WoRMS taxon details

Halichondria Fleming, 1828

131807  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131807)

accepted
Genus
Subgenus Halichondria (Eumastia) Schmidt, 1870
Subgenus Halichondria (Halichondria) Fleming, 1828
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) adelpha de Laubenfels, 1954
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) agglomerans Cabioch, 1968
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) aldabrensis Lévi, 1961
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) almae (Carballo, Uriz & García-Gómez, 1996)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) arenacea Dendy, 1895
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) arenosa Hentschel, 1929
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) armata Lindgren, 1897
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) axinelloides Swartschewsky, 1906
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) bowerbanki Burton, 1930
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) brondstedi De Laubenfels, 1936
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) brunnea (Schmidt, 1868)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) cancellosa (Carter, 1886)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) carotenoidea Alvarez & Hooper, 2011
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) cartilaginea (Esper, 1794)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) cebimarensis Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) coerulea Bergquist, 1967
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) colossea Lundbeck, 1902
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) contorta (Sarà, 1961)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) convolvens Sarà, 1960
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) cornuloides Burton, 1954
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) corrugata Diaz, van Soest & Pomponi, 1993
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) cristata Sarà, 1978
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) cylindrata Tanita & Hoshino, 1989
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) darwinensis Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) diversispiculata Burton, 1930
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) dubia (Czerniavsky, 1880)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) fallax (Marshall, 1892)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) flexuosa (Sarà, 1978)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) foetida (Wilson, 1894)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) foraminosa (Czerniavsky, 1880)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) fragilis Kieschnick, 1896
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) gageoenesis Kang & Sim, 2008
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) genitrix (Schmidt, 1870)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) glabrata Keller, 1891
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) granulata Keller, 1891
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) heterorrhaphis Breitfuss, 1912
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) intermedia Brøndsted, 1924
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) isthmica (Keller, 1883)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) japonica (Kadota, 1922)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) knowltoni Bergquist, 1961
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) labiata Hentschel, 1929
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) lambei Brøndsted, 1933
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) lendenfeldi Lévi, 1961
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) leuconoides Topsent, 1890
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) longispicula (Czerniavsky, 1880)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) lutea Alcolado, 1984
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) magniconulosa Hechtel, 1965
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) marianae Santos, Nascimento & Pinheiro, 2018
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) melanadocia Laubenfels, 1936
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) membranacea (Sarà, 1978)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) microbiana Alvarez & Hooper, 1911
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) migottea Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) minuta Keller, 1891
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) modesta (Pulitzer-Finali, 1986)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) moorei Bergquist, 1961
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) muanensis Kang & Sim, 2008
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) nigrocutis (Carter, 1886)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) normani Burton, 1930
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) oblonga (Hansen, 1885)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) okadai (Kadota, 1922)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) osculum Lundbeck, 1902
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) oshoro Tanita, 1961
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) oxiparva (Sarà, 1978)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) papillaris (Pallas, 1766)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) pelliculata Ridley & Dendy, 1886
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) phakellioides Dendy & Frederick, 1924
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) poa (de Laubenfels, 1947)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) pontica (Czerniavsky, 1880)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) prostrata Thiele, 1905
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) punctata Bergquist, 1970
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) renieroides (Fristedt, 1887)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) semitubulosa (Lamarck, 1814)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) solidior (Schmidt, 1870)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) stylata Diaz, Pomponi & Van Soest, 1993
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) suberosa (Esper, 1794)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) sulfurea Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) surrubicunda Hoshino, 1981
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) syringea Pulitzer-Finali, 1996
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) tenebrica Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) tenera (Marenzeller, 1878)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) tenuispiculata Brøndsted, 1916
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) turritella (Schmidt, 1870)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) velamentosa (Hansen, 1885)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) aspera Lieberkühn, 1859 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) bergquistae Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 accepted as Axinyssa bergquistae (Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997) (genus transfer)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) broendstedi accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) brondstedi De Laubenfels, 1936 (misspelling of species name (incorrect application of art. 32.5.2.1.)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) hentscheli Koltun, 1964 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) prostrata Thiele, 1905 (junior synonym)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) incrustans Brøndsted, 1924 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) punctata Bergquist, 1970 (preoccupied)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) incrustans Kieschnick, 1896 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) brondstedi De Laubenfels, 1936 (preoccupied)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) ridleyi Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 accepted as Topsentia ridleyi (Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997) (genus transfer)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) stalagmites (Hentschel, 1912) accepted as Ciocalypta stalagmites Hentschel, 1912 (genus transfer)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) vansoesti Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 accepted as Ciocalypta vansoesti (Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997) (genus transfer)
  » Species Halichondria (Halichondria) variabilis Lindgren, 1897 accepted as Axinyssa variabilis (Lindgren, 1897) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria fastigiata (Pallas, 1766)
Species Halichondria flava (Merejkowski, 1878)
Species Halichondria hongdoenesis Kang & Sim, 2008
Species Halichondria lona Laubenfels, 1936
Species Halichondria ulleungensis Kang & Sim, 2008

