WoRMS taxon details

Echinus Linnaeus, 1758

123386  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:123386)

accepted
Genus
Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (type by subsequent designation)
Cidarites (Echinus) Linnaeus, 1758 (accepted at genus rank)
Echino (misspelling)
Echinum (misspelling)
Species Echinus anchistus H.L. Clark, 1912
Species Echinus coglesi (Cotteau, 1880) †
Species Echinus dixoni Forbes, 1852 †
Species Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Subspecies Echinus esculentus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Subspecies Echinus esculentus fuscus Mortensen, 1903
  » Subspecies Echinus esculentus glacialis D'yakonov, 1923
  » Subspecies Echinus esculentus depressa Süssbach & Breckner, 1910 accepted as Echinus esculentus fuscus Mortensen, 1903 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Subspecies Echinus esculentus rufus Panning, 1923 accepted as Echinus esculentus fuscus Mortensen, 1903 (misspelling)
  » Variety Echinus esculentus var. fuscus Mortensen, 1903 accepted as Echinus esculentus fuscus Mortensen, 1903 (accepted at subspecies rank)
  » Variety Echinus esculentus var. glacialis D'yakonov, 1923 accepted as Echinus esculentus glacialis D'yakonov, 1923 (accepted at subspecies rank)
  » Variety Echinus esculentus var. tenuispina Norman, 1868 accepted as Echinus tenuispinus Norman, 1868 (incorrect declination of infraspecific name)
  » Variety Echinus esculentus var. tenuispinus Norman, 1868 accepted as Echinus tenuispinus Norman, 1868 (accepted at species rank)
Species Echinus etheridgei A. Bell, 1898 †
Species Echinus euryporus H.L. Clark, 1912
Species Echinus gilchristi Bell, 1904
  » Subspecies Echinus gilchristi hirsutus Döderlein, 1905 accepted as Echinus gilchristi Bell, 1904 (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus lamarcki Forbes, 1852 †
Species Echinus melo Lamarck, 1816
Species Echinus multicostatus Engel, 1941 †
Species Echinus multidentatus H.L. Clark, 1925
Species Echinus paucimiliaris Gregory, 1891 †
Species Echinus sphaeroides (Nyst, 1868) †
Species Echinus tenuispinus Norman, 1868
Species Echinus wallisi A. Agassiz, 1880
Species Echinus woodi Desor, 1855 †

Species Echinus colbeaui Cotteau, 1880 † (nomen dubium, known only from an internal mould (steinkern))
Species Echinus neglectus Lamarck, 1816 (nomen dubium, possible subjective junior synonym of Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis or S. pallidus)
Species Echinus subangulosus de Blainville, 1826 (nomen dubium)

Species Echinus lezaroides Perrier, 1869 accepted as Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (nomen nudum, treated as subjective junior synonym of Echinostrephus molaris by Mortensen (1943b: p. 311))
Species Echinus nortoni A. Bell & R. Bell, 1872 † (nomen nudum, unavailable since proposed without description, illustration, or indication (ICZN 1999 Article 12.1.))
Species Echinus rarispinus G.O. Sars, 1871 accepted as Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 (nomen nudum, manuscript name (for globular specimens of E. acutus norvegicus))
Species Echinus versicolor L. Agassiz, 1841 (nomen nudum, unavailable; mentioned in a list only; without description, illustration, or indication (ICZN 1999 Article 12.1.))
Species Echinus woodwardi Desor in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 † (nomen nudum, unavailable since proposed without description, illustration, or indication (ICZN 1999 Article 12.1.))

