WoRMS name details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxospongiae

492222  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:492222)

Haeckel, 1866
Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (synonym)
Subclass
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Haeckel, E. H. P. A. (1866). Generelle morphologie der Organismen. Allgemeine Grundzüge der organischen Formen-wissenschaft, mechanisch begründet durch die von Charles Darwin reformirte Descendenztheorie, von Ernst Haeckel. Berlin,G. Reimer. , available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.3953 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy In recent molecular-phylogenetic studies (e.g....  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy In recent molecular-phylogenetic studies (e.g. Borchiellini et al. 2004; Maldonado, 2009), the old name Myxospongiae is used for an assemblage of orders, that come out as a clade repeatedly. These are the orders Chondrillida/Halisarcida, Chondrosiida and Verongiida. Maldonado (2009) provided ultrastructural evidence that supports these three orders as a monophyletic group at the subclass level. It is unclear why the name Myxospongiae has been revived for a different assemblage than the original group of Haeckel (and Zittel). Myxospongiae means literally 'slime sponges', and originally this was intended for sponges like Halisarca and Oscarella lacking both discrete organic fibers and siliceous spicules. Higher taxa names are 'free' from priority rules of the ICZN, and common sense dictates that an assemblage with a radically different content should get a new name. Accordingly the recently proposed name Verongimorpha has gained acceptance. [details]
van Soest, R. (2012). Myxospongiae. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=492222 on 2017-12-12

Date
action
by
2010-07-29 07:31:21Z
created
2012-05-27 11:32:30Z
changed
2012-08-16 13:22:45Z
changed

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original description Haeckel, E. H. P. A. (1866). Generelle morphologie der Organismen. Allgemeine Grundzüge der organischen Formen-wissenschaft, mechanisch begründet durch die von Charles Darwin reformirte Descendenztheorie, von Ernst Haeckel. Berlin,G. Reimer. , available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.3953 [details]   

basis of record Maldonado, M. 2009. Embryonic development of verongid demosponges supports the independent acquisition of spongin skeletons as an alternative to the siliceous skeleton of sponges. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 97, 427–447.., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2009.01202.x [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cárdenas, P.; Pérez, T.; Boury-Esnault, N. (2012). Sponge Systematics Facing New Challenges. Advances in Sponge Science: Phylogeny, Systematics, Ecology. 79-209., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-387787-1.00010-6 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Haeckel, E. (1872). Die Kalkschwämme. Eine Monographie in zwei Bänden Text und einem Atlas mit 60 Tafeln Abbildungen. G. Reimer:Berlin. (1: 1-484) 2: 1-418 (3: pls 1-60). [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Zittel, K.A. 1878. Zur Stammes-Geschichte der Spongien (50 Jahren Akademischen Doktorwürde Karl Theodor von Siebold). Philosophische Facultät der Ludwig-Maximilian's Universität München, pp. 1-20.  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Redmond, N. E.; Morrow, C. C.; Thacker, R. W.; Diaz, M. C.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Cardenas, P.; Hajdu, E.; Lobo-Hajdu, G.; Picton, B. E.; Pomponi, S. A.; Kayal, E.; Collins, A. G. (2013). Phylogeny and Systematics of Demospongiae in Light of New Small-Subunit Ribosomal DNA (18S) Sequences. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 53(3): 388-415., available online at http://icb.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/06/22/icb.ict078 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy In recent molecular-phylogenetic studies (e.g. Borchiellini et al. 2004; Maldonado, 2009), the old name Myxospongiae is used for an assemblage of orders, that come out as a clade repeatedly. These are the orders Chondrillida/Halisarcida, Chondrosiida and Verongiida. Maldonado (2009) provided ultrastructural evidence that supports these three orders as a monophyletic group at the subclass level. It is unclear why the name Myxospongiae has been revived for a different assemblage than the original group of Haeckel (and Zittel). Myxospongiae means literally 'slime sponges', and originally this was intended for sponges like Halisarca and Oscarella lacking both discrete organic fibers and siliceous spicules. Higher taxa names are 'free' from priority rules of the ICZN, and common sense dictates that an assemblage with a radically different content should get a new name. Accordingly the recently proposed name Verongimorpha has gained acceptance. [details]