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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor'Lithistida' 
AphiaID: 131605

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor'Lithistida' (Order)
Authority Schmidt, 1870
Status accepted
Rank Order
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae
Sources  original description Schmidt, O. 1870. Grundzüge einer Spongien-Fauna des atlantischen Gebietes. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): iii-iv, 1-88, pls I-VI. [details] [full text]

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taxa (16)

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 Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAzoricidae Sollas, 1888
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCorallistidae Sollas, 1888
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmanthidae Topsent, 1894
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsoraphiniidae Schrammen, 1924
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLithistida incertae sedis
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacandrewiidae Schrammen, 1924
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopeltidae Sollas, 1888
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhymaraphiniidae Schrammen, 1924
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhymatellidae Schrammen, 1910
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPleromidae Sollas, 1888
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleritodermidae Sollas, 1888
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiphonidiidae Lendenfeld, 1903
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTheonellidae Lendenfeld, 1903
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVetulinidae Lendenfeld, 1903

Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDaedalopeltidae De Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopeltidae Sollas, 1888
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeiodermatiidae Lendenfeld, 1903 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAzoricidae Sollas, 1888
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent + fossil
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRemark 'Lithistida' are sponges sharing a skeleton built from desma spicules. The Recent lithistids are generally considered a polyphyletic assemblage, with various famlies and genera related to sponges lacking desmas based on shared microscleres. Examples are Scleritodermidae with sigmaspires identical to those in Spirophorida, and Corallistidae with amphiasters shared with Pachastrellidae. Unfortunately, most fossils and several Recent families do not demonstrate such clear characters shared with non-Lithistids, so their affinities remain obscure. For this reason, 'Lithistida' are here treated as an ordinal group of the Demospongiae.  [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131605
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van Soest, Rob
2006-05-18 10:05:01Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2006-11-11 18:20:00Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2012-05-17 13:48:03Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2012-05-27 11:32:30Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
  
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  Citation: van Soest, R. (2014). 'Lithistida'. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131605 on 2014-12-20
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