Subgenus Echinus (Agarites) L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Arbacia Gray, 1835 (subjective junior synonym)
Subgenus Echinus (Colobocentrotus) Brandt, 1835 accepted as Colobocentrotus Brandt, 1835 (accepted at genus rank)
Subgenus Echinus (Heterocentrotus) Brandt, 1835 accepted as Heterocentrotus Brandt, 1835 (accepted at genus rank)
Subgenus Echinus (Psammechinus) L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Psammechinus L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 (accepted at genus rank)
  » Species Echinus (Psammechinus) chloroticus Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Evechinus chloroticus (Valenciennes, 1846) (transferred to Evechinus)
  » Species Echinus (Psammechinus) korenii Desor in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Psammechinus miliaris (P.L.S. Müller, 1771) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus (Psammechinus) microtuberculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (transferred to Psammechinus)
  » Species Echinus (Psammechinus) semituberculatus Valenciennes in L. Agassiz, 1846 accepted as Lytechinus semituberculatus (Valenciennes in L. Agassiz, 1846) (transferred to Lytechinus)
  » Species Echinus (Psammechinus) verruculatus Lütken, 1864 accepted as Nudechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) (transferred to Nudechinus)
Subgenus Echinus (Strongylocentrotus) Brandt, 1835 accepted as Strongylocentrotus Brandt, 1835 (accepted at genus rank)
Subgenus Echinus (Toxopneustes) L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Toxopneustes L. Agassiz, 1841 (accepted at genus rank)
  » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) duebenii L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 (nomen dubium, possible subjective junior synonym of Strongylocentrotus pallidus)
  » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) neglectus Lamarck, 1816 represented as Echinus neglectus Lamarck, 1816
  » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) albidus (L. Agassiz, 1841) accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) brevispinosus (Blainville, 1825) accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) complanatus L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) concavus L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) delalandi L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Heliocidaris erythrogramma (Valenciennes, 1846) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (transferred to Strongylocentrotus)
  » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) dübenii L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (incorrect original spelling (mandatory changed according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 32.5.2.1.))
  » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) gibbosus L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Caenocentrotus gibbosus (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) (transferred to Caenocentrosus)
  » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) granularis (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Sphaerechinus)
  » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) lividus (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Paracentrotus)
Subgenus Echinus (Tripneustes) L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Tripneustes L. Agassiz, 1841 (accepted at genus rank)
  » Species Echinus (Tripneustes) sardica auct. accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (misidentification)
Species Echinus aciculatus Hupé, 1857 accepted as Paracentrotus gaimardi (Blainville, 1825) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus acufer de Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Gracilechinus acutus (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
  » Subspecies Echinus acutus acutus Lamarck, 1816 represented as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816
  » Subspecies Echinus acutus flemingii Forbes, 1841 accepted as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Subspecies Echinus acutus mediterraneus Mortensen, 1906 accepted as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Subspecies Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Gracilechinus acutus norvegicus (Düben & Koren, 1844) (parent taxon transferred to Gracilechinus)
  » Variety Echinus acutus var. flemingii Forbes, 1841 accepted as Echinus acutus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Variety Echinus acutus var. mediterranea Mortensen, 1903 accepted as Echinus acutus mediterraneus Mortensen, 1906 (Infrasubspecific taxon that is to be treated as a subspecies according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 45.6.4)
  » Variety Echinus acutus var. mediterraneus Diakonov, 1923 accepted as Echinus acutus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Variety Echinus acutus var. norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844
