WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio Fabricius, 1785

129625

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129625

accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis filicornis Müller, 1776 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio filicornis (Müller, 1776) (type by subsequent designation)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuspio McIntosh, 1915 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaspio Czerniavsky, 1881 (subjective synonym)
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio (Microspio)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio (Microspio) gaucha Orensanz & Gianuca, 1974 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolelepis gaucha (Orensanz & Gianuca, 1974) (superseded original combinaiton)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio aequalis Ehlers, 1904
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio africana (Rullier, 1964)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio armata (Thulin, 1957)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio arndti Meißner, Bick & Bastrop, 2011
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio bengalensis Willey, 1908
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio blakei Maciolek, 1990
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio borealis Okuda, 1937
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio butleri Berkeley & Berkeley, 1954
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio celata Dalyell, 1853
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio cirrifera (Banse & Hobson, 1968)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio decorata Bobretzky, 1870
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio filicornis (Müller, 1776)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio goniocephala Thulin, 1957
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio gorbunovi Averincev, 1990
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio kurilensis Buzhinskaya, 1990
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio limicola Verrill, 1879
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio maciolekae Blake, 1996
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio maculata (Hartman, 1961)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio malmgreni Sikorski in Jirkov, 2001
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio martinensis Mesnil, 1896
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio mesnili Augener, 1914
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio multioculata (Rioja, 1918)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio obtusa Ehlers, 1913
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio parva (Dalyell, 1853)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio pettiboneae Foster, 1971
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio picta Zachs, 1933
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio quadrisetosa Blake, 1983
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio readi Blake, 1984
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio seticornis (Linnaeus, 1767)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio setosa Verrill, 1873
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio singularis Blake & Kudenov, 1978
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio symphyta Meißner, Bick & Bastrop, 2011
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio theeli (Soderstrom, 1920)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio thulini Maciolek, 1990
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio tridentata Hutchings & Turvey, 1984
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio tzetlini Sikorski in Jirkov, 2001
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio unidentata Chlebovitsch, 1959

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio crenaticornis Montagu, 1816 (taxon inquirendum, unused, indeterminable)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio mesnili (McIntosh, 1915) (taxon inquirendum, unreplaced secondary homonym, possible synonym)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio californica Fewkes, 1889 (nomen dubium)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio acuta Treadwell, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolelepis (Scolelepis) acuta (Treadwell, 1914) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio arctica (Soderstrom, 1920) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio limicola Verrill, 1879 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio atlanticus Langerhans, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrospio atlantica (Langerhans, 1881) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio bombyx Claparède, 1870 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpiophanes bombyx (Claparède, 1870) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio calcarea Templeton, 1836 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolydora calcarea (Templeton, 1836) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio caudatus Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolydora cornuta Bosc, 1802 (superfluous replacement name)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio caudatus sensu Delle Chiaje, 1827 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeanthes acuminata (Ehlers, 1868) (misidentification)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio cirrata König [pre-Linnaean] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite cirrata Müller, 1776 (objective synonym, pre-Linnaean)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio coccineus Delle Chiaje, 1822 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlatynereis coccinea (Delle Chiaje, 1822) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio decoratus Bobretzky, 1870 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio decorata Bobretzky, 1870 (mandatory gender agreement requires 'decorata')
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio fuliginosus Claparède, 1870 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalacoceros fuliginosus (Claparède, 1870) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio gattyi McIntosh, 1909 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio filicornis (Müller, 1776) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio hirsuta Treadwell, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolelepis (Scolelepis) squamata (O.F. Muller, 1806) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio inversa Kuhlgatz, 1898 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPygospio elegans Claparède, 1863 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio jirkovi (Sikorski, 1993) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalacoceros jirkovi Sikorski, 1993 (superseded recombination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio laevicornis Rathke, 1837 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalacoceros laevicornis (Rathke, 1837) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio magnus Day, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDispio magna (Day, 1955) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio mecznikowianus Claparède, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrospio mecznikowianus (Claparède, 1869) (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio mimus Chamberlin, 1920 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrospio theeli (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio nemertinaeformis Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSaccocirrus papillocercus Bobretzky, 1872 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio pacifica Blake & Kudenov, 1978 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio blakei Maciolek, 1990 (junior primary homonym to Spio martinensis pacifica)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio punctata Hartman, 1961 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalacoceros indicus (Fauvel, 1928) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio quadricornis Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio crenaticornis Montagu, 1816 (missapplied superfluous name)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio rathbuni Webster & Benedict, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPygospio elegans Claparède, 1863 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio robusta Verrill, 1873 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio setosa Verrill, 1873 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio ventilabrum Delle Chiaje, 1827 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerinereis cultrifera (Grube, 1840) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio viridis Johnston, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolelepis foliosa (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolelepis (Scolelepis) foliosa (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio vulgaris Johnston, 1827 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolelepis fuliginosa (Claparède, 1870) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalacoceros fuliginosus (Claparède, 1870) (synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Fabricius, O. (1785). Von dem Spio-Geschlecht, einem neuen Wurmgeschlecht Nereis seticornis und Nereis filicornis, mit Abbildungen. Schriften der Berlinischen Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde. 6: 256-270, plate V., available online at http://www.ub.uni-bielefeld.de/diglib/aufkl/schriftberlgesnaturfreunde/schriftberlgesnaturfreunde.htm
page(s): 258-259 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Spio has its origin in the Greek mythology,...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Spio has its origin in the Greek mythology, designating one of the Nereids, the 50 daughters of Nereus by Doris, goddesses of the sea, and patrons of sailors and fishermen. Spio (Speio, in Greek), was the nereid of the sea caves. [details]
Gil, J.; Bellan, G. (2016). Spio. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129625 on 2017-11-18

