WoRMS taxon details

Xenia Lamarck, 1816

204396  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:204396)

accepted
Genus
Actinantha Lesson, 1826 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Loridella Gray, 1869 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Wardella Gray, 1869 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Xaenia Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 · unaccepted (variant spelling)

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  1. Species Xenia amparoi Roxas, 1933
  2. Species Xenia ashworthi Kükenthal, 1902
  3. Species Xenia bauiana May, 1898
  4. Species Xenia blumi Schenk, 1896
  5. Species Xenia coerulea Ehrenberg, 1834
  6. Species Xenia crassa Schenk, 1896
  7. Species Xenia crispitentaculata Verseveldt, 1977
  8. Species Xenia cylindrica Roxas, 1933
  9. Species Xenia dayi Tixier-Durivault, 1959
  10. Species Xenia delicata Roxas, 1933
  11. Species Xenia depressa Kükenthal, 1909
  12. Species Xenia distorta Tixier-Durivault, 1966
  13. Species Xenia elongata Dana, 1846
  14. Species Xenia felicianoi Roxas, 1933
  15. Species Xenia fimbriata Utinomi, 1955
  16. Species Xenia fisheri Roxas, 1933
  17. Species Xenia flava Roxas, 1933
  18. Species Xenia flexibilis Halász, McFadden, Toonen & Benayahu, 2019
  19. Species Xenia fusca Schenk, 1896
  20. Species Xenia garciae Bourne, 1895
  21. Species Xenia grasshoffi Verseveldt, 1974
  22. Species Xenia hicksoni Ashworth, 1899
  23. Species Xenia humilis Verseveldt, 1977
  24. Species Xenia intermedia Roxas, 1933
  25. Species Xenia konohana Koido, Imahara & Fukami, 2022
  26. Species Xenia kuekenthali Roxas, 1933
  27. Species Xenia kusimotoensis Utinomi, 1955
  28. Species Xenia lepida Verseveldt, 1971
  29. Species Xenia lillieae Roxas, 1933
  30. Species Xenia mayi Roxas, 1933
  31. Species Xenia medusoides May, 1898
  32. Species Xenia membranacea Schenk, 1896
  33. Species Xenia mucosa Verseveldt & Tursch, 1979
  34. Species Xenia multipinnata (Tixier-Durivault, 1966)
  35. Species Xenia multispiculata Kükenthal, 1909
  36. Species Xenia novaebritanniae Ashworth, 1900
  37. Species Xenia novaecaledoniae Verseveldt, 1974
  38. Species Xenia puertogalerae Roxas, 1933
  39. Species Xenia quinqueserta May, 1898
  40. Species Xenia rubens Schenk, 1896
  41. Species Xenia sansibariana May, 1899
  42. Species Xenia schenki Roxas, 1933
  43. Species Xenia sexseriata Verseveldt, 1977
  44. Species Xenia spicata Li, 1982
  45. Species Xenia stellifera Verseveldt, 1977
  46. Species Xenia ternatana Schenk, 1896
  47. Species Xenia tripartita Roxas, 1933
  48. Species Xenia tumbatuana May, 1898
  49. Species Xenia umbellata Lamarck, 1816
  50. Species Xenia viridis Schenk, 1896
  51. Species Xenia actuosa Verseveldt & Tursch, 1979 accepted as Xenia sansibariana May, 1899 (synonym)
  52. Species Xenia ainex Reinicke, 1997 accepted as Ovabunda ainex (Reinicke, 1997) (original combination)
  53. Species Xenia arabica Reinicke, 1995 accepted as Ovabunda arabica (Reinicke, 1995) (original combination)
  54. Species Xenia benayahui Reinicke, 1995 accepted as Ovabunda benayahui (Reinicke, 1995) (original combination)
  55. Species Xenia biseriata Verseveldt & Cohen, 1971 accepted as Ovabunda biseriata (Verseveldt & Cohen, 1971) (original combination)
  56. Species Xenia capensis (Hickson, 1900) accepted as Malacacanthus capensis (Hickson, 1900) (changed combination)
  57. Species Xenia caribaeorum Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Erythropodium caribaeorum (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  58. Species Xenia crenata Reinicke, 1997 accepted as Ovabunda crenata (Reinicke, 1997) (original combination)
  59. Species Xenia crista Reinicke, 1997 accepted as Ovabunda arabica (Reinicke, 1995) (synonym)
  60. Species Xenia crosslandi Kükenthal, 1914 accepted as Anthelia glauca Lamarck, 1816 (synonym)
  61. Species Xenia desjardiniana Templeton, 1835 accepted as Clavularia desjardiniana (Templeton, 1835) (original combination)
  62. Species Xenia elisabethae (Kölliker, 1874) accepted as Heteroxenia elisabethae Kölliker, 1874 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  63. Species Xenia esperi Schweigger, 1819 accepted as Alcyonium spongiosum Esper, 1829 (synonym)
  64. Species Xenia faraunensis Verseveldt & Cohen, 1971 accepted as Ovabunda faraunensis (Verseveldt & Cohen, 1971) (original combination)
  65. Species Xenia florida (Lesson, 1826) accepted as Xenia danae Verrill, 1869 (synonym)
  66. Species Xenia florida Dana, 1846 accepted as Xenia danae Verrill, 1869 (synonym (authority incorrect))
  67. Species Xenia fuscescens Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Heteroxenia fuscescens (Ehrenberg, 1834) (original combination)
