WoRMS taxon details

Geodia Lamarck, 1815

132005  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132005)

accepted
Genus
Geodia gibberosa Lamarck, 1815 (type by monotypy)
Cydonium Fleming, 1828 (junior synonym)
Geodia (Synops) Vosmaer, 1882 (subgenus transfer)
Isops Sollas, 1880 (junior synonym)
Pyxitis Schmidt, 1870 (junior synonym)
Sidonops Sollas, 1889 (junior synonym)
Sydonops Topsent, 1897 (junior synonym and misspelling)
Synops Vosmaer, 1882 (junior synonym)
Species Geodia acanthylastra Lendenfeld, 1910
Species Geodia agassizii Lendenfeld, 1910
Species Geodia alba (Kieschnick, 1896)
Species Geodia amadaiba Tanita & Hoshino, 1989
Species Geodia amphistrongyla Lendenfeld, 1910
Species Geodia anceps (Vosmaer, 1894)
Species Geodia angulata (Lendenfeld, 1910)
Species Geodia apiarium (Schmidt, 1870)
Species Geodia arabica Carter, 1869
Species Geodia areolata Carter, 1880
Species Geodia arripiens Lindgren, 1897
Species Geodia asteroderma Hughes, 1985 †
Species Geodia ataxastra Lendenfeld, 1910
Species Geodia atlantica (Stephens, 1915)
Species Geodia auroristella Dendy, 1916
Species Geodia australis Da Silva & Mothes, 2000
Species Geodia barretti Bowerbank, 1858
Species Geodia basilea Lévi, 1964
Species Geodia berryi (Sollas, 1888)
Species Geodia bicolor (Lendenfeld, 1910)
Species Geodia breviana Lendenfeld, 1910
Species Geodia californica (Lendenfeld, 1910)
Species Geodia campbellensis Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
Species Geodia canaliculata Schmidt, 1868
Species Geodia carcinophila (Lendenfeld, 1897)
Species Geodia carteri Sollas, 1888
Species Geodia chathamensis Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
Species Geodia cidaris (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Geodia composita Bösraug, 1913
Species Geodia conchilega Schmidt, 1862
Species Geodia contorta (Bowerbank, 1873)
Species Geodia cooksoni (Sollas, 1888)
Species Geodia copiosa Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
Species Geodia corticostylifera Hajdu, Muricy, Custodio, Russo & Peixinho, 1992
Species Geodia cribrata Rützler, Piantoni, van Soest & Díaz, 2014
Species Geodia crustosa Bösraug, 1913
Species Geodia cumulus Schmidt, 1870
Species Geodia curacaoensis Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Species Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767)
Species Geodia cylindrica Thiele, 1898
Species Geodia dendyi Burton, 1926
Species Geodia depressa Bowerbank, 1873
Species Geodia distincta Lindgren, 1897
Species Geodia dura (Tendal, 1969)
Species Geodia dysoni Bowerbank, 1873
Species Geodia echinastrella Topsent, 1904
Species Geodia eosaster (Sollas, 1888)
Species Geodia erinacea (Lendenfeld, 1888)
Species Geodia ewok Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
Species Geodia exigua Thiele, 1898
Species Geodia flemingi Bowerbank, 1873
Species Geodia gallica (Lendenfeld, 1907)
Species Geodia garoupa Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016
Species Geodia geodina (Schmidt, 1868)
Species Geodia gibberella de Laubenfels, 1951
Species Geodia gibberosa Lamarck, 1815
Species Geodia glariosa (Sollas, 1888)
Species Geodia globosa (Baer, 1906)
Species Geodia globostellifera Carter, 1880
Species Geodia globus Schmidt, 1870
Species Geodia harpago Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
Species Geodia hentscheli Cárdenas, Rapp, Schander & Tendal, 2010
Species Geodia hilgendorfi Thiele, 1898
Species Geodia hirsuta (Sollas, 1886)
Species Geodia hyotania (Tanita, 1965)
Species Geodia imperfecta Bowerbank, 1874
Species Geodia inaequalis Bowerbank, 1873
Species Geodia inconspicua (Bowerbank, 1873)
Species Geodia isabella (Dickinson, 1945)
Species Geodia japonica (Sollas, 1888)
Species Geodia jousseaumei (Topsent, 1906)
Species Geodia kermadecensis Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
Species Geodia kuekenthali Thiele, 1900
Species Geodia labyrinthica (Kirkpatrick, 1903)
Species Geodia lacunata (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Geodia lendenfeldi Stone, Lehnert & Reiswig, 2011
Species Geodia leosimi Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
