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Bowerbank, J.S. (1866). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388.
7208
Bowerbank, J.S.
1866
A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388.
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Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Adocia densa (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Haliclona (Haliclona) simulans (Johnston, 1842) (original description)
Anchinoe perarmatus (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Phorbas perarmatus (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Biemma corrugata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Mycale corrugata (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Chalina cervicornis (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (new combination reference)
Chalina flemingii Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Haliclona (Reniera) cinerea (Grant, 1826) (original description)
Chalina gracilenta Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Chalinula limbata (Montagu, 1814) (original description)
Chalina grantii Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (original description)
Chalina limbata (Montagu, 1814) accepted as Chalinula limbata (Montagu, 1814) (new combination reference)
Chalina montaguii (Fleming, 1828) accepted as Haliclona (Reniera) cinerea (Grant, 1826) (new combination reference)
Chalinula seriata (Grant, 1826) accepted as Ophlitaspongia papilla Bowerbank, 1866 (new combination reference)
Clathria (Microciona) fallax (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) jecusculum (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) jecusculum (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Clathria fallax (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Clathria (Microciona) fallax (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Cliona griffithsii (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Cliona celata Grant, 1826 (original description)
Crella (Grayella) albula (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Crella (Yvesia) albula (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Crella (Yvesia) albula (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Crella albula (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Crella (Yvesia) albula (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Dendoryx albula (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Crella (Yvesia) albula (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Dendoryx granulata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Myxilla (Myxilla) fimbriata (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Desmacidon constrictus Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Mycale (Mycale) lingua (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Desmacidon jeffreysii Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Oceanapia robusta (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Desmacidon peachii Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Biemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (original description)
Desmacidon perarmatus (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Phorbas perarmatus (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Dictyocylindrus aculeatus (Johnston, 1842) accepted as Raspaciona aculeata (Johnston, 1842) (new combination reference)
Dictyocylindrus fascicularis Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Adreus fascicularis (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Dictyocylindrus howsei Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Raspailia howsei (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Dictyocylindrus pumilus Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) ramosa (Montagu, 1814) (original description)
Dictyocylindrus radiosus Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) radiosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Dictyocylindrus rugosus Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Axinella rugosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Dictyocylindrus stuposus (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Stelligera stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (new combination reference)
Dictyocylindrus ventilabrum Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) ventilabrum (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Dictyocylindrus virgultosus Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) virgultosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Ecionemia compressa Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Poecillastra compressa (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Ecionemia ponderosa Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Stryphnus ponderosus (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Esperia jeffreysii (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Oceanapia robusta (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Esperiopsis clarkei (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Amphilectus lobatus (Montagu, 1814) (original description)
Eurypon clavigerum (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Grantia tesselata Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Sycon elegans (Bowerbank, 1845) (original description)
Grayella albula (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Crella (Yvesia) albula (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Halichondria albula Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Crella (Yvesia) albula (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Halichondria angulata Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Haliclona (Gellius) angulata (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Halichondria caduca Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Halichondria candida Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Myxilla (Myxilla) incrustans (Johnston, 1842) (original description)
Halichondria corrugata Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Mycale corrugata (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Halichondria distorta Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Halichondria farinaria Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842) (original description)
Halichondria forcipis Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Forcepia (Forcepia) forcipis (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Halichondria glabra Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Halichondria granulata Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Myxilla (Myxilla) fimbriata (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Halichondria hyndmani Bowerbank, 1858 represented as Iophon hyndmani (Bowerbank, 1858) (original description)
Halichondria incerta Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Halichondria inconspicua Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Haliclona (Halichoclona) fistulosa (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Halichondria ingalli Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Iophon hyndmani (Bowerbank, 1858) (original description)
Halichondria inornata Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Desmacella inornata (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Halichondria nigricans Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Iophon nigricans (Bowerbank, 1858) (original description)
Halichondria pattersoni Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Iophon nigricans (Bowerbank, 1858) (original description)
Halichondria scandens Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Iophon nigricans (Bowerbank, 1858) (original description)
Halichondria simplex Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Hymeniacidon simplex (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Halichondria subdola Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Homaxinella subdola (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Halichondria thompsoni Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Amphilectus fucorum (Esper, 1794) (original description)
Haliclona ferula (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Haliclona (Rhizoniera) rosea (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Haliclona permollis (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Haliclona (Reniera) cinerea (Grant, 1826) (original description)
Halyphysema ramulosa Bowerbank, 1866 (original description)
Hastatus luridus (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Myxilla (Myxilla) fimbriata (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) jecusculum (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymedesmia radiata Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Eurypon radiatum (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymedesmia stellata Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Timea stellata (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeniacidon armatura Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Spanioplon armaturum (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeniacidon brettii Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Hymeniacidon bucklandi (Bowerbank, 1858) accepted as Dercitus (Dercitus) bucklandi (Bowerbank, 1858) (new combination reference)
Hymeniacidon carnosa (Johnston, 1842) accepted as Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842) (new combination reference)
Hymeniacidon celata (Grant, 1826) accepted as Cliona celata Grant, 1826 (new combination reference)
Hymeniacidon clavigera Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Eurypon clavigerum (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeniacidon consimilis Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (original description)
Hymeniacidon crustula Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Suberites massa Nardo, 1847 (original description)
Hymeniacidon dujardinii sensu Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Hymedesmia (Stylopus) coriacea (Fristedt, 1885) (original description)
Hymeniacidon fallaciosus Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Hymeniacidon fallax Bowerbank, 1866 (original description)
