WoRMS taxon details

Demospongiae

164811  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:164811)

Sollas, 1885
accepted
Class
Ceractinomorpha (disused)
Cornacuspongia (disused)
Monaxonida (disused)
Sclerospongiae (disused)
Order Demospongiae incertae sedis
Subclass Heteroscleromorpha
Subclass Keratosa
Subclass Verongimorpha

Subclass Ceractinomorpha accepted as Demospongiae (disused)
Subclass Cornacuspongia accepted as Demospongiae (disused)
Subclass Democlavia accepted as Heteroscleromorpha (undefined taxon)
Order Gummineae accepted as Chondrosiida (disused)
Order Halisarcida accepted as Chondrillida (junior synonym)
Subclass Haploscleromorpha accepted as Heteroscleromorpha (synonym)
Order Lithistida accepted as Heteroscleromorpha (disused)
Subclass Monaxonida accepted as Demospongiae (disused)
Subclass Myxospongiae accepted as Verongimorpha (synonym)
Subclass Tetractinomorpha accepted as Demospongiae (disused)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Sollas, W.J. (1885). A Classification of the Sponges. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (5) 16(95): 395. [details]   
Taxonomy Since the publication of the Systema Porifera, thirteen years of predominantly molecular work has been performed to test...  
Taxonomy Since the publication of the Systema Porifera, thirteen years of predominantly molecular work has been performed to test the phylogenetic framework of its classification. This has resulted now (2015) in dramatically changed insights, especially in the class Demospongiae, demanding adapatation of the classification. A new subclass and ordinal division was proposed by Morrow & Cárdenas (2015) and is here adopted. The class Demospongiae now has three subclasses, Verongimorpha, Keratosa and Heteroscleromorpha, and each of these has a strongly altered set of orders.  [details]
WoRMS (2018). Demospongiae. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=164811 on 2018-07-21
Date
action
by
2005-07-10 18:05:41Z
created
db_admin
2005-11-07 21:03:01Z
changed
2005-11-07 21:14:01Z
changed
2006-01-04 08:36:27Z
changed
2009-11-20 14:36:03Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Sollas, W.J. (1885). A Classification of the Sponges. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (5) 16(95): 395. [details]   

original description  (ofCeractinomorpha) Lévi, C. (1953). Sur une nouvelle classification des Démosponges. Compte rendu hebdomadaire des séances de l’Académie des sciences, Paris. 236 (8): 853-855. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofTetractinomorpha) Lévi, C. (1953). Sur une nouvelle classification des Démosponges. Compte rendu hebdomadaire des séances de l’Académie des sciences, Paris. 236 (8): 853-855. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofSclerospongiae) Hartman, W.D.; Goreau, T.F. (1970). Jamaican coralline sponges: their morphology, ecology and fossil relatives. In: Fry WG (ed) The Biology of the Porifera. Symposium of the Zoological Society of London, Academic Press London. 25, 205-243. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofMonaxonida) Ridley, S.O.; Dendy, A. (1887). Report on the Monaxonida collected by H.M.S. ‘Challenger’ during the years 1873-1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. ‘Challenger’, 1873-1876. Zoology. 20 (59): i-lxviii, 1-275, pls I-LI, 1 map. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofCornacuspongia) Vosmaer, G.C.J. (1887). Spongien (Porifera). In: H.G. Bronn, Die Klassen und Ordnungen des Thierreichs 2 : 1-499.  [details]   

basis of record Morrow, C.; Cárdenas, P. (2015). Proposal for a revised classification of the Demospongiae (Porifera). Frontiers in Zoology. 12: 7., available online at http://www.frontiersinzoology.com/content/12/1/7
page(s): 8 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Lévi, C. (1979). Remarques sur la taxonomie des Demonspongea. Colloques internationaux du CNRS. 291, 497-502. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.). (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-306-47260-0. xix, 1-1101, 1103-1706 (2 volumes) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Chombard, C.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Tillier, A.; Vacelet, J. (1997). Polyphyly of ‘Sclerosponges’ (Porifera, Demospongiae) Supported by 28S Ribosomal Sequences. Biological Bulletin. 193: 359-367. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Class Demospongiae Sollas, 1885, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 15-18 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sollas, W.J. (1886). A Classification of the Sponges. Scientific Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society (new series). 5: 112. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Boury-Esnault, N. (2006). Systematics and evolution of Demospongiae. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 84: 205-224., available online at https://doi.org/10.1139/Z06-003 [details]   

basis of record  (ofTetractinomorpha) Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Class Demospongiae Sollas, 1885, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 15-18 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofCeractinomorpha) Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Class Demospongiae Sollas, 1885, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 15-18 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofTetractinomorpha) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofCeractinomorpha) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Taxonomy Since the publication of the Systema Porifera, thirteen years of predominantly molecular work has been performed to test the phylogenetic framework of its classification. This has resulted now (2015) in dramatically changed insights, especially in the class Demospongiae, demanding adapatation of the classification. A new subclass and ordinal division was proposed by Morrow & Cárdenas (2015) and is here adopted. The class Demospongiae now has three subclasses, Verongimorpha, Keratosa and Heteroscleromorpha, and each of these has a strongly altered set of orders.  [details]
 



LanguageName 
Dutch gewone sponzen  [details]
English horny spongesdemosponges  [details]
Japanese 尋常海綿  [details]
Swedish horn- och kiselsvampar  [details]
Ukrainian Звича́йні гу́бки  [details]