WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814)

132324 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132324)
accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia fragilis Montagu, 1814) Montagu, G. (1814). An Essay on Sponges, with Descriptions of all the Species that have been discovered on the Coast of Great Britain. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society. 2(1): 67-122, pls III-XVI.
page(s): 114 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Celtic Seas  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Celtic Seas [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution This species has been widely reported, but...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution This species has been widely reported, but appears to be restricted to the Atlantic coasts of Europe, with some possible sightings in the Western Mediterranean. [details]
van Soest, R. (2017). Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=132324 on 2017-11-23

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-12-21 19:17:33Z
changed
2014-02-16 18:30:10Z
changed

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original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia fragilis Montagu, 1814) Montagu, G. (1814). An Essay on Sponges, with Descriptions of all the Species that have been discovered on the Coast of Great Britain. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society. 2(1): 67-122, pls III-XVI.
page(s): 114 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia fragilis var. irregularis Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. Von 1889a. A Monograph of the Horny Sponges.(Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 662-663 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDysidea coriacea Bowerbank, 1874) Bowerbank, J.S. (1874). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 3. (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-367, pls I-XCII. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia fistularis Schmidt, 1864) Schmidt, O. 1864. Supplement der Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. Enthaltend die Histologie und systematische Ergänzungen. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-vi, 1-48, pls 1-4.
page(s): 28; pl II 28-29 & pl III fig 4 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Cook, S.D.C.; Bergquist, P.R. (2002). Family Dysideidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 1061-1066. In: Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Corriero, G. 1989. The sponge fauna from the Stagnone di Marsala (Sicily): taxonomic and ecological observations. Bolletino Museo Istituto Biologia Università Genova 53: 101-113.
page(s): 103 [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Ben Mustapha, K; Zarrouk, S.; Souissi, A.; El Abed, A. (2003). Diversité des Démosponges Tunisiennes. Bulletin Institut national des Sciences et Technologies de la mer de Salammbô. 30, 55-78.
page(s): 76 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Carballo, J.L.; Garcia-Gómez, J.C. (1994). Esponjas del Estrecho de Gibraltar y áreas próximas, con nuevas aportaciones para la fauna Iberica [Porifera from the Straits of Gibraltar and nearby areas, new species of the Iberian fauna]. Cahiers de Biologie Marine. 35(2): 193-211. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 196 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Lombas, I. (1982). Distribución, de esponjas esciafilas en la zona intermareal de Aramar (Luanco, Asturias). Boletim de Ciencias Naturales IDEA. 29: 37-50.
page(s): 46 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sarà, M. (1958). Contributo all consoscenza dei Poriferi del Mar Ligure. Annali di Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Genova. 70(1): 207-244.
page(s): 241 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Burton, M. 1936b. The fishery ground near Alexandria. IX. Sponges. Notes and Memoirs of the Fisheries Research Directorate, Cairo 17: 1-28.
page(s): 26 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Laubenfels, M.W. De. (1951). A collection of sponges from the Black Sea. Archiv für Hydrobiologie. 45: 213-216.
page(s): 213 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zintzen, V. (2007). Biodiversity of shipwrecks from the Southern Bight of the North Sea. PhD Thesis. Institut Royal des Sciences Naturellles de Belgique/Université Catholique de Louvain: Louvain-la-Neuve. 343 pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 128 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Labate, M.; Arena, P. 1964. La fauna dei Poriferi nei laghi di Ganzirri e Faro (Messina). Archivo Zoologico Italiano 49:249-280.