Species Geodia libera Stephens, 1915
Species Geodia lindgreni (Lendenfeld, 1903)
Species Geodia littoralis Stephens, 1915
Species Geodia lophotriaena Lendenfeld, 1910
Species Geodia loricata (Lendenfeld, 1894)
Species Geodia macandrewii Bowerbank, 1858
Species Geodia magellani (Sollas, 1886)
Species Geodia margarita Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
Species Geodia media Bowerbank, 1873
Species Geodia megaster Burton, 1926
Species Geodia megastrella Carter, 1876
Species Geodia mesotriaena Lendenfeld, 1910
Species Geodia mesotriaenella Lendenfeld, 1910
Species Geodia micraster (Lendenfeld, 1907)
Species Geodia micropora Lendenfeld, 1910
Species Geodia micropunctata Row, 1911
Species Geodia microspinosa (Wilson, 1925)
Species Geodia neptuni (Sollas, 1886)
Species Geodia nigra Lendenfeld, 1888
Species Geodia nigra (Lindgren, 1897)
Species Geodia nitida (Sollas, 1886)
Species Geodia nodastrella Carter, 1876
Species Geodia obscura (Thiele, 1898)
Species Geodia orthomesotriaena Lebwohl, 1914
Species Geodia ostracomorpha (Lévi & Lévi, 1989)
Species Geodia ovifractus Burton, 1926
Species Geodia ovis Lendenfeld, 1910
Species Geodia oxyastra (Lendenfeld, 1910)
Species Geodia pachydermata (Sollas, 1886)
Species Geodia papyracea Hechtel, 1965
Species Geodia parasitica Bowerbank, 1873
Species Geodia parva Hansen, 1885
Species Geodia paupera Bowerbank, 1873
Species Geodia perarmata Bowerbank, 1873
Species Geodia pergamentacea Schmidt, 1870
Species Geodia peruncinata Dendy, 1905
Species Geodia philippinensis Wilson, 1925
Species Geodia phlegraei (Sollas, 1880)
Species Geodia picteti (Topsent, 1897)
Species Geodia piriformis Bösraug, 1913
Species Geodia placenta Schmidt, 1862
Species Geodia pleiades (Sollas, 1888)
Species Geodia pocillum Van Soest, 2017
Species Geodia poculata Bösraug, 1913
Species Geodia praelonga Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
Species Geodia punctata Hentschel, 1909
Species Geodia ramodigitata Carter, 1880
Species Geodia ramosa (Topsent, 1928)
Species Geodia regina Dendy, 1924
Species Geodia reniformis Thiele, 1898
Species Geodia reticulata Bowerbank, 1874
Species Geodia rex Dendy, 1924
Species Geodia riograndensis Silva & Mothes, 2000
Species Geodia robusta Lendenfeld, 1907
Species Geodia rovinjensis Müller et al., 1983
Species Geodia sadiemillsae Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
Species Geodia sagitta Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
Species Geodia senegalensis Topsent, 1891
Species Geodia sollasi (Lendenfeld, 1888)
Species Geodia sparsa Wilson, 1925
Species Geodia sphaeroides (Kieschnick, 1896)
Species Geodia sphaerulifer (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1965)
Species Geodia spheranthastra Pulitzer-Finali, 1993
Species Geodia spherastrea Lévi, 1964
Species Geodia spherastrella Topsent, 1904
Species Geodia spherastrosa (Wilson, 1925)
Species Geodia splendida Silva & Mothes, 2000
Species Geodia starki Lehnert, Stone & Drumm, 2014
Species Geodia stellata Lendenfeld, 1907
Species Geodia stellosa Czerniavsky, 1880
Species Geodia stromatodes (Uliczka, 1929)
Species Geodia sulcata Van Soest, 2017
Species Geodia tenera Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
Species Geodia thomsonii Schmidt, 1870
Species Geodia tuberculosa Bowerbank, 1872
Species Geodia tuberosa Schmidt, 1862
Species Geodia tumulosa Bowerbank, 1872
Species Geodia tylastra Boury-Esnault, 1973
Species Geodia ulleungensis Sim & Kang, 2004
Species Geodia vadi Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015
Species Geodia variospiculosa Thiele, 1898
Species Geodia vaubani Lévi & Lévi, 1983
Species Geodia velata (Lebwohl, 1914)
Species Geodia vestigifera (Dendy, 1924)
Species Geodia vosmaeri (Sollas, 1886)
Species Geodia williami Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2015

Subgenus Geodia (Cydonium) Fleming, 1828 accepted as Cydonium Fleming, 1828 accepted as Geodia Lamarck, 1815 (junior synonym)
  » Species Geodia (Cydonium) papyracea Hechtel, 1965 represented as Geodia papyracea Hechtel, 1965 (subgenus assignment)
