 1874) Bowerbank, J.S. (1874). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 3. (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-367, pls I-XCII. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon fragilis Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon parfitti Parfitt, 1868) Parfitt, E. 1868. On the marine and freshwater sponges of Devonshire. Transactions of the Devonshire Association for the Advancement of Science, Literature and Arts 1868: 9-12 (452-454). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon reticulatus Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon solida Bowerbank, 1874) Bowerbank, J.S. (1874). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 3. (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-367, pls I-XCII. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon tegeticula Bowerbank, 1874) Bowerbank, J.S. (1874). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 3. (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-367, pls I-XCII. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon thomasii Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya crassa Bowerbank, 1882) Bowerbank, J.S.; Norman, A.M. (1882). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 4 (Supplement). (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-250, pls I-XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya perplexa Bowerbank, 1882) Bowerbank, J.S.; Norman, A.M. (1882). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 4 (Supplement). (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-250, pls I-XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMenanetia minchini Topsent, 1896) Topsent, E. 1896a. Matériaux pour servir à l’étude de la faune des spongiaires de France. Mémoires de la Société zoologique de France (9):113-133. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrociona tumulosa Bowerbank, 1882) Bowerbank, J.S.; Norman, A.M. (1882). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 4 (Supplement). (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-250, pls I-XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPellina bibula Schmidt, 1870) Schmidt, O. (1870). Grundzüge einer Spongien-Fauna des atlantischen Gebietes. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): iii-iv, 1-88, pls I-VI.
page(s): 42 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia compacta Sowerby, 1806) Sowerby, James. (1806). The British miscellany; or, Coloured figures of new, rare, or little known animal subjects : many not before ascertained to be inhabitants of the British Isles: and chiefly in the possession of the author, James Sowerby. R. Taylor & Co., London, Vol. 1-2 136 pp., 76 plates., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.41623 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up
page(s): 186 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia seriata Grant, 1826) Grant, R.E. 1826d. Notice of two new species of British Sponges. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 2: 203-204. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia seriata Grant, 1826) Howson, C.M.; Chambers, S.J. 1999. Ophlitaspongia and Ophlitaspongia papilla reinstated, and a new species of Ophlitaspongia described (Porifera: Demospongiae: Microcionidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 79(4): 609-620. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia tomentosa Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia tubulosa Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up
page(s): 188-189 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia urens Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up
page(s): 187-188 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachyopsilla glaberrima Burton, 1931) Burton, M. 1931b. Studies on Norwegian Sponges I. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Forhandlinger 4 (38): 136-139. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpuma borealis var. convoluta Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) Miklucho-Maclay, N.N. 1870. Uber einige Schwämme des nördlichen Stillen Oceans und des Eismeeres, welche im Zoologischen Museum der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in St. Petersburg aufgestellt sind. Ein Beitrag zur Morphologie und Verbreitung der Spongien. Mémoires de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Petersbourg 15 (3): 1-24.
page(s): 13-14 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpuma borealis var. tuberosa Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) Miklucho-Maclay, N.N. 1870. Uber einige Schwämme des nördlichen Stillen Oceans und des Eismeeres, welche im Zoologischen Museum der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in St. Petersburg aufgestellt sind. Ein Beitrag zur Morphologie und Verbreitung der Spongien. Mémoires de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Petersbourg 15 (3): 1-24.
page(s): 13 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpuma borealis var. velamentosa Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) Miklucho-Maclay, N.N. 1870. Uber einige Schwämme des nördlichen Stillen Oceans und des Eismeeres, welche im Zoologischen Museum der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in St. Petersburg aufgestellt sind. Ein Beitrag zur Morphologie und Verbreitung der Spongien. Mémoires de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Petersbourg 15 (3): 1-24.
