WoRMS taxon details

Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767)

134025  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:134025)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Linnaeus C. (1767). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Ed. 12. 1., Regnum Animale. 1 & 2. Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5
page(s): 1 295 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in North Sea  
type locality contained in North Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Taxonomy There are rivalling names for this species (see list of synonyms). The present name, considered valid, is based on...  
Taxonomy There are rivalling names for this species (see list of synonyms). The present name, considered valid, is based on Alcyonium cydonium Jameson, 1911. This is a junior homonym of Alcyonium cydonium Linnaeus, 1767, which is a Hymeniacidon, and also of Alcyonium cydonium sensu Müller, 1796. For that reason, the latter name was replaced by Fleming, 1828 with the name Cydonium muelleri. However, since Müller's A. cydonium has been demonstrated to be not a sponge, this replacement name is unvailable for the present species. Jameson's Alcyonium cydonium is a Geodia, clearly different from Linnaeus' A. cydonium (=Hymeniacidon), and thus it becomes available as Geodia cydonium. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=134025 on 2018-04-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-12-17 11:44:10Z
changed
2007-09-05 17:42:47Z
changed
2016-09-26 12:57:33Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus C. (1767). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Ed. 12. 1., Regnum Animale. 1 & 2. Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5
page(s): 1 295 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofGeodia simplex Schmidt, 1870) Schmidt, O. (1870). Grundzüge einer Spongien-Fauna des atlantischen Gebietes. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): iii-iv, 1-88, pls I-VI.
page(s): 70 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofGeodia gigas Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 50; pl IV fig 9 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofCydonium muelleri Fleming, 1828) Fleming J. (1828). A history of British animals, exhibiting the descriptive characters and systematical arrangement of the genera and species of quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; including the indigenous, extirpated, and extinct kinds, together with periodical and occasional observations. xxiii + 565 pp. (+ 1 p. corrigenda). Edinburgh: Bell & Bradfute / London: J. Duncan. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569
page(s): 516 [details]   

original description  (ofCydonium muelleri var. hispanica Ferrer Hernandez, 1914) Ferrer Hernández, F. (1914). Esponjas del Cantábrico. Parte 2. III. Myxospongida. IV. Tetraxonida. V. Triaxonida. Trabajos del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (Zoológica). 17: 1-46.
page(s): 14-15 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofGeodia zetlandica Johnston, 1842) Johnston, G. 1842. A History of British Sponges and Lithophytes.(W.H. Lizars: Edinburgh): i-xii, 1-264, pls I-XXV.
page(s): 195-197, plate III (figs. 3-4) [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Burton, M. (1956). The sponges of West Africa. Atlantide Report (Scientific Results of the Danish Expedition to the Coasts of Tropical West Africa, 1945-1946, Copenhagen). 4: 111-147.
page(s): 118 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pulitzer-Finali, G. (1972 [1970]). Report on a collection of sponges from the Bay of Naples. 1. Sclerospongiae, Lithistida, Tetractinellida, Epipolasida. Pubblicazioni della Stazione zoologica di Napoli. 38 (2): 328-354.
page(s): 335-336 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pulitzer-Finali, G. (1983). A collection of Mediterranean Demospongiae (Porifera) with, in appendix, a list of the Demospongiae hitherto recorded from the Mediterranean Sea. Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale Giacomo Doria. 84: 445-621.
page(s): 457 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Rützler, K. (1965). Systematik und Ökologie der Poriferen aus Litoral-Schattengebieten der Nordadria. Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere. 55(1): 1-82.
page(s): 9-10 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sarà, M. (1960). Poriferi del litorale dell’isola d’lschia e loro ripartizioneper ambienti. Pubblicazioni della Stazione zoologica di Napoli. 31(3):421-472, pls XII-XIII.
page(s): 447 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sarà, M. (1961). La fauna di Poriferi delle grotte delle isole Tremiti. Studio ecologico e sistematico. Archivio zoologico italiano. 46: 1-59,pls I-II.
page(s): 31 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Topsent, E. (1904). Spongiaires des Açores. Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 25: 1-280, pls 1-18.
page(s): 67 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Topsent, E. (1928). Spongiaires de l’Atlantique et de la Méditerranée provenant des croisières du Prince Albert ler de Monaco. Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco. 74:1-376, pls I-XI.
page(s): 106 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Topsent, E. (1934). Eponges observées dans les parages de Monaco. (Première partie). Bulletin de l’Institut océanographique, Monaco. 650: 1-42.
page(s): 2 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Uriz, M.J. (1981). Estudio sistemático de las esponjas Astrophorida (Demospongia) de los fondos de pesca de arrastre, entre Tossa y Calella (Cataluña). Boletín del Instituto Español de Oceanografía. 6(4):7-58.
page(s): 14-21 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Vacelet, J. (1969). Eponges de la Roche du Large et de l'étage bathyal de Méditerranée (Récoltes de la soucoupe plongeante Cousteau et dragages). Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (A, Zoologie). 59(2): 145-219, pls I-IV.
page(s): 165 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Corriero, G. (1989). The sponge fauna from the Stagnone di Marsala (Sicily): taxonomic and ecological observations. Bolletino Museo Istituto Biologia Università Genova. 53: 101-113.
page(s): 103-104; fig 1B & D [details]   

