WoRMS name details

Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869

131159  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131159)

taxon inquirendum (indeterminable, probably based on a composite of several species (fide Maciolek, 1985))
Species

Subspecies Prionospio malmgreni dubia Day, 1961 accepted as Prionospio dubia Day, 1961 (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Claparède, Édouard. (1869). Les Annélides Chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Seconde partie. Ordre IIme. Annélides Sédentaires (Aud. et Edw.). Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève. 20(1): 1-225, plates XVII-XXXI., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14264110
page(s): 73-76, plate XXII fig. 3 [details]   
Note Gulf of Naples, Mediterranean Sea (gazetteer...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Gulf of Naples, Mediterranean Sea (gazetteer estimate 40.7°, 14.25°). [details]
Type material Types not retained. [details]
Depth range Not stated, unknown.   
Depth range Not stated, unknown.  [details]

Etymology Species dedicated to the Finnish zoologist Anders Johan malmgren (b. Kajaani, 21 November 1834 - d. Kelsinki, 14 April...  
Etymology Species dedicated to the Finnish zoologist Anders Johan malmgren (b. Kajaani, 21 November 1834 - d. Kelsinki, 14 April 1897): "Je me fais un plaisir de dédier cette espèce à l'observateur scrupuleux qui, le premier, nous a fait connaître le genre remarquable des Prionospio" (Claparède, 1869: 73). [details]

Taxonomy Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869, described from the Gulf of Naples (Mediterranean Sea), was considered to be...  
Taxonomy Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869, described from the Gulf of Naples (Mediterranean Sea), was considered to be indeterminable by later workers. Foster (1971: 82) was the first to consider the species as indeterminable ("Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869a, p. 73, from the Gulf of Naples, is considered indeterminable until material has been collected from the type locality"), considering, however, that "the majority of specimens previously identified as P. malmgreni could in actual fact be referred to P. fallax Söderström, 1920". This is the case of the description in Fauvel (1927: 61-62, fig. 21a-e), used for many of the posterior identifications, especially in Europe. Later, Maciolek (1985: 335-336) confirmed that the species appeared to be indeterminable, adding that "Claparède may actually have had more than one species present in his collection. [...] These statements [concerning the variable number of pairs of branchiae present ] might be interpreted to mean that the four or five specimens which he was studying were damaged and therefore not all similar, or that they represented more than one species." Finally, Sigvaldadóttir & Mackie (1993), confirmed that the species was indeterminable, and that the description of P. malmgreni in Fauvel (1927) is of P. fallax Söderström, 1920. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131159 on 2018-05-28
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2018-05-20 06:52:39Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Claparède, Édouard. (1869). Les Annélides Chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Seconde partie. Ordre IIme. Annélides Sédentaires (Aud. et Edw.). Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève. 20(1): 1-225, plates XVII-XXXI., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14264110
page(s): 73-76, plate XXII fig. 3 [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Hansson, H. (2004). North East Atlantic Taxa (NEAT): Nematoda. Internet pdf Ed. Aug 1998., available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/taxa.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Day, J.H. (1967). A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. British Museum (Natural History). London. vol 1 & vol 2, 1-878., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Day, J.H. 1963. The Polychaete fauna of South Africa. Part 8: New species and records from grab samples and dredgings. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Ser. Zoology, 10(7): 383-445., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/19408#page/417/mode/1up
page(s): 418 [details]   

additional source Imajima, Minoru & Hartman, Olga. (1964). The polychaetous annelids of Japan. Occasional Papers of the Allan Hancock Foundation. 26(1-2): 1-452 [issued in 2 parts]., available online at http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p15799coll82/id/18946 [details]   

source of synonymy Kirkegaard, Jørgen B. 1959. The Polychaeta of West Africa Part I. Sedentary species. Atlantide Report, 5: 7-117. [details]   

status source Maciolek, N. J. (1985). A revision of the genus Prionospio Malmgren, with special emphasis on species from the Atlantic Ocean, and new records of species belonging to the genera Apoprionospio Foster and Paraprionospio Caullery (Polychaeta, Annelida, Spionidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, London. 84: 325-383., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1985.tb01804.x
page(s): 335-336, table 1; note: species considered to be indeterminable [details]   

status source Sigvaldadóttir, E. (1998). Cladistic analysis and classification of Prionospio and related general (Polychaeta, Spionidae). Zoologica Scripta. 27(3): 175-187., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.1998.tb00435.x
page(s): 187; note: species considered to be indeterminable [details]   

status source Sigvaldadóttir, E.; Mackie, A.S.Y. (1993). Prionospio steenstrupi, P. fallax and P. dubia (Polychaeta, Spionidae): re-evaluation of identity and status. Sarsia. 78(3-4): 203-219., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00364827.1993.10413535
page(s): 203, 210; note: species considered to be indeterminable [details]   

status source Foster, N.M. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. 36(129): 1-183., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/506046
page(s): 82; note: species considered to be indeterminable [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Lam WY. (2007). Response of marine macrobenthic communities upon recovery from organic pollution. Mphil thesis. City University of Hong Kong. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Depth range Not stated, unknown.  [details]

Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Claparède (1869: 73): "Corpus longitudine11-12mm vel ultra, latitudine 0mm,5, segmentis ultra 50, pallidum, lobo cephalico latissimo, oculis quatuor. Branchiæ aliæ pennatæ, aliæ simplices usque ad paria novem. Hamorum rostrum superne bidentatum". [details]

Etymology Species dedicated to the Finnish zoologist Anders Johan malmgren (b. Kajaani, 21 November 1834 - d. Kelsinki, 14 April 1897): "Je me fais un plaisir de dédier cette espèce à l'observateur scrupuleux qui, le premier, nous a fait connaître le genre remarquable des Prionospio" (Claparède, 1869: 73). [details]

Habitat Not stated, unknown. Claparède (1869: 333-334) only refers "Elle n'est point fréquente dans la baie de Naples, où j'en ai reçu des pêcheurs, cinq ou six fois seulement, des individus isolés et incomplets.[details]

Synonymy Prionospio fallax Söderström, 1920 was considered to be a junior synonym of Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869 (e.g.: Fauvel, 1927), until the later was considered to be an indeterminable species (e.g.; Foster, 1971; Maciolek, 1985; Sigvaldadóttir & Mackie, 1993). The description of P. malmgreni in Fauvel (1927: 61-62, fig. 21a-e) refers to P. fallax, now a valid species. [details]

Taxonomy Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869, described from the Gulf of Naples (Mediterranean Sea), was considered to be indeterminable by later workers. Foster (1971: 82) was the first to consider the species as indeterminable ("Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869a, p. 73, from the Gulf of Naples, is considered indeterminable until material has been collected from the type locality"), considering, however, that "the majority of specimens previously identified as P. malmgreni could in actual fact be referred to P. fallax Söderström, 1920". This is the case of the description in Fauvel (1927: 61-62, fig. 21a-e), used for many of the posterior identifications, especially in Europe. Later, Maciolek (1985: 335-336) confirmed that the species appeared to be indeterminable, adding that "Claparède may actually have had more than one species present in his collection. [...] These statements [concerning the variable number of pairs of branchiae present ] might be interpreted to mean that the four or five specimens which he was studying were damaged and therefore not all similar, or that they represented more than one species." Finally, Sigvaldadóttir & Mackie (1993), confirmed that the species was indeterminable, and that the description of P. malmgreni in Fauvel (1927) is of P. fallax Söderström, 1920. [details]

Type locality Gulf of Naples, Mediterranean Sea (gazetteer estimate 40.7°, 14.25°). [details]

Type material Types not retained. [details]