WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKeratosa

366651  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:366651)

Grant, 1861
accepted
Subclass
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDendroceratida
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyoceratida

Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVerticillitida accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyoceratida (junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Grant, R.E. 1861. Tabular view of the primary divisions of the Animal Kingdom, intended to serve as an outline of an elementary course of recent Zoology, etc. (London): i-vi, 1-91. [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy The order Keratosa was used prior to Lévi's...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy The order Keratosa was used prior to Lévi's (1955) rearrangement of the Demosponge orders to accomodate sponges lacking spicules and provided with spongin fibers. This is now considered an artificial group because the orders Verongiida, Dictyoceratida, Dendroceratida and family Halisarcidae were included in the concept of Keratosa. From multidisplinary studies involving biology, chemistry, microbiology and genetics it is demonstrated that Verongiida and Halisarcidae are unrelated to Dictyoceratida and Dendroceratida. Recent molecular studies favour the use of the name Keratosa for a subclass consisting of the orders Dendroceratida and Dictyoceratida only (Erpenbeck et al. 2012) and the former order Verticillitida. [details]
van Soest, R. (2015). Keratosa. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=366651 on 2017-12-13

Date
action
by
2008-08-25 18:22:14Z
created
2009-11-20 14:36:03Z
changed
2012-05-17 13:48:03Z
changed
2012-05-27 11:32:30Z
changed
2015-04-21 10:18:47Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Grant, R.E. 1861. Tabular view of the primary divisions of the Animal Kingdom, intended to serve as an outline of an elementary course of recent Zoology, etc. (London): i-vi, 1-91. [details]   

basis of record Morrow C.; Cárdenas P. (2015). Proposal for a revised classification of the Demospongiae (Porifera). Frontiers in Zoology. 12:7., available online at http://www.frontiersinzoology.com/content/12/1/7
page(s): 9 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Redmond, N. E.; Morrow, C. C.; Thacker, R. W.; Diaz, M. C.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Cardenas, P.; Hajdu, E.; Lobo-Hajdu, G.; Picton, B. E.; Pomponi, S. A.; Kayal, E.; Collins, A. G. (2013). Phylogeny and Systematics of Demospongiae in Light of New Small-Subunit Ribosomal DNA (18S) Sequences. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 53(3): 388-415., available online at http://icb.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/06/22/icb.ict078 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Erpenbeck, D.; Sutcliffe, P.; Cook, S. D. C.; Dietzel, A.; Maldonado, M.; Van Soest, R. W.; Hooper, J. N.; Wörheide, G. (2012). Horny sponges and their affairs: On the phylogenetic relationships of keratose sponges. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 63(3): 809-816., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.02.024 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy The order Keratosa was used prior to Lévi's (1955) rearrangement of the Demosponge orders to accomodate sponges lacking spicules and provided with spongin fibers. This is now considered an artificial group because the orders Verongiida, Dictyoceratida, Dendroceratida and family Halisarcidae were included in the concept of Keratosa. From multidisplinary studies involving biology, chemistry, microbiology and genetics it is demonstrated that Verongiida and Halisarcidae are unrelated to Dictyoceratida and Dendroceratida. Recent molecular studies favour the use of the name Keratosa for a subclass consisting of the orders Dendroceratida and Dictyoceratida only (Erpenbeck et al. 2012) and the former order Verticillitida. [details]