page(s): 14-15 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria papillaris (Linnaeus, 1791)) Linnaeus, C. (1791). Systema naturae. Thirteenth edition, edited by J.F. Gmelin. 1 part 6 (Vermes): 3021-3910. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSeriatula seriata (Grant, 1826)) Grant, R.E. 1826d. Notice of two new species of British Sponges. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 2: 203-204. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon brettii Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon coccinea (Bowerbank, 1861)) Bowerbank, J.S. 1861 (1860). List of British sponges. Pp. 235-236 In: McAndrew, R. (Ed.), List of the British marine invertebratefauna. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 30. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia albescens Rafinesque, 1818) Rafinesque, C.S. 1818c. Descriptions of species of sponges observed on the shores of Long Island. American Journal of Science and Arts 1: 149-151. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria bibula (Schmidt, 1870)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Erpenbeck, D.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Halichondriidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 787-816. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Marra, M. V.; Bertolino, M.; Pansini, M.; Giacobbe, S.; Manconi, R.; Pronzato, R. (2016). Long-term turnover of the sponge fauna in Faro Lake (North-East Sicily, Mediterranean Sea). Italian Journal of Zoology. 1-10., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/11250003.2016.1251981
page(s): 4 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmorphina appendiculata Schmidt, 1875) Erpenbeck, D.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Halichondriidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 787-816. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium medullare Lamarck, 1815) Topsent, E. 1933. Eponges de Lamarck conservées au Muséum de Paris.Fin. Archives du Muséum national d’histoire naturelle. Paris (6) 10:1-60, pls I-III. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon membrana Bowerbank, 1866) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria topsenti de Laubenfels, 1936) Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon lactea Bowerbank, 1866) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria lactea (Bowerbank, 1866)) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria membrana (Bowerbank, 1866)) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria membrana (Bowerbank, 1866)) Topsent, E. (1892). Diagnoses d’éponges nouvelles de la Méditerranée et plus particulièrement de Banyuls. Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale. (2) 10 (Notes et Revue 6) xvii-xxviii.
page(s): XVII [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria membrana (Bowerbank, 1866)) Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria membrana (Bowerbank, 1866)) Scalera-Liaci, L.; Sciscioli, M; Fiordiponti, F. (1976). Distribuzione dei Poriferi del mar Piccolo di Taronto. Oebalia. 2, 3-19.
page(s): 18 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria paciscens (Schmidt, 1875)) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria glabra Bowerbank, 1866) Topsent, E. (1892). Contribution à l’étude des Spongiaires de l’Atlantique Nord (Golfe de Gascogne, Terre-Neuve, Açores). Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 2: 1-165, pls I-XI.
page(s): 66 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria glabra Bowerbank, 1866) Topsent, E. (1928). Spongiaires de l’Atlantique et de la Méditerranée provenant des croisières du Prince Albert ler de Monaco. Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 74:1-376, pls I-XI.
page(s): 165 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria grisea (Fristedt, 1887)) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria glabra Bowerbank, 1866) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria coralloides Bowerbank, 1882) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmorphina paciscens Schmidt, 1875) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia panicea Pallas, 1766) Vio, G. in Olivi, G. 1792. (Letter on sponges from the Gulf of Smyrna), pp. xi-xxxi extracted from the book ' Zoologia Adriatica'. Bassano. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmorphina grisea Fristedt, 1887) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia panicea Pallas, 1766) Westendorp, G.D. (1843). Recherches sur les Polypiers flexibles de la Belgique, et particulièrement des environs d'Ostende. Annales de la Société Médico-Chirurgicale de Bruges IV: 5-48, 1 plate (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia panicea Pallas, 1766) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia panicea Pallas, 1766) Erpenbeck, D.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Halichondriidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 787-816. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia panicea Pallas, 1766) Olivi G. (1792). Zoologia Adriatica, ossia catalogo ragionato degli animali del golfo e della lagune di Venezia. Bassano [G. Remondini e fl.]. [ix] + 334 + xxxii pp., 9 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123881 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Meinkoth, N.A. 1981. Field guide to North American seashore creatures. The Audubon Society. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 799 p. [details]   

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Babiç, K. 1922. Monactinellida und Tetractinellida des Adriatischen Meeres. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 46(2): 217-302, pls 8-9.
