WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio Hartman, 1936

174829  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:174829)

accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchospio arenincola Hartman, 1936 (type by original designation)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalacoceros (Rhynchospio) (superseded alternate representation)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Hartman, O. (1936). New species of Spionidae (Annelida Polychaeta) from the coast of California. University of California Publications in Zoology. 41(6): 45-52.
page(s): 51 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Rhynchospio was treated as feminine by Hartman (1936), and explicitly stated as feminine by Radashevsky (2007). No...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Rhynchospio was treated as feminine by Hartman (1936), and explicitly stated as feminine by Radashevsky (2007). No etymology was given by Hartman, but presumably the genus was named as related to Spio, and possessing frontal horns (Greek rhyncho-, provided with a snout or beak). [details]
Gil, J.; Read, G. (2016). Rhynchospio Hartman, 1936. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=174829 on 2018-01-16

Date
action
by
2005-07-14 08:59:00Z
created
2006-09-28 06:51:36Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2014-08-10 23:39:20Z
changed
2016-03-28 10:16:17Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Hartman, O. (1936). New species of Spionidae (Annelida Polychaeta) from the coast of California. University of California Publications in Zoology. 41(6): 45-52.
page(s): 51 [details]   

taxonomy source Radashevsky, V.I. 2007. Morphology and biology of a new Rhynchospio species (Annelida : Spionidae) from the South China Sea, Vietnam, with the review of Rhynchospio taxa. Journal of Natural History 41(17-20): 985-997 [details]   

taxonomy source Radashevsky, V. I.; Neretina, T. V.; Pankova, V. V.; Tzetlin, A. B.; Choi, J. (2014). Molecular identity, morphology and taxonomy of the Rhynchospio glutaea complex with a key to Rhynchospio species (Annelida, Spionidae). Systematics and Biodiversity. 1-10., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2014.941039 [details]   

additional source Radashevsky, Vasily I.; Malyar, Vasily V.; Pankova, Victoria V.; Nuzhdin, Sergey V. (2016). Molecular analysis of six Rhynchospio Hartman, 1936 species (Annelida: Spionidae) with comments on the evolution of brooding within the group. Zootaxa. 4127(3): 579., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4127.3.10 [details]   

identification resource Radashevsky, V. I.; Neretina, T. V.; Pankova, V. V.; Tzetlin, A. B.; Choi, J. (2014). Molecular identity, morphology and taxonomy of the Rhynchospio glutaea complex with a key to Rhynchospio species (Annelida, Spionidae). Systematics and Biodiversity. 1-10., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2014.941039
page(s): [key to species] [details]   

identification resource Radashevsky, V.I. 2007. Morphology and biology of a new Rhynchospio species (Annelida : Spionidae) from the South China Sea, Vietnam, with the review of Rhynchospio taxa. Journal of Natural History 41(17-20): 985-997
page(s): [key] [details]   

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalacoceros (Rhynchospio)) Blake, J.A.; Kudenov, J.D. (1978). The Spionidae (Polychaeta) from Southeastern Australia and adjacent areas with a revision of the genera. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria. 39: 171-280., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/item/121937#page/201/mode/1up
page(s): 198 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalacoceros (Rhynchospio)) Foster, N.M. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. 36(129): 1-183., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/506046
page(s): 48 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalacoceros (Rhynchospio)) Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Revision of some genera of polychaete worms of the family Spionidae, including the description of a new species of Scolelepis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 76: 89-104., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34604970
page(s): 98 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Prostomium with frontal horns, branchiae from chaetiger 2, notochaetae capillaries only, pygidium with cirri or lobes (after Blake, 1996). However, note that the two major characters conventionally used to place taxa in Rhynchospio, the presence of latero-frontal horns on the prostomium, and branchiae beginning from chaetiger 2, are homoplasious and also present in other Spionidae (Radashevsky et al. 2014). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEditor's comment Rhynchospio species described to date are all from the intertidal or very shallow water. This genus does not occur in the deepsea (no reliable records in GBIF as at August 2014) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Rhynchospio was treated as feminine by Hartman (1936), and explicitly stated as feminine by Radashevsky (2007). No etymology was given by Hartman, but presumably the genus was named as related to Spio, and possessing frontal horns (Greek rhyncho-, provided with a snout or beak). [details]