WoRMS taxon details

Sarcophyton Lesson, 1834

205483  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:205483)

accepted
Genus
Areocella Gray, 1869 · unaccepted (synonym)
Sarcophytum · unaccepted (variant spelling)
Species Sarcophyton aalbersbergi Feussner & Waqa, 2013
Species Sarcophyton acutum Tixier-Durivault, 1970
Species Sarcophyton agaricum (Stimpson, 1855)
Species Sarcophyton aldersladei Feussner & Waqa, 2013
Species Sarcophyton alexanderi Feussner & Waqa, 2013
Species Sarcophyton auritum Verseveldt & Benayahu, 1978
Species Sarcophyton birkelandi Verseveldt, 1978
Species Sarcophyton boettgeri Schenk, 1896
Species Sarcophyton boletiforme Tixier-Durivault, 1958
Species Sarcophyton buitendijki Verseveldt, 1982
Species Sarcophyton cherbonnieri Tixier-Durivault, 1958
Species Sarcophyton cinereum Tixier-Durivault, 1946
Species Sarcophyton cornispiculatum Verseveldt, 1971
Species Sarcophyton crassocaule Moser, 1919
Species Sarcophyton crassum Tixier-Durivault, 1946
Species Sarcophyton digitatum Moser, 1919
Species Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886
Species Sarcophyton elegans Moser, 1919
Species Sarcophyton expandum Kölliker
Species Sarcophyton flexuosum Tixier-Durivault, 1966
Species Sarcophyton furcatum Li, 1984
Species Sarcophyton gemmatum Verseveldt & Benayahu, 1978
Species Sarcophyton glaucum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
Species Sarcophyton globoverruccatum Benayahu & Verseveldt, 1983
Species Sarcophyton griffini Moser, 1919
Species Sarcophyton infundibuliforme Tixier-Durivault, 1958
Species Sarcophyton latum (Dana, 1846)
Species Sarcophyton mililatensis Verseveldt & Tursch, 1979
Species Sarcophyton minusculum Samimi Namin & van Ofwegen, 2009
Species Sarcophyton nanwanensis Benayahu & Perkol-Finkel, 2004
Species Sarcophyton nigrum May, 1899
Species Sarcophyton pauciplicatum Verseveldt & Benayahu, 1978
Species Sarcophyton portentosum Tixier-Durivault, 1970
Species Sarcophyton pulchellum (Tixier-Durivault, 1957)
Species Sarcophyton regulare Tixier-Durivault, 1946
Species Sarcophyton roseum Pratt, 1903
Species Sarcophyton serenei Tixier-Durivault, 1958
Species Sarcophyton skeltoni Feussner & Waqa, 2013
Species Sarcophyton soapiae Feussner & Waqa, 2013
Species Sarcophyton solidum Tixier-Durivault, 1958
Species Sarcophyton spinospiculatum Alderslade & Shirwaiker, 1991
Species Sarcophyton spongiosum Thomson & Dean, 1931
Species Sarcophyton stellatum Kükenthal, 1911
Species Sarcophyton stolidotum Verseveldt, 1971
Species Sarcophyton subviride Tixier-Durivault, 1958
Species Sarcophyton tenuispiculatum Thomson & Dean, 1931
Species Sarcophyton tortuosum Tixier-Durivault, 1946
Species Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886
Species Sarcophyton tumulosum Benayahu & van Ofwegen, 2009
Species Sarcophyton turschi Verseveldt, 1976