Subgenus Geodia (Geodia) Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Geodia Lamarck, 1815 (junior synonym)
Subgenus Geodia (Isops) Sollas, 1880 accepted as Geodia Lamarck, 1815 (junior synonym)
  » Species Geodia (Isops) dendyi Burton, 1926 accepted as Geodia dendyi Burton, 1926 (subgenus transfer)
  » Species Geodia (Isops) ovifractus Burton, 1926 accepted as Geodia ovifractus Burton, 1926 (subgenus transfer)
Subgenus Geodia (Sidonops) Sollas, 1889 accepted as Geodia Lamarck, 1815 (junior synonym)
  » Species Geodia (Sidonops) neptuni (Sollas, 1886) accepted as Geodia neptuni (Sollas, 1886) (junior synonym)
Subgenus Geodia (Stellogeodia) Czerniavsky, 1880 accepted as Geodia Lamarck, 1815 (junior synonym)
Subgenus Geodia (Synops) Vosmaer, 1882 accepted as Geodia Lamarck, 1815 (subgenus transfer)
  » Species Geodia (Synops) megaster Burton, 1926 accepted as Geodia megaster Burton, 1926 (subgenus transfer)
Species Geodia canaliculata Carter, 1883 accepted as Geodia carteri Sollas, 1888 (preoccupied)
Species Geodia cariboea Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Geodia gibberosa Lamarck, 1815 (junior synonym)
Species Geodia carinata Bowerbank, 1858 accepted as Placospongia carinata (Bowerbank, 1858) (genus transfer)
Species Geodia cordata (Wiedenmayer, 1989) accepted as Rhabdastrella cordata Wiedenmayer, 1989 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Geodia divaricans Topsent, 1928 accepted as Geodia nodastrella Carter, 1876
Species Geodia fibrosa (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Stelletta fibrosa (Schmidt, 1870) (reverted genus transfer)
Species Geodia flexisclera Pulitzer-Finali, 1986 accepted as Geodia gibberosa Lamarck, 1815 (junior synonym)
Species Geodia gigas Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767)
Species Geodia globostella Lendenfeld, 1910 accepted as Geodia globostellifera Carter, 1880 (junior synonym)
Species Geodia globostellata (Carter, 1883) accepted as Rhabdastrella globostellata (Carter, 1883) (reverted genus transfer)
Species Geodia intermedia (Wiedenmayer, 1989) accepted as Rhabdastrella intermedia Wiedenmayer, 1989 (reverted genus transfer)
Species Geodia intuta (Topsent, 1892) accepted as Caminella intuta (Topsent, 1892) (genus transfer)
Species Geodia megastylifera (Wintermann-Kilian & Kilian, 1984) accepted as Ecionemia megastylifera Wintermann-Kilian & Kilian, 1984 accepted as Stellettinopsis megastylifera (Wintermann-Kilian & Kilian, 1984) (reverted genus transfer)
Species Geodia membranacea (Hentschel, 1909) accepted as Rhabdastrella membranacea (Hentschel, 1909) (genus transfer)
Species Geodia mesotriaena (Hentschel, 1929) accepted as Geodia hentscheli Cárdenas, Rapp, Schander & Tendal, 2010 (preoccupied)
Species Geodia muelleri (Fleming, 1828) accepted as Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) (junior synonym)
Species Geodia normani (Sollas, 1888) accepted as Geodia macandrewii Bowerbank, 1858
Species Geodia pyriformis (Vosmaer, 1885) accepted as Geodia phlegraei (Sollas, 1880) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Geodia robusta (Lendenfeld, 1910) accepted as Geodia lendenfeldi Stone, Lehnert & Reiswig, 2011 (preoccupied)
Species Geodia robusta (Carter, 1883) accepted as Ancorina robusta (Carter, 1883) (reverted genus transfer)
Species Geodia simplex Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767)
Species Geodia simplicissima Burton, 1931 accepted as Geodia barretti Bowerbank, 1858 (junior synonym)
Species Geodia strongyla (Hoshino, 1981) accepted as Caminus strongyla (Hoshino, 1981) (genus transfer)
Species Geodia tuber Lendenfeld, 1903 accepted as Geodia tuberosa Schmidt, 1862 (junior synonym)
Species Geodia tuberculata (Carter, 1886) accepted as Stelletta tuberculata (Carter, 1886) (reverted genus transfer)
Species Geodia tuberosa (Topsent, 1892) accepted as Stelletta tuberosa (Topsent, 1892) (reverted genus transfer)
