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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLithistida 
AphiaID: 131605

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLithistida (Order)
Authority Schmidt, 1870
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (disused)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteroscleromorpha
Rank Order
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae
Sources  original description Schmidt, O. 1870. Grundzüge einer Spongien-Fauna des atlantischen Gebietes. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): iii-iv, 1-88, pls I-VI. [details] [full text]

[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent + fossil
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRemark 'Lithistida' are sponges sharing a skeleton built from desma spicules. The Recent lithistids are generally considered a polyphyletic assemblage, with various famlies and genera related to sponges lacking desmas based on shared microscleres. Examples are Scleritodermidae with sigmaspires identical to those in Spirophorina, and Corallistidae with amphiasters shared with Pachastrellidae. Unfortunately, most fossils and several Recent families do not demonstrate such clear characters shared with non-Lithistids, so their affinities remain obscure. They are here divided among the unrelated orders Tetractinellida, Sphaerocladina and Bubarida. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131605
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van Soest, Rob
2006-05-18 10:05:01Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2006-11-11 18:20:00Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2012-05-17 13:48:03Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2012-05-27 11:32:30Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2015-04-22 06:11:52Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
  
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  Citation: van Soest, R. (2015). Lithistida. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P. (2015) World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131605 on 2015-09-05
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License