Species Sarcophyton aberrans Thomson & Henderson, 1906 accepted as Anthomastus aberrans (Thomson & Henderson, 1906) (original combination)
Species Sarcophyton acutangulum von Marenzeller, 1886 accepted as Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton agaricoides Thomson & Henderson, 1906 accepted as Anthomastus agaricoides (Thomson & Henderson, 1906) (original combination, variant spelling)
Species Sarcophyton auricularis Verseveldt, 1968 accepted as Lobophytum depressum Tixier-Durivault, 1966 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton bicolor Pratt, 1905 accepted as Sarcophyton glaucum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton certum Tixier-Durivalt, 1970 accepted as Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton contortum Pratt, 1905 accepted as Sarcophytum contortum Pratt, 1905 accepted as Sarcophytum acutangulum von Marenzeller, 1886 accepted as Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton convolutum Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Sarcophyton roseum Pratt, 1903 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton decaryi Tixier-Durivault, 1946 accepted as Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton dispersum Schenk, 1896 accepted as Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton fungiforme Schenk, 1896 accepted as Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton globosum Tixier-Durivault, 1966 accepted as Sarcophyton crassum Tixier-Durivault, 1946 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton gracile Burchardt, 1903 accepted as Sarcophyton glaucum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton implanum Verseveldt, 1974 accepted as Sarcophyton crassum Tixier-Durivault, 1946 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton lobulatum Lesson, 1834 accepted as Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton manifestum Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton molle Tixier-Durivault, 1946 accepted as Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton moseri Roxas, 1932 accepted as Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton pallidum Cohn, 1908 accepted as Sarcophyton trocheliophorum von Marenzeller, 1886 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton plicatum Schenk, 1896 accepted as Sarcophyton boettgeri Schenk, 1896 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton poculiforme Tixier-Durivault, 1958 accepted as Sarcophyton cinereum Tixier-Durivault, 1946 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton proprium Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Lobophytum proprium (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) (original combination)
Species Sarcophyton puerto-galerae Roxas, 1932 accepted as Sarcophyton crassocaule Moser, 1919 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton purpureum Koren & Danielssen, 1883 accepted as Anthomastus purpureus (Koren & Danielssen, 1883) (original combination)
Species Sarcophyton reichenbachi Schenk, 1896 accepted as Sarcophyton ehrenbergi von Marenzeller, 1886 (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton tenuis Pratt, 1903 accepted as Sarcophyton glaucum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (synonym)
Species Sarcophyton trochiforme Hickson, 1900 accepted as Anthomastus trochiformis (Hickson, 1900) accepted as Verseveldtia trochiforme (Hickson, 1900) (original combination, variant spelling)

Species Sarcophyton atlanticum Wright & Studer, 1889 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Sarcophyton confertum Dana (uncertain > unassessed)
Species Sarcophyton corymbosa Verseveldt & Cohen, 1971 (uncertain > unassessed)
Species Sarcophyton densa Whitelegge (uncertain > unassessed)
Species Sarcophyton hystrix (uncertain > unassessed)
Species Sarcophyton oligotrema Pratt, 1905 (uncertain)
Species Sarcophyton tersum Roxas, 1933 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Lesson, R.P. (1834). Zoophytes. <em>Voyage aux Indes-Orientales, pendant les années 1825-1829. Zoologie.</em> Arthus Bertrand, Paris. pp. 515-519, plates 1-2., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40172001
page(s): 517-518 [details]   
Cordeiro, R.; McFadden, C.; van Ofwegen, L.; Williams, G. (2022). World List of Octocorallia. Sarcophyton Lesson, 1834. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=205483 on 2022-05-26
Date
action
by
1997-08-21 10:31:34Z
created
2010-09-16 09:11:12Z
changed
2019-07-10 04:52:21Z
changed
2020-09-09 07:06:36Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lesson, R.P. (1834). Zoophytes. <em>Voyage aux Indes-Orientales, pendant les années 1825-1829. Zoologie.</em> Arthus Bertrand, Paris. pp. 515-519, plates 1-2., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40172001
page(s): 517-518 [details]   

original description  (of Areocella Gray, 1869) Gray, J.E. (1869). Notes on the fleshy alcyonoid corals (Alcyonium, Linn., or Zoophytaria carnosa). <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 4.</em> 3(13-18): 117-131., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/24740479
page(s): 125 [details]   

basis of record Verseveldt, J. (1976). Alcyonacea from the Seychelles (Coelenterata Octocorallia. <em>Rev. Zool. Afr.</em> 90(3): 497-513. [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1992). Biogeography of the octocorallian coelenterate fauna of southern Africa. <em>Biol. J. Linn. Soc.</em> 46: 351-401.
page(s): 366, 375, 381, 401 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Williams G.C. (1995). Living genera of sea pens (Coelenterata: Pennatulacea): illustrated key and synopses. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 113, pp. 93-140.
page(s): 102 [details]   