Species Geodia zetlandica Johnston, 1842 accepted as Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) (junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Lamarck, J.B.P. De Monet, Comte De. (1815 [1814]). Suite des polypiers empâtés. <em>Mémoires du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle, Paris.</em> 1: 69-80, 162-168, 331-340. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Taxonomy Cárdenas et al. 2010 studied the phylogeny of Geodiidae. Using molecular sequence analysis and some morphological...  
Taxonomy Cárdenas et al. 2010 studied the phylogeny of Geodiidae. Using molecular sequence analysis and some morphological characters they reached radically different conclusions about the classification of the genera in this family departing from the latest revision of Uriz, 2002. Some of the more important changes proposed by these authors are reinstating the subfamilies Geodiinae and Erylinae, reinstating the genus Cydonium as valid, erecting a new name for a particular group of Geodia species, Depressiogeodia, sinking the genera Sidonops and Isops into the synonymy of Geodia, and subdividing Erylus in several groups. While we recognize the importance of this study, we will wait with implementing the proposed changes until a larger stock of species of Geodiidae has been reclassified using both molecular and morphological characters confirming the new proposals. [details]

Taxonomy Referred to by RAMS as Geodinella, which is a junior genus name for Geodia according to a checklist provided by Rob Van Soest.  
Taxonomy Referred to by RAMS as Geodinella, which is a junior genus name for Geodia according to a checklist provided by Rob Van Soest. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Geodia Lamarck, 1815. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=132005 on 2018-11-13
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-11-27 20:29:43Z
changed
2007-01-01 14:24:59Z
changed
2010-02-12 09:19:42Z
changed
2010-02-13 15:01:31Z
changed
2012-04-19 09:30:54Z
changed
2018-03-02 16:15:10Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamarck, J.B.P. De Monet, Comte De. (1815 [1814]). Suite des polypiers empâtés. <em>Mémoires du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle, Paris.</em> 1: 69-80, 162-168, 331-340. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofCydonium Fleming, 1828) Fleming, J. (1828). A history of British animals, exhibiting the descriptive characters and systematical arrangement of the genera and species of quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; including the indigenous, extirpated, and extinct kinds, together with periodical and occasional visitants. <em>Edinburgh, Bell & Bradfute / London, James Duncan.</em> Pp. i-xxii, 1-565. corrigenda., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569
page(s): 516 [details]   

original description  (ofIsops Sollas, 1880) Sollas, W.J. (1880). The sponge-fauna of Norway; a Report on the Rev. A.M. Norman’s Collection of Sponges from the Norwegian Coast. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (5) 5(27): 130-144, pls VI-VII; 241-259, pls X-XII; (29) 396-409, pl. XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofSidonops Sollas, 1889) Sollas, W.J. (1889). On the Geodine Genera, <i>Synops</i>, Vosm., and <i>Sidonops</i>. A Correction. <em>Scientific Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society.</em> 6(5): 276-277. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofSynops Vosmaer, 1882) Vosmaer, G.C.J. (1882). Report on the sponges dredged up in the Arctic Sea by the ‘Willem Barents’ in the years 1878 and 1879. <em>Niederländisches Archiv für Zoologie Supplement.</em> 1(3): 1-58, pls I-IV. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofGeodinella Lendenfeld, 1903) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1903). Porifera. Tetraxonia. pp. vi-xv, 1-168. <i>In</i>:Schulze, Franz Eilhard (Ed.), Das Tierreich. 19. (Friedländer: Berlin).  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofGeodia (Stellogeodia) Czerniavsky, 1880) Czerniavsky, V. (1880 [1879]). Spongiae littorales Pontis Euxini et maris Caspii. Continuatio. <em>Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou.</em> 54 (3): 88-128, 228-320, pls I-IV [In Russian].
