WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) cinerea (Grant, 1826)

166605 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:166605)
accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChalina flemingii Bowerbank, 1866 (junior synonym and genus transfer)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChalina montaguii (Fleming, 1828) (genus transfer & junior homonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria cinerea (Grant, 1826)· accepted, alternate representation (genus transfer)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria montaguii Fleming, 1828· accepted, alternate representation (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)· accepted, alternate representation (subgenus assignment)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya bowerbanki Norman in Bowerbank, 1882 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya dichotoma Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya elegans Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya mammeata Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya peachii Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya permollis Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya ramusculus Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya simulo Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya varians Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhilotia varians (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniclona permollis (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera bowerbanki (Norman in Bowerbank, 1882) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera bowerbanki (Bowerbank, 1882) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera cinerea (Grant, 1826) (subgenus assignment and status change)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera elegans (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera peachi (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera permollis (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia cancellata Sowerby, 1806 (genus transfer and preoccupied)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia cinerea Grant, 1826) Grant, R.E. 1826d. Notice of two new species of British Sponges. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 2: 203-204. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Celtic Seas  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Celtic Seas [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
van Soest, R. (2008). Haliclona (Reniera) cinerea. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=166605 on 2017-11-21

Date
action
by
2005-07-10 18:05:41Z
created
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2008-06-02 19:00:27Z
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original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya simulo Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya peachii Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 276-277 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) bowerbanki (Bowerbank, 1882)) Bowerbank, J.S.; Norman, A.M. (1882). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 4 (Supplement). (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-250, pls I-XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia cinerea Grant, 1826) Grant, R.E. 1826d. Notice of two new species of British Sponges. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 2: 203-204. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona permollis (Bowerbank, 1866)) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera bowerbanki (Norman in Bowerbank, 1882)) Bowerbank, J.S.; Norman, A.M. (1882). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 4 (Supplement). (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-250, pls I-XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorChalina flemingii Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria montaguii Fleming, 1828) Fleming, J. (1828). A History of British Animals, Exhibiting the Descriptive Characters and Systematical Arrangement of the Genera and Species of Quadrupeds, Birds, Reptiles, Fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; Including the Indigenous, Extirpated, and Extinct Kinds, Together with Periodical and Occasional Visitants. Bell & Bradfute, Edinburgh. pp. 1–565., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya permollis Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya varians Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya bowerbanki Norman in Bowerbank, 1882) Bowerbank, J.S.; Norman, A.M. (1882). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 4 (Supplement). (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-250, pls I-XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia cancellata Sowerby, 1806) Sowerby, James. (1806). The British miscellany; or, Coloured figures of new, rare, or little known animal subjects : many not before ascertained to be inhabitants of the British Isles: and chiefly in the possession of the author, James Sowerby. R. Taylor & Co., London, Vol. 1-2 136 pp., 76 plates., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.41623
page(s): 131 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya dichotoma Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya elegans Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya mammeata Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya ramusculus Bowerbank, 1866) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source De Weerdt, W.H. 2002. Family Chalinidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 852-873. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya simulo Bowerbank, 1866) de Weerdt, W.H. (1986). A systematic revision of the north-eastern Atlantic shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera, Demospongiae): 2. Chalinidae. Beaufortia. 36(6): 81-165. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya elegans Bowerbank, 1866) de Weerdt, W.H. 1987. The shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera, Demospongiae) of the north east Atlantic Ocean: taxonomy, phylogeny and historical biogeography. PhD Thesis. Universiteit van Amsterdam: Amsterdam, Netherlands. 243 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya elegans Bowerbank, 1866) de Weerdt, W.H. (1986). A systematic revision of the north-eastern Atlantic shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera, Demospongiae): 2. Chalinidae. Beaufortia. 36(6): 81-165. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera bowerbanki (Bowerbank, 1882)) Ferrer Hernández, F. 1923 [1922]. Más datas para el conocimiento de las esponjas de las costas espanolas. Boletim de Pescas 7: 247-272. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Griessinger, J. M. (1971). Etude des Réniérides de Méditerranée (Démosponges Haplosclérides). Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Zoologie). 3(3): 97-182.