additional source Alderslade, P. (2000). Four new genera of soft corals (Coelenterata: Octocorallia), with notes on the classification of some established taxa. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden.</em> 74: 237-249.
page(s): 242 [details]   

additional source Alderslade, P. (2003). A new genus and species of soft coral (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea: Alcyoniidae) from Lord Howe Island, Australia. <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen.</em> 345: 19-30., available online at https://repository.naturalis.nl/pub/220290
page(s): 20, 28 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (2000). Two new genera of soft corals (Anthozoa: Alcyoniidae) from South Africa, with a discussion of diversity and endemism in the Southern African octocorallian fauna. <em>Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences.</em> 52(6): 65-75.
page(s): 71, 72 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G.B. (1997). Xeniidae (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) of the Red Sea, with descriptions of six new species of Xenia. <em>Fauna of Saudi Arabia.</em> 16: 5-62.
page(s): 20 [details]   

additional source Benayahu, Y. (1998). Lobe variation in Sinularia nanolobata Verseveldt, 1977 (Cnidaria: Alcyonacea). <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 63(1): 229-240.
page(s): 237 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1982). A revision of the genus Sarcophyton Lesson (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen Leiden.</em> 192: 1-91, plates 1-24. [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1992). The Alcyonacea of southern Africa. Stoloniferous octocorals and soft corals (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). <em>Annals of the South African Museum.</em> 100: 249-358.
page(s): 314 [details]   

additional source Utinomi, H. (1957). Minabea ozakii n. gen. et n. sp., a new remarkable alcyonarian type with dimorphic polyps. <em>Jour. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Univ. Ser. VI, Zool.</em> 13: 139-146.
page(s): 145 [details]   

additional source Moser, J. (1919). Beitrage zur eine Revision der Alcyonarien, I. Die Gattungen Sarcophyton Lesson und Lobophytum Marenzeller. <em>Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin.</em> 9: 219-293, plates 5-6., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12133833 [details]   

additional source Grasshoff, M.; Bargibant, G. (2001). Coral Reef Gorgonians of New Caledonia. IRD Èditions. Paris., pp. 335.
page(s): 36, 37, 90, 91, 283, 314, 315 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1989). A review of recent research on the sublittoral coral reefs of northern Natal with a provisional assessment of findings regarding the distribution of octocorals on Two-Mile Reef, Sodwana Bay. South African Journal of Science, 85, 140-141
page(s): 140 [details]   

additional source Tixier-Durivault, A. (1940). Contribution a l'étude du métabolisme du calcium et du fer chez l'Alcyonium palmatum Pallas. Annales de l'Institute Oceanographique, 20(1): 311-379, plate 1
page(s): 372 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G. B.; Schuhmacher, H. (1996). Significance of different traits of soft-coral assemblages (Octocorallia, Alcyoniina) in benthic reef communities of the Red Sea. Göttinger Arbeiten zur Geologie Paläontologie, Sb2, 77-84
page(s): 78, 82 [details]   

additional source Tanaka, J.; Yoshida, T.; Benayahu, Y. (2005). Chemical diversity of Sarcophyton soft corals in Okinawa. Galaxea, 7, 1-9
page(s): 3, 6 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G. B.; van Ofwegen, L. P. (1999). Soft corals (Alcyonacea: Octocorallia) from shallow water in the Chagos Archipelago: species assemblages and their distribution. Linnean Society Occasional Publications, 2, 67-85, plates 1-10
page(s): 69, 70, 71, 74, 81, 84 [details]   

additional source McFadden, C. S.; Alderslade, P. N.; van Ofwegen, L. P.; Johnsen, H.; Rusmevichientong, A. (2006). Phylogenetic relationships within the tropical soft coral genera Sarcophyton and Lobophytum (Anthozoa, Octocorallia). Invertebrate Biology, 125(4): 288-305
page(s): 288, 289, 291, 292, 293, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 304 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1989). A provisional annotated list of octocorallian coelenterates occurring on the sublittoral coral reefs at Sodwana Bay and Kosi Bay, northern Natal, with a key to the genera. South African Journal of Science, 85, 141-144
page(s): 142 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Nontype NTM C014140 [details]
Nontype NTM C014862 [details]
Nontype NTM C014886 [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese ウミキノコ属  [details]