WoRMS source details

Foster, N.M. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. 36(129): 1-183.
49869
Foster, N.M.
1971
Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea
Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands
36(129): 1-183
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
[None. Introduction starts as follows:]
Although there have been several collections of polychaetous annelids from the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea, very few spionids have been included in the published species lists. This is not because they are poorly represented in this area but probably a result of their small size and the fact that they are easily overlooked both in collecting and in sorting of samples. It is also probable that their small size renders them an unpopular group with which to work. Very few spionids were reported from collections of the early large scale collecting cruises. This can be, at least in part, attributed to the fact that they are more common in littoral habitats than in deeper waters.
Schmarda (1861) reported three species as a result of his world cruise (1853—57) during which he visited several Caribbean Islands. Treadwell (1901, 1931a + b, 1939a, 1939b) reported only three species and this included his treatment of the annelids collected during the Scientific Survey of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Other contributions include works by Augener (1906, 1927, 1933), Horst (1922), Kavanagh (1940) and Behre (1950). Hartman (1951) reported on a collection of littoral polychaetes from the Gulf of Mexico. The latter included what is probably the largest number of spionids dealt with in a single study up to that time. Twelve species were reported, most of which represented new records. Later, small papers were contributed by Carpenter (1956) from the northern Gulf, Friedrich (1956) from Central and South America and Wesenberg-Lund (1958) from the Lesser Antilles. Finally in 1962, Jones reported on a collection of polychaetes from Jamaica which included two spionid species.
Caribbean region
Gulf of Mexico
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Aonides nodosetosa Storch, 1966 (basis of record)
Apoprionospio Foster, 1969 accepted as Prionospio Malmgren, 1867 (additional source)
Apoprionospio caspersi (Laubier, 1962) accepted as Prionospio caspersi Laubier, 1962 (additional source)
Apoprionospio dayi Foster, 1969 accepted as Prionospio dayi (Foster, 1969) (additional source)
Apoprionospio pygmaea (Hartman, 1961) accepted as Prionospio pygmaeus Hartman, 1961 (additional source)
Apoprionospio saldanha (Day, 1961) accepted as Prionospio saldanha Day, 1961 (additional source)
Aquilaspio Foster, 1971 accepted as Prionospio Malmgren, 1867 (original description)
Aquilaspio peruana (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) accepted as Prionospio peruana Hartmann-Schröder, 1962 (basis of record)
Aquilaspio sexoculata (Augener, 1918) accepted as Prionospio sexoculata Augener, 1918 (basis of record)
Euspio McIntosh, 1915 accepted as Spio Fabricius, 1785 (additional source)
Laonice cirrata (M. Sars, 1851) (source of synonymy)
Laonice cirrata postcirrata Hartmann-Schröder, 1965 accepted as Laonice cirrata (M. Sars, 1851) (source of synonymy)
Laonice cirrata praecirrata Hartmann-Schröder, 1965 accepted as Laonice cirrata (M. Sars, 1851) (source of synonymy)
Malacoceros (Rhynchospio) accepted as Rhynchospio Hartman, 1936 (additional source)
Malacoceros (Rhynchospio) inflatus Foster, 1971 accepted as Rhynchospio inflata (Foster, 1971) (original description)
Malacoceros longirostris Quatrefages, 1843 accepted as Scolelepis longirostris (Quatrefages, 1843) (additional source)
Mesospio Gravier, 1911 accepted as Microspio Mesnil, 1896 (source of synonymy)
Mesospio moorei Gravier, 1911 accepted as Microspio moorei (Gravier, 1911) (source of synonymy)
Microspio moorei (Gravier, 1911) (new combination reference)
Minuspio chilensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (basis of record)
Minuspio cirrifera (Wirén, 1883) accepted as Prionospio cirrifera Wirén, 1883 (source of synonymy)
Minuspio cirrobranchiata (Day, 1961) accepted as Aonidella cirrobranchiata (Day, 1961) (new combination reference)
Minuspio gracilis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (basis of record)
Minuspio japonica (Okuda, 1935) (basis of record)
Minuspio longibranchiata (Reish, 1968) (basis of record)
Minuspio multibranchiata (Berkeley, 1927) accepted as Prionospio multibranchiata Berkeley, 1927 (new combination reference)
Minuspio polybranchiata (Fauvel, 1929) accepted as Prionospio polybranchiata Fauvel, 1929 (new combination reference)
Nerine cirratulus chilensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1962 accepted as Scolelepis chilensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (source of synonymy)