Species Echinus aequituberculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus affinis Mortensen, 1903 accepted as Gracilechinus affinis (Mortensen, 1903) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
Species Echinus albidus L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus albocinctus Hutton, 1872 accepted as Pseudechinus albocinctus (Hutton, 1872) (transferred to Pseudechinus)
Species Echinus albus Molina, 1782 accepted as Loxechinus albus (Molina, 1782) (transferred to Loxechinus)
Species Echinus alexandri Danielssen & Koren, 1883 accepted as Gracilechinus alexandri (Danielssen & Koren, 1883) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
Species Echinus alternatus Deslongchamps, 1824 accepted as Echinus atternatus Bory de Saint Vincent in Bruguière, 1827 (misspelling)
Species Echinus angulosus A. Agassiz, 1872 accepted as Nudechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) (subjective junior synonym; junior homonym (non Echinus angulosus (Leske, 1778) = Parechinus angulosus))
  » Subspecies Echinus angulosus minor (Leske, 1778) accepted as Parechinus angulosus (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus armatus de Meijere, 1903 accepted as Selenechinus armatus (de Meijere, 1902) (transferred to Selenechinus)
Species Echinus atlanticus Mortensen, 1903 accepted as Gracilechinus atlanticus (Mortensen, 1903)
  » Subspecies Echinus atlanticus helenae Mortensen, 1942
  » Variety Echinus atlanticus var. helenae Mortensen, 1942 accepted as Echinus atlanticus helenae Mortensen, 1942 (Infrasubspecific taxon that is to be treated as a subspecies according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 45.6.4)
Species Echinus atratus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Podophora atrata (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Podophora)
Species Echinus atternatus Bory de Saint Vincent in Bruguière, 1827 accepted as Mespilia globulus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus aurantiacus accepted as Echinus auranticus Blainville, 1825 (misspelling)
Species Echinus auranticus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus auritus (Leske, 1778) accepted as Echinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778 (unaccepted combination)
Species Echinus basteri Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Psammechinus miliaris (P.L.S. Müller, 1771) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus biforis Gmelin, 1778 accepted as Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus blainvillei Des Moulins, 1837 accepted as Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus brevispinosus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus calamaris Pallas, 1774 accepted as Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (tranferred to Echinothrix)
Species Echinus calamarus Pallas, 1774 accepted as Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Species Echinus cantaber Lambert & Thiéry, 1914 accepted as Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus carinatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Heterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus castaneus Perry, 1810 accepted as Heterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus charlesworthi Forbes, 1852 † accepted as Psammechinus charlesworthi (Forbes, 1852) † (transferred to Psammechinus)
Species Echinus chlorocentrotus Des Moulins, 1837 accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus chloroticus Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Evechinus chloroticus (Valenciennes, 1846) (transferred to Evechinus)
Species Echinus cidaris Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Cidaris cidaris (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Cidaris)
Species Echinus cordatum Pennant, 1777 accepted as Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) (transferred to Echinocardium)
Species Echinus cordatus Pennant, 1777 accepted as Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) (transferred to Echinocardium)
Species Echinus coronalis (Leske, 1778) accepted as Echinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus darnleyensis Tenison-Woods, 1878 accepted as Nudechinus darnleyensis (Tenison-Woods, 1878) (transferred to Nudechinus)
Species Echinus decadactylos Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Heliophora orbiculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus decoratus L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus depressus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Toxopneustes maculatus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus depressus G.O. Sars, 1871 accepted as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus diadema Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Species Echinus disjunctus von Martens, 1866 accepted as Pseudocentrotus depressus (A. Agassiz, 1864) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus dröbachiensis O.F. Müller, 1776 accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (incorrect original spelling (mandatory changed according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 32.5.2.1.))
