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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio Hartman, 1936 
AphiaID: 174829

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpioniformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionidae (Family)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio arenincola Hartman, 1936 (type by original designation)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionidae Grube, 1850
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalacoceros (Rhynchospio) (superseded alternate representation)
Sources  original description Hartman, O. 1936. New species of Spionidae (Annelida Polychaeta) from the coast of California. University of California Publications in Zoology, 41(6): 45-52.
page(s): 51 [details]

identification resource Radashevsky, Vasily I.; Neretina, Tatyana V.; Pankova, Victoria V.; Tzetlin, Alexander B.; Choi, Jin-Woo. 2014. Molecular identity, morphology and taxonomy of the Rhynchospio glutaea complex with a key to Rhynchospio species (Annelida, Spionidae). Systematics and Biodiversity: [Online, issue unassigned] 1-10, available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2014.941039
page(s): [key to species] [details]

identification resource Radashevsky, V.I. 2007. Morphology and biology of a new Rhynchospio species (Annelida : Spionidae) from the South China Sea, Vietnam, with the review of Rhynchospio taxa. Journal of Natural History 41(17-20): 985-997, available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222930701376717
page(s): [key] [details]

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taxa (12)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio arenincola Hartman, 1936
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio asiatica Chlebovitsch, 1959
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio australiana Blake & Kudenov, 1978
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio foliosa Imajima, 1991
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio glutaea (Ehlers, 1897)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio glycera Blake & Kudenov, 1978
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio inflata (Foster, 1971)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio nhatrangi Radashevsky, 2007
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio tuberculata Imajima, 1991

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio harrisae Delgado-Blas & Díaz-Díaz, 2010 (taxon inquirendum, probably a Microspio [fide Radashevsky et al. 2014])

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio glutea [auct. misspelling] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio glutaea (Ehlers, 1897)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio microcera Dorsey, 1977 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrospio microcera (Dorsey, 1977)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Prostomium with frontal horns, branchiae from chaetiger 2, notochaetae capillaries only, pygidium with cirri or lobes (after Blake, 1996). However, note that the two major characters conventionally used to place taxa in Rhynchospio, the presence of latero-frontal horns on the prostomium, and branchiae beginning from chaetiger 2, are homoplasious and also present in other Spionidae (Radashevsky et al. 2014). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEditor's comment Rhynchospio species described to date are all from the intertidal or very shallow water. This genus does not occur in the deepsea (no reliable records in GBIF as at August 2014) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Rhynchospio was treated as feminine by Hartman (1936), and explicitly stated as feminine by Radashevsky (2007). No etymology was given by Hartman, but presumably the genus was named as related to Spio, and possessing frontal horns (Greek rhyncho-, provided with a snout or beak). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:174829
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-07-14 08:59:00Z  created  Braeckman, Ulrike
2006-09-28 06:51:36Z  changed  Martinez, Olga
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2014-08-10 23:39:20Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G. (2014). Rhynchospio Hartman, 1936. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=174829 on 2014-08-30
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