page(s): 220-221; fig B [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Bergquist, P. R. (1961). A collection of Porifera from Northern New Zealand, with Descriptions of Seventeen New Species. Pacific Science. 15(1): 33-48. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Burton, M. 1932a. Report on a collection of sponges made in South Saghalin by Mr. Tomoe Urita. Science Reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University (ser. 4, Biology) 7(2): 195-206, pls 7-8. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Burton, M. 1954. Sponges. Pp. 215-239, pl. 9. In: The 'Rosaura' Expedition. Part 5. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology, 2(6).
page(s): 232 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Burton, M. (1956). The sponges of West Africa. Atlantide Report (Scientific Results of the Danish Expedition to the Coasts of Tropical West Africa, 1945-1946, Copenhagen). 4: 111-147.
page(s): 136 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Fleming, J. (1828). A History of British Animals, Exhibiting the Descriptive Characters and Systematical Arrangement of the Genera and Species of Quadrupeds, Birds, Reptiles, Fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; Including the Indigenous, Extirpated, and Extinct Kinds, Together with Periodical and Occasional Visitants. Bell & Bradfute, Edinburgh. pp. 1–565., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569
page(s): 520-521 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Hentschel, E. (1929). Die Kiesel- und Hornschwämme des Nördlichen Eismeers. Pp. 857-1042, pls XII-XIV. In: Römer, F., Schaudinn, F., Brauer, A. & Arndt, W. (Eds), Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellung der arktischen Tierformen mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898. 5 (4) (G.Fischer, Jena). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Laubenfels, M.W. De. (1932). The marine and fresh-water sponges of California. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 81(2927):1-140. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Laubenfels, M.W. De. (1936). A comparison of the shallow-water sponges near the Pacific end of the Panama Canal with those at the Caribbean end. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 83(2993): 441-466.
page(s): 449 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Little, F.J. Jr. (1963). The sponge fauna of the St. George’s Sound, Apalache Bay, and Panama City Regions of the Florida Gulf Coast. Tulane Studies in Zoology 11(2): 31-71.
page(s): 51-54 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Lundbeck, W. (1902). Porifera. (Part I.) Homorrhaphidae and Heterorrhaphidae. Pp. 1-108, pls I-XIX, 1 map. In: The Danish Ingolf-Expedition. 6(1). (Bianco Luno: Copenhagen).
page(s): 17-18 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Pouliquen, L. (1972). Les spongiaires des grottes sous-marines de la région de Marseille: Ecologie et systématique. Téthys. 3(4): 717-758.
page(s): 127 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Pulitzer-Finali, G. 1978 (1977). Report on a Collection of Sponges from the Bay of Naples. III Hadromerida, Axinellida, Poecilosclerida, Halichondrida, Haplosclerida. Bollettino dei Musei e degli Istituti Biologici della (R.) Università di Genova 45: 7-89.
page(s): 65 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Sarà, M. (1958). Studio sui Poriferi di una grotta di marea del Golfo di Napoli. Archivo Zoologico Italiano. 43: 203-281, pls I-II.
page(s): 240 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Sarà, M. (1960). Poriferi del litorale dell’isola d’lschia e loro ripartizioneper ambienti. Pubblicazioni della Stazione zoologica di Napoli. 31(3):421-472, pls XII-XIII.
page(s): 456 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Stephens, J. 1912. A Biological Survey of Clare Island in the County of Mayo, Ireland and the Adjoining District. Marine Porifera. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 31 (Section 3, Part 59): 1-42, pl. I.
page(s): 25 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Stephens, J. 1915b. Atlantic Sponges collected by the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 50(2): 423-467, pls XXXVIII-XL.