Hymeniacidon floreum Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Mycale (Carmia) macilenta (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeniacidon fragilis Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Hymeniacidon gelatinosa Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Terpios gelatinosus (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeniacidon jecusculum Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) jecusculum (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeniacidon lactea Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Hymeniacidon lingua Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Mycale (Mycale) lingua (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeniacidon macilenta Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Mycale (Carmia) macilenta (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeniacidon mammeata Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (original description)
Hymeniacidon membrana Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Hymeniacidon paupertas Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) paupertas (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeniacidon perarmatus Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Phorbas perarmatus (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeniacidon plumosa (Montagu, 1814) accepted as Phorbas plumosus (Montagu, 1814) (new combination reference)
Hymeniacidon reticulatus Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Hymeniacidon simplex (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeniacidon subclavata Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Mycale (Carmia) subclavata (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeniacidon suberea (Montagu, 1814) accepted as Suberites suberia (Montagu, 1814) (new combination reference)
Hymeniacidon sulphurea Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Pseudosuberites sulphureus (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeniacidon thomasii Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Hymeniacidon variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) accepted as Biemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (new combination reference)
Hymeniacidon virgultosa (Johnston, 1842) accepted as Suberites virgultosus (Johnston, 1842) (source of synonymy)
Hymeraphia clavata Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Eurypon clavatum (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Hymeraphia vermiculata Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Bubaris vermiculata (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description)
Celtic Seas for Chalina gracilenta Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Desmacella corrugata (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Celtic Seas for Dictyocylindrus howsei Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Dictyocylindrus pumilus Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Dictyocylindrus pumilus Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Dictyocylindrus pumilus Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Dictyocylindrus radiosus Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Ecionemia ponderosa Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Eurypon clavigerum (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Celtic Seas for Grantia tesselata Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Halichondria angulata Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Halichondria candida Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Halichondria distorta Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Halichondria nigricans Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Halichondria pattersoni Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Halichondria subdola Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Halichondria thompsoni Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Hymedesmia stellata Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Hymeniacidon armatura Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Hymeniacidon bucklandi (Bowerbank, 1858) 
Celtic Seas for Hymeniacidon crustula Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Hymeniacidon fallax Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Hymeniacidon floreum Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Hymeniacidon lingua Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Hymeniacidon macilenta Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Hymeniacidon simplex (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Celtic Seas for Hymeniacidon subclavata Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Hymeniacidon suberea (Montagu, 1814) 
Celtic Seas for Hymeniacidon sulphurea Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Hymeraphia verticillata Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya anomala Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya cinerea (Grant, 1826) 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya densa Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya dissimilis Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya elegans Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya fallax Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya fistulosa Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya gracilis Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya indefinita Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya mammeata Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya normani Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya paupera Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya peachii Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya pocillum Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya ramusculus Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya rosea Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Isodictya simplex Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Leucosolenia contorta Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Microciona armata Bowerbank, 1862 
Celtic Seas for Microciona armata Bowerbank, 1862 
Celtic Seas for Microciona carnosa Bowerbank, 1862 
Celtic Seas for Microciona carnosa Bowerbank, 1862 
Celtic Seas for Microciona fictitia Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Microciona spinulenta Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Rhaphyrus griffithsii Bowerbank, 1866 
Celtic Seas for Tethea schmidtii Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Chalina flemingii Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Desmacidon constrictus Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Dictyocylindrus fascicularis Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Dictyocylindrus rugosus Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Dictyocylindrus ventilabrum Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Dictyocylindrus virgultosus Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Halichondria forcipis Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Halichondria inornata Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Halichondria scandens Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Hymedesmia radiata Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Hymeniacidon crustula Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Hymeniacidon gelatinosa Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Hymeniacidon lingua Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Hymeniacidon sulphurea Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Hymeraphia vermiculata Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Isodictya alderi Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Isodictya clava Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Isodictya dichotoma Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Isodictya edwardii Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Isodictya fucorum (Esper, 1794) 
North Sea for Isodictya gregorii Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Isodictya indistincta Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Isodictya jugosa Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Isodictya mcandrewii Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Isodictya pallida Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Isodictya parasitica (Montagu, 1814) 
North Sea for Isodictya permollis Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Microciona ambigua Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Microciona laevis Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Phakellia robusta Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Poecillastra compressa (Bowerbank, 1866) 
North Sea for Polymastia radiosa Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Polymastia radiosa Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Polymastia spinula Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Polymastia spinula Bowerbank, 1866 
North Sea for Verongia zetlandica Bowerbank, 1866 
United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone for Anchinoe perarmatus (Bowerbank, 1866) 
United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone for Desmacidon perarmatus (Bowerbank, 1866) 
United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone for Dictyocylindrus aculeatus (Johnston, 1842) 
United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone for Ecionemia compressa Bowerbank, 1866 
United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone for Hymeniacidon perarmatus Bowerbank, 1866 
United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone for Hymeniacidon placentula Bowerbank, 1874 
United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone for Hymeniacidon subclavata Bowerbank, 1866 
United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone for Isodictya barleei Bowerbank, 1866 
Syntype BMNH 10.1.5 & 6, locality North Sea, identified as Euplectella brevis Bowerbank, 1861
Syntype BMNH 1810.1.1.1183, locality North Sea, identified as Tethea spinularia Bowerbank, 1866
Holotype BMNH 1910.1.1.135, locality Celtic Seas, identified as Hymeniacidon macilenta Bowerbank, 1866
Holotype BMNH 1910.1.1.2255,2256,2257,2258, locality North Sea, identified as Halichondria scandens Bowerbank, 1866
Holotype BMNH 1910.1.1.97, locality Celtic Seas, identified as Hymedesmia stellata Bowerbank, 1866
Holotype BMNH 1930.7.3.210, locality Celtic Seas, identified as Microciona armata Bowerbank, 1862
Holotype BMNH BK. 353-354, locality North Sea, identified as Poecillastra compressa (Bowerbank, 1866)