page(s): 156-157; fig 11f; note: with a description [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Pulitzer-Finali, G. (1983). A collection of Mediterranean Demospongiae (Porifera) with, in appendix, a list of the Demospongiae hitherto recorded from the Mediterranean Sea. Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale Giacomo Doria. 84: 445-621.
page(s): 576 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Corriero, G. 1989. The sponge fauna from the Stagnone di Marsala (Sicily): taxonomic and ecological observations. Bolletino Museo Istituto Biologia Università Genova 53: 101-113.
page(s): 103 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Carballo, J.L.; Garcia-Gómez, J.C. (1994). Esponjas del Estrecho de Gibraltar y áreas próximas, con nuevas aportaciones para la fauna Iberica [Porifera from the Straits of Gibraltar and nearby areas, new species of the Iberian fauna]. Cahiers de Biologie Marine. 35(2): 193-211. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 197 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Labate, M.; Arena, P. 1964. La fauna dei Poriferi nei laghi di Ganzirri e Faro (Messina). Archivo Zoologico Italiano 49:249-280.
page(s): 272-273; pl XXV 7 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Jones WC. (1987). Seasonal variations in the skeleton and spicule dimensions of Haliclona elegans (Bowerbank) sensu Topsent (1887) from two sites in North Wales. In: Jones WC (ed) European contributions to the taxonomy of sponges. Publications of the Sherkin Island Marine Station 1, pp 109-129.  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Labate, M. (1964). Poriferi di grotta superficiale del litorale adriatico pugliese. Annali del Pontificio Istituto Scienze e Lettere S. Chiara, Napoli. 14, 319-342.
page(s): 337; fig 8D [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Vacelet, J. (1976). Inventaire des Spongiaires du Parc national de Port-Cros (Var). Travaux scientifiques du Parc national de Port-Cros. 2, 167-186.
page(s): 181 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Corriero, G.; Pansini, M.; Sarà, M. (1984). Sui Poriferi della insenatura della Strea a Porto Cesareo (Lecce). Thalassia Salentina. 14, 1-10.
page(s): 7-8 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Kefalas, E.; Castritsi-Catharios, I; Miliou, H. (2003). The impacts of scallop dredging on sponge assemblages in the Gulf of kalloni (Aegean Sea, northeastern Mediterranean). ICES Journal of Marine Science. 60, 402-10.
page(s): 406 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachychalina montaguii (Fleming, 1828)) Ferrer Hernández, F. 1914b. Esponjas del Cantábrico. Parte 2. III. Myxospongida. IV. Tetraxonida. V. Triaxonida. Trabajos del Museo nacional de ciencias naturales (Zoológica) 17: 1-46.
page(s): 32 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachychalina montaguii (Fleming, 1828)) Stephens, J. 1912. A Biological Survey of Clare Island in the County of Mayo, Ireland and the Adjoining District. Marine Porifera. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 31 (Section 3, Part 59): 1-42, pl. I.
page(s): 26 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya bowerbanki Norman in Bowerbank, 1882) de Weerdt, W.H. 1987. The shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera, Demospongiae) of the north east Atlantic Ocean: taxonomy, phylogeny and historical biogeography. PhD Thesis. Universiteit van Amsterdam: Amsterdam, Netherlands. 243 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya permollis Bowerbank, 1866) de Weerdt, W.H. (1986). A systematic revision of the north-eastern Atlantic shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera, Demospongiae): 2. Chalinidae. Beaufortia. 36(6): 81-165. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorChalina flemingii Bowerbank, 1866) Ferrer Hernández, F. 1914b. Esponjas del Cantábrico. Parte 2. III. Myxospongida. IV. Tetraxonida. V. Triaxonida. Trabajos del Museo nacional de ciencias naturales (Zoológica) 17: 1-46.
page(s): 33 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera bowerbanki (Norman in Bowerbank, 1882)) Topsent, E. 1899. Document sur la faune des Spongiaires des Côtes de Belgique. Arch. Biol., 16: 105-115. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Topsent, E. (1892). Contribution à l’étude des Spongiaires de l’Atlantique Nord (Golfe de Gascogne, Terre-Neuve, Açores). Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 2: 1-165, pls I-XI.
page(s): 70 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Topsent, E. (1892). Diagnoses d’éponges nouvelles de la Méditerranée et plus particulièrement de Banyuls. Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale. (2) 10 (Notes et Revue 6) xvii-xxviii.