Species Echinus droebachiensis O.F. Müller, 1776 accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (transferred to Strongylocentrotus)
Species Echinus dubius Blainville, 1825 accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus dufresnii Blainville, 1825 accepted as Arbacia dufresnii (Blainville, 1825)
Species Echinus elegans Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Gracilechinus elegans (Düben & Koren, 1844) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
Species Echinus elevatus Hutton, 1872 accepted as Amblypneustes elevatus (Hutton, 1872) (transferred to Amblypneustes)
Species Echinus emarginatus (Leske, 1778) accepted as Encope emarginata (Leske, 1778) (transferred to Encope)
Species Echinus equituberculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling for Echinus aequituberculatus)
Species Echinus erythrogrammus Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Heliocidaris erythrogramma (Valenciennes, 1846) (transferred to Heliocidaris)
Species Echinus eſculentus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))
Species Echinus excavatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus fasciatus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus flemingii Forbes, 1841 accepted as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus fueginus Philippi, 1898 accepted as Pseudechinus magellanicus (Philippi, 1857) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus gaimardi Blainville, 1825 accepted as Paracentrotus gaimardi (Blainville, 1825) (transferred to Paracentrotus)
Species Echinus globiformis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus globulus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Mespilia globulus (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Mespilia)
Species Echinus gracilis A. Agassiz, 1869 accepted as Gracilechinus gracilis (A. Agassiz, 1869) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
Species Echinus grandinosus Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus grandis Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Plagiobrissus grandis (Gmelin, 1791) (transferred to Plagiobrissus)
Species Echinus granularis de Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Sphaerechinus)
Species Echinus granularis Say, 1827 non Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Strongylocentrotus Brandt, 1835 (misidentification (possibly a Strongylocentrotus pallidus according to Jensen, 1974))
Species Echinus granulatus Gould, 1841 accepted as Strongylocentrotus pallidus (Sars G.O., 1872) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Tripneustes)
Species Echinus griseus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Amblypneustes ovum (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus henslowi Forbes, 1852 † accepted as Psammechinus henslowi (Forbes, 1852) † (transferred to Psammechinus)
Species Echinus hexaporus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Leodia sexiesperforata (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus hirsuta Döderlein, 1905 accepted as Echinus gilchristi Bell, 1904 (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus hirsutus Döderlein, 1905 accepted as Echinus gilchristi Bell, 1904 (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus horridus A. Agassiz, 1879 accepted as Dermechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879)
Species Echinus huttoni (Benham, 1908) accepted as Pseudechinus huttoni Benham, 1908 (unaccepted combination)
Species Echinus inflatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus lacunosus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Schizaster lacunosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Echinus lacunoſus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinus lacunosus Linnaeus, 1758 (incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))
Species Echinus laganoides Desor in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus laganum (Leske, 1778) accepted as Laganum laganum (Leske, 1778) (transferred to Laganum)
Species Echinus leschenaulti Blainville, 1825 accepted as Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus lithophagus Leach in Tilloch, 1812 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (nomen nudum)
Species Echinus lividus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Paracentrotus)
Species Echinus lixula Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Arbacia)
Species Echinus lobatulus Walker & Jacob, 1798 accepted as Cibicides lobatulus (Walker & Jacob, 1798) (foraminiferan erroneously identified as an echinoid)
Species Echinus lobatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus loculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus lucidus Döderlein, 1885 accepted as Gracilechinus lucidus (Döderlein, 1885) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
Species Echinus lucunter Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Echinometra)
Species Echinus lyelli Forbes, 1852 † accepted as Psammechinus lyelli (Forbes, 1852) † (transferred to Psammechinus)
Species Echinus maculatus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Toxopneustes maculatus (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Toxopneustes)
Species Echinus maculosus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Metalia spatagus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus magellanicus Philippi, 1857 accepted as Pseudechinus magellanicus (Philippi, 1857) (transferred to Pseudechinus)
Species Echinus mamillatus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Heterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Species Echinus mammillatus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Heterocentrotus mamillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, incorrect subsequent spelling)
Species Echinus margaritaceus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Pseudechinus magellanicus (Philippi, 1857) (unaccepted, nomen dubium)
Species Echinus mathaei Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted)
Species Echinus maugei Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus microstoma Thomson, 1872 accepted as Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus microtuberculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted, transferred to Psammechinus)
  » Subspecies Echinus microtuberculatus bivalens accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (nomen nudum, name for tetraploid individuals; not formally made available)