page(s): 275 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Ferrer Hernández, F. 1914a. Esponjas del Cantábrico. Trabajos del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (Zoológica) 14: 1-36.
page(s): 24-25 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Boury-Esnault, N.; Lopes, M.T. (1985). Les Démosponges littorales de l’Archipel des Açores. Annales de l’Institut océanographique. 61(2):149-225.
page(s): 204 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Vacelet, J. (1959). Répartition générale des éponges et systématique des éponges cornées de la région de Marseille et de quelques stations méditerranéennes. Recueil des Travaux de la Station marine d’Endoume. 16 (26): 39-101, pls 1-3.
page(s): 67; note: with a redescription [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Vacelet, J. (1969). Eponges de la Roche du Large et de l'étage bathyal de Méditerranée (Récoltes de la soucoupe plongeante Cousteau et dragages). Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (A, Zoologie). 59(2): 145-219, pls I-IV.
page(s): 216 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Boury-Esnault, N. (1971). Spongiaires de la zone rocheuse de Banyuls-sur-Mer. II. Systématique. Vie et Milieu. 22(2): 287-349.
page(s): 338 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Burton, M. (1956). The sponges of West Africa. Atlantide Report (Scientific Results of the Danish Expedition to the Coasts of Tropical West Africa, 1945-1946, Copenhagen). 4: 111-147.
page(s): 137 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Lévi, C. (1959). Résultats scientifiques des Campagnes de la ‘Calypso’. Campagne de la ‘Calypso’ dans le Golfe de Guinée et aux îles Principe, São Tomé et Annobon. 5. Spongiaires. Annales de l’Institut océanographique. 37 (4): 115-141, pls 5-6.
page(s): 138 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pulitzer-Finali, G.; Pronzato, R. (1976). Report on a Collection of Sponges from the Bay of Naples. II. Keratosa. Pubblicazioni della Stazione zoologica di Napoli. 40(1): 83-104.
page(s): 88 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pulitzer-Finali, G.; Pronzato, R. (1981 [1980]). The Keratosa in a collection of Mediterranean sponges mainly from the Italian coasts. nnali del Museo civico di storia naturale Giacomo Doria. 83: 127-158.
page(s): 129 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sarà, M. (1958). Studio sui Poriferi di una grotta di marea del Golfo di Napoli. Archivo Zoologico Italiano. 43: 203-281, pls I-II.
page(s): 274-275 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sarà, M. (1960). Poriferi del litorale dell’isola d’lschia e loro ripartizioneper ambienti. Pubblicazioni della Stazione zoologica di Napoli. 31(3):421-472, pls XII-XIII.
page(s): 468 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sarà, M. (1961). La fauna di Poriferi delle grotte delle isole Tremiti. Studio ecologico e sistematico. Archivio zoologico italiano. 46: 1-59,pls I-II.
page(s): 56 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pansini M. (1987b). Report on a collection of Demospongiae from soft bottoms of the Eastern Adriatic Sea. In: Jones WC (ed) European contributions to the taxonomy of sponges. Publications of the Sherkin Island Marine Station 1, pp 41-53.
page(s): 51 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Boury-Esnault, N., Harmelin, J.-G., Ledoyer, M., Saldanha, L. & Zibrowius H. (2001). Peuplement benthique des grottes sous-marines de Sagres (Portugal, Atlantique nord-oriental). Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal. Sup. 6: 15-38.
page(s): 20-21 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cruz, T. (2002). Esponjas marinas de Canarias. Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias. S/C Tenerife. 260 pp. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Stone SM, Boardley E Gill M. (1987). Field characteristics of some conspicuous sublittoral sponges from Roaringwater Bay, County Cork, Ireland. In: Jones WC (ed) European contributions to the taxonomy of sponges. Publications of the Sherkin Island Marine Station 1, pp 130-140.  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Lopes, M. T.; Boury-Esnault, N. (1981). Contribution à la connaissance des éponges cornées de la côte de l. Arrábida de de l'Algarve. Arquivos do Museu Bocage. 1(6): 95-110.
page(s): 98 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Muricy, G.; Lopes, D.A.; Hajdu, E; Carvalho, M.S.; Moraes, F.C.; Klautau, M.; Menegola, C. & Pinheiro, U. (2011). Catalogue of Brazilian Porifera. Museu Nacional, Série Livros. 300 pp. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Benito, J. (1981). Algunas esponjas del litoral levantino espanol. Boletin del Instituto espanol de oceanografia. 6, 89-102.
page(s): 97 [details]   