page(s): XVII [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Topsent, E. 1932b. Remarques sur des Eponges de l’estuaire de la Rance. Bulletin du Laboratoire maritime du Muséum d’histoire naturelle de Saint-Servan 8: 1-7. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Topsent, E.; Olivier, L. 1943. Eponges observées dans les parages de Monaco (fin). Bulletin de l’Institut océanographique, Monaco (854): 1-12.
page(s): 4 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera elegans (Bowerbank, 1866)) Topsent, E. (1925). Éponges de l'Étang de Thau. Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique de Monaco. 452, 1-42.
page(s): 14-15; note: comparison between several specimens collected all along the Atlantic & Mediterranean French coasts [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera peachi (Bowerbank, 1866)) Stephens, J. 1912. A Biological Survey of Clare Island in the County of Mayo, Ireland and the Adjoining District. Marine Porifera. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 31 (Section 3, Part 59): 1-42, pl. I.
page(s): 24-25 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera peachi (Bowerbank, 1866)) Stephens, J. 1921 [1920]. Sponges of the Coasts of Ireland. II. The Tetraxonida (concluded). Scientific Investigations of the Fisheries Branch. Department of Agriculture for Ireland 1920(2): 1-75, pls I-VI.
page(s): 6-7 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera peachi (Bowerbank, 1866)) Topsent, E. 1890a. Éponges de la Manche. Mémoires de la Société zoologique de France 3(1): 195-205.
page(s): 198 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera peachi (Bowerbank, 1866)) Topsent, E. 1899. Document sur la faune des Spongiaires des Côtes de Belgique. Arch. Biol., 16: 105-115. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 105 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona montagui (Fleming, 1828)) Van Soest, R.W.M.; Weinberg, S. 1980. A note on the sponges and octocorals from Sherkin Island and Lough Ine, Co Cork. The Irish Naturalist’s Journal 20(1): 1-15. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniclona permollis (Bowerbank, 1866)) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1954). The Sponges of the West-Central Pacific. Oregon State Monographs. Studies in Zoology. 7: i-x, 1-306,pls I-XII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorChalinula montagui (Fleming, 1828)) Arndt, W. 1941. Eine neuere Ausbeute von Meeresschwämmen der West- und Südküsten Portugals. Mit einer Übersicht über die bisher an und vor den Küsten Portugals nachgewiesenen rezenten Spongienarten überhaupt und Bemerkungen über nutzbare Schwämme in portugesischen Gewässern. Coimbra Editoria, Lda. Coimbra: Pp. 1-75. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorChalinula montagui (Fleming, 1828)) Topsent, E. (1897a). Spongiaires de la Baie d’Amboine. (Voyage de MM. M. Bedot et C. Pictet dans l’Archipel Malais). Revue suisse de Zoologie. 4: 421-487, pls 18-21. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorChalinula montagui (Fleming, 1828)) Topsent, E. (1904). Spongiaires des Açores. Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 25: 1-280, pls 1-18.
page(s): 246 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorChalinula montagui (Fleming, 1828)) Topsent, E. (1928). Spongiaires de l’Atlantique et de la Méditerranée provenant des croisières du Prince Albert ler de Monaco. Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 74:1-376, pls I-XI.
page(s): 327 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia cancellata Sowerby, 1806) Montagu, G. (1814). An Essay on Sponges, with Descriptions of all the Species that have been discovered on the Coast of Great Britain. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society. 2(1): 67-122, pls III-XVI.
page(s): 110-111 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona permollis (Bowerbank, 1866)) Laubenfels, M.W. De. (1936). A comparison of the shallow-water sponges near the Pacific end of the Panama Canal with those at the Caribbean end. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 83(2993): 441-466.
page(s): 444 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona permollis (Bowerbank, 1866)) Laubenfels, M. W. De. (1950a). The Porifera of the Bermuda Archipelago. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London. 27 (1): 1-154.
page(s): 46-47 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona permollis (Bowerbank, 1866)) Little, F.J. Jr. (1963). The sponge fauna of the St. George’s Sound, Apalache Bay, and Panama City Regions of the Florida Gulf Coast. Tulane Studies in Zoology 11(2): 31-71.