additional source Ben Mustapha, K; Zarrouk, S.; Souissi, A.; El Abed, A. (2003). Diversité des Démosponges Tunisiennes. Bulletin Institut national des Sciences et Technologies de la mer de Salammbô. 30, 55-78.
page(s): 64 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Lombas, I. (1982). Distribución, de esponjas esciafilas en la zona intermareal de Aramar (Luanco, Asturias). Boletim de Ciencias Naturales IDEA. 29: 37-50.
page(s): 43 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sarà, M. (1958). Contributo all consoscenza dei Poriferi del Mar Ligure. Annali di Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Genova. 70(1): 207-244.
page(s): 213 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Laubier, L. (1966). Le coralligène des Albères. Monographie biocénotique. Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, Monaco, Nouvelle Série. 43:137-316, figs. 1-12, plates I-VI, maps 1-2.
page(s): 204 [details]   

additional source Cabioch, L. (1973). Additions à l'inventaire de la faune marine de Roscoff. Spongiaires. Travaux de la Station Biologique de Roscoff (n.s.). 20 (31): 5-6.
page(s): 5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Pansini, M. (1987). Report on a collection of Demospongiae from soft bottoms of the Eastern Adriatic Sea. In: Jones WC (ed) European contributions to the taxonomy of sponges. Publications of the Sherkin Island Marine Station. 1, 41-53.
page(s): 43 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Boury-Esnault, N.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Ledoyer, M.; Saldanha, L.; Zibrowius, H. (2001). Peuplement benthique des grottes sous-marines de Sagres (Portugal, Atlantique nord-oriental). Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal. Sup. 6: 15-38.
page(s): 20-21 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cruz, T. (2002). Esponjas marinas de Canarias. Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias. S/C Tenerife. 260 pp. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Voultsiadou, E. (2005). Sponge diversity in the Aegean Sea: Check list and new information. Italian Zoology. 72 (1): 53-64.
page(s): 55 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Vidal, A. (1967). Etude des fonds rocheux circalittoraux le long de la côte du Rousillon. Vie et Milieu. 18, 167-219.
page(s): 188 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Labate, M. (1964). Poriferi di grotta superficiale del litorale adriatico pugliese. Annali del Pontificio Istituto Scienze e Lettere S. Chiara, Napoli. 14, 319-342.
page(s): 326-327; fig 4 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Vacelet, J. (1976). Inventaire des Spongiaires du Parc national de Port-Cros (Var). Travaux scientifiques du Parc national de Port-Cros. 2, 167-186.
page(s): 172 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kefalas, E.; Castritsi-Catharios, I; Miliou, H. (2003). The impacts of scallop dredging on sponge assemblages in the Gulf of kalloni (Aegean Sea, northeastern Mediterranean). ICES Journal of Marine Science. 60, 402-10.
page(s): 406 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Saritas, M.Ü. (1972). A preliminary study on the silicious Sponge (Porifera) Fauna of Engeceli Limani in the Gulf of Izmir (Aegean Sea). Scientific reports of the Faculty of Science, Ege University. 143, 1-25 (in Turkish).
page(s): 5-7; pl I fig 2, fig 1 [details]   

additional source Saritas, M.Ü. (1973). Report on the Sponges (Porifera) occuring on Posidonia oceanica (L.) at the coast of Altinomuk, Edremit Bay (Aegean Sea). Scientific reports of the Faculty of Science, Ege University. 168, 1-21 (in Turkish).
page(s): 5 [details]   

additional source Topaloğlu, B. (2001). Sponge fauna in the littoral zone of the Marmara Sea. Rapports et Procès Verbaux des Réunions de la Commission Internationale pour l'Exploration de la Mer Méditerranée,. 36, 421.
page(s): 421 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pansini, M.; Morri, C.; Bianchi, C.N. (2000). The sponge community of a subtidal area with hydrothermal vents: Milos island, Aegean Sea. Estuarine Coastal Shelf Science. 51, 627-635.
page(s): 630 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Corriero, G.; Scalera-Liaci, L.; Gristina, M.; Riggio, S.; Mercurio, M. (1997). Composizione tassonomica e distribuzione della fauna e Poriferi e Briozoi in una grotta semisommersa della riserva naturale marina "Isola di Ustica". Biologia Marina Mediterranea. 4 (1), 34-43.
page(s): 37 [details]   