  68. Species Xenia gohari Reinicke, 1997 accepted as Ovabunda gohari (Reinicke, 1997) (original combination)
  69. Species Xenia hamsina Reinicke, 1997 accepted as Ovabunda hamsina (Reinicke, 1997) (original combination)
  70. Species Xenia impulsatilla Verseveldt & Cohen, 1971 accepted as Ovabunda impulsatilla (Verseveldt & Cohen, 1971) (original combination)
  71. Species Xenia macrospiculata Gohar, 1940 accepted as Ovabunda macrospiculata (Gohar, 1940) (original combination)
  72. Species Xenia miniata Reinicke, 1997 accepted as Ovabunda impulsatilla (Verseveldt & Cohen, 1971) (synonym)
  73. Species Xenia multipinnata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) accepted as Cespitularia multipinnata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (changed combination)
  74. Species Xenia nana Hickson, 1931 accepted as Aldersladum nana (Hickson, 1931) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  75. Species Xenia obscuronata Verseveldt & Cohen, 1971 accepted as Ovabunda biseriata (Verseveldt & Cohen, 1971) (synonym)
  76. Species Xenia plicata Schenk, 1896 accepted as Xenia blumi Schenk, 1896 (synonym)
  77. Species Xenia purpurea Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Dendronephthya florida (Esper, 1791) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  78. Species Xenia rigida Thomson & Henderson, 1906 accepted as Xenia crosslandi Kükenthal, 1914 accepted as Anthelia glauca Lamarck, 1816 (pre-occupied)
  79. Species Xenia rigida May, 1899 accepted as Heteroxenia rigida (May, 1899) (original combination)
  80. Species Xenia subviridis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) accepted as Cespitularia subviridis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  81. Species Xenia uniserta Kükenthal, 1902 accepted as Heteroxenia uniserta (Kükenthal, 1902) (original combination)
  82. Species Xenia verseveldti Benayahu, 1990 accepted as Ovabunda verseveldti (Benayahu, 1990) (original combination)
  83. Species Xenia viridus Schenk, 1896 accepted as Xenia viridis Schenk, 1896 (unaccepted > misspelling)
  84. Species Xenia wandeli (Jungersen, 1892) accepted as Ceratocaulon wandeli Jungersen, 1892 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  85. Species Xenia caerulea Ehrenberg, 1834 represented as Xenia coerulea Ehrenberg, 1834
  86. Species Xenia antarctica Kükenthal, 1902 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  87. Species Xenia brunnea Saville Kent, 1893 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  88. Species Xenia capitata Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  89. Species Xenia danae Verrill, 1869 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  90. Species Xenia indivisa Sars, 1857 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  91. Species Xenia ochracea Saville Kent, 1893 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  92. Species Xenia pulsitans Saville Kent, 1893 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  93. Species Xenia samoensis Kölliker, 1865 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. <em>Paris. Verdière.</em> Vol. 2 pp. 1-568., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698
page(s): 409-410 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2024). World List of Octocorallia. Xenia Lamarck, 1816. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=204396 on 2024-04-22
Date
action
by
1997-09-01 14:43:33Z
created
2010-09-16 09:11:12Z
changed
2019-05-10 03:13:51Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. <em>Paris. Verdière.</em> Vol. 2 pp. 1-568., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698
page(s): 409-410 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Xaenia Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) Duchassaing P, Michelotti J. (1860). Mémoire sur les coralliaires des Antilles. <em>Mémoires de l'Academie des Sciences de Turin, séries 2.</em> 19: 279-365, pls 1-10., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12140332 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Loridella Gray, 1869) Gray, J.E. (1869). Notes on the fleshy alcyonoid corals (Alcyonium, Linn., or Zoophytaria carnosa). <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 4.</em> 3(13-18): 117-131., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/24740479
page(s): 126-127 [details]   

original description  (of Wardella Gray, 1869) Gray, J.E. (1869). Notes on the fleshy alcyonoid corals (Alcyonium, Linn., or Zoophytaria carnosa). <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 4.</em> 3(13-18): 117-131., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/24740479
page(s): 127 [details]   