Species Halichondria aspera Lieberkühn, 1859 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Halichondria dickiei Bowerbank, 1866 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Halichondria regularis Bowerbank, 1874 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Halichondria topsenti (Ferrer Hernandez, 1918) (taxon inquirendum)

Species Halichondria flabellifera Bowerbank, 1882 (nomen dubium)

Species Halichondria abyssi Carter, 1874 represented as Iotroata abyssi (Carter, 1874) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria aceratospiculum Carter, 1880 represented as Crella (Yvesia) aceratospiculum (Carter, 1880) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria adelpha de Laubenfels, 1954 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) adelpha de Laubenfels, 1954 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria aegagropila Johnston, 1842 represented as Mycale (Aegogropila) contarenii (Lieberkühn, 1859) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria agglomerans Cabioch, 1968 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) agglomerans Cabioch, 1968 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria albula Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Crella (Yvesia) albula (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria aldabrensis Lévi, 1961 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) aldabrensis Lévi, 1961 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria ambigua Bowerbank, 1874 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria angulata Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Haliclona (Gellius) angulata (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792) represented as Tedania (Tedania) anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria aplysinoides Dendy, 1922 represented as Axinyssa aplysinoides (Dendy, 1922) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria arenacea Dendy, 1895 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) arenacea Dendy, 1895 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria arenosa Hentschel, 1929 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) arenosa Hentschel, 1929 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria armata Lindgren, 1897 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) armata Lindgren, 1897 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria aspera Bowerbank, 1875 represented as Tedania (Tedania) aspera (Bowerbank, 1875) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria attenuata (Topsent, 1915) represented as Halichondria (Eumastia) attenuata (Topsent, 1915) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria aurantiaca (Schmidt, 1864) represented as Axinyssa aurantiaca (Schmidt, 1864) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria axinelloides Swartschewsky, 1906 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) axinelloides Swartschewsky, 1906 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria bergquistae Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) bergquistae Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 accepted as Axinyssa bergquistae (Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria birotulata Higgin, 1877 represented as Iotrochota birotulata (Higgin, 1877) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria borealis (Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) represented as Halichondria (Eumastia) sitiens (Schmidt, 1870) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria bowerbanki Burton, 1930 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) bowerbanki Burton, 1930 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria braziliensis Hechtel, 1983 represented as Topsentia ophiraphidites (Laubenfels, 1934) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria brettii (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria brondstedi De Laubenfels, 1936 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) brondstedi De Laubenfels, 1936 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria brunnea (Schmidt, 1868) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) brunnea (Schmidt, 1868) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria bubastes Row, 1911 represented as Haliclona (Gellius) bubastes (Row, 1911) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria bulbosa Carter, 1876 represented as Forcepia (Forcepia) forcipis (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Halichondria caduca Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) capensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria carnosa Johnston, 1842 represented as Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria cebimarensis Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) cebimarensis Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria celata (Grant, 1826) represented as Cliona celata Grant, 1826 (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria cervicornis Johnston, 1842 represented as Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria cinerea (Grant, 1826) represented as Haliclona (Reniera) cinerea (Grant, 1826) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria clathriformis Lendenfeld, 1888 represented as Dragmacidon clathriforme (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria coalita (sensu Lamarck, 1814) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) bowerbanki Burton, 1930 (synonym)
Species Halichondria coccinea Bowerbank, 1861 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria coerulea Bergquist, 1967 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) coerulea Bergquist, 1967 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria colossea Lundbeck, 1902 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) colossea Lundbeck, 1902 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria compressa Carter, 1886 represented as Crella (Grayella) compressa (Carter, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria condensa Bowerbank, 1882 represented as Haliclona (Haliclona) simulans (Johnston, 1842) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria contorta (Sarà, 1961) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) contorta (Sarà, 1961) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria convolvens Sarà, 1960 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) convolvens Sarà, 1960 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria coralloides Bowerbank, 1882 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria cornuloides Burton, 1954 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) cornuloides Burton, 1954 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria corona Lieberkühn, 1859 represented as Clathria (Clathria) coralloides (Scopoli, 1772) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria corrugata Diaz, van Soest & Pomponi, 1993 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) corrugata Diaz, van Soest & Pomponi, 1993 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria crassa Bowerbank, 1875 represented as Myxilla (Myxilla) crassa (Bowerbank, 1875) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria cristata Sarà, 1978 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) cristata Sarà, 1978 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria cylindracea Bowerbank, 1882 represented as Desmacidon fruticosum (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria cylindrata Tanita & Hoshino, 1989 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) cylindrata Tanita & Hoshino, 1989 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria darwinensis Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) darwinensis Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria difficilis Lundbeck, 1902 represented as Spongosorites difficilis (Lundbeck, 1902) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria digitata Baer, 1906 represented as Haliclona digitata (Baer, 1906) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria disparilis Lambe, 1893 represented as Topsentia disparilis (Lambe, 1893) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria distorta Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866) (synonym)
Species Halichondria diversispiculata Burton, 1930 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) diversispiculata Burton, 1930 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria dubia (Czerniavsky, 1880) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) dubia (Czerniavsky, 1880) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria dura Lindgren, 1897 represented as Topsentia dura (Lindgren, 1897) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria edusa Bowerbank, 1874 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria elegantia Bowerbank, 1875 represented as Haliclona (Soestella) elegantia (Bowerbank, 1875) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria falcula Bowerbank, 1874 represented as Hamacantha (Vomerula) falcula (Bowerbank, 1874) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria fasciculata sensu Lieberkühn, 1859 represented as Phorbas lieberkuehni (Burton, 1930) (preoccupied)