page(s): 40 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona permollis (Bowerbank, 1866)) Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia cinerea Grant, 1826) de Weerdt, W.H. 1987. The shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera, Demospongiae) of the north east Atlantic Ocean: taxonomy, phylogeny and historical biogeography. PhD Thesis. Universiteit van Amsterdam: Amsterdam, Netherlands. 243 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) bowerbanki (Bowerbank, 1882)) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia cinerea Grant, 1826) de Weerdt, W.H. (1986). A systematic revision of the north-eastern Atlantic shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera, Demospongiae): 2. Chalinidae. Beaufortia. 36(6): 81-165. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia cinerea Grant, 1826) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdocia cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdocia cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Burton, M. (1956). The sponges of West Africa. Atlantide Report (Scientific Results of the Danish Expedition to the Coasts of Tropical West Africa, 1945-1946, Copenhagen). 4: 111-147.
page(s): 126 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdocia cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Laubenfels, M.W. De. (1936). A comparison of the shallow-water sponges near the Pacific end of the Panama Canal with those at the Caribbean end. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 83(2993): 441-466.
page(s): 445 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdocia cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Burton, M. 1936b. The fishery ground near Alexandria. IX. Sponges. Notes and Memoirs of the Fisheries Research Directorate, Cairo 17: 1-28.
page(s): 11 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona permollis (Bowerbank, 1866)) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona permollis (Bowerbank, 1866)) Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona permollis (Bowerbank, 1866)) Meinkoth, N.A. 1981. Field guide to North American seashore creatures. The Audubon Society. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 799 p. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya peachii Bowerbank, 1866) Weerdt, W.H. de. (1986). A systematic revision of the North-Eastern Atlantic shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera, Demospongiae), Part II: Chalinidae. Beaufortia. 36(6): 49-135. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Babiç, K. 1922. Monactinellida und Tetractinellida des Adriatischen Meeres. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 46(2): 217-302, pls 8-9.
page(s): 226-227; fig G [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Fristedt, K. 1887a. Sponges from the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans and the Behring Sea. Vega-Expeditionens Vetenskap. Iakttagelser (Nordenskiöld) 4: 401-471, pls 22-31.
page(s): 419 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Lundbeck, W. (1902). Porifera. (Part I.) Homorrhaphidae and Heterorrhaphidae. Pp. 1-108, pls I-XIX, 1 map. In: The Danish Ingolf-Expedition. 6(1). (Bianco Luno: Copenhagen).
page(s): 43-44 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Stephens, J. 1915b. Atlantic Sponges collected by the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 50(2): 423-467, pls XXXVIII-XL.
page(s): 462 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Stephens, J. 1921 [1920]. Sponges of the Coasts of Ireland. II. The Tetraxonida (concluded). Scientific Investigations of the Fisheries Branch. Department of Agriculture for Ireland 1920(2): 1-75, pls I-VI.
page(s): 6-7 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Topsent, E. (1904). Spongiaires des Açores. Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 25: 1-280, pls 1-18.
page(s): 244 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Topsent, E.; Olivier, L. 1943. Eponges observées dans les parages de Monaco (fin). Bulletin de l’Institut océanographique, Monaco (854): 1-12.
page(s): 4 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Burton, M. 1929c. Porifera. In: T. Monod (ed.) Faune des Colonies Françaises. Tome III. Contribution à l'étude de la faune du Cameroun. 2e Partie, Pp. 65-71, Figs 1-6.
page(s): 70 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Burton, M. 1926d. Sponges. Zoological Results of the Suez Canal Expedition. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 22: 71-83. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhilotia varians (Bowerbank, 1866)) de Weerdt, W.H. (1986). A systematic revision of the north-eastern Atlantic shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera, Demospongiae): 2. Chalinidae. Beaufortia. 36(6): 81-165. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhilotia varians (Bowerbank, 1866)) Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) de Weerdt, W.H. (1986). A systematic revision of the north-eastern Atlantic shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera, Demospongiae): 2. Chalinidae. Beaufortia. 36(6): 81-165. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 104-107 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Laubenfels, M.W. De. (1932). The marine and fresh-water sponges of California. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 81(2927):1-140. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Lévi, C. 1952. Spongiaires de la côte du Sénégal. Bulletin de l’Institut français d’Afrique noire (A. Sciences naturelles) 14(1): 34-59.