page(s): 462 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Stephens, J. 1921 [1920]. Sponges of the Coasts of Ireland. II. The Tetraxonida (concluded). Scientific Investigations of the Fisheries Branch. Department of Agriculture for Ireland 1920(2): 1-75, pls I-VI.
page(s): 9 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Topsent, E. (1892). Diagnoses d’éponges nouvelles de la Méditerranée et plus particulièrement de Banyuls. Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale. (2) 10 (Notes et Revue 6) xvii-xxviii.
page(s): XVII [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Topsent, E. (1897a). Spongiaires de la Baie d’Amboine. (Voyage de MM. M. Bedot et C. Pictet dans l’Archipel Malais). Revue suisse de Zoologie. 4: 421-487, pls 18-21. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Topsent, E. 1901d. Spongiaires. Résultats du voyage du S.Y. ‘Belgica’en 1897-99 sous le commandement de A. de Gerlache de Gomery. Expédition antarctique belge. Zoologie 4: 1-54, pls I-VI.
page(s): 10-11 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Topsent, E. 1913a. Spongiaires provenant des campagnes scientifiques de la ‘Princesse Alice’ dans les Mers du Nord (1898-1899 - 1906-1907). Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I.Monaco 45: 1-67, pls I-V.
page(s): 31 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Topsent, E. 1934a. Eponges observées dans les parages de Monaco.(Première partie) Bulletin de l’Institut océanographique, Monaco (650):1-42.
page(s): 22 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Vethaak, A.D.; Cronie, R.J.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. 1982.Ecology and distribution of two sympatric, closely related spongespecies, Halichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766) and H. bowerbanki Burton,1930 (Porifera, Demospongiae), with remarks on their speciation. Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 52(2): 82-102.
page(s): 84 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Wapstra M, van Soest RWM. (1987). Sexual reproduction, larval morphology and behaviour in demosponges from the southwest of the Netherlands. In: Vacelet J, Boury-Esnault N (eds) Taxonomy of Porifera from the N.E. Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series G, Ecological Sciences volume 13. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 281-307. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 285 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Corriero, G. 1989. The sponge fauna from the Stagnone di Marsala (Sicily): taxonomic and ecological observations. Bolletino Museo Istituto Biologia Università Genova 53: 101-113.
page(s): 103 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Stephens, J. 1917. Report on the sponges collected off the coasts of Ireland by the dredging expeditions of the Royal Irish Academy and the Royal Dublin Society. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 34 (B): 1-16.
page(s): 6 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Lombas, I. (1982). Distribución, de esponjas esciafilas en la zona intermareal de Aramar (Luanco, Asturias). Boletim de Ciencias Naturales IDEA. 29: 37-50.
page(s): 45-46 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Sarà, M. (1958). Contributo all consoscenza dei Poriferi del Mar Ligure. Annali di Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Genova. 70(1): 207-244.
page(s): 227 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Sim, C. J. (1982). A systematic study on the marine sponges from Jeju Island. Soong Jun University Essays Papers. 12: 187-210.
page(s): 193 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Burton, M. 1929c. Porifera. In: T. Monod (ed.) Faune des Colonies Françaises. Tome III. Contribution à l'étude de la faune du Cameroun. 2e Partie, Pp. 65-71, Figs 1-6. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Lévi, C. (1956). Éponges littorales des Îles Kerguelen récoltées par M. Angot. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. (A) 10: 25-34.
page(s): 32 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Labate, M.; Arena, P. 1964. La fauna dei Poriferi nei laghi di Ganzirri e Faro (Messina). Archivo Zoologico Italiano 49:249-280.
