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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus mammillatus Linnaeus, 1758 
AphiaID: 568965

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuechinoidea (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarinacea (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinacea (Superorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCamarodonta (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinidea (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus mammillatus (Species)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (incorrect subsequent spelling)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocentrotus mamillatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus Linnaeus, 1758
Source  basis of record Mortensen, T. 1943. A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ, pp. 446. C. A. Reitzel; Copenhagen.
page(s): 409-420 [details]

Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent + fossil
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpelling This species has alternatingly been spelled mammillatus/mamillata in the literature. Linné (1758: p. 664)) established the species as Echinus mamillatus, and consistently used mamillatus/mamillata with one "m". The confusion dates back to the work of Gmelin (1778: p. 3175), who was the first to use the variant with two "m".
Gramatically both variants are correct (contratry to the statement of Mortensen, 1943: p. 419): mamillatus with one "m" when the name is derived from Latin "mamilla" (= nipple), mammillatus with two "m" would be correct if the name is derived from Latin "mamma" (= breast). There are numerous other species named "mamillatus" with a single "m" in various groups ranging from nematods to insects.

Summing up, "mamillatus" is the unambiguous original spelling and is grammatically correct and thus the correct name for this species. "mammillatus", in contrast, is an incorrect subsequent spelling (nothing in Gmelin, 1778 suggests an intentional change, i.e. an emendation). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:568965
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2011-04-14 07:16:27Z  created  Kroh, Andreas
2011-04-26 08:50:20Z  changed  Kroh, Andreas
  
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  Citation: Kroh, A. (2014). Echinus mammillatus Linnaeus, 1758. In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2014) World Echinoidea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=568965 on 2014-11-27
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License