page(s): 57-58 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Rützler, K. (1965). Systematik und Ökologie der Poriferen aus Litoral-Schattengebieten der Nordadria. Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere. 55(1): 1-82.
page(s): 35 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Sarà, M. (1958). Studio sui Poriferi di una grotta di marea del Golfo di Napoli. Archivo Zoologico Italiano. 43: 203-281, pls I-II.
page(s): 271; fig 27a [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Sarà, M. (1960). Poriferi del litorale dell’isola d’lschia e loro ripartizioneper ambienti. Pubblicazioni della Stazione zoologica di Napoli. 31(3):421-472, pls XII-XIII.
page(s): 464 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) De Weerdt, W.H.; Van Soest, R.W.M. 1986. Marine shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera) from the south-eastern part of the North Atlantic Ocean. Zoologische Verhandelingen 225: 1-49.
page(s): 6-8 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Ben Mustapha, K; Zarrouk, S.; Souissi, A.; El Abed, A. (2003). Diversité des Démosponges Tunisiennes. Bulletin Institut national des Sciences et Technologies de la mer de Salammbô. 30, 55-78.
page(s): 71 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Carballo, J.L.; Garcia-Gómez, J.C. (1994). Esponjas del Estrecho de Gibraltar y áreas próximas, con nuevas aportaciones para la fauna Iberica [Porifera from the Straits of Gibraltar and nearby areas, new species of the Iberian fauna]. Cahiers de Biologie Marine. 35(2): 193-211. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 197 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Lombas, I. (1982). Distribución, de esponjas esciafilas en la zona intermareal de Aramar (Luanco, Asturias). Boletim de Ciencias Naturales IDEA. 29: 37-50.
page(s): 46 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Sarà, M. (1958). Contributo all consoscenza dei Poriferi del Mar Ligure. Annali di Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Genova. 70(1): 207-244.
page(s): 236; fig 10 A-H [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) De Weerdt WH. (1987). The marine shallow-water Chalinidae (Haplosclerida, Porifera) of the British Iles. In: Jones WC (ed) European contributions to the taxonomy of sponges. Publications of the Sherkin Island Marine Station 1, pp 74-108.  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Voultsiadou, E. (2005). Sponge diversity in the Aegean Sea: Check list and new information. Italian Zoology. 72 (1): 53-64.
page(s): 55 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Kefalas, E.; Castritsi-Catharios, I; Miliou, H. (2003). The impacts of scallop dredging on sponge assemblages in the Gulf of kalloni (Aegean Sea, northeastern Mediterranean). ICES Journal of Marine Science. 60, 402-10.
page(s): 406 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Scalera-Liaci, L.; Sciscioli, M; Fiordiponti, F. (1976). Distribuzione dei Poriferi del mar Piccolo di Taronto. Oebalia. 2, 3-19.
page(s): 18 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Fleming, J. (1828). A History of British Animals, Exhibiting the Descriptive Characters and Systematical Arrangement of the Genera and Species of Quadrupeds, Birds, Reptiles, Fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; Including the Indigenous, Extirpated, and Extinct Kinds, Together with Periodical and Occasional Visitants. Bell & Bradfute, Edinburgh. pp. 1–565., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569
page(s): 521 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya cinerea (Grant, 1826)) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 274-275 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorChalina montaguii (Fleming, 1828)) Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera permollis (Bowerbank, 1866)) Ferrer Hernández, F. 1914b. Esponjas del Cantábrico. Parte 2. III. Myxospongida. IV. Tetraxonida. V. Triaxonida. Trabajos del Museo nacional de ciencias naturales (Zoológica) 17: 1-46.
page(s): 30 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera permollis (Bowerbank, 1866)) Topsent, E. 1894b. Etude sur la faune des Spongiaires du Pas-de-Calais, suivie d’une Application de la Nomenclature actuelle à la Monographie de Bowerbank. Revue biologique du Nord de la France 7:6-28. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeotype [from synonym] BMNH 1932.1.5.7, locality Celtic Seas (Fowey) [view taxon]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptopontius gracilis C. B. Wilson, 1932 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlannapontius Holmes, 1998 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorashy horny sponge [from synonym]  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoréponge cendrée [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorchaline cendrée  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorムラサキカイメン [from synonym]  [details]