Species Halichondria fibrosa (Fristedt, 1887) represented as Topsentia fibrosa (Fristedt, 1887) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria firmus (Bowerbank, 1874) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria forcipis Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Forcepia (Forcepia) forcipis (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria fragilis Kieschnick, 1896 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) fragilis Kieschnick, 1896 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria frondifera Bowerbank, 1875 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria fucorum (Esper, 1794) represented as Amphilectus fucorum (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria gageoenesis Kang & Sim, 2008 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) gageoenesis Kang & Sim, 2008 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria genitrix (Schmidt, 1870) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) genitrix (Schmidt, 1870) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) gilvus Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria glabra Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria glabrata Keller, 1891 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) glabrata Keller, 1891 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria granulata Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Myxilla (Myxilla) fimbriata (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria granulata Keller, 1891 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) granulata Keller, 1891 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria grisea (Fristedt, 1887) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria hentscheli Koltun, 1964 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) prostrata Thiele, 1905 (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria heterorrhaphis Breitfuss, 1912 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) heterorrhaphis Breitfuss, 1912 (subgenus transfer)
Species Halichondria hirsuta Fleming, 1828 represented as Suberites hirsutus (Fleming, 1828) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria hyndmani Bowerbank, 1858 represented as Iophon hyndmani (Bowerbank, 1858) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria hystrix Johnston, 1842 represented as Cliona celata Grant, 1826 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria incerta Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria incrustans Johnston, 1842 represented as Myxilla (Myxilla) incrustans (Johnston, 1842) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria infrequens Carter, 1881 represented as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) infrequens (Carter, 1881) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) represented as Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria ingalli Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Iophon hyndmani (Bowerbank, 1858) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria inops Topsent, 1891 represented as Batzella inops (Topsent, 1891) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria inornata Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Desmacella inornata (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria intermedia Brøndsted, 1924 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) intermedia Brøndsted, 1924 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria isodictyalis Carter, 1882 represented as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) isodictyalis (Carter, 1882) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria japonica (Kadota, 1922) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) japonica (Kadota, 1922) (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria johnstonia Bowerbank in Johnston, 1842 represented as Pachymatisma johnstonia (Bowerbank in Johnston, 1842) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria knowltoni Bergquist, 1961 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) knowltoni Bergquist, 1961 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria labiata Hentschel, 1929 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) labiata Hentschel, 1929 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria lactea (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Halichondria lambei Brøndsted, 1933 represented as Halichondria (Halichondria) lambei Brøndsted, 1933 (subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria latrunculioides Ridley & Dendy, 1886 represented as Pyloderma latrunculioides (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Halichondria lendenfeldi Lévi, 1961 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria leuconoides Topsent, 1890 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria longispicula (Czerniavsky, 1880) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria lutea Alcolado, 1984 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria luxurians Lieberkühn, 1859 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria maculans Johnston, 1842 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria magniconulosa Hechtel, 1965 (alternate representation)
Species Halichondria mammillata Lendenfeld, 1888 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria mcintoshii Bowerbank, 1874 (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria melanadocia Laubenfels, 1936 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria membrana (Bowerbank, 1866) (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria migottea Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria minuta Keller, 1891 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria montaguii Fleming, 1828 (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria moorei Bergquist, 1961 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria muanensis Kang & Sim, 2008 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria nigra Dendy, 1922 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria nigricans Bowerbank, 1866 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria nodosa (Fristedt, 1887) (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria normani Burton, 1930 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria oblonga (Hansen, 1885) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria osculum Lundbeck, 1902 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria oshoro Tanita, 1961 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria pachastrelloides Topsent, 1892 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria paciscens (Schmidt, 1875) (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria palmata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria pannosus Verrill, 1874 (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria papillaris (Linnaeus, 1791) (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria papillata Baer, 1906 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria parasitica (Montagu, 1814) (alternate representation, genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Halichondria pattersoni Bowerbank, 1866 (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria pelliculata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria phakellioides Dendy & Frederick, 1924 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria prostrata Thiele, 1905 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria punctata Bergquist, 1970 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria purpurea Bowerbank, 1875 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria pustulosa Carter, 1882 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria renieroides (Fristedt, 1887) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria reticulata Brøndsted, 1924 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment and preoccupied)
Species Halichondria reticulata Lieberkühn, 1859 (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria retiderma Dendy, 1922 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria ridleyi Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria rigida Bowerbank, 1875 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria rosacea Lieberkühn, 1859 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria rubra Lendenfeld, 1888 (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria ruetzleri van Soest & Stentoft, 1988 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria scabida Carter, 1885 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria scandens Bowerbank, 1866 (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria semitubulosa (Lamarck, 1814) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria seriata sensu Johnston, 1842 (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria sevosa Johnston, 1842 (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria simulans Johnston, 1842 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria sitiens (Schmidt, 1870) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria solida Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria stelliderma Carter, 1886 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria stylata Diaz, Pomponi & Van Soest, 1993 (alternate representation)
Species Halichondria suberea (alternate representation, genus transfer and spelling mistake)
Species Halichondria suberia (Montagu, 1814) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria suberica (Montagu, 1814) (alternate representation, genus transfer and spelling mistake)
Species Halichondria sulfurea Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria surrubicunda Hoshino, 1981 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria syringea Pulitzer-Finali, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria tenebrica Carvalho & Hajdu, 2001 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria tenera (Marenzeller, 1878) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria tenuiderma Lundbeck, 1902 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria tenuispiculata Brøndsted, 1916 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria thompsoni Bowerbank, 1866 (alternate representation, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria topsenti Laubenfels, 1936 (alternate representation, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria tuberculatum Keller, 1891 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria vansoesti Hooper, Cook, Hobbs & Kennedy, 1997 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria varia Bowerbank, 1875 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria variabilis Lindgren, 1897 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria variantia Bowerbank, 1858 (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria velamentosa (Hansen, 1885) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria virgultosa Johnston, 1842 (alternate representation, genus transfer)