  » Subspecies Echinus microtuberculatus univalens accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (nomen nudum, name for diploid individuals; not formally made available)
  » Variety Echinus microtuberculatus var. bivalens accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (nomen nudum, name for tetraploid individuals; not formally made available)
  » Variety Echinus microtuberculatus var. univalens accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (nomen nudum, name for diploid individuals; not formally made available)
Species Echinus miliaris P.L.S. Müller, 1771 accepted as Psammechinus miliaris (P.L.S. Müller, 1771) (unaccepted, transferred to Psammechinus)
Species Echinus minimus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Parechinus angulosus (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus minutus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus mola Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted, incorrect subsequent spelling)
Species Echinus molaris Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted)
Species Echinus multicolor Yoshiwara, 1898 accepted as Nudechinus multicolor (Yoshiwara, 1898) (unaccepted, transferred to Nudechinus)
Species Echinus neapolitanus Delle Chiaje, 1825 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus neumayeri Meisser, 1900 accepted as Sterechinus neumayeri (Meissner, 1900) (unaccepted, transferred to Sterechinus)
Species Echinus niger Molina, 1782 accepted as Tetrapygus niger (Molina, 1782) (unaccepted, transferred to Tetrapygus)
Species Echinus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 (unaccepted, reduced to subspecies rank )
Species Echinus nysti Cotteau, 1880 † accepted as Gracilechinus gracilis nysti Cotteau, 1880 † (unaccepted, transferred to Gracilechinus and accepted at subspecies rank)
Species Echinus oblonga accepted as Echinus oblongus Blainville, 1825 (unaccepted, misspelling)
Species Echinus oblongus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinometra mathaei oblonga (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted, transferred to Echinometra)
Species Echinus octodactylos Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Rotula deciesdigitatus (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus olisiponensis Forbes in Sharpe, 1850 † accepted as Micropedina olisiponensis (Forbes in Sharpe, 1850) † (unaccepted, transferred to Micropedina)
Species Echinus omalostoma Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Heliocidaris tuberculata (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus orbiculus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Heliophora orbiculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, transferred to Heliophora)
Species Echinus oviformis Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Echinolampas ovata (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus ovum Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Amblypneustes ovum (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Amblypneustes)
Species Echinus pallidus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Amblypneustes pallidus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Amblypneustes)
Species Echinus parvituberculatus Blainville, 1834 accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus paucituberculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus pedifer Blainville, 1825 accepted as Podophora pedifer (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted, transferred to Colobocentrotus (Podophora))
Species Echinus pentagonus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus pentaporus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Mellita quinquiesperforata (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus peronii Blainville, 1825 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus pictus (Norman, 1869) accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus pileolus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted)
Species Echinus placenta Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Arachnoides placenta (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, transferred to Arachnoides)
Species Echinus polyzonalis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus porosus Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Loxechinus albus (Molina, 1782) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus pseudomelo Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus pseudo-melo Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus pseudomelo Blainville, 1825 (unaccepted, incorrect original spelling (mandatory changed according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 32.5.2.3. - removal of hyphen))
Species Echinus pulchellus L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus pulvinulus Pennant, 1812 accepted as Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus punctiferus Bory de Saint Vincent in Bruguière, 1827 accepted as Mespilia globulus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus punctulatus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Arbacia punctulata (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Arbacia)
Species Echinus purpuratus Stimpson, 1857 accepted as Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (Stimpson, 1857) (unaccepted, transferred to Strongylocentrotus)
Species Echinus purpurescens Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Tetrapygus niger (Molina, 1782) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus purpureus Risso, 1826 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (unaccepted, transferred to Echinocyamus)
Species Echinus pustulatus L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Psammechinus miliaris (P.L.S. Müller, 1771) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus pustulosus (Leske, 1778) accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus quinquangulosus accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, misspelling)
Species Echinus quinqueangulatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus quinqueangulosus accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, misspelling)
Species Echinus quoy Blainville, 1825 accepted as Colobocentrotus (Podophora) atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus quoyi Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus quoy Blainville, 1825 (unaccepted, incorrect subsequent spelling)
