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Porifera source details

Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. [book]. pp. 451, Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae.
43903
10.5962/bhl.title.6595 [view]
Pallas, P. S.
1766
Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis
[book]
pp. 451, Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae
Publication
Text is in Latin
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2013-01-22 10:22:55Z
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2013-12-15 13:34:06Z
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2014-03-26 19:44:20Z
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2014-05-28 19:16:37Z
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2019-05-13 12:24:53Z
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2019-08-05 13:07:53Z
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2022-04-29 09:14:35Z
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Alcyonium aurantium Pallas, 1766 accepted as Tethya aurantium (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Alcyonium cotoneum Pallas, 1766 accepted as Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) (original description)
Callyspongia tubulosa (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (basis of record)
Haliclona rubens (sensu Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Amphimedon compressa Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (additional source)
Spongia agaricina Pallas, 1766 represented as Spongia (Spongia) agaricina Pallas, 1766 (original description)
Spongia basta Pallas, 1766 accepted as Ianthella basta (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia cavernosa Pallas, 1766 accepted as Hyattella cavernosa (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia cervicornis Pallas, 1766 accepted as Haliclona (Haliclona) cervicornis (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia crateriformis Pallas, 1766 accepted as Phakellia crateriformis (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia fasciculata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Sarcotragus fasciculatus (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia fastigiata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Halichondria fastigiata (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia fibrillosa Pallas, 1766 (original description)
Spongia fistularis Pallas, 1766 accepted as Aplysina fistularis (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia flabelliformis Linnaeus, 1759 accepted as Ianthella flabelliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (basis of record)
Spongia floribunda Pallas, 1766 (original description)
Spongia fluviatilis Linnaeus, 1759 accepted as Ephydatia fluviatilis (Linnaeus, 1759) (additional source)
Spongia foliascens Pallas, 1766 accepted as Phyllospongia foliascens (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia frondosa Pallas, 1766 accepted as Clathria frondosa (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia fulva Pallas, 1766 accepted as Aplysina fulva (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia lichenoides Pallas, 1766 (original description)
Spongia membranosa Pallas, 1766 accepted as Dendrilla membranosa (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia muricata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Trikentrion muricatum (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia nodosa Linnaeus, 1759 (additional source)
Spongia oculata Linnaeus, 1759 accepted as Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (basis of record)
Spongia oculata sensu Pallas, 1766 accepted as Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (original description)
Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 represented as Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 (additional source)
Spongia panicea Pallas, 1766 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia papillaris Pallas, 1766 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) papillaris (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia rubens Pallas, 1766 accepted as Amphimedon rubens (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia sinuosa Pallas, 1766 accepted as Hyattella sinuosa (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia strigosa Pallas, 1766 accepted as Phakellia ventilabrum (Linnaeus, 1767) (original description)
Spongia tubulosa sensu Pallas, 1766 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) tubulosa (Linnaeus, 1759) (original description)
Spongia tupha Pallas, 1766 accepted as Dysidea tupha (Pallas, 1766) (original description)
Spongia villosa Pallas, 1766 accepted as Callyspongia (Cladochalina) aculeata (Linnaeus, 1759) (original description)
Adriatic Sea for Spongia cervicornis Pallas, 1766 
Gulf of Guinea Upwelling for Spongia muricata Pallas, 1766 
North Sea for Spongia oculata Linnaeus, 1759 
North Sea for Spongia panicea Pallas, 1766 
Western Mediterranean for Alcyonium aurantium Pallas, 1766 
 Description

Medusa with apical projection, manubrium cylindrical, mouth simple, tubular; four radial canals; four conical ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid phase unknown. Medusa with narrow manubrium, no peduncle; closed marginal vesicles; adaxial ocelli; four ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid colony stolonal or erect, rect ones often polysiphonic; hydrothecae very large, bell-shaped, borne on smooth ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid colony stolonal or branched; hydrotheca usually campanulate or cylindrical, adnate or upright, with or ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid solitary or forming pseudo-colonies. Hydrocaulus short, with tubular or root-like adhesive processes, with ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid colony stolonal, hydrotheca sessile, tubular turning gradually into a pyramidal operculum formed by ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid colonial, stolonal simple or sparingly branched, hydranth club-shaped, one whorl of moniliform or capitate ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroids colonial, polymorphic, forming erect and branched or unbranched stems resulting from the addition of ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid colony arborescent through skeleton of complexly fused chitinous stolons; hydrotheca tubular, entierly or ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroids sessile, usually not polymorphic, hydrorhiza reticulate, covered by perisarc, without spines; hydranth ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid: unknown. Medusa umbrella with apical projection. Manubrium on gastric peduncle, four unbranched oral ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid colony forming a chitinized hydrorhizal stolonal plate; hydranths columnar, with thickened, ridged ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid: unknown. Medusa: umbrella lobed, divided by peronial grooves or similar structures; four radial canals; ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid with moniliform or modified moniliform tentacles, scattered or in one whorl around middle part of the ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid: unknown. Anthoathecata with two opposite simple and two opposite bifurcated radial canals, so that six ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroids monomorphic or polymorphic, sessile, stolonal, or branched colonies. Gastrozooids bearing filiform ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid colony pinnate, occasionally bushy, stem monosiphonic, giving rise alternately from opposite sides to two ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroids sessile, hydrorhiza fromed by creeping naked stolons, epizooic on tubes sabellid polychaetes; hydranths ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroids stolonal, arising from creeping stolons; hydranths on short hydrocaulus; hydrorhiza and hydrocaulus ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Solitary, small, elongated hydroids usually living in brackish-waters; without tentacles and gonophores, pedal ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroids sessile, hydrorhiza stolonal, reticular or encrusting and covered by naked coenosarc; hydranths ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroids sessile, hydrorhiza stolonal, reticular or encrusting and covered by naked coenosarc; hydranths polymorphic; ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid stolonal or sessile, polymorphic; hydrorhiza tubular, covered with perisarc; gastrozooid naked, columnar, ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid forming large, branching colony, with chitinous internal anastomosing skeleton formed by coalescence and ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid colony erect, branched, usually flabellate, more rarely encrusting, with a thick calcareous exoskeleton ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroids sessile, stolons covered by thin perisarc; hydranth with a collar-like tube of perisarc at base, with one ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Hydroid phase so far unknown. Medusa umbrella conical or dome-shaped, without apical chamber; manubrium broadly ... [details]

 Distribution

'Oceanus Indicus', precise type-locality unknown [details]

 Distribution

Indian Ocean, type-locality unknown [details]

 Distribution

'Mare Americanum', precise type-locality unknown [details]

 Distribution

Mediterrranean, precise type-locality unknown [details]

 Distribution

'Oceanus Indicus', precise type locality unknown [details]

 Distribution

Indian Ocean, precise type-locality unknown [details]

 Distribution

'Mare Americanum', precise type-locality unknown [details]

 Distribution

"Oceanus Indicus", type-locality unknown [details]

 Distribution

'Oceanus Indicus', precise type-locality unknown [details]

 Distribution

'Oceanus Indicus', precise type-locality unknown [details]

 Distribution

'Mare Americanum', precise type-locality unknown [details]

 Distribution

'Mare Americanum', precise type-locality unknown [details]

 Distribution

'Mare Americanum', precise type-locality unknown [details]

 Original description

description based on pre-Linnean publications: Boccone, P. (1768). Museo di fisica e di esperienze variato, e ... [details]

 Type locality

"Mare Americanum" [details]

 Type locality

‘Mare Americanum’ [details]



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