WoRMS name details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeractinomorpha

131586 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131586)
Lévi, 1953
Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (disused)
Subclass
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Lévi, C. 1953a. Sur une nouvelle classification des Démosponges. Compte rendu hebdomadaire des séances de l’Académie des sciences. Paris 236(8): 853-855. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Lévi (1953) subdivided the Demospongiae in...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Lévi (1953) subdivided the Demospongiae in three subclasses based on reproductive characters. Ceractinomorpha were defined as viviparous sponges. As gradually more information has become available on reproductive modes of sponges, vivipary was demonstrated to be a marker at most for lower taxa (family, genus). The Systema Porifera suggested to abandon the subclass level until such time that new markers would become available.  [details]
van Soest, R. (2009). Ceractinomorpha. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131586 on 2017-11-23

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-07-26 12:02:34Z
changed
2006-05-18 10:05:01Z
changed
2008-12-05 14:00:29Z
changed
2009-11-20 14:36:03Z
changed

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original description Lévi, C. 1953a. Sur une nouvelle classification des Démosponges. Compte rendu hebdomadaire des séances de l’Académie des sciences. Paris 236(8): 853-855. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Class Demospongiae Sollas, 1885, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 15-18 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (MSBIAS) MEDIN. (2011). UK checklist of marine species derived from the applications Marine Recorder and UNICORN. version 1.0. [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Lévi (1953) subdivided the Demospongiae in three subclasses based on reproductive characters. Ceractinomorpha were defined as viviparous sponges. As gradually more information has become available on reproductive modes of sponges, vivipary was demonstrated to be a marker at most for lower taxa (family, genus). The Systema Porifera suggested to abandon the subclass level until such time that new markers would become available.  [details]