WoRMS taxon details

Rhynchospio Hartman, 1936

174829  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:174829)

accepted
Genus
Rhynchospio arenincola Hartman, 1936 (type by original designation)
Malacoceros (Rhynchospio) (superseded alternate representation)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Hartman, O. (1936). New species of Spionidae (Annelida Polychaeta) from the coast of California. <em>University of California Publications in Zoology.</em> 41(6): 45-52.
page(s): 51 [details]   
Etymology Rhynchospio was treated as feminine by Hartman (1936), and explicitly stated as feminine by Radashevsky (2007). No...  
Etymology Rhynchospio was treated as feminine by Hartman (1936), and explicitly stated as feminine by Radashevsky (2007). No etymology was given by Hartman, but presumably the genus was named as related to Spio, and possessing frontal horns (Greek rhyncho-, provided with a snout or beak). [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Rhynchospio Hartman, 1936. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=174829 on 2019-11-12
Date
action
by
2005-07-14 08:59:00Z
created
2006-09-28 06:51:36Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2014-08-10 23:39:20Z
changed
2016-03-28 10:16:17Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Hartman, O. (1936). New species of Spionidae (Annelida Polychaeta) from the coast of California. <em>University of California Publications in Zoology.</em> 41(6): 45-52.
page(s): 51 [details]   

taxonomy source Radashevsky, V.I. 2007. Morphology and biology of a new Rhynchospio species (Annelida : Spionidae) from the South China Sea, Vietnam, with the review of Rhynchospio taxa. Journal of Natural History 41(17-20): 985-997 [details]   

taxonomy source Radashevsky, V. I.; Neretina, T. V.; Pankova, V. V.; Tzetlin, A. B.; Choi, J. (2014). Molecular identity, morphology and taxonomy of the Rhynchospio glutaea complex with a key to Rhynchospio species (Annelida, Spionidae). <i>Systematics and Biodiversity</i>. 1-10., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2014.941039 [details]   

additional source Radashevsky, Vasily I.; Malyar, Vasily V.; Pankova, Victoria V.; Nuzhdin, Sergey V. (2016). Molecular analysis of six Rhynchospio Hartman, 1936 species (Annelida: Spionidae) with comments on the evolution of brooding within the group. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4127(3): 579., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4127.3.10 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Radashevsky, V. I.; Neretina, T. V.; Pankova, V. V.; Tzetlin, A. B.; Choi, J. (2014). Molecular identity, morphology and taxonomy of the Rhynchospio glutaea complex with a key to Rhynchospio species (Annelida, Spionidae). <i>Systematics and Biodiversity</i>. 1-10., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2014.941039
page(s): [key to species] [details]   

identification resource Radashevsky, V.I. 2007. Morphology and biology of a new Rhynchospio species (Annelida : Spionidae) from the South China Sea, Vietnam, with the review of Rhynchospio taxa. Journal of Natural History 41(17-20): 985-997
page(s): [key] [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Prostomium with frontal horns, branchiae from chaetiger 2, notochaetae capillaries only, pygidium with cirri or lobes (after Blake, 1996). However, note that the two major characters conventionally used to place taxa in Rhynchospio, the presence of latero-frontal horns on the prostomium, and branchiae beginning from chaetiger 2, are homoplasious and also present in other Spionidae (Radashevsky et al. 2014). [details]

Editor's comment Rhynchospio species described to date are all from the intertidal or very shallow water. This genus does not occur in the deepsea (no reliable records in GBIF as at August 2014) [details]

Etymology Rhynchospio was treated as feminine by Hartman (1936), and explicitly stated as feminine by Radashevsky (2007). No etymology was given by Hartman, but presumably the genus was named as related to Spio, and possessing frontal horns (Greek rhyncho-, provided with a snout or beak). [details]