page(s): 280 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofPyxitis Schmidt, 1870) Schmidt, O. (1870). Grundzüge einer Spongien-Fauna des atlantischen Gebietes. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): iii-iv, 1-88, pls I-VI.
page(s): 70 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofGeodia (Isops) Sollas, 1880) Sollas, W.J. (1880). The sponge-fauna of Norway; a Report on the Rev. A.M. Norman’s Collection of Sponges from the Norwegian Coast. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (5) 5(27): 130-144, pls VI-VII; 241-259, pls X-XII; (29) 396-409, pl. XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofGeodia (Synops) Vosmaer, 1882) Vosmaer, G.C.J. (1882). Report on the sponges dredged up in the Arctic Sea by the ‘Willem Barents’ in the years 1878 and 1879. <em>Niederländisches Archiv für Zoologie Supplement.</em> 1(3): 1-58, pls I-IV. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofSydonops Topsent, 1897) Topsent, E. (1897). Spongiaires de la Baie d’Amboine. (Voyage de MM. M. Bedot et C. Pictet dans l’Archipel Malais). <em>Revue suisse de Zoologie.</em> 4: 421-487, pls 18-21. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofGeodia (Geodia) Lamarck, 1815) Lamarck, J.B.P. De Monet, Comte De. (1815 [1814]). Suite des polypiers empâtés. <em>Mémoires du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle, Paris.</em> 1: 69-80, 162-168, 331-340. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofGeodia (Cydonium) Fleming, 1828) Fleming, J. (1828). A history of British animals, exhibiting the descriptive characters and systematical arrangement of the genera and species of quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; including the indigenous, extirpated, and extinct kinds, together with periodical and occasional visitants. <em>Edinburgh, Bell & Bradfute / London, James Duncan.</em> Pp. i-xxii, 1-565. corrigenda., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569  [details]   

original description  (ofSilicosphaera Hughes, 1985 †) Hughes, G. W. (1985). Silicosphaera asteroderma (Porifera), a new siliceous microfossil from the South China Sea. <em>Neues Jahrb Geol Palaeontol Monatsh.</em> 1985 (10):599-604. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofGeodia (Sidonops) Sollas, 1889) Sollas, W.J. (1889). On the Geodine Genera, <i>Synops</i>, Vosm., and <i>Sidonops</i>. A Correction. <em>Scientific Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society.</em> 6(5): 276-277. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Uriz, M.J. (2002). Family Geodiidae Gray, 1867, <B><I>in</I></B>: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). <i>Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges.</i> pp. 134-140 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Taxonomy Cárdenas et al. 2010 studied the phylogeny of Geodiidae. Using molecular sequence analysis and some morphological characters they reached radically different conclusions about the classification of the genera in this family departing from the latest revision of Uriz, 2002. Some of the more important changes proposed by these authors are reinstating the subfamilies Geodiinae and Erylinae, reinstating the genus Cydonium as valid, erecting a new name for a particular group of Geodia species, Depressiogeodia, sinking the genera Sidonops and Isops into the synonymy of Geodia, and subdividing Erylus in several groups. While we recognize the importance of this study, we will wait with implementing the proposed changes until a larger stock of species of Geodiidae has been reclassified using both molecular and morphological characters confirming the new proposals. [details]

Taxonomy Referred to by RAMS as Geodinella, which is a junior genus name for Geodia according to a checklist provided by Rob Van Soest. [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]