Species Echinus radiatus (Leske, 1778) accepted as Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, transferred to Astropyga)
Species Echinus reticulatus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Clypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, tranferred to Clypeaster)
Species Echinus robillardi de Loriol, 1883 accepted as Gymnechinus robillardi (de Loriol, 1883) (unaccepted, transferred to Gymnechinus)
Species Echinus rosaceus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Clypeaster rosaceus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, transferred to Clypeaster)
Species Echinus roſaceus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinus rosaceus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))
Species Echinus sardicus sensu Delle Chiaje, 1841 accepted as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (unaccepted, misidentification)
Species Echinus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym - but see below in notes section)
Species Echinus schwartzii Nilsson, 1817 accepted as Echinus swartzii Nilsson & Holst, 1817 (unaccepted, misspelling)
Species Echinus sculptus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Temnopleurus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus spatagus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Metalia spatagus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, transferred to Metalia)
Species Echinus spatuliger Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Arbacia spatuligera (Valenciennes, 1846) (unaccepted, transferred to Arbacia)
Species Echinus sphaera O.F. Müller, 1776 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus sphaeroides Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Salmacis sphaeroides (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, transferred to Salmacis)
Species Echinus stellatus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Arbacia stellata (Blainville, 1825; ?Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, transferred to Arbacia)
Species Echinus stenoporus Mortensen, 1942 accepted as Gracilechinus stenoporus (Mortensen, 1942) (unaccepted, transferred to Gracilechinus)
Species Echinus subangularis Fleming, 1829 accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus subangulosus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Parechinus angulosus (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus subcaeruleus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus subglobiformis Blainville, 1825 accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus swartzii Nilsson & Holst, 1817 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus ſaxatilis Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))
Species Echinus ſpatagus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinus spatagus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))
Species Echinus ſphæroides Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinus sphaeroides Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))
Species Echinus tenuispina Norman, 1868 accepted as Echinus tenuispinus Norman, 1868 (unaccepted, incorrect declination of species name)
Species Echinus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) accepted as Temnopleurus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus trigonarius Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Heterocentrotus trigonarius (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Species Echinus tuberculatus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Heliocidaris tuberculata (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Heliocidaris)
Species Echinus tylodes H.L. Clark, 1912 accepted as Gracilechinus tylodes (H.L. Clark, 1912) (unaccepted, transferred to Gracilechinus)
Species Echinus variegatus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Lytechinus)
Species Echinus variegatus (Leske, 1778) accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus variolaris Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Stomopneustes)
Species Echinus ventricosus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Tripneustes ventricosus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Tripneustes)
Species Echinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) accepted as Nudechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) (unaccepted, transferred to Nudechinus)
Species Echinus violaceus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus virens Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Psammechinus miliaris (P.L.S. Müller, 1771) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus virgatus Des Moulins, 1837 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Species Echinus vulgaris Blainville, 1825 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2018). World Echinoidea Database. Echinus Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123386 on 2018-04-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-09-06 12:28:48Z
changed
2011-04-26 08:50:20Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofCidarites (Echinus) Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Hansson, H. (2004). North East Atlantic Taxa (NEAT): Nematoda. Internet pdf Ed. Aug 1998., available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/taxa.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofEchinum) Brandt, J. F. (1835). Prodromus descriptionis Animalium ab H. Mertensio in orbis terrarum circumnavigatione observatorum, Petropooli. Fasc. I: 203-275., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40762#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 265, footnote [65 in reprint version] [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchino) Brandt, J. F. (1835). Prodromus descriptionis Animalium ab H. Mertensio in orbis terrarum circumnavigatione observatorum, Petropooli. Fasc. I: 203-275., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40762#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 266 [66 in reprint version] [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese ホンウニ  [details]
North Sea echinoids
 North Sea echinoids
[image from typetaxon]

Echinus esculentus
 Echinus esculentus
[image from typetaxon]

Echinus esculentus
 Echinus esculentus
[image from typetaxon]

Echinus esculentus (Norway)
 Echinus esculentus ...
[image from typetaxon]