Species Halichondria aculeata Johnston, 1842 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria albescens (Rafinesque, 1818) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria aspera Swartschewsky, 1906 (unaccepted, preoccupied)
Species Halichondria assimilis Levinsen, 1887 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria baeri Laubenfels, 1936 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria batei Bowerbank, 1866 (unaccepted)
Species Halichondria bibula (Schmidt, 1870) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria broendstedi (unaccepted, misspelling of species name and subgenus assignment)
Species Halichondria candida Bowerbank, 1866 (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria caruncula (Bowerbank, 1858) (unaccepted)
Species Halichondria cavernosa Topsent, 1897 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria claviformis (Carter, 1886) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria compressa Bowerbank, 1875 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria contarenii Lieberkühn, 1859 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria corrugata Bowerbank, 1866 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria couchii Bowerbank, 1867 (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria expansa Bowerbank, 1874 (unaccepted)
Species Halichondria farinaria Bowerbank, 1866 (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria ficus Johnston, 1842 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria flava Lieberkühn, 1859 (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria foliata Bowerbank, 1874 (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria foraminosa (Czerniavsky, 1880) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria genetrix (unaccepted, misspelling of species name)
Species Halichondria gibbsi (Wells, Wells & Gray, 1960) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria hirta (Topsent, 1889) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria inconspicua Bowerbank, 1866 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria incrustans Brøndsted, 1924 (unaccepted, preoccupied)
Species Halichondria incrustans Kieschnick, 1896 (unaccepted, preoccupied)
Species Halichondria intricata Topsent, 1892 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria irregularis Bowerbank, 1866 (unaccepted)
Species Halichondria macularis Johnston, 1846 (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria mollissima (Lendenfeld, 1887) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria mutula Bowerbank, 1874 (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria panacea (unaccepted, misspelling of species name)
Species Halichondria phlyctenodes Carter, 1876 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria plumosa (Montagu, 1814) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria pulchella Bowerbank, 1866 (unaccepted)
Species Halichondria reticulata Baer, 1906 (unaccepted, preoccupied)
Species Halichondria robertsoni Bowerbank, 1882 (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria rugosa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria saburrata Johnston, 1842 (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Halichondria sanguinea (Grant, 1826) (unaccepted)
Species Halichondria simplex Bowerbank, 1866 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria subdola Bowerbank, 1866 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria symbiotica Lévi, 1961 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Halichondria tyleri (Bowerbank, 1873) (unaccepted, reverted genus transfer)
Species Halichondria variabilis (Ridley, 1884) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria ventilabrum (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Halichondria virgea Bowerbank, 1882 (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)