additional source Corriero, G.; Pansini, M.; Sarà, M. (1984). Sui Poriferi della insenatura della Strea a Porto Cesareo (Lecce). Thalassia Salentina. 14, 1-10.
page(s): 4-6; fig 1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Gerovasileiou, V.; Voultsiadou, E. (2012). Marine Caves of the Mediterranean Sea: A Sponge Biodiversity Reservoir within a Biodiversity Hotspot. PLoS ONE. 7(7): e39873., available online at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039873
page(s): Table S1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Scalera-Liaci, L.; Sciscioli, M.; Fiordiponti, F. (1976). Distribuzione dei Poriferi del mar Piccolo di Taronto. Oebalia. 2, 3-19.
page(s): 18 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Solórzano, M.R. (1990). Poríferos del litoral gallego: estudio faunístico, distribución e inventario. Phd Thesis Unversidad de Santiago de Compostela. 1036 pp.
page(s): 219-224; Lám. 4b [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference Topsent, E. (1925). Etude des Spongiaires du Golfe de Naples. Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale. 63(5): 623-725, pl. VIII.
page(s): 626-627 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofCydonium gigas (Schmidt, 1862)) Sollas, W.J. (1888). Report on the Tetractinellida collected by H.M.S. Challenger, during the years 1873-1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, 1873-1876. Zoology. 25(63): 1-458, pls I-XLIV, 1 map.
page(s): 258 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofCydonium gigas (Schmidt, 1862)) Topsent, E. (1894). Etude monographique des spongiaires de France. I.Tetractinellida. Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale. (3) 2:259-400, pls XI-XVI.
page(s): 330 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofCydonium muelleri Fleming, 1828) Topsent, E. (1894). Etude monographique des spongiaires de France. I.Tetractinellida. Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale. (3) 2:259-400, pls XI-XVI.
page(s): 333-336 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofGeodia muelleri var. hispanica (Ferrer Hernandez, 1914)) Ferrer Hernández, F. (1918). Esponjas del litoral de Asturias. Trabajos del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales Serie Zoologia. 36: 1-39.
page(s): 19 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofGeodia muelleri (Fleming, 1828)) Burton, M. (1936). The fishery ground near Alexandria. IX. Sponges. Notes and Memoirs of the Fisheries Research Directorate, Cairo. 17: 1-28.
page(s): 6 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofCydonium gigas (Schmidt, 1862)) Vosmaer, G.C.J. (1894). Preliminary notes on some tetractinellids of the Bay of Naples. Tijdschrift der Nederlandsche Dierkundige Vereeniging. (2) 4: 269-286.
page(s): 270-273 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofGeodia muelleri (Fleming, 1828)) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofGeodia simplex Schmidt, 1870) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofAlcyonium cydonium Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus C. (1767). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Ed. 12. 1., Regnum Animale. 1 & 2. Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5
page(s): 1 295 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofAlcyonium cydonium Linnaeus, 1767) Jameson, R. (1811). Catalogue of animals of the class Vermes found in the Firth of Forth, and other parts of Scotland, in: (1811). Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural-History Society 1. pp. 556-565 (Edinburgh, Neill & Co.) (look up in IMIS)
note: Just a list [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofCydonium muelleri Fleming, 1828) Uriz, M.J. (2002). Family Geodiidae Gray, 1867, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 134-140 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofGeodia gigas Schmidt, 1862) Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofGeodia gigas Schmidt, 1862) Pouliquen, L. (1972). Les spongiaires des grottes sous-marines de la région de Marseille: Ecologie et systématique. Téthys. 3(4): 717-758.
page(s): 726 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofGeodia gigas Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1868). Die Spongien der Küste von Algier. Mit Nachträgen zu den Spongien des Adriatischen Meeres (Drittes Supplement). (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-iv, 1-44, pls I-V.
page(s): 22 and 31 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofCydonium gigas (Schmidt, 1862)) Ferrer Hernández, F. (1912). Notas sobre algunas esponjas de Santander. Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural de Madrid. 12: 573-588.
page(s): 586 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofGeodia muelleri (Fleming, 1828)) Babiç, K. 1922. Monactinellida und Tetractinellida des Adriatischen Meeres. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 46(2): 217-302, pls 8-9.
page(s): 291 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofGeodia simplex Schmidt, 1870) Cárdenas, P.; Rapp, H.T.: Klitgaard, A.B.; Best, M.; Thollesson, M.; Tendal, O.S. (2013). Taxonomy, biogeography and DNA barcodes of Geodia species (Porifera, Demospongiae, Tetractinellida) in the Atlantic boreo-arctic region. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 169, 251-311., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12056 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Taxonomy There are rivalling names for this species (see list of synonyms). The present name, considered valid, is based on Alcyonium cydonium Jameson, 1911. This is a junior homonym of Alcyonium cydonium Linnaeus, 1767, which is a Hymeniacidon, and also of Alcyonium cydonium sensu Müller, 1796. For that reason, the latter name was replaced by Fleming, 1828 with the name Cydonium muelleri. However, since Müller's A. cydonium has been demonstrated to be not a sponge, this replacement name is unvailable for the present species. Jameson's Alcyonium cydonium is a Geodia, clearly different from Linnaeus' A. cydonium (=Hymeniacidon), and thus it becomes available as Geodia cydonium. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Turkish sunger  [details]