additional source Labate, M. (1964). Poriferi di grotta superficiale del litorale adriatico pugliese. Annali del Pontificio Istituto Scienze e Lettere S. Chiara, Napoli. 14, 319-342.
page(s): 339 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Voultsiadou-Koukoura, E.; Koukouras, A. (1993). Contribution to the knowledge of Keratose sponges (Dictyoceratida, Dendroceratida, Verongida: Demospongiae, Porifera) of the Aegean Sea. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin. 69, 57-72.
page(s): 64 [details]   

additional source Vacelet, J. (1976). Inventaire des Spongiaires du Parc national de Port-Cros (Var). Travaux scientifiques du Parc national de Port-Cros. 2, 167-186.
page(s): 184 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kefalas, E.; Castritsi-Catharios, I; Miliou, H. (2003). The impacts of scallop dredging on sponge assemblages in the Gulf of kalloni (Aegean Sea, northeastern Mediterranean). ICES Journal of Marine Science. 60, 402-10.
page(s): 406 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Evcen, A.; Çinar, M.E. (2012). Sponge (Porifera) species from the Mediterranean coast of Turkey (Levantine Sea, eastern Mediterranean), with a checklist of sponges from the coasts of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology,. 36, 460-464.
page(s): 463 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Corriero, G.; Scalera-Liaci, L.; Gristina, M.; Riggio, S.; Mercurio, M. (1997). Composizione tassonomica e distribuzione della fauna e Poriferi e Briozoi in una grotta semisommersa della riserva naturale marina "Isola di Ustica". Biologia Marina Mediterranea. 4 (1), 34-43.
page(s): 37 [details]   