Species Halichondria albescens sensu Johnston, 1842
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fleming, J. (1828). A history of British animals, exhibiting the descriptive characters and systematical arrangement of the genera and species of quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; including the indigenous, extirpated, and extinct kinds, together with periodical and occasional visitants. <em>Edinburgh, Bell & Bradfute / London, James Duncan.</em> Pp. i-xxii, 1-565. corrigenda., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569
page(s): 522 [details]   
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Halichondria Fleming, 1828. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131807 on 2018-11-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-01-17 11:55:56Z
changed
2018-05-24 15:16:02Z
changed

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original description Fleming, J. (1828). A history of British animals, exhibiting the descriptive characters and systematical arrangement of the genera and species of quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; including the indigenous, extirpated, and extinct kinds, together with periodical and occasional visitants. <em>Edinburgh, Bell & Bradfute / London, James Duncan.</em> Pp. i-xxii, 1-565. corrigenda., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569
page(s): 522 [details]   

basis of record Erpenbeck, D.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Halichondriidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 787-816. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 



Halichondria sp., 50-110 m Flower Garden Banks, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-FGBNMS/UNCW-UVP. Identifications by C. Savarese and K. Ruetzler. For more information see: http://flowergarden.noaa.gov/document_library/scidocs/spongeposter.pdf