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-05-29 12:39:25Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Fabricius, O. (1785). Von dem Spio-Geschlecht, einem neuen Wurmgeschlecht Nereis seticornis und Nereis filicornis, mit Abbildungen. Schriften der Berlinischen Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde. 6: 256-270, plate V., available online at http://www.ub.uni-bielefeld.de/diglib/aufkl/schriftberlgesnaturfreunde/schriftberlgesnaturfreunde.htm
page(s): 258-259 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaspio Czerniavsky, 1881) Czerniavsky, V. (1881). Materialia ad zoographiam Ponticam comparatam. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou (= Byulletin' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody). 56(2): 338-420, 1 plate., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/128933#page/406/mode/1up
page(s): 360, 367 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuspio McIntosh, 1915) McIntosh, W.C. 1915. A monograph of the British Annelids. Volume III. Part I. Text. Polychaeta, Opheliidae to Ammocharidae. 1-368. Ray Society. London., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/118632#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 176 [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Meißner, K.; Bick, A.; Bastrop, R. 2011. On the identity of Spio filicornis (O.F. Muller, 1776)—with the designation of a neotype, and the description of two new species from the North East Atlantic Ocean based on morphological and genetic studies. Zootaxa (2815): 1-27, available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/list/2011/2815.html [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

subsequent type designation Söderström, Adolf 1920. Studien über die Polychätenfamilie Spionidae. 1-286. Uppsala University. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaspio Czerniavsky, 1881) Day, J.H. 1973. New polychaeta from Beaufort, with a key to all species recorded from North Carolina. NOAA Technical Reports, Ser. National Marine Fisheries Service, Circulars, 375: 1-140., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.62852
page(s): 76; note: informal placement as synonym of Spio [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaspio Czerniavsky, 1881) Foster, N.M. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. 36(129): 1-183., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/506046
page(s): 33 [details]   

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaspio Czerniavsky, 1881) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628.
page(s): 382; note: has Paraspio as the senior synonym of Microspio [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaspio Czerniavsky, 1881) Maciolek, Nancy J. 1990. A redescription of some species belonging to the genus Spio and Microspio (Polychaeta: Annelida) and descriptions of three new species from Northwestern Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Natural History, 24: 1109-1141., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939000770701
page(s): 1 111; note: included as a synonym of Spio.  [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuspio McIntosh, 1915) Foster, N.M. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. 36(129): 1-183., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/506046
page(s): 33 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Spio has its origin in the Greek mythology, designating one of the Nereids, the 50 daughters of Nereus by Doris, goddesses of the sea, and patrons of sailors and fishermen. Spio (Speio, in Greek), was the nereid of the sea caves. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrammatical gender Spio, named after a female mythological entity, must be feminine, and has almost invariably been treated as feminine (with Spio decoratus one exception). [details]
 



Feeding Type
deposit feeder: surface [details]
interface feeder [details]
suspension feeder: facultative [details]