basis of record Benayahu, Y (1993). Corals of the South-west Indian Ocean. I. Alcyonacea from Sodwana Bay, South Africa. Oceanographic Research Institute, Investigational Report No. 67. 16 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1973). Octocorallia from north-western Madagascar (Part IIIA). <em>Koninkl. Nederl. Akademie van Wetenschappen - Amsterdam, Proceedings Ser. C.</em> 76(1): 69-84.
page(s): 70 [details]   

additional source Alderslade, P. (2000). Four new genera of soft corals (Coelenterata: Octocorallia), with notes on the classification of some established taxa. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden.</em> 74: 237-249.
page(s): 245 [details]   

additional source Alderslade, P. (2001). Six new genera and six new species of soft coral, and some proposed familial and subfamilial changes within the Alcyonacea. <em>Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 10:15-65.
page(s): 57 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Alderslade, P. (2003). A new genus and species of soft coral (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea: Alcyoniidae) from Lord Howe Island, Australia. <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen.</em> 345: 19-30., available online at https://repository.naturalis.nl/pub/220290
page(s): 20 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (2000). Two new genera of soft corals (Anthozoa: Alcyoniidae) from South Africa, with a discussion of diversity and endemism in the Southern African octocorallian fauna. <em>Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences.</em> 52(6): 65-75.
page(s): 71 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G.B. (1997). Xeniidae (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) of the Red Sea, with descriptions of six new species of Xenia. <em>Fauna of Saudi Arabia.</em> 16: 5-62.
page(s): 55 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1992). The Alcyonacea of southern Africa. Stoloniferous octocorals and soft corals (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). <em>Annals of the South African Museum.</em> 100: 249-358., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41110040
page(s): 347, 352 [details]   

additional source May, W. (1899). Beitrage zur Systematik und Chorologie der Alcyonaceen. <em>Jenaische Zeitschrift fur Naturwissenschaft.</em> 33: 1-180.
page(s): 66-80 [details]   

additional source Hickson, S.J. (1931). The alcyonarian family Xeniidae, with a revision of the genera and species. <em>Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-1929, Scientific Reports.</em> 4(5): 137-185., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/49516703 [details]   

additional source Shann, E.W. (1912). Observations on some Alcyonaria from Singapore, with a brief discussion on the classification of the family Nephthyidae. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1912 (3-4): 505-527, plates 61-63., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/43069379
page(s): 509 [details]   

additional source Fabricius, K.; Alderslade, P. (2001). Soft Corals and Sea Fans: A Comprehensive Guide to the Shallow-water Genera of the Central-West Pacific, the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville.</em> pp. 264.
page(s): iv, 14, 16, 17, 18, 21, 23, 26, 40, 41, 45, 46, 54, 136, 138-139, 142, 146 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1989). A review of recent research on the sublittoral coral reefs of northern Natal with a provisional assessment of findings regarding the distribution of octocorals on Two-Mile Reef, Sodwana Bay. South African Journal of Science, 85, 140-141
page(s): 140, 141 [details]   

additional source Hickson, S. J. (1930). On the classification of the Alcyonaria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, XIV, 229-252
page(s): 239, 240, 244, 250 [details]   

additional source Dullo, W.; Gektidis, M.; Golubic, S.; Heiss, G. A.; Kampmann, H.; Kiene, W.; Kroll, D. K.; Kuhrau, M. L.; Radtke, G.; Reijmer, J. G.; Reinicke, G. B.; Schlichter, D.; Schuhmacher, H.; Vogel, K. (1995). Factors controlling Holocene reef growth: an interdisciplinary approach. Facies, 32, 145-188
page(s): 162 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1993). Coral Reef Octocorals: An Illustrated Guide to the Soft Corals, Sea Fans and Sea Pens Inhabiting the Coral Reefs of Northern Natal. Durban Natural Science Museum. Durban., pp. 63.
page(s): 12, 47 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G. B.; Schuhmacher, H. (1996). Significance of different traits of soft-coral assemblages (Octocorallia, Alcyoniina) in benthic reef communities of the Red Sea. Göttinger Arbeiten zur Geologie Paläontologie, Sb2, 77-84
page(s): 82 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G. B.; van Ofwegen, L. P. (1999). Soft corals (Alcyonacea: Octocorallia) from shallow water in the Chagos Archipelago: species assemblages and their distribution. Linnean Society Occasional Publications, 2, 67-85, plates 1-10
page(s): 69, 75, 76, 77, 79 [details]   

additional source Bayer, F. M. (1992). The helioporacean octocoral Epiphaxum, recent and fossil: a monographic iconography. Studies in Tropical Oceanography, 15, 1-76
page(s): 64 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
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Japanese ウミアザミ属  [details]