page(s): 268 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Stone SM, Boardley E Gill M. (1987). Field characteristics of some conspicuous sublittoral sponges from Roaringwater Bay, County Cork, Ireland. In: Jones WC (ed) European contributions to the taxonomy of sponges. Publications of the Sherkin Island Marine Station 1, pp 130-140.  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf
page(s): 269 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Kefalas, E.; Castritsi-Catharios, I; Miliou, H. (2003). The impacts of scallop dredging on sponge assemblages in the Gulf of kalloni (Aegean Sea, northeastern Mediterranean). ICES Journal of Marine Science. 60, 402-10.
page(s): 406 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Corriero, G.; Pansini, M.; Sarà, M. (1984). Sui Poriferi della insenatura della Strea a Porto Cesareo (Lecce). Thalassia Salentina. 14, 1-10.
page(s): 6 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Scalera-Liaci, L.; Sciscioli, M; Fiordiponti, F. (1976). Distribuzione dei Poriferi del mar Piccolo di Taronto. Oebalia. 2, 3-19.
page(s): 18 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Cardone, F.; Corriero, G.; Fianchini, A.; Gravina, M. F.; Nonnis Marzano, C. (2014). Biodiversity of transitional waters: species composition and comparative analysis of hard bottom communities from the south-eastern Italian coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 94(01): 25-34., available online at https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315413001306
page(s): 4 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria topsenti de Laubenfels, 1936) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmorphina panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Fristedt, K. 1887a. Sponges from the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans and the Behring Sea. Vega-Expeditionens Vetenskap. Iakttagelser (Nordenskiöld) 4: 401-471, pls 22-31.
page(s): 421-422 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalina papillaris (Pallas, 1766)) Grant, R.E. (1836). Animal Kingdom. Pp. 107-118. In: Todd, R.B. (Ed.),The Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology. Volume 1. (Sherwood,Gilbert, and Piper: London): 1-813.
page(s): 108 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria bibula (Schmidt, 1870)) Levinsen, G.M.R. (1887). Kara-Havets Svampe (Porifera). Dijmphna-Togtets zoologisk-botaniske Udbytte. 1: 339-372, pls XXIX-XXXI. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon coccinea (Bowerbank, 1861)) Bowerbank, J.S. 1875a. A Monograph of the Siliceo-fibrous Sponges. Part III. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1875: 272-281, pls XXXIX-XL. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonium paniceum (Pallas, 1766)) Lamarck, J.B.P. De Monet, Comte De. (1815 [1814]). Suite des polypiers empâtés. Mémoires du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. 1: 69-80, 162-168, 331-340. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Microciona) seriata (Grant, 1826)) Hooper, J.N.A. 1996a. Revision of Microcionidae (Porifera: Poecilosclerida: Demospongiae), with description of Australian species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 40: 1-626. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria seriata (Grant, 1826)) Schmidt, O. (1866). Zweites Supplement der Spongien des Adriatischen Meeres. Enthaltend die Vergleichung der Adriatischen und Britischen Spongiengattungen. 4 (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-iv, 1-24, pl. I. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Microciona) tumulosa (Bowerbank, 1882)) Hooper, J.N.A. 1996a. Revision of Microcionidae (Porifera: Poecilosclerida: Demospongiae), with description of Australian species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 40: 1-626. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumastia appendiculata (Schmidt, 1875)) BODC. (2009). Species list from the British Oceanographic Data Centre.  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSeriatula seriata (Grant, 1826)) Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria firmus (Bowerbank, 1874)) Borley, H.J.H. 1931. Some additions to the sponge fauna at Plymouth. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 17 (3): 839-845. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalina panicea (Pallas, 1766)) de Blainville H. M. (1830). Zoophytes. In: Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traitre méthodiquement des differéns êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d’après l’état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement a l’utlité qu’en peuvent retirer la médicine, l’agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Edited by F. G. Levrault. Tome 60. Paris, Le Normat. Pp. 548, pls. 68. Paris, 1830. 60 : 1-546., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81598#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 497 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalina panicea (Pallas, 1766)) Grant, R.E. 1833. Lecture IV. On the classification of organs of animals and the organs of support in animalcules and poripherous animals. pp. 193–200 in: University of London, Lectures on comparative anatomy and animal physiology. Lancet 1833–4 (1) [5 Oct. 1833]: 199.