Nerine minuta Treadwell, 1939 accepted as Scolelepis minuta (Treadwell, 1939) (source of synonymy)
Paraprionospio pinnata (Ehlers, 1901) (source of synonymy)
Paraspio Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Spio Fabricius, 1785 (source of synonymy)
Periptyches festiva Grube, 1873 accepted as Prionospio festiva (Grube, 1872) (additional source)
Polydora plena Berkeley & Berkeley, 1936 (basis of record)
Polydora socialis plena Berkeley & Berkeley, 1936 accepted as Polydora plena Berkeley & Berkeley, 1936 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio caspersi Laubier, 1962 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio cirrifera Wirén, 1883 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio cirrifera chilensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1962 accepted as Minuspio chilensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) (source of synonymy)
Prionospio cirrobranchiata Day, 1961 accepted as Aonidella cirrobranchiata (Day, 1961) (source of synonymy)
Prionospio cristata Foster, 1971 (original description)
Prionospio gracilis Hartmann-Schröder, 1962 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio heterobranchia Moore, 1907 (additional source)
Prionospio japonicus Okuda, 1935 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio krusadensis Fauvel, 1929 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio longibranchiata Reish, 1968 accepted as Prionospio delta Hartman, 1965 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869 (status source)
Prionospio multibranchiata Berkeley, 1927 (new combination reference)
Prionospio nova Annenkova, 1938 (status source)
Prionospio ornata Berkeley & Berkeley, 1961 accepted as Paraprionospio pinnata (Ehlers, 1901) (source of synonymy)
Prionospio patagonica Augener, 1923 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio peruana Hartmann-Schröder, 1962 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio pinnata Ehlers, 1901 accepted as Paraprionospio pinnata (Ehlers, 1901) (source of synonymy)
Prionospio polybranchiata Fauvel, 1929 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio pygmaeus Hartman, 1961 (additional source)
Prionospio saldanha Day, 1961 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio sexoculata Augener, 1918 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio spongicola Wesenberg-Lund, 1958 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Pseudomalacoceros Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Scolelepis Blainville, 1828 (source of synonymy)
Rhynchospio arenincola Hartman, 1936 (source of synonymy)
Rhynchospio arenincola asiatica Chlebovitsch, 1959 accepted as Rhynchospio asiatica Chlebovitsch, 1959 (source of synonymy)
Rhynchospio glutaea (Ehlers, 1897) (additional source)
Scolecolepides arctius Chamberlin, 1920 accepted as Marenzelleria arctia (Chamberlin, 1920) (source of synonymy)
Scolecolepides viridis (Verrill, 1873) accepted as Marenzelleria viridis (Verrill, 1873) (basis of record)
Scolecolepis tenuis Verrill, 1873 accepted as Marenzelleria viridis (Verrill, 1873) (status source)
Scolecolepis viridis Verrill, 1873 accepted as Marenzelleria viridis (Verrill, 1873) (source of synonymy)
Scolelepis (Scolelepis) squamata (O.F. Muller, 1806) (status source)
Scolelepis (Scolelepis) texana Foster, 1971 accepted as Scolelepis (Parascolelepis) texana Foster, 1971 (original description)
Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806) represented as Scolelepis (Scolelepis) squamata (O.F. Muller, 1806) (source of synonymy)
Spio pettiboneae Foster, 1971 (original description)
Holotype USNM USNM 40178, identified as Malacoceros (Rhynchospio) inflatus Foster, 1971
 Etymology

Rhynchospio was treated as feminine by Hartman (1936), and explicitly stated as feminine by Radashevsky (2007). No ... [details]

 Synonymy

Prionospio fallax Söderström, 1920 was considered to be a junior synonym of Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869 ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Nerine cirratulus chilensis was included in the list of synonyms of Scolelepis (Scolelepis) squamata (Müller, ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869, described from the Gulf of Naples (Mediterranean Sea), was considered to be ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Foster (1971:107) transferred Prionospio cirrobranchiata Day to her new genus Minuspio without comment. Maciolek ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Verrill described S. tenuis consecutively, after S. viridis, from the same place and habitat. He did not say why he ... [details]

 Type material

Known from one incomplete specimen [details]

 Type species

Foster (1971:33) stated she designates Euspio mesnili as type species of Euspio. E. mesnili precedes E. gravieri in ... [details]