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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaspio Czerniavsky, 1881 
AphiaID: 325185

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpioniformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaspio (Genus)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio Fabricius, 1785
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio decoratus Bobretzky, 1870 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio decorata Bobretzky, 1870 (type by monotypy)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionidae Grube, 1850
Sources  original description Czerniavsky, V. (1881). Materialia ad zoographiam Ponticam comparatam. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou (= Byulletin' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody). 56(2): 338-420, 1 plate., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/128933#page/406/mode/1up
page(s): 360, 367 [details]

source of synonymy Day, J.H. 1973. New polychaeta from Beaufort, with a key to all species recorded from North Carolina. NOAA Technical Reports, Ser. National Marine Fisheries Service, Circulars, 375: 1-140., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.62852
page(s): 76; note: informal placement as synonym of Spio [details]

source of synonymy Foster, N.M. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. 36(129): 1-183., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/506046
page(s): 33 [details]

status source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628.
page(s): 382; note: has Paraspio as the senior synonym of Microspio [details]

status source Maciolek, Nancy J. 1990. A redescription of some species belonging to the genus Spio and Microspio (Polychaeta: Annelida) and descriptions of three new species from Northwestern Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Natural History, 24: 1109-1141., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939000770701
page(s): 1111; note: included as a synonym of Spio.  [details]

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taxa (4)

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Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaspio jonesi [auctt.] (nomen nudum, new species databasing error present in the print Zoological Record Annelida (1986) vol 121 sect.6b:95,118; error for Marenzelleria jonesi Maciolek, 1984)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaspio cirrifera Banse & Hobson, 1968 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio cirrifera (Banse & Hobson, 1968)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaspio decorata (Bobretzky, 1870) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio decorata Bobretzky, 1870
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaspio minuta Hartmann-Schröder, 1962 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrospio minuta (Hartmann-Schröder, 1962)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Paraspio erected for Spio decoratus [sic] Bobretzky on page 360. In the course of a dichotomous key Czerniavsky simply names Paraspio as n.g. with "(Spio decoratus Bobr. 1871)" following. On p.367 there is a Latin diagnosis of Paraspio as "Caput antennis destitutum, in fronte late rotundatum, parte anteriore a poster subdivisa; осulis 4 postice sitis. Segmenta similia, posticum papillis 4 angutis terminatum. Branchiae simplices in omnibus segmentis setigeris" [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSynonymy Foster (1971) is one source for treatment of Paraspio as synonym of Spio. Day (1973: 76) also states (in text remarks) that Paraspio is a synonym of Spio, mentioning Holmquist (1967) comments, but Holmquist does not explicitly make a synonymy. Note P. minuta has been referred to Microspio and P. jonesi is a cataloguing error and thus a nomen nudum. Subsequent to Maciolek (1990), where Paraspio is listed as a synonym of Spio, there appears to be no further usages of the genus. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy According to Banse & Hobson (1968: 29) Hartman catalogue and supplement list the following species in Paraspio: P. africana (Rullier), P. armata (Thulin), P. minuta Hartmann-Schroder, P. kussakini (Chlebovich), P. theeli (Soderstrom), P. wireni (Augener), P. mecznikowiana (Claparede), P. rolasiana (Augener), P. arctica (Soderstrom), P. atlantica (Langerhans). Hartman included Microspio species in Paraspio, but it is currently a valid genus.
 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType designation Hartman (Catalogue 1959:382) wrongly has Spio mecznikowianus Claparede as the type species, although by monotypy it must be S. decoratus, perhaps because (page 390) she referred S. decoratus to S. mecznikowianus, while also (page 382) she placed Microspio (currently a valid genus with S. mecznikowianus as type) as a synonym of Paraspio. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:325185
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2008-03-05 14:39:51Z  created  Fauchald, Kristian
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2011-01-30 02:23:27Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G. (2011). Paraspio Czerniavsky, 1881. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=325185 on 2017-09-25
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