page(s): 198 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria papillaris (Linnaeus, 1791)) Fleming, J. (1828). A History of British Animals, Exhibiting the Descriptive Characters and Systematical Arrangement of the Genera and Species of Quadrupeds, Birds, Reptiles, Fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; Including the Indigenous, Extirpated, and Extinct Kinds, Together with Periodical and Occasional Visitants. Bell & Bradfute, Edinburgh. pp. 1–565., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569
page(s): 520 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria papillaris (Linnaeus, 1791)) Johnston, G. 1842. A History of British Sponges and Lithophytes.(W.H. Lizars: Edinburgh): i-xii, 1-264, pls I-XXV. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpuma borealis var. tuberosa Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.). (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-306-47260-0. xix, 1-1101, 1103-1706 (2 volumes) pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 806 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachyopsilla glaberrima Burton, 1931) Erpenbeck, D.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Halichondriidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 787-816. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachyopsilla glaberrima Burton, 1931) Bakken T. (1999). A catalogue of the type specimens of protozoans, invertebrates and fish in the Museum of Natural History and Archaeology, NTNU. Gunneria, 74:1-38. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia urens Ellis & Solander, 1786) Vio, G. in Olivi, G. 1792. (Letter on sponges from the Gulf of Smyrna), pp. xi-xxxi extracted from the book ' Zoologia Adriatica'. Bassano. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia tubulosa Ellis & Solander, 1786) Montagu, G. (1814). An Essay on Sponges, with Descriptions of all the Species that have been discovered on the Coast of Great Britain. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society. 2(1): 67-122, pls III-XVI.
page(s): 91 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia tomentosa Linnaeus, 1767) Montagu, G. (1814). An Essay on Sponges, with Descriptions of all the Species that have been discovered on the Coast of Great Britain. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society. 2(1): 67-122, pls III-XVI.
page(s): 99-102 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia seriata Grant, 1826) Erpenbeck, D.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Halichondriidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 787-816. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786) Montagu, G. (1814). An Essay on Sponges, with Descriptions of all the Species that have been discovered on the Coast of Great Britain. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society. 2(1): 67-122, pls III-XVI.
page(s): 103 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMenanetia minchini Topsent, 1896) Erpenbeck, D.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Halichondriidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 787-816. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondriella corticata Burton, 1931) Burton, M. 1932a. Report on a collection of sponges made in South Saghalin by Mr. Tomoe Urita. Science Reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University (ser. 4, Biology) 7(2): 195-206, pls 7-8. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria caduca Bowerbank, 1866) Topsent, E. 1891b. Voyage de la Goëlette ‘Melita’ aux Canaries et au Sénégal, 1889-1890. Spongiaires. Mémoires de la Société Zoologique de France 4: 11-15, pl. II.
page(s): 13 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNeotype [from synonym] BMNH 1964.6.8.6, locality East England [view taxon]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype [from synonym] ZMB 2768, locality North Sea (SE England, NO of Cromer, nr. 107) [view taxon]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterocheres boecki (Brady, 1880) [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterocheres echinicola (Norman, 1869) [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterocheres ellisi Hamond, 1968 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScottocheres elongatus (T. & A. Scott, 1894) [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorThalassococcus halodurans Lee, Tsoi, Li, Wong & Qian, 2007 [via synonym] (unknown)
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgewone broodsponsUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbroodspons  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbread-crumb sponge [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbreadcrumb spongeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbreadcrumb horny sponge [from synonym]  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhalichondrie [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoréponge panaire [from synonym]  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBrotkrumenschwamm  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorナミイソカイメン [from synonym]  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorМорський коровай [from synonym]  [details]