additional source Gerovasileiou, V.; Voultsiadou, E. (2016). Sponge diversity gradients in marine caves of the eastern Mediterranean. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 96(2), 407–416., available online at https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315415000697
page(s): 4 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Gerovasileiou, V.; Voultsiadou, E. (2012). Marine Caves of the Mediterranean Sea: A Sponge Biodiversity Reservoir within a Biodiversity Hotspot. PLoS ONE. 7(7): e39873., available online at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039873
page(s): Table S1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Scalera-Liaci, L.; Sciscioli, M; Fiordiponti, F. (1976). Distribuzione dei Poriferi del mar Piccolo di Taronto. Oebalia. 2, 3-19.
page(s): 18 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication Uriz MJ. (1987). Sponges from the south-west of Africa: description of species. In: Jones WC (ed) European contributions to the taxonomy of sponges. Publications of the Sherkin Island Marine Station 1, pp 54-73.
page(s): 70 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication Uriz, M. J. (1988). Deep-water sponges from the continental shelf and slope off Namibia (Southwest Africa): Classses Hexactinellida and Demospongia. Monografías de Zoología Marina. 3: 9-157.
page(s): 102 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication Hechtel, G.J. 1965. A systematic study of the Demospongiae of Port Royal, Jamaica. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 20: 1-103.
page(s): 14-16 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication Laubenfels, M.W. De. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication. 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 2è-28; pl 6 fig 3 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication Laubenfels, M. W. De. (1950a). The Porifera of the Bermuda Archipelago. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London. 27 (1): 1-154.
page(s): 22-25 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication Laubenfels, M. W. De. (1953). Sponges from the Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean. 2(3): 511-557.
page(s): 515 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication Boury-Esnault, N. (1973). Résultats Scientifiques des Campagnes de la ‘Calypso’. Campagne de la ‘Calypso’ au large des côtes atlantiques de l’Amérique du Sud (1961-1962). I. 29. Spongiaires. Annales de l’Institut océanographique. 49 (Supplement 10): 263-295.
page(s): 288 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication Bergquist, P.R. 1961b. The Keratosa (Porifera) collected by the Chatham Islands 1954 Expedition. New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Bulletin [New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 13] 139 (5): 207-219. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication Wiedenmayer, F. (1977). Shallow-water sponges of the western Bahamas. Experientia Supplementum. 28: 1-287, pls 1-43.
page(s): 72-73 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication Boury-Esnault, N.; Van Beveren, M. (1982). Les Démosponges du plateau continental de Kerguelen-Heard. Comité national français des recherches antarctiques. 52: 1-175.
page(s): 121 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication Rützler, K.; van Soest, R. W. M.; Piantoni, C. (2009). Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico. in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. 285–313. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia fragilis (Montagu, 1814)) Lendenfeld, R. Von 1889a. A Monograph of the Horny Sponges.(Trübner and Co.: London): iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 660-662 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia fragilis (Montagu, 1814)) Stephens, J. 1912. A Biological Survey of Clare Island in the County of Mayo, Ireland and the Adjoining District. Marine Porifera. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 31 (Section 3, Part 59): 1-42, pl. I.
page(s): 39 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia fragilis (Montagu, 1814)) Topsent, E. (1892). Contribution à l’étude des Spongiaires de l’Atlantique Nord (Golfe de Gascogne, Terre-Neuve, Açores). Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 2: 1-165, pls I-XI.
page(s): 134 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia fragilis (Montagu, 1814)) Topsent, E. (1928). Spongiaires de l’Atlantique et de la Méditerranée provenant des croisières du Prince Albert ler de Monaco. Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 74:1-376, pls I-XI.
page(s): 329-330 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia fragilis (Montagu, 1814)) Topsent, E.; Olivier, L. 1943. Eponges observées dans les parages de Monaco (fin). Bulletin de l’Institut océanographique, Monaco (854): 1-12.
page(s): 6 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia fragilis (Montagu, 1814)) Stephens, J. 1917. Report on the sponges collected off the coasts of Ireland by the dredging expeditions of the Royal Irish Academy and the Royal Dublin Society. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 34 (B): 1-16.
page(s): 14 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia fragilis (Montagu, 1814)) Burton, M. 1933b. Report on a small collection of sponges from Stil Bay, S. Africa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10) 11: 235-244. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia fragilis (Montagu, 1814)) Topsent, E. (1925). Éponges de l'Étang de Thau. Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique de Monaco. 452, 1-42.
page(s): 17 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia fragilis (Montagu, 1814)) Vidal, A. (1967). Etude des fonds rocheux circalittoraux le long de la côte du Rousillon. Vie et Milieu. 18, 167-219.
page(s): 188 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia fragilis var. irregularis Lendenfeld, 1889) Topsent, E. (1897a). Spongiaires de la Baie d’Amboine. (Voyage de MM. M. Bedot et C. Pictet dans l’Archipel Malais). Revue suisse de Zoologie. 4: 421-487, pls 18-21. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDuseideia fragilis (Montagu, 1814)) Burton, M. 1931e [1932]. The Porifera of the Isle of Man. LancashireSea Fisheries Laboratory Reports 1931: 167-169. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia pallescens fragilis (Montagu, 1814)) Schulze, F.E. (1879). Untersuchungen über den Bau und dia Entwivklung der Spongien. Sechste Mittheilung. Die Gattung Spongelia. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie. 32: 117-157.
page(s): 150 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDysidea coriacea Bowerbank, 1874) Arndt, W. 1935. Porifera. In: Die Tierwelt der Nord- und Ostsee. 3a (27).(Leipzig): 1-140. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongelia fistularis Schmidt, 1864) Vacelet, J. (1959). Répartition générale des éponges et systématique des éponges cornées de la région de Marseille et de quelques stations méditerranéennes. Recueil des Travaux de la Station marine d’Endoume. 16 (26): 39-101, pls 1-3. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia fragilis Montagu, 1814) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

[show all]

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution This species has been widely reported, but appears to be restricted to the Atlantic coasts of Europe, with some possible sightings in the Western Mediterranean. [details]
 

Feeding Type
suspension feeder [details]
Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcontiophorus scutatus (Brady & Robertson D., 1873) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterocheres complexus Stock, 1960 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterocheres parvus Giesbrecht, 1899 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgoosebump spongeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbrittle horny sponge  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoréponge mie de pan mouilléeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoréponge friable  [details]