WoRMS taxon details

Desmacidon fruticosum (Montagu, 1814)

133526  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:133526)

accepted
Species
Halichondria cylindracea Bowerbank, 1882· accepted, alternate representation (genus transfer and junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofSpongia fruticosa Montagu, 1814) Montagu, G. (1814). An Essay on Sponges, with Descriptions of all the Species that have been discovered on the Coast of Great Britain. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society. 2(1): 67-122, pls III-XVI.
page(s): 112 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Holotype  BMNH 1930.7.3.410, locality Celtic Seas...  
Holotype [from synonym] BMNH 1930.7.3.410, locality Celtic Seas (Devon Coast) [view taxon]
Nomenclature Technically, Montagu's name Spongia fruticosa is a junior primary homonym of that of Esper, 1794. Junior primary homonyms...  
Nomenclature Technically, Montagu's name Spongia fruticosa is a junior primary homonym of that of Esper, 1794. Junior primary homonyms should be replaced by a new name. However, Esper's combination is unused in the sense of art. 23.9.1.1 of the ICZN (not used after 1899) and the junior name of Montagu is in prevailing use as Desmacidon fruticosum in the sense of art. 23.9.1.2 (used in at least 25 works and by at least 10 authors in the last 50 years). Thus, Esper's name is to be suppressed as a nomen oblitum and usage of Desmacidon fruticosum is to be maintained as nomen protectum.  [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Desmacidon fruticosum (Montagu, 1814). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=133526 on 2018-07-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-07-15 06:52:57Z
changed
2006-11-08 08:46:41Z
changed
2010-04-19 13:48:59Z
checked
2014-02-16 18:30:10Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofSpongia fruticosa Montagu, 1814) Montagu, G. (1814). An Essay on Sponges, with Descriptions of all the Species that have been discovered on the Coast of Great Britain. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society. 2(1): 67-122, pls III-XVI.
page(s): 112 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofHalichondria cylindracea Bowerbank, 1882) Bowerbank, J.S.; Norman, A.M. (1882). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 4 (Supplement). (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-250, pls I-XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Desmacididae Schmidt, 1870. Pp. 572-574. In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Stephens, J. 1917. Report on the sponges collected off the coasts of Ireland by the dredging expeditions of the Royal Irish Academy and the Royal Dublin Society. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 34 (B): 1-16.
page(s): 9 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Topsent, E. (1891). Spongaires des côtes océaniques de France. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France. 6: 125-129.
page(s): 126 & 127 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Solórzano, M.R. (1990). Poríferos del litoral gallego: estudio faunístico, distribución e inventario. Phd Thesis Unversidad de Santiago de Compostela. 1036 pp.
page(s): 673-677 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Topsent, E. (1892). Contribution à l’étude des Spongiaires de l’Atlantique Nord (Golfe de Gascogne, Terre-Neuve, Açores). Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 2: 1-165, pls I-XI.
page(s): 93; note: mispelled "fructicosum [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Topsent, E. (1904). Spongiaires des Açores. Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 25: 1-280, pls 1-18.
page(s): 203 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Topsent, E. (1928). Spongiaires de l’Atlantique et de la Méditerranée provenant des croisières du Prince Albert ler de Monaco. Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 74:1-376, pls I-XI.
page(s): 201 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (1993). Affinities of the Marine Demospongiae Fauna of the Cape Verde Islands and Tropical West Africa. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg. 159: 205-219. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Maldonado, M. (1992). Demosponges of the red coral bottoms from the Alboran Sea. Journal of Natural History. 26: 1131-1161. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 1 134 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Ackers, R.G.; Moss, D.; Picton, B.E. (1992). Sponges of the British Isles (‘Sponges V’). A Colour Guide and Working Document. Marine Conservation Society. 1-175.
page(s): 91-92 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Borojevic, R.; Cabioch, L.; Lévi, C. (1968). Inventaire de la faune marine de Roscoff. Spongiaires. Cahiers de Biologie Marine. 9 (1): 1-44., available online at http://www.sb-roscoff.fr/images/stories/sbr/observation/documents/spongiaires.pdf
page(s): 19 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bowerbank, J.S. (1866). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 345-347 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Bowerbank, J.S. (1874). A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 3. (Ray Society: London): i-xvii, 1-367, pls I-XCII. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 155, Pl. LXI [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Ferrer Hernández, F. (1914). Esponjas del Cantábrico. Parte 2. III. Myxospongida. IV. Tetraxonida. V. Triaxonida. Trabajos del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (Zoológica). 17: 1-46.
page(s): 37 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Lévi, C. (1960). Spongiaires des côtes occidentales africaines. Bulletin de l’Institut français d’Afrique noire (A. Sciences naturelles). 22 (3): 743-769.
page(s): 765-766; fig 18 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Lévi, C.; Vacelet, J. 1958. Éponges récoltées dans l’Atlantique oriental par le ‘Président Théodore-Tissier’ (1955-1956). Revue des Travaux de l’Institut des Pêches maritimes 22 (2): 225-246.
page(s): 243 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication Ridley, S.O.; Dendy, A. (1887). Report on the Monaxonida collected by H.M.S. ‘Challenger’ during the years 1873-1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. ‘Challenger’, 1873-1876. Zoology. 20 (59): i-lxviii, 1-275, pls I-LI, 1 map.
page(s): 104 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofHalichondria cylindracea Bowerbank, 1882) Arndt, W. 1935. Porifera. In: Die Tierwelt der Nord- und Ostsee. 3a (27).(Leipzig): 1-140. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofSpongia fruticosa Montagu, 1814) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofSpongia fruticosa Montagu, 1814) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Desmacididae Schmidt, 1870. Pp. 572-574. In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype [from synonym] BMNH 1930.7.3.410, locality Celtic Seas (Devon Coast) [view taxon]
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature Technically, Montagu's name Spongia fruticosa is a junior primary homonym of that of Esper, 1794. Junior primary homonyms should be replaced by a new name. However, Esper's combination is unused in the sense of art. 23.9.1.1 of the ICZN (not used after 1899) and the junior name of Montagu is in prevailing use as Desmacidon fruticosum in the sense of art. 23.9.1.2 (used in at least 25 works and by at least 10 authors in the last 50 years). Thus, Esper's name is to be suppressed as a nomen oblitum and usage of Desmacidon fruticosum is to be maintained as nomen protectum.  [details]